9780252026737

The Cultural Analysis of Kinship: The Legacy of David M. Schneider

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  • ISBN13:

    9780252026737

  • ISBN10:

    025202673X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-01-01
  • Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr
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Summary

In the mid-1970s, David M. Schneider rocked the anthropological world with his announcement that kinship did not exist in any culture known to humankind. This volume provides a critical assessment of Schneider's ideas, focusing particularly on his contributions to kinship studies and the implications of his work for cultural relativism.Schneider's deconstruction of kinship as a cultural system sounded the death knell for a certain kind of kinship study. At the same time, it laid the groundwork for the re-emergence of kinship studies as a centerpiece of anthropological theory and practice. Now a mainstay of cultural studies, Schneider's conception of cultural relativism revolutionized thinking about kinship, family, gender, and culture. For feminist anthropologists, his ideas freed kinship from the limitations of biology, providing a context for establishing gender as a cultural construct. Today, his work bears on high-profile issues such as gay and lesbian partners and parents, surrogate motherhood, and new reproductive technologies.Contributors to The Cultural Analysis of Kinship appraise Schneider's contributions and his place in anthropological history, particularly in the development of anthropological theory. Situating Schneider's work and influence in relation to major controversies in the history of anthropology and of kinship studies, they examine his important insights and their limitations, consider where his approach might lead, and offer alternative paradigms.Inspiring many with his keenly critical mind and willingness to flout convention, discomfiting others with his mercurial temperament, David Schneiderleft an ineradicable mark on his field. These frank observations on the man and his ideas offer a revealing glimpse of one of modern anthropology's most complex and paradoxical figures.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii
Introduction: Schneider's Cultural Analysis of Kinship and Its Implications for Anthropological Relativism 1(32)
Richard Feinberg
Schneider Confronts Componential Analyses
33(13)
Raymond D. Fogelson
Procrustes and the Sioux: David M. Schneider and the Study of Sioux Kinship
46(14)
Raymond J. DeMallie
Schneider's Idealism, Relativism, and the Confusion of Kinship
60(18)
Murray J. Leaf
What Is Kinship?
78(40)
Dwight W. Read
Relativism in Kinship Analysis
118(13)
Martin Ottenheimer
The Philosophy of Kinship: A Reply to Schneider's Critique of the Study of Kinship
131(37)
Robert McKinley
The Trobriand Kinship Classification and Schneider's Cultural Relativism
168(19)
Susan P. Montague
Development and Ancestral Gerrymandering: Schneider in Papau New Guinea
187(18)
Laura Zimmer-Tamakoshi
Conclusion: Muddles in Schneider's Model 205(18)
Ward H. Goodenough
Index 223

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