Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. He holds degrees from the University of Notre Dame and Ohio State University, having earned both a master’s (1970) and a doctorate in sociology (1974) from Ohio State University with a special emphasis in criminology. From 1976 to 1994, he taught criminology and criminal justice courses at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. For the last 16 of those years, he chaired the university’s Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice. The university named him Distinguished Professor in 1991.
Schmalleger is also the Director of the Justice Research Association, a private consulting firm and think tank focusing on issues of crime and justice. The Justice Research Association (JRA) serves the needs of the nation’s civil and criminal justice planners and administrators through workshops, conferences, and grant-writing and program-evaluation support. JRA also sponsors the Criminal Justice Distance Learning Consortium, which resides on the Web at http://www.cjdlc.org.
Schmalleger has taught in the online graduate program of the New School for Social Research, helping to build the world’s first electronic classrooms in support of distance learning through computer telecommunications. As an adjunct professor with Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, Schmalleger helped develop the university’s graduate program in security administration and loss prevention. He taught courses in that curriculum for more than a decade. An avid Web user and Website builder, Schmalleger is also the creator of a number of award-winning World Wide Web sites, including one that supports this textbook (http://www.cjtoday.com).
Frank Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and more than 30 books, including the widely used Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction (Pearson, 2012), Criminology Today (Pearson, 2012), and Criminal Law Today (Pearson, 2010).
Schmalleger is also founding editor of the journal Criminal Justice Studies. He has served as editor for the Prentice Hall series Criminal Justice in the Twenty-First Century and as imprint adviser for Greenwood Publishing Group’s criminal justice reference series.
Schmalleger’s philosophy of both teaching and writing can be summed up in these words: “In order to communicate knowledge we must first catch, then hold, a person’s interest—be it student, colleague, or policymaker. Our writing, our speaking, and our teaching must be relevant to the problems facing people today, and they must in some way help solve those problems.” Visit the author’s website at http://www.schmalleger.com.
Part 1 CRIME IN AMERICA
Chapter 1 What Is Criminal Justice?
Chapter 2 The Crime Picture
Chapter 3 The Search for Causes
Chapter 4 Criminal Law
Part 2 POLICING
Chapter 5 Policing: History and Structure
Chapter 6 Policing: Purpose and Organization
Chapter 7 Policing: Legal Aspects
Chapter 8 Policing: Issues and Challenges
Part 3 ADJUDICATION
Chapter 9 The Courts: Structure and Participants
Chapter 10 Pretrial Activities and the Criminal Trial
Chapter 11 Sentencing
Part 4 CORRECTIONS
Chapter 12 Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections
Chapter 13 Prisons and Jails
Chapter 14 Prison Life
Part 5 SPECIAL ISSUES
Chapter 15 Juvenile Justice
Chapter 16 Drugs and Crime
Chapter 17 Terrorism and Multinational Criminal Justice
Chapter 18 The Future of Criminal Justice