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Database Systems : Design, Implementation and Management,9781418835934

Database Systems : Design, Implementation and Management

by ;
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9781418835934

ISBN10:
1418835935
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/27/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $239.99

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Summary

Database Systems: Design, Implementation, and Management, Seventh Edition, is one of the most comprehensive database textbooks available. We have retained the Parts organization of our market-leading sixth edition and streamlined the chapter coverage to make this the ideal choice for your classroom.

Table of Contents

PART I DATABASE CONCEPTS
Business Vignette: The Relational Revolution
3(1)
Database Systems
4(24)
Data vs. Information
5(1)
Introducing the Database and the DBMS
6(3)
Role and Advantages of the DBMS
7(1)
Types of Databases
8(1)
Why Database Design Is Important
9(1)
Historical Roots: Files and File Systems
10(3)
Problems with File System Data Management
13(4)
Structural and Data Dependence
15(1)
Field Definitions and Naming Conventions
15(1)
Data Redundancy
16(1)
Database Systems
17(11)
The Database System Environment
18(2)
DBMS Functions
20(3)
Managing the Database System: A Shift in Focus
23(1)
Summary
24(1)
Key Terms
24(1)
Review Questions
25(1)
Problems
25(3)
Data Models
28(32)
The Importance of Data Models
29(1)
Data Model Basic Building Blocks
30(1)
Business Rules
31(1)
Discovering Business Rules
31(1)
Translating Business Rules into Data Model Components
32(1)
The Evolution of Data Models
32(14)
The Hierarchical Model
33(1)
The Network Model
34(2)
The Relational Model
36(2)
The Entity Relationship Model
38(3)
The Object-Oriented (OO) Model
41(2)
Other Models
43(1)
Database Models and the Internet
43(1)
Data Models: A Summary
43(3)
Degrees of Data Abstraction
46(13)
The External Model
46(2)
The Conceptual Model
48(1)
The Internal Model
48(1)
The Physical Model
49(2)
Summary
51(1)
Key Terms
51(1)
Review Questions
52(1)
Problems
53(6)
PART II DESIGN CONCEPTS
Business Vignette: Database Modeling Feeding Children
59(1)
The Relational Database Model
60(42)
A Logical View of Data
61(3)
Tables and Their Characteristics
61(3)
Keys
64(5)
Integrity Rules
69(1)
Relational Set Operators
70(6)
The Data Dictionary and the System Catalog
76(2)
Relationships Within the Relational Database
78(8)
The I:M Relationship
78(2)
The I:I Relationship
80(1)
The M:N Relationship
81(5)
Data Redundancy Revisited
86(2)
Indexes
88(1)
Codd's Relational Database Rules
89(13)
Summary
91(1)
Key Terms
91(1)
Review Questions
92(2)
Problems
94(8)
Entity Relationship (ER) Modeling
102(45)
The Entity Relationship (ER) Model
103(21)
Entities
103(1)
Attributes
103(6)
Relationships
109(1)
Connectivity and Cardinality
109(1)
Existence Dependence
110(1)
Relationship Strength
111(3)
Weak Entities
114(2)
Relationship Participation
116(2)
Relationship Degree
118(2)
Recursive Relationships
120(2)
Composite Entities
122(2)
Developing an ER Diagram
124(7)
Database Design Challenges: Conflicting Goals
131(16)
Summary
134(1)
Key Terms
134(1)
Review Questions
135(1)
Problems
136(11)
Normalization of Database Tables
147(36)
Database Tables and Normalization
148(1)
The Need for Normalization
148(3)
The Normalization Process
151(7)
Conversion to First Normal Form
152(3)
Conversion to Second Normal Form
155(2)
Conversion to Third Normal Form
157(1)
Improving the Design
158(4)
Surrogate Key Considerations
162(1)
Higher-Level Normal Forms
163(5)
The Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF)
164(2)
Fourth Normal Form (4NF)
166(2)
Normalization and Database Design
168(4)
Denormalization
172(11)
Summary
173(2)
Key Terms
175(1)
Review Questions
175(1)
Problems
176(7)
Advanced Data Modeling
183(31)
The Extended Entity Relationship Model
184(6)
Entity Supertypes and Subtypes
184(1)
Specialization Hierarchy
185(1)
Inheritance
186(1)
