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Cultural Anthropology, with Living Anthropology Student CD and PowerWeb,9780073138756
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Cultural Anthropology, with Living Anthropology Student CD and PowerWeb

by
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780073138756

ISBN10:
0073138754
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/27/2005
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
List Price: $137.75
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Summary

The new edition of Kottak's best selling text for cultural anthropology emphasizes anthropology's integrated and comparative nature with "Bringing It All Together" essays that show how anthropology's sub-fields and dimensions combine to interpret and explain a common topic. Another distinctive feature, "Understanding Ourselves," illustrates the relevance of anthropological facts and theories to students' everyday lives. In addition, every new copy of the eleventh edition is packaged free with a new student CD-ROM as well as PowerWeb!

Table of Contents

About the Author xv
Preface xvii
Walkthrough xxx
PART I The Dimensions of Anthropology
3(40)
What Is Anthropology?
3(22)
Human Adaptability
3(1)
Adaptation, Variation, and Change
4(3)
General Anthropology
7(1)
Cultural Forces Shape Human Biology
8(1)
The Subdisciplines of Anthropology
8(7)
Cultural Anthropology
8(2)
Archaeological Anthropology
10(1)
Biological, or Physical, Anthropology
11(1)
Interesting Issues: Even Anthropologists Get Culture Shock
12(2)
Beyond the Classroom: The Utility of Hand and Foot Bones for Problems in Biological Anthropology
14(1)
Linguistic Anthropology
15(1)
Applied Anthropology
15(2)
Anthropology and Other Academic Fields
17(2)
Cultural Anthropology and Sociology
17(1)
Anthropology and Psychology
18(1)
Science, Explanation, and Hypothesis Testing
19(6)
Applying Anthropology
25(18)
What is Applied Anthropology?
25(1)
The Role of the Applied Anthropologist
26(3)
Academic and Applied Anthropology
29(1)
Theory and Practice
30(1)
Anthropology and Education
30(1)
Urban Anthropology
31(2)
Urban versus Rural
32(1)
Medical Anthropology
33(4)
Beyond the Classroom: New Life, Good Health
36(1)
Anthropology and Business
37(1)
Careers and Anthropology
38(5)
Interesting Issues: Hot Asset in Corporate: Anthropology Degrees
38(5)
PART II Cultural Diversity
43(262)
Ethics and Methods in Cultural Anthropology
43(20)
Ethics
43(3)
Methods---Ethnography
46(1)
Ethnographic Techniques
47(8)
Observation and Participant Observation
47(1)
Conversation, Interviewing, and Interview Schedules
48(1)
The Genealogical Method
49(1)
Key Cultural Consultants
49(1)
Life Histories
50(1)
Local Beliefs and Perceptions, and the Ethnographer's
50(1)
The Evolution of Ethnography
50(2)
Problem-Oriented Ethnography
52(1)
Longitudinal Research
52(1)
Team Research
53(1)
Culture, Space, and Scale
54(1)
Survey Research
55(8)
Beyond the Classroom: Stories from Women Domestics of the Yucatan
57(6)
Culture
63(18)
What Is Culture?
63(7)
Culture Is Learned
64(1)
Culture Is Shared
64(3)
Interesting Issues: Touching, Affection, Love, and Sex
67(1)
Culture Is Symbolic
68(1)
Culture and Nature
68(1)
Culture Is All-Encompassing
69(1)
Culture Is Integrated
69(1)
Culture Can Be Adaptive and Maladaptive
70(1)
Culture and the Individual: Agency and Practice
70(3)
Levels of Culture
71(1)
Ethnocentrism, Cultural Relativism, and Human Rights
71(2)
Universality, Generality, and Particularity
73(3)
Universality
73(1)
Generality
73(1)
Particularity: Patterns of Culture
74(1)
Beyond the Classroom: Folklore Reveals Ethos of Heating Plant Workers
75(1)
Mechanisms of Cultural Change
76(1)
Globalization
76(5)
Ethnicity and Race
81(26)
Ethnic Groups and Ethnicity
81(4)
Status Shifting
84(1)
Race
85(1)
Social Race
86(6)
Hypodescent: Race in the United States
86(1)
Beyond the Classroom: Perceptions of Race and Skin Color on an American College Campus
