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"Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction" uses real-life stories throughout that are designed to capture and sustain the attention of its readers, helping them achieve a meaningful and comprehensive understanding of its concepts. It explores how the criminal justice system balances individual rights (freedom) with the need for public order (safety). It explores the new environment of the ongoing threat of domestic terrorism; with its updated research and statistics, this edition is "the" most timely and relevant resource available. Real-life examples of current issues and topics in the criminal justice system round out comprehensive coverage of criminology, multiculturalism, crime reporting, criminal law, policing, adjudication and the court system, and the corrections system. With its comprehensive appendices and online resource guide, this book is an excellent reference for those involved in the criminal justice system.
Table of Contents
Preface. Acknowledgments. About the Author.
I. CRIME IN AMERICA.
1. What Is Criminal Justice?
Justice and Criminal Justice. American Criminal Justice: The System. American Criminal Justice: The Process. Due Process and Individual Rights. Criminal Justice and Criminology.
2. The Crime Picture.
Introduction: Sources of Data. The Uniform Crime Reports. The National Crime Victimization Survey. Emerging Patterns of Criminal Activity.
3. Criminal Law.
Sources of Modern Criminal Law. The Rule of Law. Types of Law. General Categories of Crime. Elements of a Specific Criminal Offense. Types of Defenses to a Criminal Charge.
4. Police Management.
Contemporary Policing: The Administrative Perspective. Scientific Police Management. Contemporary Policing: The Individual Officer.
5. Policing: Legal Aspects.
The Abuse of Police Power. Individual Rights. Search and Seizure. Arrest. The Intelligence Function.
6. Issues in Policing.
Contemporary Policing: Issues and Challenges. Professionalism and Ethics. Private Protective Services.
7. The Courts.
Introduction. American Court History. Pretrial Activities.
8. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial.
Introduction. The Courtroom Work Group: Professional Courtroom Actors. Outsiders: Nonprofessional Courtroom Participants. The Criminal Trial. Improving the Adjudication Process.
Crime and Punishment: Introduction. The Philosophy of Criminal Sentencing. Indeterminate Sentencing. The Rise of Structured Sentencing. Mandatory Sentencing. Truth in Sentencing. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. The Sentencing Environment. The Presentence Investigation Report . The Victim-Forgotten No Longer. Traditional Sentencing Options.
10. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections.
Introduction to Community Corrections. What Is Probation? Probation and Parole: The Pluses and Minuses. The Legal Environment. The Federal Probation System. The Job of a Probation/Parole Officer. Intermediate Sanctions. The Future of Probation and Parole.
11. Prisons and Jails.
Prisons Today. Jails. Private Prisons.
12. Prison Life.
Realities of Prison Life: The Male Inmate's World. Realities of Prison Life: The Staff World. Prison Riots. Realities of Prison Life: Women in Prison. Prisoner Rights. Issues Facing Prisons Today.