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Criminal Justice (with Interactive Companion Website Access Card),9780205337187
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Criminal Justice (with Interactive Companion Website Access Card)

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780205337187

ISBN10:
020533718X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 1/1/2002.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Criminal Justice, 2/e is written by an experienced author, scholar, and past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Jay Albanese. It is carefully written in an appealing narrative style and is comprehensive without attempting to be encyclopedic. Albanese emphasizes critical thinking and problem solving in every chapter. Themes of this edition include: the role of balance in the criminal justice system, the role of social, cultural, political, economic, and historical contexts of crime, the law, and punishment, and the influence of mass media and popular culture on criminal justice. For anyone interested in learning more about criminal justice.

Table of Contents

Features xxv
Preface xxvi
Perspectives on Criminal Justice
1(24)
Perspectives on Crime
3(10)
Media Perspectives on Crime
3(1)
The Political Perspective on Crime
4(3)
Crime and Other Life Events
7(1)
Effects of Fear
8(4)
The Universality of Crime
12(1)
What Is Crime?
13(4)
Historical and Political Contexts of Crime
13(4)
Origins of the Criminal Justice System
17(1)
Justice in the Colonial Period
18(1)
The Evolution of Due Process
19
That's Fact: Perspectives on Fear of Crime
10(4)
Media and Criminal Justice: Television Crime Dramas and the Causes of Homicide
14(6)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Carjackings in the United States
20(5)
Binge Drinking
21(4)
The Nature and Causes of Crime
25(34)
Defining Deviance
27(1)
Thinking versus Acting
28(1)
Mala in Se, Mala Prohibita, and Criminal Harm
28(3)
Criminalization of Behavior
31(3)
How Can Crime Be Explained?
34(11)
Biological Determinism and Psychological Explanations
38(2)
Sociological Explanations
40(4)
Rational Choice Explanations
44(1)
Gender-Based Explanations
45(1)
Guns, Drugs, and Crime
45(5)
Guns
45(3)
Drugs and Alcohol
48(2)
That's Fact: Perspectives on Gun Control
50
Media and Criminal Justice: The Bone Collector
41(12)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Choosing What to Criminalize
53(6)
A Case Study of Delinquency
53(6)
Defining and Measuring Crime
59(26)
What Are the Types of Crime?
61(1)
How Are Violent Crimes and Property Crimes Classified?
62(6)
Homicide
62(1)
Sexual Assault
63(1)
Assault
64(1)
Robbery
64(1)
Burglary
64(1)
Larceny
65(1)
Arson
66(2)
How Are Crime Rates Determined?
68(4)
The FBI Uniform Crime Reports
68(3)
The National Crime Victimization Survey
71(7)
What Offenders Say
78(1)
The Future of Crime in the United States
79
That's Fact: Perspectives on the Crime Index
72
Media and Criminal Justice: America's Most Wanted: America Fights Back
67(14)
Critical Thinking Exercises: The Circumstances of Crime
81(4)
Identifying Serious Crimes
82(3)
Perpetrators and Victims of Crime
85(20)
Who Are the Victims and Perpetrators of Crime?
87(10)
Age
87(1)
Gender
88(3)
Race and Ethnicity
91(6)
Socioeconomic Status
97(1)
What Is Crime Profiling?
97(1)
Offender Profiles
97(2)
Victim Profiles
99(1)
Crime Scene Profiles
100
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Partner Violence
92(6)
Media and Criminal Justice: American History X
98(3)
Critical Thinking Exercises: The Characteristics of Homicide
101(4)
Preventing School Shootings
102(3)
Economic and Political Crime
105(36)
What Is Meant By Economic and Political Crimes?
107(1)
How Can White-Collar Crimes Be Defined?
108(8)
Types of White-Collar Theft
109(2)
Crimes against Public Administration
111(1)
Corporate Crimes
112(3)
Trends in White-Collar Crime
115(1)
Why Is Computer Crime a Growing Threat?
116(4)
Types of Computer Crimes
116(1)
Consequences of Computer Crime
117(3)
How Does Organized Crime Operate?
120(10)
A Typology of Organized Crime
121(2)
Organized Crime Offenders
123(2)
National and International Aspects of Organized Crime
125(5)
What Are the Impacts of Terrorism and Hate Crimes?
