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Criminal Procedure,9780534547110
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Criminal Procedure

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534547110

ISBN10:
0534547117
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/22/1998
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 7/22/1998.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE helps you understand the central theme in constitutional democracies--balancing the need for government power to protect public safety with the guarantee of individual liberty and privacy. By focusing on comprehension and not memorization, the textbook helps you understand our criminal procedures and why we need them. This text examines the constitutional requirements of criminal procedure and how these requirements are applied by the courts to law enforcement, prosecution, defense, pre-trial proceedings, adjudication, sentencing, appeal, and habeas corpus. And to ensure that you succeed in your course, you'll find helpful in-text learning aids as well as a companion CD-ROM packaged with every new copy of the book.

Table of Contents

Preface xxi
CHAPTER 1 Overview of Criminal Procedure: A Question of Balance
1(44)
Balance: The Essence of Criminal Procedure
3(1)
Society and Individual
4(1)
Ends and Means
4(6)
Burden of Proof
5(2)
Adversary Process
7(1)
Accusatory System
8(1)
Due Process
8(1)
Human Dignity
9(1)
History of Criminal Procedure
10(3)
How to Read, Analyze, and Find Cases
13(9)
Discretion and the Criminal Process
22(5)
Law, Society, and Ideology
27(1)
Federal, State, and Local Governments
27(2)
Separation of Powers
29(1)
The Criminal Process
30(9)
Detection and Investigation
32(2)
Prosecution
34(1)
Adjudication
34(3)
Trial
37(1)
Sentencing
38(1)
Review Proceedings
38(1)
Summary
39(6)
CHAPTER 2 The Constitution and Criminal Procedure
45(33)
Constitutionalism
47(1)
The Sources of Criminal Procedure
48(7)
The U.S. Constitution and Federal Courts
48(1)
State Constitutions and State Courts
49(5)
Federal and State Statutes and Rules
54(1)
Model Codes and Rules
54(1)
The Supremacy Clause and Judicial Review
55(1)
Due Process of Law
55(15)
History of the Due Process Clause
56(11)
The Incorporation Doctrine
67(3)
Equal Protection of the Law
70(5)
Summary
75(3)
CHAPTER 3 Searches, Seizures, and the Fourth Amendment
78(51)
Purposes of Searches and Seizures
80(1)
Purpose of the Fourth Amendment
81(1)
Fourth Amendment: Analysis
82(2)
Fourth Amendment: Searches
84(27)
Expectation of Privacy
86(6)
Plain View, Hearing, Smell, and Touch
92(10)
Open Fields
102(1)
Public Places
102(1)
Abandoned Effects
103(8)
Fourth Amendment "Seizures"
111(14)
Summary
125(4)
CHAPTER 4 Stop and Frisk
129(77)
History of Stop and Frisk
131(1)
Balancing Interests in Stops and Frisks
132(3)
Stop-and-Frisk Law
135(11)
Two Approaches to Stop-and-Frisk Law
135(1)
The Test of "Reasonableness"
135(2)
Terry v. Ohio and Stop-and-Frisk Law
137(9)
Stops
146(49)
Definition of Stop
146(2)
Reasonable Suspicion--Objective Basis for Stops
148(19)
Scope of Reasonable Stops
167(10)
Stops at International Borders
177(1)
Roadblocks
177(18)
Frisks
195(8)
Definition of Frisk
195(1)
Reasonable Suspicion for Frisks
196(1)
Scope of Frisks
197(6)
Summary
203(3)
CHAPTER 5 Seizures of Persons: Arrest
206(45)
Purposes of Arrest and Arrest Law
209(1)
The Definition of Arrest
209(5)
Probable Cause
214(19)
Quantity of Facts
222(3)
Direct and Hearsay Information
225(8)
The Manner of Arrest
233(15)
The Warrant Requirement
233(5)
Arrests in Homes
238(3)
Misdemeanor Arrests
241(1)
Deadly Force
241(3)
Nondeadly Force
244(4)
The Period After Arrest
248(1)
Summary
248(3)
CHAPTER 6 Searches for Evidence
251(53)
The Importance of the Search Power
253(2)
Searches with Warrants
255(10)
The Particularity Requirement
255(4)
Electronic Search Warrants
259(1)
Execution of Search Warrants
260(5)
Searches Without Warrants
265(34)
Searches Incident to Arrest
266(13)
Consent Searches
279(15)
Exigent Circumstance Searches
294(2)
Vehicle Searches
296(3)
Container Searches
299(1)
Summary
299(5)
CHAPTER 7 Special Needs Searches
304(29)
"Special Needs" Searches
