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Written by leading experts in the field, Cyanobacteria: An Economic Perspective is a comprehensive edited volume covering all areas of an important field and its application to energy, medicine and agriculture.
Issues related to environment, food and energy have presented serious challenge to the stability of nation-states. Increasing global population, dwindling agriculture and industrial production, and inequitable distribution of resources and technologies have further aggravated the problem. The burden placed by increasing population on environment and especially on agricultural productivity is phenomenal. To provide food and fuel to such a massive population, it becomes imperative to find new ways and means to increase the production giving due consideration to biosphere’s ability to regenerate resources and provide ecological services.
Cyanobacteria are environment friendly resource for commercial production of active biochemicals, drugs and future energy (biodiesel, bioethanol and hydrogen).
Topics on isolation, identification and classification of cyanobacteria are discussed, as well as further sections on: summarizing a range of useful products synthesized by cyanobacteria, ecological services provided by cyanobacteria including their harmful effect in water bodies and associated flora and fauna. Chapter on tools, techniques, and patents also focus on the economic importance of the group. This book also provides an insight for future perspectives in each particular field and an extensive bibliography.
This book will be a highly useful resource for students, researchers and professionals in academics in the life sciences including microbiology and biotechnology.
Table of Contents
List of contributors ix
About the editors xv
About the book xix
Naveen K. Sharma, Ashwani K. Rai, and Lucas J. Stal
About the companion website xxv
PART I: BIOLOGY AND CLASSIFICATION OF CYANOBACTERIA 1
Chapter 1 Cyanobacteria: biology, ecology and evolution 3
Chapter 2 Modern classification of cyanobacteria 21
PART II: ECOLOGICAL SERVICES RENDERED BY CYANOBACTERIA 41
Chapter 3 Ecological importance of cyanobacteria 43
Beatriz D´©¥ez and Karolina Ininbergs
Chapter 4 Cyanobacteria and carbon sequestration 65
Eduardo Jacob-Lopes, Leila Queiroz Zepka, and Maria Isabel Queiroz
Chapter 5 Ecology of cyanobacteria on stone monuments, biodeterioration, and the conservation of cultural heritage 73
Nitin Keshari and Siba Prasad Adhikari
PART III: CYANOBACTERIAL PRODUCTS 91
Chapter 6 Therapeutic applications of cyanobacteria with emphasis on their economics 93
Rathinam Raja, Shanmugam Hemaiswarya, Isabel S. Carvalho, and Venkatesan
Chapter 7 Spirulina: an example of cyanobacteria as nutraceuticals 103
Masayuki Ohmori and Shigeki Ehira
Chapter 8 Ultraviolet photoprotective compounds from cyanobacteria in biomedical applications 119
Tanya Soule and Ferran Garcia-Pichel
Chapter 9 Cyanobacteria as a ‘‘green’’ option for sustainable agriculture 145
Radha Prasanna, Anjuli Sood, Sachitra Kumar Ratha, and Pawan K. Singh
Chapter 10 The economics of cyanobacteria-based biofuel production: challenges and opportunities 167
Naveen K. Sharma and Lucas J. Stal
Chapter 11 Cyanobacterial cellulose synthesis in the light of the photanol concept 181
R. Milou Schuurmans, Hans C.P. Matthijs, Lucas J. Stal, and Klaas J. Hellingwerf
Chapter 12 Exopolysaccharides from cyanobacteria and their possible industrial applications 197
Giovanni Colica and Roberto De Philippis
Chapter 13 Phycocyanins 209
Chapter 14 Cyanobacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates: an alternative source for plastics 227
Shilalipi Samantaray, Ranjana Bhati, and Nirupama Mallick
PART IV: HARMFUL ASPECTS 245
Chapter 15 Costs of harmful blooms of freshwater cyanobacteria 247
David P. Hamilton, Susanna A. Wood, Daniel R. Dietrich, and Jonathan Puddick
Chapter 16 Cyanotoxins 257
Jason N. Woodhouse, Melissa Rapadas, and Brett A. Neilan
PART V: TOOLS, TECHNIQUES, AND PATENTS 269
Chapter 17 Photobioreactors for cyanobacterial culturing 271
A. Catarina Guedes, Nadpi G. Katkam, Jo˜ao Varela, and Francisco XavierMalcata
Chapter 18 Commercial-scale culturing of cyanobacteria: an industrial experience 293
Hiroyuki Takenaka and Yuji Yamaguchi
Chapter 19 Engineering cyanobacteria for industrial products 303
Timo H.J. Niedermeyer, Ekaterina Kuchmina, and Annegret Wilde
Chapter 20 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria 319
John G. Day
Chapter 21 Patents on cyanobacteria and cyanobacterial products and uses 329
Michael A. Borowitzka