130(2)
Terrorism and Hate Crime Trends
130(1)
How Terrorism and Hate Crimes Merge
131(1)
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Terrorism and Hate Crimes
132
Media and Criminal Justice: A Civil Action
114(21)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Is the Internet an Avenue for Terrorists?
135(6)
Should There Be Limits on Controlling Pollution?
135(6)
Criminal Law
141(32)
What Is Criminal Law?
143(4)
Four Sources of American Criminal Law
144(1)
Limits on Criminal Law
145(2)
How Did the American System of Law and Justice Develop?
147(5)
Evolution of Lawful Justice
148(2)
Evolution of Due Process
150(2)
How Does the Law Define the Elements of a Crime?
152(4)
Characteristics of Criminal Acts
154(2)
The State of Mind Requirement
156(1)
What Defenses against Criminal Charges Does the Law Recognize?
156(10)
Defenses Related to Mental Illness
157(2)
Defenses Involving Force
159(2)
Defenses Involving Justification or Excuse
161(5)
What Are Some Concerns about Applying Criminal Law?
166(1)
Controlling Animals or Owners?
166(1)
Assisted Suicide or Murder?
167
That's Fact: Perspectives on Psychiatry and the Law
162
Media and Criminal Justice: Double Jeopardy
153(15)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Justice on the Carolina Frontier (1764)
168(5)
What Are the Crimes of the Century?
168(5)
The Criminal Justice System
173(24)
What Are the Agencies of Criminal Justice?
175(4)
Law Enforcement
175(1)
Courts
176(1)
Corrections
177(2)
What Is Procedural Law?
179(3)
Law, Investigation, and Arrest
180(1)
The Fourth Amendment and Probable Cause
180(1)
Arrest
181(1)
What Is Involved in Criminal Court Procedure?
182(5)
Initial Appearance and Preliminary Hearing
182(1)
Grand Jury, Indictment, Arraignment
183(2)
Trial and Conviction
185(1)
Sentencing and Appeals
186(1)
What Are Some Concerns about the Criminal Justice System?
187(3)
The Cost of Justice
188(1)
Fairness in Adjudication
189(1)
That's Fact: Perspectives on Fairness in Adjudication
190(2)
Media and Criminal Justice: The Star Chamber
192(1)
Critical Thinking Exercises: The Limits of Drug Testing
193(4)
Addressing Violence in Entertainment
193(4)
Criminal Procedure and the Police
197(25)
What Is the Role of Police in Criminal Procedure?
199(8)
Reasonable Suspicion and Stop and Frisk
199(2)
The Exclusionary Rule
201(1)
The Good Faith Exception
202(2)
Searches without Warrants
204(3)
The Fifth Amendment and the Miranda Warning
207(6)
The Public Safety Exception
211(1)
Interrogations and Confessions
212(1)
Impacts of Procedural Law on Law Enforcement
213(1)
That's Fact: Perspectives on Arrest
214
Media and Criminal Justice: Law & Order
210(7)
Critical Thinking Exercises: The Limits of Stop and Frisk
217(5)
Civil Suits against Police
218(4)
Origins and Organization of Law Enforcement
222(39)
How Did Policing Evolve?
224(8)
The Watch and Ward System
224(2)
The New Police Bobbies
226(2)
Metropolitan Police in American Cities
228(1)
Crime Commissions and the Professionalization of Policing
229(2)
The Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
231(1)
What Is the Organization of Law Enforcement?
232(9)
Local Police
232(4)
State Police
236(1)
Federal Law Enforcement Agencies
237(2)
Transnational Law Enforcement
239(2)
Who Are the Police?
241(8)
Training and Education
243(4)
Issues of Gender and Race
247(2)
What Are Some Concerns about Policing in the United States?
249(1)
The Dilemma of Jurisdictions and Need for Cooperation
249(1)
The Impacts of Technology and the Media on Police Work
250(2)
The Movement toward Private Policing
252
That's Fact: Perspectives on Law Enforcement Employees
244(2)
Media and Criminal Justice: Blue Steel
246(8)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Campus Law Enforcement
254(7)
The Cyclical Nature of Community Policing
255(6)
Issues in Law Enforcement and Police Behavior
261(38)
Is There Such a Thing as a Police Personality?
263(7)
Myths and Stereotypes about Police
263(2)
Three Styles of Policing
265(1)
Current Research on Police Attitudes toward Their Jobs
266(1)
Current Research on Police Attitudes toward the Public They Serve
267(3)
How Should Police Performance Be Evaluated?