307(1)
Inventory Searches
308(5)
Border Searches
313(1)
Airport Searches
314(1)
Searches of Prisoners
314(3)
Searches of Probationers and Parolees
317(1)
Searches of Jail and Prison Visitors and Employees
318(3)
Searches of Students
321(4)
Employee Drug Testing
325(5)
Summary
330(3)
CHAPTER 8 Interrogation and Confessions
333(51)
The Self-Incrimination Setting
335(2)
The Importance of Interrogation
337(2)
The Abuse of Interrogation
339(1)
The Constitution and Self-Incrimination
339(5)
The Due Process Approach
340(2)
The Right to Counsel Approach
342(1)
The Self-Incrimination Approach
343(1)
The Definition of Self-Incrimination
344(3)
The Importance of Miranda v. Arizona
347(24)
The Effects of Miranda v. Arizona
353(1)
The Meaning of Interrogation
354(8)
The Meaning of Custody
362(3)
The Public Safety Exception to Miranda v. Arizona
365(4)
Waiver of Miranda Rights
369(2)
Voluntary Self-Incrimination
371(8)
"Harmless Error" and Coerced Confessions
379(1)
Summary
379(5)
CHAPTER 9 Identification Procedures
384(44)
Importance and Dangers of Eyewitness Identification
386(4)
The Constitution and Identification Procedures
390(8)
The Right to Counsel
393(4)
Due Process
397(1)
Lineups
398(6)
Show-Ups
404(5)
Photographic Identification
409(6)
Refusal to Cooperate in Identification Procedures
415(1)
DNA Profile Identification
416(8)
Summary
424(4)
CHAPTER 10 Remedies for Constitutional Violations
428(74)
Nature and Kinds of Remedies
430(1)
The Exclusionary Rule
431(18)
Social Costs and Deterrent Effects
433(2)
History of the Exclusionary Rule
435(5)
Exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule
440(8)
Standing
448(1)
Other Process Remedies
449(18)
Dismissal
449(2)
The Defense of Entrapment
451(10)
Reversible Error
461(1)
Expungement of Arrest Records
461(6)
Civil Actions: Suing the Government
467(25)
State Law Sources for Civil Actions
467(1)
Federal Law Sources for Civil Actions
468(24)
Injunction
492(4)
Internal Agency Discipline
496(1)
Summary
497(5)
CHAPTER 11 Initiating Formal Proceedings
502(48)
The Initiation of Formal Proceedings
504(2)
The Decision to Charge
506(6)
Probable Cause Determination
512(5)
First Appearance
517(3)
Informing Suspects of Their Rights
518(1)
Detaining and Releasing Defendants
518(2)
The Constitution and Bail
520(9)
Preventive Detention
522(3)
Conditions of Pretrial Confinement
525(4)
The Right to Counsel
529(17)
When the Right to Counsel Attaches
535(1)
The Meaning of "All Criminal Prosecutions"
536(4)
The Standard of Indigence
540(1)
The Right to Effective Counsel
541(5)
Summary
546(4)
CHAPTER 12 Trial and Conviction
550(70)
Testing the Government's Case
552(2)
Preliminary Hearings and Grand Jury Review
554(1)
Preliminary Hearing
555(8)
The Right to a Preliminary Hearing
555(2)
Differences between Preliminary Hearing and Trial
557(1)
The Objective Basis for Binding Over
558(1)
Hearsay Testimony
558(1)
Illegally Obtained Evidence
559(1)
The Right to Cross-Examine
559(1)
Ancillary Functions of the Preliminary Hearing
560(3)
Grand Jury Review
563(5)
Grand Jury Composition and Selection
563(1)
Grand Jury Proceedings
564(1)
The Debate Over the Grand Jury
565(2)
Irregular Grand Jury Proceedings
567(1)
Summary of Preliminary Hearing and Grand Jury Review
568(1)
Pretrial Motions
568(15)
The Origins of Pretrial Motions
569(1)
Double Jeopardy Motions
570(7)
Speedy Trial Motions
577(2)
Change-of-Venue and Continuance Motions
579(2)
Change-of-Judge Motions
581(1)
Motions to Suppress
582(1)
Conviction
583(1)
Conviction by Trial
584(23)
Jury Trial
584(10)
The Right to a Public Trial
594(2)
Presenting of the Evidence
596(10)
Jury Instructions
606(1)
Conviction by Guilty Plea
607(5)
The Guilty Plea and the Constitution
608(1)
Negotiated Pleas and the Constitution
609(3)
Summary
612(8)
CHAPTER 13 After Conviction
620(41)
After Conviction
622(1)
Sentencing
623(25)
Sentencing Authority
625(1)
Guidelines and Mandatory Minimum Sentencing
625(19)
Offenders' Rights at Sentencing
644(4)
Appeals
648(7)
Habeas Corpus
655(3)
Summary
658(3)
APPENDIX A The Constitution of the United States 661(16)
Glossary 677(7)
Index 684


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