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Critical Thinking: A Concise Guideis a much-needed guide to argument analysis and a clear introduction to thinking clearly and rationally for oneself. Through precise and accessible discussion this book equips students with the essential skills required to tell a good argument from a bad one. Key features of the book are: Clear, jargon-free discussion of key concepts in argumentation How to avoid common confusions surrounding words such as '¨‹truth'¨", '¨‹knowledge'¨" and '¨‹opinion'¨" How to identify and evaluate the most common types of argument How to spot fallacies in arguments and tell good reasoning from bad Chapter summaries, glossaries and useful exercises This third edition has been revised and updated throughout, with new exercises, and up-to-date topical examples, including: '¨‹real-world'¨" arguments; practical reasoning; understanding quantitative data, statistics, and the rhetoric used about them; scientific reasoning; and expanded discussion of conditionals, ambiguity, vagueness, slippery slope arguments, and arguments by analogy. The Routledge Critical Thinkingcompanion website, features a wealth of further resources, including examples and case studies, sample questions, practice questions and answers, and student activities. Critical Thinking: A Concise Guideis essential reading for anyone, student or professional, at work or in the classroom, seeking to improve their reasoning and arguing skills.
Table of Contents
|Beginning to think critically|
|Aspects of meaning|
|Necessary and sufficient conditions|
|Primary and secondary connotation|
|Identifying premises and conclusions|
|Arguments and explanations|
|Linguistic Phenomena, Rhetoric|
|Rhetorical ploys spin|
|The Principle of Charity|
|The connection to formal logic|
|Logic: Inductive Force|
|Inductive force 'all', 'most' and 'some'|
|Probability in the premises|
|Arguments with multiple probabilistic premises|
|Inductive force in extended arguments|
|Conditional Probability in the conclusion|
|A programme for assessment|
|Defusing the rhetoric|
|Implicit and explicit|
|Relevance; Ambiguity and Vagueness|
|More on generalisations|
|Practical reasoning Balancing costs, benefits, and probabilities|
|Explanations as conclusions|
|Some strategies for logical assessment|
|Refutation by Counterexample|
|Avoiding the 'who is to say' criticism|
|Don't merely label the position|
|A complete example|
|Commentary on the commentary|
|Faulty argument techniques|
|Arguing from analogy|
|Arguments from authority|
|Truth, Knowledge and Belief|
|Truth and relativity|
|True for me, true for you|
|Truth, value and morality|
|Belief, justification and truth|
|Justification without arguments|
|Knowledge and rational persuasiveness|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|