87(1)
Race in the Census
88(1)
Not Us: Race in Japan
89(1)
Phenotype and Fluidity: Race in Brazil
90(2)
Stratification and ``Intelligence''
92(2)
Ethnic Groups, Nations, and Nationalities
94(1)
Nationalities and Imagined Communities
94(1)
Peaceful Coexistence
94(4)
Assimilation
95(1)
The Plural Society
95(1)
Multiculturalism and Ethnic Identity
95(1)
Interesting Issues: Ethnic Nationalism Runs Wild
96(2)
Roots of Ethnic Conflict
98(9)
Prejudice and Discrimination
98(1)
Chips in the Mosaic
99(1)
Aftermaths of Oppression
99(8)
Language and Communication
107(28)
What Is Language?
107(1)
Animal Communication
108(5)
Call Systems
108(1)
Sign Language
108(5)
The Origin of Language
113(1)
Nonverbal Communication
113(1)
The Structure of Language
114(2)
Speech Sounds
115(1)
Language, Thought, and Culture
116(3)
Interesting Issues: Do Midwesterners Have Accents?
116(1)
The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
117(1)
Focal Vocabulary
117(1)
Meaning
118(1)
Sociolinguistics
119(7)
Linguistic Diversity
119(1)
Gender Speech Contrasts
120(1)
Language and Status Position
121(1)
Stratification
122(1)
Black English Vernacular (BEV), a.k.a. ``Ebonics''
123(2)
Beyond the Classroom: Cybercommunication in Collegespace
125(1)
Historical Linguistics
126(4)
Bringing it all Together: Canada: Unity and Diversity in Culture and Language
130(5)
Making a Living
135(26)
Adaptive Strategies
135(1)
Foraging
136(6)
Correlates of Foraging
139(1)
Beyond the Classroom: Integrating Archaeological, Ethnographic, and Analytic Subsistence Data: A Case Study from Patagonia, South America
140(2)
Cultivation
142(3)
Horticulture
142(1)
Agriculture
142(1)
The Cultivation Continuum
143(1)
Intensification: People and the Environment
144(1)
Pastoralism
145(1)
Modes of Production
146(2)
Production in Nonindustrial Societies
146(1)
Means of Production
147(1)
Alienation in Industrial Economies
148(1)
Economizing and Maximization
148(3)
Alternative Ends
149(1)
Interesting Issues: Scarcity and the Betsileo
150(1)
Distribution, Exchange
151(2)
The Market Principle
151(1)
Redistribution
151(1)
Reciprocity
151(2)
Coexistence of Exchange Principles
153(1)
Potlatching
153(8)
Political Systems
161(28)
What Is ``The Political''?
161(1)
Types and Trends
162(2)
Bands and Tribes
164(11)
Foraging Bands
165(3)
Tribal Cultivators
168(1)
The Village Head
168(1)
The ``Big Man''
169(2)
Pantribal Sodalities and Age Grades
171(2)
Nomadic Politics
173(1)
Beyond the Classroom: Perspectives on Group Membership
174(1)
Chiefdoms
175(3)
Political and Economic Systems in Chiefdoms
175(1)
Social Status in Chiefdoms
176(1)
Status Systems in Chiefdoms and States
176(2)
States
178(2)
Population Control
178(1)
Judiciary
179(1)
Enforcement
179(1)
Fiscal Systems
179(1)
Social Control: Politics, Shame, and Sorcery
180(9)
Families, Kinship, and Descent
189(22)
Families
189(7)
Nuclear and Extended Families
190(3)
Industrialism and Family Organization
193(1)
Changes in North American Kinship
193(2)
The Family among Foragers
195(1)
Descent
196(3)
Descent Groups
196(1)
Lineages, Clans, and Residence Rules
197(1)
Ambilineal Descent
198(1)
Family versus Descent
198(1)
Kinship Calculation
199(3)
Genealogical Kin Types and Kin Terms
199(1)
Interesting Issues: Social Security, Kinship Style
200(2)
Kinship Terminology
202(9)
Lineal Terminology
202(1)
Bifurcate Merging Terminology
202(1)
Generational Terminology
203(1)
Bifurcate Collateral Terminology
204(7)
Marriage
211(22)
What Is Marriage?
211(1)
Incest and Exogamy
212(4)
Explaining the Taboo
216(1)
Instinctive Horror
216(1)
Biological Degeneration
216(1)
Attempt and Contempt
216(1)
Marry Out or Die Out
217(1)
Endogamy
217(2)
Caste
218(1)
Royal Incest
218(1)
Marital Rights and Same-Sex Marriage
219(2)
Beyond the Classroom: Human Mate Preference in Matrimonial Advertisements from Gujarat, India
220(1)
Marriage as Group Alliance
221(4)
Bridewealth and Dowry
222(1)
Durable Alliances
