Critical Thinking An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 10/29/2012
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Now in its second edition, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a nontechnical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally.Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism.Critical Thinking, Second Edition, distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies.Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailedarticulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types - from correlations to sampling - can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal withseveral predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary.Ideal for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking, Second Edition, features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. AnInstructor's Manual - offering solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids - is available on the book's Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/wright.

Author Biography

Larry Wright is Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Riverside, where he has taught since 1970. He is the author of Practical Reasoning (1989), Better Reasoning: Techniques for Handling Argument, Evidence & Abstraction (1982), and Teleological Explanations: An Etiological Analysis of Goals and Functions (1976).

Table of Contents

Chapters 1 and 4-8 open with an Introduction
Each chapter ends with Supplemental Exercises and Answers
The Bare Bones Paraphrase
The Concept of Paraphrase
Reading and Paraphrase
Technique and Vocabulary
Human Understanding
Subtler Issues
Two Principles of Paraphrasing
Things to Keep in Mind
Reading for Structure: Dependency and Subordination
Technique and Vocabulary
Useful Patterns
Tricks for Tough Cases
Systematic Features
Trial and Error Exercise
Reading for Reasoning: Paraphrasing Arguments
Reading for a Particular Purpose
Reading for Reasoning
A Shortcut: Schematizing Directly from a Passage
Charitable Schematizing
Analyzing Reasoning
Argument Analysis: Answering Questions
The Purpose of Analysis
The Fundamental Concepts: Questions and Answers
Refining the Apparatus and Exercising Our Skills
Evaluating Arguments: How Good Are the Reasons?
Interim Summary: What We Have Learned So Far
Dealing with Disagreement
Diagnostic Arguments: Reasoning by Explaining
Diagnostic Questions
Diagnostic Concepts
Objects and Resources
Diagnostic Investigation
Diagnostic Patterns
Cause and Correlation
Counting Cases: Induction by Enumeration
Circumstantial Evidence
Further Applications: Prediction and Recommendation
Fallacies of Construction
Critical Fallacies
Semantic Conflict
Semantic Evaluation
Deductive Arguments
Tests and Criteria
Relative Strength
Glossary of Important Terms
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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