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Criminal Law and Procedure,9780766818316
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Criminal Law and Procedure

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780766818316

ISBN10:
0766818314
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
2/15/2000
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $187.41
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Summary

In this new edition of Criminal Law and Procedure the general principles of criminality and culpability, individual crimes, their elements and related issues are fully discussed. Procedure topics explored include defenses to criminal accusations, parties to crimes, state and federal constitutional influences, the parties to the criminal justice system, the pretrial process, trial, sentencing, appeal and collateral relief, and the procedure of search and seizure. ALSO AVAILABLE INSTRUCTOR SUPPLEMENTS CALL CUSTOMER SUPPORT TO ORDER Instructor's Manual, ISBN: 0-7668-1832-2 COMING SOON West Paralegal Comprehensive CTB-2000-II, ISBN: 0-7668-1773-3

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Table of Cases
xix
PART I Criminal Law
Introduction to the Legal System of the United States
3(20)
Federalism
4(3)
Separation of Powers
7(2)
The Structure of the Court System
9(4)
The Duties and Powers of the Judicial Branch
13(2)
Comparing Civil Law and Criminal Law
15(5)
Web Links
20(1)
Key Terms
20(1)
Review Questions
20(1)
Review Problems
21(1)
End Notes
21(2)
Introduction to Criminal Law
23(24)
The Distinction between Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure
24(1)
The Power of Government to Regulate Behavior
24(3)
The Purposes of Punishing Criminal Law Violators
27(3)
Specific and General Deterrence
27(1)
Incapacitation
28(1)
Rehabilitation
28(1)
Retribution
29(1)
Sources of Criminal Law
30(15)
The Common Law
30(7)
Statutory Law
37(1)
Ordinances
37(1)
Administrative Law
37(3)
Court Rules
40(2)
The Model Penal Code
42(1)
Constitutional Law
43(2)
Web Links
45(1)
Key Terms
45(1)
Review Questions
45(1)
Review Problems
46(1)
End Notes
46(1)
The Two Essential Elements
47(32)
Mens Rea
48(15)
Mens Rea and the Common Law
48(6)
Strict Liability
54(3)
Vicarious Liability
57(2)
Current Approaches to Mens Rea
59(2)
Proving Mens Rea
61(1)
Motive
62(1)
Actus Reus
63(11)
Voluntariness
63(2)
Thoughts and Statements as Acts
65(1)
Personal Status as an Act
65(1)
Possession as an Act
66(1)
Omissions as Acts
67(2)
Causation
69(5)
Web Links
74(1)
Key Terms
74(1)
Review Questions
74(1)
Review Problems
74(2)
End Notes
76(3)
Crimes Against the Person
79(40)
Studying Crimes
80(1)
Homicide
80(20)
Homicide and the Common Law
81(4)
Statutory Approaches to Homicide
85(8)
Manslaughter
93(3)
The Model Penal Code Approach to Homicide
96(1)
Life, Death, and Homicide
97(1)
Suicide
97(2)
Corpus Delicti
99(1)
Assault and Battery
100(2)
Aggravated Assault and Battery
101(1)
Mayhem
102(1)
Sex Crimes
102(7)
Rape
103(2)
Nonforcible Rape
105(1)
Sodomy
105(1)
Rape Shield Laws
106(1)
Incest
106(1)
Sex Offenses Against Children
106(2)
Megan's Laws, Commitment, and Castration
108(1)
Kidnapping and False Imprisonment
109(3)
Kidnapping
109(1)
Parental Kidnapping
110(2)
False Imprisonment
112(1)
Stalking
112(1)
Civil Rights and Hate Crimes
113(1)
Web Links
114(1)
Key Terms
115(1)
Review Questions
115(1)
Review Problems
115(1)
End Notes
116(3)
Crimes Against Property and Habitation
119(26)
Arson
120(1)
Burglary
