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In the Fourth Edition of Cultures and Societies in a Changing World, author Wendy Griswold illuminates how culture shapes our social world and how society shapes culture. Through this book, students will gain an understanding of the sociology of culture and explore stories, beliefs, media, ideas, art, religious practices, fashions, and rituals from a sociological perspective. Cultural examples from multiple countries and time periods will broaden students' global understanding. Students will develop a deeper appreciation of culture and society from this text, gleaning insights that will help them overcome cultural misunderstandings, conflicts, and ignorance and that will help equip them to live their professional and personal lives as effective, wise citizens of the world.
Table of Contents
|List of Figures||p. ix|
|About the Author||p. xvii|
|Culture and the Cultural Diamond||p. 1|
|Two Ways of Looking at Culture||p. 3|
|"The Best That Has Been Thought and Known"||p. 4|
|"That Complex Whole"||p. 7|
|Connections: The Links Between Culture and Society||p. 10|
|The Cultural Object||p. 11|
|The Cultural Diamond||p. 14|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 17|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 18|
|Cultural Meaning||p. 19|
|Why Do We Need Meaning?||p. 21|
|Culture and Meaning in Reflection Theory||p. 23|
|Culture as Mirror||p. 23|
|The Greek Background to Reflection Theory||p. 25|
|Culture and Meaning in Marxian Sociology||p. 27|
|"From Earth to Heaven": The Materialist Approach to Culture||p. 28|
|Historical Materialism||p. 29|
|Research Directions From the Marxian Tradition||p. 30|
|Culture and Meaning in Functionalist Sociology||p. 32|
|Culture and Meaning in Weberian Sociology||p. 35|
|The Anxious Protestants and the World They Built||p. 36|
|The Cultural Switchman||p. 39|
|Meaning Systems or a Tool Kit?||p. 39|
|Meaning, Modernity, and the Clash of Cultures||p. 40|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 45|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 45|
|Culture as a Social Creation||p. 47|
|Durkheim and the Social Production of Culture||p. 49|
|The Problem of Modern Social Life||p. 49|
|Social Bonds: The Role of Religion||p. 50|
|Culture as Collective Representation||p. 53|
|The Collective Production of Culture||p. 55|
|Symbolic Interactionism||p. 55|
|Cultural Innovation and Social Change||p. 62|
|Cultural Lags and Leads||p. 63|
|Cultural Innovations||p. 64|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 68|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 68|
|The Production, Distribution, and Reception of Culture||p. 71|
|The Production of Culture||p. 73|
|The Culture Industry System||p. 73|
|Cultural Markets||p. 77|
|The Production of Ideas||p. 81|
|Audiences and Taste Cultures||p. 84|
|Horizons of Expectations||p. 87|
|Freedom of Interpretation: Two Views||p. 89|
|Seduction by Mass Culture||p. 90|
|Resistance Through Popular Culture||p. 92|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 95|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 96|
|Identities, Problems, and Movements||p. 97|
|Constructing a Collective Identity||p. 99|
|Constructing a Social Problem||p. 104|
|Making Trouble||p. 105|
|From Happening to Event to Social Problem||p. 105|
|The Career of a Social Problem||p. 108|
|Constructing a Social Movement Summary||p. 110|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 115|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 116|
|Organizations in a Multicultural World||p. 117|
|Organizational Cultures||p. 119|
|Culture and Motivation||p. 119|
|Cultures of Solidarity and Ambiguity||p. 124|
|Organizations in Cultural Contexts||p. 128|
|Working Across Cultures||p. 133|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 139|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 139|
|Culture and Connection||p. 141|
|Media Revolutions and Cultural Communities||p. 142|
|Oral Cultures||p. 143|
|Written Cultures||p. 144|
|Print Cultures||p. 145|
|ICT Cultures||p. 146|
|The Cultural Impact of the Internet||p. 149|
|Old Diamonds, New Media||p. 152|
|Communities of Meaning in a Global Culture||p. 156|
|Postmodernity and Community||p. 157|
|Mediated Transnationals||p. 160|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 161|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 162|
|Culture and Power||p. 163|
|Power: What Is It, Who Has It, and Why Do People Submit to It?||p. 163|
|Power in Face-to-Face Interactions||p. 166|
|Identity Politics||p. 168|
|The Aesthetics of Power||p. 172|
|Political Acts as Cultural Objects||p. 176|
|Cultures Without Centers||p. 179|
|Questions for Study and Discussion||p. 180|
|Recommended for Further Reading||p. 180|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|