270(8)
Police Discretion and Police Misconduct
271(2)
Police Pursuits
273(2)
Crime Response and Clearance Rates
275(2)
Arrest and Conviction Rates
277(1)
Community Service
277(1)
What Are Some Forms of Police Corruption?
278(7)
Explanations of Corruption
279(5)
Preventing Corruption
284(1)
What Is Legitimate Use of Deadly Force?
285(1)
Victims of Violent Crime Control
285(2)
``Fleeing Felon'' and ``Prowler Inside'' Laws
287(2)
Police Brutality
289
That's Fact: Perspectives on Rating Police Performance
276(7)
Media and Criminal Justice: Copland
283(8)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Responding to Spouse Abuse
291(8)
An Appropriate Remedy for Police Misconduct?
292(7)
Origins and Organization of the Courts
299(33)
How Were Criminal Courts Similar and Different in the Past?
301(2)
How Did the State and Federal Court Systems Develop?
303(5)
State Court Systems
304(2)
The Federal Court System
306(2)
Who Are the Participants in the Judicial Process?
308(12)
Prosecutors
309(2)
Defense Counsel and Defendants
311(2)
Judges
313(2)
Victims and Witnesses
315(2)
Juries
317(1)
The Courtroom Work Group
318(2)
How Are Specialized and Alternative Courts Changing the Court System?
320(2)
Felony Drug Courts
320(1)
Dispute Resolution and Community Courts
321(1)
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Felony Drug Courts
322
Media and Criminal Justice: The Color of Justice
319(6)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Independent Counsel and Prosecutorial Misconduct
325(7)
Limiting Criminal Appeals
327(5)
Trial Defense and Prosecution
332(30)
What Are the Rights of the Accused?
334(7)
Right to Counsel
334(3)
Right to Effective Counsel
337(4)
How Are Cases Settled without Trial?
341(4)
Prosecutorial Discretion
341(1)
Diversion of Cases
342(1)
Plea Bargaining
343(2)
What Are Some Problems of the Court System?
345(1)
Caseloads
347(1)
Case Mortality
347(6)
Adjudicate the Offender or the Act?
353(1)
Crime Control or Due Process?
354
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Adjudication
346
Media and Criminal Justice: Primal Fear
340(16)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Selective Prosecution of High-Rate Offenders
356(6)
Should a Lawyer Defend a Guilty Person?
357(5)
Trials and Sentencing
362(40)
What Happens at Trial?
364(5)
Jury Selection
365(1)
Witness Testimony and Evidence
366(1)
Defense Strategies
367(1)
Arguments and Outcomes
368(1)
How Do Judges Decide on a Sentence?
369(5)
Retribution and Incapacitation
370(1)
Deterrence and Rehabilitation
371(1)
Probation, Restitution, and Incarceration
372(1)
The Presentence Report
373(1)
How Do Sentencing Options Differ?
374(7)
Indeterminate Sentencing
374(1)
Determinate Sentencing
375(4)
Sentencing Guidelines
379(2)
How Does the Eighth Amendment Restrict Sentencing?
381(1)
What Is the Answer to the Death Penalty Debate?
382(6)
The Legal Status of the Death Penalty
382(4)
The Death Penalty
386(1)
Arguments for and against Capital Punishment
387(1)
That's a Fact: Perspectives on the Death Penalty
388
Media and Criminal Justice: Dead Man Walking
383(11)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Victim's Race and Death Penalty Decisions
394(8)
Is Life Imprisonment a More Severe Punishment Than the Death Penalty?
394(8)
Origins and Organizations of Jails and Prisons
402(37)
How Are Correctional Institutions in the United States Organized?
404(7)
The Invention of the Prison
405(1)
Levels of Custody
406(1)
State and Federal Correctional Systems
407(1)
Problems with Jails
408(3)
How Do Correctional Institutions Operate?
411(3)
Punishment
411(1)
Custody and Deterrence
412(1)
Rehabilitation and Reform
412(1)
Models of Prison Administration
413(1)
Who Is in Prison?
414(6)
Correlates of Incarceration
414(3)
Incarceration of Women
417(2)
Prison Overcrowding
419(1)
What Is Inmate Life Like?
420(8)
Prison Work
420(3)
Drug Use and Treatment Programs
423(2)
AIDS in Prison
425(1)
Prison Gangs
426(1)
Violence in Prison
427(1)
What Are Prisoners Rights and Responsibilities?