121(1)
Theft Crimes
122(20)
Introduction to Theft Crimes
122(2)
Larceny
124(2)
Embezzlement
126(1)
False Pretenses
127(4)
Receiving Stolen Property
131(1)
Robbery
132(1)
Extortion
133(1)
Consolidated Theft Statutes
134(2)
The Model Penal Code Consolidation
136(1)
Destruction of Property
137(1)
Computer Crimes
138(4)
Web Links
142(1)
Key Terms
142(1)
Review Questions
142(1)
Review Problems
142(1)
End Notes
143(2)
Crimes Against the Public
145(36)
Defining A ``Crime Against the Public''
146(1)
Crimes Against Public Morality
146(8)
Prostitution and Solicitation
146(1)
Deviate Sexual Conduct
147(2)
Indecent Exposure and Lewdness
149(1)
Obscenity
150(3)
Regulating the Internet
153(1)
Crimes Against the Public Order
154(11)
Introduction
154(1)
Riot and Unlawful Assembly
154(1)
Disturbing the Peace
155(1)
Incitement/Advocacy of Unlawful Conduct
155(2)
Threats
157(1)
Vagrancy and Panhandling
157(3)
Drug and Alcohol Crimes
160(5)
Crimes Against the Administration of Government
165(8)
Perjury
165(2)
Bribery
167(1)
Tax Crimes
168(2)
Obstruction of Justice
170(2)
Contempt
172(1)
Crimes Against the Environment
173(5)
Clean Water Act
175(1)
Clean Air Act
175(1)
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act
176(1)
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
176(1)
Occupational Safety and Health Act
176(1)
Toxic Substances Control Act
176(1)
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
177(1)
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
177(1)
Endangered Species Act
177(1)
Marine Mammal Protection Act
178(1)
Web Links
178(1)
Key Terms
178(1)
Review Questions
178(1)
Review Problems
179(1)
End Notes
180(1)
Parties and Inchoate Offenses
181(12)
Parties to Crimes
182(1)
Inchoate Crimes
183(7)
Attempt
183(3)
Conspiracy
186(4)
Solicitation
190(1)
Web Links
190(1)
Key Terms
191(1)
Review Questions
191(1)
Review Problems
191(1)
End Notes
192(1)
Factual and Statutory Defenses
193(24)
``Defense'' Defined
194(1)
Affirmative Defenses
194(1)
Insanity
195(7)
M'Naughten
196(1)
Irresistible Impulse
197(1)
Durham
197(1)
The Model Penal Code Test
197(1)
Guilty But Mentally Ill
198(1)
Procedures of the Insanity Defense
198(1)
Disposition of the Criminally Insane
199(2)
Insanity at the Time of Trial
201(1)
Duress and Necessity
202(1)
Use-of-Force Defenses
203(7)
Self-Defense
203(2)
Defense of Others
205(1)
Defense of Property and Habitation
205(1)
Imperfect Self-Defense
206(1)
Arrests
206(4)
Infancy
210(1)
Intoxication
211(1)
Mistake
211(1)
Entrapment
212(1)
Alibi and Consent
213(1)
Statues of Limitation
213(1)
Web Links
214(1)
Key Terms
214(1)
Review Questions
215(1)
Review Problems
215(1)
End Notes
216(1)
Constitutional Defenses
217(30)
Introduction
218(1)
Double Jeopardy
218(1)
Self-Incrimination and Immunity
219(2)
Due Process and Equal Protection
221(2)
Vagueness and Overbreadth
223(1)
Ex Post Facto and Bills of Attainder
223(1)
First Amendment and Religion
224(7)
First Amendment and Speech
231(7)
Privacy and Other Unenumerated Rights
238(5)
Web Links
243(1)
Key Terms
243(1)
Review Questions
243(1)
Review Problems
244(1)
End Notes
244(3)
PART II Criminal Procedure
Introduction and Participants
247(22)
Criminal Procedure Defined
248(1)
A Common-Law, Adversarial, and Accusatorial System
248(1)
The Due Process Model
249(1)
The Participants
250(14)
Law Enforcement Officers
250(2)
Prosecutors
252(7)
Judges
259(1)
Defense Attorneys
259(4)
Victims
263(1)
Liability of Governments and their Officials
264(2)
Web Links
