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Criminal Justice Ethics : Theory and Practice

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9781412958325

ISBN10:
1412958326
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/23/2008
Publisher(s):
SAGE Publications, Inc

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 7/23/2008.
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Summary

Following on the success of its First Edition which was praised for its comprehensive coverage and flexible organization, Criminal Justice Ethics, Second Edition continues to explore ethical dilemmas faced by criminal justice professionals and discusses how they might be resolved, covering codes of ethics for various players and providing applied examples in the form of illustrative real-life case boxes. The Second Edition also retains the unique, praised organizational style of the previous edition-covering the interaction of ethics and the criminal justice system in Part I to lay a foundation for the ethical theories and perspectives introduced in Part II. New to this EditionIncludes a new chapter in the Second Edition: 'œEthics and the War on Terrorism' explores the very timely topic of terrorism, covering definitions of terrorism, restrictions of rights in the interests of national security, and the ethics of torture. Provides expanded treatment of important topics and offers global perspectives where appropriate: Readers will find more coverage of transparency and accountability in the criminal justice system and more comparative discussions showing how ethical challenges are addressed in other countries. Offers updated information throughout with a more accessible interior design and more robust pedagogy: Expanded coverage of timely topics and issues that impact the contemporary criminal justice system, including prostitution, drug abuse, abortion, homosexuality, human rights, terrorism, and the Patriot Act; a more appealing visual design; and helpful pedagogical features such as key terms, end-of-chapter cases and new feature boxes enhance student learning with this timely new edition. Ancillaries Instructor's Resources on CD-ROM, featuring test questions, PowerPoint slides, and guidance on using the cases to stimulate classroom discussion, are available to qualified instructors by contacting Customer Care at 1-800-818-SAGE (7243) from 6 am ' 5 pm, PT. A Student Study Site at www.sagepub.com/banks offers SAGE journal articles that allow students to delve deeper into areas of interest. Intended Audience Instructors in departments of criminal justice and philosophy will find Criminal Justice Ethics, Second Edition to be an ideal textbook for courses such as Ethics in Criminal Justice. Chat with the author! Email Cyndi Banks at Cyndi.Banks@nau.edu .

Table of Contents

The Interaction Between Ethics And The Criminal Justice System
The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice
The Meaning of Ethics
The Value of Ethics
Normative Ethics
Ethical Relativism
Ethical Absolutism
Ethical Pluralism
Religion and Ethical Standards
Ethics and Natural Law
Ethics and Law
Ethical Dilemmas
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice
Summary
Discussion Questions
Ethics and the Police
Ethics and Policing
The Nature of Policing
Police as an Institution
Police Culture
Police Discretion
Ethics and Codes of Ethics
Police Use of Force
Dirty Harry/Dirty Hands
Police Corruption
Whistle-Blowing
Ethical Issues in Investigation, Interrogation, and Custody
Explanations for Police Corruption
Summary
Discussion Questions
Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System
Ethical Background
Historical Context
Is There Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System?
Imprisonment Disparities
Death Penalty Disparities
Hate Crimes
Explanations for Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System
Summary
Discussion Questions
Lawyers and Ethics
Legal Ethics: Historical Context
The Nature of Professional Ethics
Defense Lawyers
The Prosecutor
Judicial Ethics
Summary
Discussion Questions
The Purpose of Criminal Punishment
What is Punishment?
Theoretical Approaches to Punishment
Why Punish? The Philosophical Approach
Why Punish? The Sociological Approach
Summary
Discussion Questions
Ethics in Corrections
The Prison Explosion
Maximum Security Conditions
Women's Incarceration
Medium Security
Minimum Security
Stateville Prison: The Changing State of Corrections
Guarding Ethically
The Experience of Guarding
Power and Authority in Prison: Controlling the Inmates
Guarding with Discretion
The Gray Wall of Silence: Prison Guard Subculture
Use of Force
Prisoner "Power"
Unethical Situations
Whistle-Blowing in Corrections
Ethical Considerations in Probation and Parole
Summary
Discussion Questions
The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy Making
The Ethics of Policy Making
Morality Policy
Public Opinion About Punishment
Mandatory Minimum Sentencing
The "War on Drugs"
Truth in Sentencing
Predators and Superpredators
Capital Punishment
Private Prisons
Discussion Questions
Summary
Ethics and the War on Terrorism
Defining terrorism
Warfare or Crime Control?
What are the Morally Justifiable Constraints and Restrictions that a Government Should be Permitted to Impose on its Citizens in a War on Terrorism?
What Moral Restrictions Apply to the Conduct of Counter Terrorist Operations?
Is Torture Morally Permissible as a Counter-Terrorist Strategy?
Summary
The Application Of Ethical Theories To The Criminal Justice System
Duty and Principle
Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives
Conflicting Duties
Applying Deontological Theory: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
Considering the Consequences
Pleasure and Happiness
Act Consequentialism
Rule Consequentialism
Public Policy and Utilitarianism
Arguments Criticizing Utilitarianism
Applying Utilitarian Theory: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
The Importance of Character
Virtues
Aristotle and Happiness
The Golden Mean
Practical Wisdom
What's Wrong with Virtue
Applying Virtue Theory: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
Egoism, Pleasure, and Indifference
Stoicism
Hedonism
Ethical Egoism
Applying the Theory of Ethical Egoism: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
A Sense of Justice
Application of Principals
Justice as Fairness
Moral Development
Applying Rawlsian Theory
Summary
Discussion Questions
Caring for Others
Kohlberg and Gilligan
A Theory of Moral Development
"In a Different Voice": Carol Gilligan
Gender and the Ethic of Care
The Ethic of Care and Justice
Peacemaking
Applying the Ethic of Care: A Case Study
Summary
Discussion Questions
Index
About the Author
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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