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Criminal Justice Policy and Planning



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  • Criminal Justice Policy & Planning
    Criminal Justice Policy & Planning
  • Criminal Justice Policy and Planning
    Criminal Justice Policy and Planning
  • Criminal Justice Policy and Planning, 3rd
    Criminal Justice Policy and Planning, 3rd


Unlike other textbooks on the subject, Criminal Justice Policy and Planning presents a comprehensive and structured account of the process of administering planned change in the criminal justice system. Welsh and Harris detail a simple yet sophisticated seven-stage model, which offers students and practitioners a full account of program and policy development from beginning to end. The authors thoughtfully discuss the steps: analyzing a problem; setting goals and objectives; designing the program or policy; action planning; implementing and monitoring; evaluating outcomes; and reassessing and reviewing. Within these steps, students focus on performing essential procedures, such as conducting a systems analysis, specifying an impact model, identifying target populations, making cost projections, collecting monitoring data, and performing a meta-analysis, In reviewing these steps and procedures, students can develop a full appreciation for the challenges inherent in the process and understand the tools that they require to meet those challenges. To provide for a greater understanding of the material, the text uses a wide array of real-life case studies and examples of programs and policies. Examples include policies such as Restorative Justice, The Second Chance Act, Three Strikes Laws, and the Brady Act, and programs such as drug courts, boot camps, and halfway houses. By examining the successes and failures of these innovations, the authors demonstrate both the ability of rational planning to make successful improvements and the tendency of unplanned change to result in undesirable outcomes. The result is a powerful argument for the use of logic, deliberation and collaboration in criminal justice innovations. Chapters are enhanced with outlines, figures, tables, examples, discussion questions and case studies. Appendix includes a seven-stage checklist for program and policy planning.

Author Biography

Wayne N. Welsh is a professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Temple University. His research has centered on applications of organizational theory to criminal justice and examinations of organizational change, and theories of violent behavior and intervention/prevention programs. Philip W. Harris is an associate professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Temple University. His teaching and research have focused primarily on the areas of juvenile justice, juvenile correctional strategies, and organizational and system development.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
About the Authorsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Analyzing the Problemp. 31
Document the Need for Changep. 31
Describe the History of the Problemp. 36
Examine Potential Causes of the Problemp. 42
Examine Previous Interventionsp. 44
Identify Relevant Stakeholdersp. 44
Conducting a Systems Analysisp. 46
Identify Barriers to Change and Supports for Changep. 53
Setting Goals and Objectivesp. 77
Identifying Goals and Valuesp. 78
The Goals of Criminal Sanctionsp. 78
Normative Valuesp. 80
Stating Specific Objectives for Each Goalp. 82
Seeking Participation in Goal Settingp. 84
Specifying an Impact Modelp. 85
Identifying Compatible and Incompatible Goals in the Larger Systemp. 87
Identifying Needs and Opportunities for Interagency Collaborationp. 89
The Benefits of Goal Conflictp. 89
Loose Coupling and Criminal Justice Agenciesp. 90
Conclusionp. 92
Designing the Program or Policyp. 103
Choosing an Intervention Approachp. 103
Designing a Programp. 105
Designing a Policyp. 108
Conclusionp. 112
Action Planningp. 123
Identify Resources Needed and Make Cost Projectionsp. 124
Plan to Acquire or Reallocate Resourcesp. 127
Specify Dates by Which Implementation Tasks Will Be Accomplishedp. 128
Develop Mechanisms of Self-Regulationp. 131
Specify a Plan to Build and Maintain Supportp. 132
Conclusionp. 133
Program/Policy Implementation and Monitoringp. 145
Outline the Major Questions for Monitoringp. 148
Instruments to Collect Monitoring Datap. 150
Fiscal Monitoringp. 154
Making Adjustments to the Resource Planp. 156
Designate Responsibility to Collect, Store, and Analyze Datap. 156
Develop Information System Capacitiesp. 157
Develop Mechanisms to Provide Feedback to Stakeholdersp. 158
Conclusionp. 159
Evaluating Outcomesp. 173
The Evidence-Based Paradigmp. 174
Types of Evaluationp. 175
Three Prerequisites for Evaluationp. 178
Evaluability Assessmentp. 179
Logic Modelingp. 179
Implementation Assessmentp. 181
Developing Outcome Measuresp. 181
Identifying Potential Confounding Factorsp. 182
Major Techniques for Minimizing Confounding Effectsp. 184
Specify the Research Designp. 186
Time Series Analysisp. 188
Identify Users and Uses of Evaluation Resultsp. 189
Reassessment and Reviewp. 201
Planning for Failurep. 203
Planning for Successp. 205
Learning and Adaptingp. 206
A Caution about Survivalp. 208
The Tasks of Implementing a New Innovationp. 208
Planning Tasks for an Existing Program or Policyp. 210
Conclusionp. 211
Appendix: A Seven-Stage Checklist for Program/Policy Planning and Analysisp. 217
Indexp. 221
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