266(1)
Key Terms
266(1)
Review Questions
266(1)
Review Problems
267(1)
End Notes
267(2)
The Constitutional Aspects of Criminal Procedure
269(14)
Introduction
270(1)
Incorporation
270(2)
Expansion of Rights
272(1)
Exclusionary Rule
272(3)
Exclusionary Rule and Exceptions
275(1)
Fruit of the Poisonous Tree
275(1)
Standing
276(1)
State Constitutions and The ``New Federalism''
277(4)
Web Links
281(1)
Key Terms
281(1)
Review Questions
282(1)
Review Problems
282(1)
End Notes
282(1)
Searches, Seizures, and Arrests
283(54)
The Fourth Amendment
284(12)
Privacy
284(6)
Probable Cause
290(6)
Searches and Seizures
296(28)
The Warrant Requirement
296(7)
Exceptions to the Search Warrant Requirement
303(21)
Arrest
324(10)
Defining Arrest
324(1)
The Warrant Preference
325(3)
Arrests in Protected Areas
328(1)
Search Incident to Arrest and the Protective Sweep
328(2)
Executing Arrest Warrants
330(1)
Illegal Arrests
331(1)
Considering Fourth Amendment Problems
331(3)
Web Links
334(1)
Key Terms
334(1)
Review Questions
334(1)
Review Problems
334(1)
End Notes
335(2)
Interrogation and Other Law Enforcement Practices
337(26)
Interrogations, Confessions, and Admissions
338(10)
Miranda
338(10)
Sixth Amendment
348(1)
Voluntariness Requirement
348(1)
Electronic Surveillance
348(3)
Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control Act
348(3)
Pretrial Identification Procedures
351(9)
Lineups and One-Man Showups
352(1)
The Fairness Right
352(2)
Photographs
354(1)
Scientific Identification Procedures
354(6)
Exclusion of Improper Identifications
360(1)
Web Links
360(1)
Key Terms
361(1)
Review Questions
361(1)
Review Problems
361(1)
End Notes
362(1)
The Pretrial Process
363(28)
Introduction
364(1)
Discovery and Investigation of Criminal Activity
364(1)
Arrest
364(1)
The Complaint
364(5)
Initial Appearance
369(1)
Pretrial Release and Detention
369(2)
Types of Release
369(1)
Eighth Amendment
370(1)
Detention
370(1)
Preliminary Hearing
371(3)
The Formal Charge
374(5)
Indictment and Grand Jury
374(5)
Information
379(1)
Arraignment
379(1)
Pretrial Activity
380(7)
Discovery
380(5)
Motion Practice
385(2)
Pretrial Conference
387(1)
Extradition and Detainers
387(1)
Removal
388(1)
Web Links
389(1)
Key Terms
389(1)
Review Questions
389(1)
Review Problems
390(1)
End Notes
390(1)
Trial
391(20)
Trial Rights of Defendants
392(13)
The Right to a Jury Trial
392(1)
The Right to a Public Trial
393(5)
The Right to Confrontation and Cross-Examination
398(1)
The Presumption of Innocence/Burden of Proof
398(1)
The Right to Speedy Trial
399(2)
The Right to Counsel
401(4)
Trial Procedure
405(4)
Voir Dire
405(1)
Preliminary Instructions
405(1)
Opening Statements
406(1)
The Prosecution's Case in Chief
406(1)
The Defense Case
407(1)
Rebuttal
407(1)
Closing Arguments
408(1)
Final Instructions
408(1)
Jury Deliberations and Verdict
408(1)
JNOV/New Trial
409(1)
Web Links
409(1)
Key Terms
409(1)
Review Questions
410(1)
Review Problems
410(1)
End Notes
410(1)
Sentencing and Appeal
411(38)
Sentencing
412(28)
Sentencing Procedure
412(2)
Forms of Punishment
414(25)
Habitual Offender Statutes
439(1)
Postconviction Remedies
440(6)
Appeal
440(2)
Habeas Corpus
442(4)
Web Links
446(1)
Key Terms
446(1)
Review Questions
446(1)
Review Problems
447(1)
End Notes
447(2)
Appendix A The Constitution of the United States of America 449(12)
Appendix B Selected Excerpts from the Model Penal Code 461(36)
Glossary 497(4)
Index 501


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