428(1)
Constitutional Rights
428(1)
Prison Rules
429
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Prison Inmates
416(5)
Media and Criminal Justice: The Shawshank Redemption
421(10)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Private Prisons and Liability
431(8)
The Elderly Inmate
433(6)
Probation and Community Corrections
439(39)
What Are the Alternatives to Incarceration?
441(9)
Fines as a Form of Criminal Sanction
442(1)
Probation
443(4)
Intensive Supervision
447(1)
Confinement and Monitoring
448(2)
How Can Ex-offenders Return to the Community after Prison?
450(7)
Parole
450(3)
Work/Study Release and Furloughs
453(1)
Halfway Houses
454(2)
Pardons and Commutations
456(1)
What Are Forms of Authentic and Restorative Justice?
457(1)
Restitution and Repair
458(1)
Mediation
459(1)
Shock Incarceration
460(3)
Corporal Punishment and Public Humiliation
463(3)
Forced Birth Control and Chemical Castration
466(2)
Forfeitures and Fees
468
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Probation
446(5)
Media and Criminal Justice: First Time Felon
451(19)
Critical Thinking Exercises: The Return of Chain Gangs
470(8)
Registering Former Sex Offenders
470(8)
Justice and Punishment in the Twenty-First Century
478(24)
What Are New Ways of Administering Justice and Punishment?
480(4)
Technocorrections
480(1)
Risk-Based Treatment
481(1)
Early Life Interventions
482(1)
Virtual Prison
483(1)
How Can Offenders with Mental Health and Drug Problems Be Handled in the Criminal Justice System?
484(6)
Mental Health of Offenders
484(2)
Is There Effective Treatment for Sex Offenders?
486(2)
Gender Issues
488(1)
Balancing Just Punishment with Public Safety
489(1)
What Is the Future of Corrections?
490(1)
Offender Accountability
490(1)
Professionalization of the Corrections Profession
491(2)
Punishment and Control by Distance
493(1)
Preparing Offenders for Release
493(1)
Corrections as Prevention
494
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Criminal Justice and Mental Illness
487(5)
Media and Criminal Justice: American Me
492(4)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Illicit Drug Use in Movies and Music
496(6)
Ecstasy: Crime Problem, Health Problem, or Recreation?
497(5)
Juvenile Justice
502(39)
Juvenile Justice Versus Criminal Justice
505(1)
The Nature and Extent of Delinquency
506(6)
Arrest Figures
506(4)
Self-Reports
510(2)
Victimization Surveys
512(1)
Foundations of Juvenile Justice
512(3)
Objections to Parens Patriae
513(1)
Modifications of the Juvenile Justice System
514(1)
The Law and Procedure of Juvenile Justice
515(12)
Lawyers and Self-Incrimination
516(3)
The Burden of Proof
519(1)
Juries in Juvenile Court
520(1)
Double Jeopardy
521(1)
Preventive Detention
522(2)
Searches and the Fourth Amendment
524(2)
Punishment and the Eighth Amendment
526(1)
Juveniles in the System: Police, Courts, Corrections
527(6)
Police Disposition of Juveniles Taken into Custody
527(1)
Juvenile Court Outcomes
528(4)
Juvenile Dispositions
532(1)
Trends in Legislation
533(1)
The Outlook for Juvenile Justice
534
That's a Fact: Perspectives on Serious Juvenile Crime
530
Media and Criminal Justice: Scared Straight
525(10)
Critical Thinking Exercises: Abolish the Age of Majority?
535(6)
Juries for Juveniles?
536(5)
Comparative Criminal Justice
541(26)
The Risk of Crime around the World
543(6)
Incidence of Major Crimes
544(3)
Victimization
547(2)
Why Study Comparative Criminal Justice?
549(1)
Transnational Crimes
549(4)
Hijacking
550(1)
Trafficking in Humans
550(1)
Corruption
551(1)
War Crimes
552(1)
Transnational Law Enforcement
553(1)
International Justice
554(2)
International Corrections
556(4)
Legal, Ethical, and Practical Problems
560
That's a Fact: Perspectives on International Victimization
546(13)
Media and Criminal Justice: Citizen X
559(3)
Critical Thinking Exercises: War Crime Suspects Hiding in the United States?
562(5)
Who Goes to Prison?: Comparing England and the United States
562(5)
Appendix: The Constitution of the United States of America 567(10)
Glossary 577(8)
Name Index 585(5)
Subject Index 590


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