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Jane E. Goodman is an associate professor in the Department of Communication and Culture at Indiana University. She is the author of Berber Culture on the World Stage: From Village to Video, and editor of Bourdieu in Algeria: Colonial Politics, Ethnographic Practices, Theoretical Developments. She served as course director of Interpersonal Communication in the Department of Communication and Culture at Indiana University for three years.
Jennifer Meta Robinson is a senior lecturer in the Department of Communication and Culture at Indiana University. She is author of The Farmers' Market Book: Growing Food, Cultivating Community, editor of Teaching Environmental Literacy: Across Campus and Across the Curriculum, and editor of the Indiana University Press book series Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. She has served as course director of Interpersonal Communication in the Department of Communication and Culture at Indiana University since 2006.
Table of Contents
Editors’ Acknowledgments xi
Jane E. Goodman, Jennifer Meta Robinson, and Leila Monaghan
Part I: Ethnographer’s Toolkit 7
1 Body Ritual among the Nacirema 9
2 Culture Blends 12
3 Culture: Can You Take It Anywhere? 24
4 Five Principles 27
5 Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture 29
6 Winking as Social Business 32
Jane E. Goodman
7 Speaking of Ethnography 34
8 The Emergent Quality of Performance 38
9 Poetics, Play, Process, and Power: The Performative Turn in Anthropology 41
Part II: Applying the Ethnographer’s Toolkit 45
10 Greetings in the Desert 47
Ibrahim Ag Youssouf, Allen D. Grimshaw, and Charles S. Bird
11 Let Your Words Be Few: Symbolism of Speaking and Silence among Seventeenth-Century Quakers 60
12 “To Give Up on Words”: Silence in Western Apache Culture 73
13 Saying Hello in a Digital World: Emergent Performance and Social Competence 84
Jennifer Meta Robinson
14 Writing Cousin Joe: Choice and Control Over Orthographic Representation in a Blues Singer’s Autobiography 93
Harriet Joseph Ottenheimer
15 And Then She Texted Me: Entextualization and the End of Relationships 110
16 The License: Poetics, Power, and the Uncanny 120
Part III: Ethnography of Talk: From Language Form to Social Solidarity 133
17 The Triangle of Linguistic Structure 135
Robin Tolmach Lakoff
18 The Grammar of Politics and the Politics of Grammar: From Bangladesh to the United States 141
19 Conversations: The Link between Words and the World 152
20 Conversational Signals and Devices 157
21 A Cultural Approach to Male–Female Miscommunication 168
Daniel N. Maltz and Ruth A. Borker
22 “Put Down that Paper and Talk to Me!”: Rapport-talk and Report-talk 186
23 Talking Text and Talking Back: “My BFF Jill” from Boob Tube to YouTube 199
Graham M. Jones and Bambi B. Schieffelin
24 On the Uses of Obscenity in Live Stand-Up Comedy 220
25 Swearing as a Function of Gender in the Language of Midwestern American College Students 233
Thomas E. Murray
Part IV: Communication and Social Groups: The Work of Belonging 243
26 Ethnography of Communication 245
27 Encounters 249
28 Symbols of Category Membership 255
29 Word Up: Social Meanings of Slang in California Youth Culture 274
30 Odd Girl Out: The Hidden Culture of Aggression in Girls 298
31 Sporting Formulae in New Zealand English: Two Models of Male Solidarity 315
32 Inner-City Teens and Face-Work: Avoiding Violence and Maintaining Honor 324
33 From Websites to Wal-Mart: Youth, Identity Work, and the Queering of Boundary Publics in Small Town, USA 347
Mary L. Gray
34 “If I’m Lyin, I’m Flyin”: The Game of Insult in Black Language 356
Part V: Interpersonal Communication in Institutional Settings: Structure, Agency, and the Exercise of Power 365
35 Power and the Language of Men 367
Scott Fabius Kiesling
36 Linguistic Ideology and Praxis in US Law School Classrooms 385
37 Participant Structures and Communicative Competence: Warm Springs Children in Community and Classroom 395
Susan U. Philips
38 Footing 412
39 “An Association for the 21st Century”: Performance and Social Change among Berbers in Paris 416
Jane E. Goodman
40 Signing 429
41 Variation in Sign Languages 433
Barbara LeMaster and Leila Monaghan
42 The Founding of Two Deaf Churches: The Interplay of Deaf and Christian Identities 438
Appendix I: Read This First: How to Read and Present on Complex Texts 455
Appendix II: Ethnography Assignments 462
Source Acknowledgments 468