223(1)
Interesting Issues: Love and Marriage
224(1)
Divorce
225(2)
Plural Marriages
227(6)
Polygyny
227(2)
Polyandry
229(4)
Gender
233(28)
Sex and Gender
233(4)
Recurrent Gender Patterns
237(3)
Gender among Foragers
240(1)
Gender among Horticulturalists
241(3)
Reduced Gender Stratification---Matrilineal, Matrilocal Societies
242(1)
Reduced Gender Stratification---Matrifocal Societies
242(1)
Increased Gender Stratification---Patrilineal-Patrilocal Societies
243(1)
Gender among Agriculturalists
244(1)
Patriarchy and Violence
245(1)
Gender and Industrialism
246(3)
The Feminization of Poverty
248(1)
Sexual Orientation
249(7)
Interesting Issues: Hidden Women, Public Men---Public Women, Hidden Men
250(6)
Bringing it all Together: The Basques
256(5)
Religion
261(24)
What Is Religion?
261(1)
Origins, Functions, and Expressions of Religion
262(7)
Animism
262(3)
Mana and Taboo
265(1)
Magic and Religion
265(1)
Anxiety, Control, Solace
266(1)
Rituals
266(1)
Rites of Passage
266(2)
Totemism
268(1)
Religion and Cultural Ecology
269(1)
Sacred Cattle in India
269(1)
Social Control
270(3)
Beyond the Classroom: Ewe Traditional and Biomedical Healing Practices in Ghana's Volta Region
270(3)
Kinds of Religion
273(1)
Religion in States
274(1)
Christian Values
275(1)
World Religions
275(2)
Religion and Change
277(3)
Revitalization Movements
277(1)
Syncretisms
277(2)
Antimodernism and Fundamentalism
279(1)
A New Age
280(1)
Secular Rituals
280(5)
The Arts
285(20)
What Is Art?
285(6)
Art and Religion
286(2)
Locating Art
288(1)
Art and Individuality
289(1)
The Work of Art
290(1)
Art, Society, and Culture
291(14)
The Cultural Transmission of the Arts
294(2)
Interesting Issues: I'll Get You, My Pretty, and Your Little R2
296(2)
The Artistic Career
298(1)
Beyond the Classroom: Capoeira: The Afro-Brazilian Art of Unity and Survival
299(1)
Continuity and Change
300(5)
PART III The Changing World
305
The Modern World System
305(22)
The Emergence of the World System
305(4)
Industrialization
309(1)
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
309(1)
Stratification
310(7)
Industrial Stratification
311(1)
Asian Factory Women
312(3)
Open and Closed Class Systems
315(1)
Beyond the Classroom: The Residue of Apartheid in Southern Africa
316(1)
The World System Today
317(10)
Interesting Issues: The American Periphery
318(2)
Industrial Degradation
320(7)
Colonialism and Development
327(22)
Colonialism
327(6)
Imperialism
328(1)
British Colonialism
328(2)
French Colonialism
330(2)
Colonialism and Identity
332(1)
Postcolonial Studies
332(1)
Development
333(1)
Neoliberalism
333(1)
The Second World
334(4)
Communism
334(2)
Postsocialist Transitions
336(2)
Development Anthropology
338(3)
The Greening of Java
339(2)
Equity
341(1)
Strategies for Innovation
341(8)
Overinnovation
342(1)
Underdifferentiation
343(1)
Third World Models
343(6)
Cultural Exchange and Survival
349
Acculturation
349(1)
Contact and Domination
350(4)
Development and Environmentalism
350(3)
Religious Change
353(1)
Resistance and Survival
354(5)
Interesting Issues: Voices of the Rainforest
354(2)
Weapons of the Weak
356(1)
Beyond the Classroom: Forging Activist Identities in the Kalaupapa Community of Leprosy Patients
356(2)
Cultural Imperialism
358(1)
Making and Remaking Culture
359(3)
Popular Culture
359(1)
Indigenizing Popular Culture
359(1)
Interesting Issues: Using Modern Technology to Preserve Linguistic and Cultural Diversity
360(1)
A World System of Images
361(1)
A Transnational Culture of Consumption
361(1)
People in Motion
362(2)
The Continuance of Diversity
364(4)
Bringing It All Together: The Biology and Culture of Overconsumption
368
Appendix 1: A History of Theories in Anthropology 1(10)
Appendix 2: Ethics and Anthropology 11(4)
Appendix 3: American Popular Culture 15
Bibliography 1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
Credits 1(1)
Name Index 1(1)
Subject Index 1


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