Subtype Discriminator
187(1)
Disjoint and Overlapping Constraints
187(2)
Completeness Constraint
189(1)
Specialization and Generalization
189(1)
Entity Clustering
190(1)
Entity Integrity: Selecting Primary Keys
191(5)
Natural Keys and Primary Keys
192(1)
Primary Key Guidelines
192(1)
When to Use Composite Primary Keys
193(1)
When to Use Surrogate Primary Keys
194(2)
Design Cases: Learning Flexible Database Design
196(5)
Design Case #1: Implementing I:I Relationships
196(1)
Design Case #2: Maintaining History of Time-Variant Data
197(2)
Design Case #3: Fan Traps
199(1)
Design Case #4: Redundant Relationships
200(1)
Data Modeling Checklist
201(12)
Summary
203(1)
Key Terms
203(1)
Review Questions
204(1)
Problems
204(9)
PART III ADVANCED DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
Business Vignette: Database Systems Managing Nuclear Waste
213(1)
Introduction to Structured Query Language (SQL)
214(71)
Introduction to SQL
215(1)
Data Definition Commands
216(14)
The Database Model
217(2)
Creating the Database
219(1)
The Database Schema
219(1)
Data Types
220(2)
Creating Table Structures
222(3)
SQL Constraints
225(4)
SQL Indexes
229(1)
Data Manipulation Commands
230(7)
Adding Table Rows
230(2)
Saving Table Changes
232(1)
Listing Table Rows
232(2)
Updating Table Rows
234(1)
Restoring Table Contents
234(1)
Deleting Table Rows
235(1)
Inserting Table Rows with a Select Subquery
235(2)
Select Queries
237(10)
Selecting Rows with Conditional Restrictions
237(4)
Arithmetic Operators: The Rule of Precedence
241(1)
Logical Operators: And, Or, and Not
241(2)
Special Operators
243(4)
Advanced Data Definition Commands
247(6)
Changing a Column's Data Type
247(1)
Changing a Column's Data Characteristics
247(1)
Adding a Column
248(1)
Dropping a Column
248(1)
Advanced Data Updates
249(1)
Copying Parts of Tables
250(2)
Adding Primary and Foreign Key Designations
252(1)
Deleting a table from the Database
253(1)
Advanced Select Queries
253(9)
Ordering a Listing
253(2)
Listing Unique Values
255(1)
Aggregate Functions
255(5)
Grouping Data
260(2)
Virtual Tables: Creating a View
262(2)
Joining Database Tables
264(21)
Joining Tables with an Alias
266(1)
Recursive Joins
266(1)
Outer Joins
267(2)
Summary
269(1)
Key Terms
270(1)
Review Questions
270(4)
Problems
274(11)
Advanced SQL
285(74)
Relational Set Operators
286(7)
Union
286(2)
Union All
288(1)
Intersect
288(1)
Minus
289(1)
Syntax Alternatives
290(3)
SQL Join Operators
293(7)
Cross Join
294(1)
Natural Join
295(1)
Join Using Clause
296(1)
Join On Clause
297(1)
Outer Joins
298(2)
Subqueries and Correlated Queries
300(12)
Where Subqueries
302(1)
In Subqueries
303(1)
Having Subqueries
304(1)
Multirow Subquery Operators: Any and All
305(1)
From Subqueries
306(1)
Attribute List Subqueries
307(2)
Correlated Subqueries
309(3)
SQL Functions
312(6)
Date and Time Functions
312(2)
Numeric Functions
314(1)
String Functions
315(1)
Conversion Functions
316(2)
Oracle Sequences
318(3)
Updatable Views
321(3)
Procedural SQL
324(23)
Triggers
328(10)
Stored Procedures
338(6)
PL/SQL Processing with Cursors
344(2)
PL/SQL Stored Functions
346(1)
Embedded SQL
347(12)
Summary
352(1)
Key Terms
353(1)
Review Questions
353(1)
Problems
354(5)
Database Design
359(37)
The Information System
360(1)
The Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC)
361(3)
Planning
362(1)
Analysis
363(1)
Detailed Systems Design
363(1)
Implementation
363(1)
Maintenance
364(1)
The Database Life Cycle (DBLC)
364(23)
The Database Initial Study
365(4)
Database Design
369(13)
Implementation and Loading
382(3)
Testing and Evaluation
385(1)
Operation
386(1)
Maintenance and Evolution
386(1)
Database Design Strategies
387(1)
Centralized vs. Decentralized Design
388(7)
Summary
391(1)
Key Terms
391(1)
Review Questions
391(1)
Problems
392(3)
PART IV ADVANCED DATABASE CONCEPTS
Business Vignette: AT&T's Daytona in the Lead
395(1)
Transaction Management and Concurrency Control
396(29)
What is a Transaction?
397(7)
Evaluating Transaction Results
399(2)
Transaction Properties
401(1)
Transaction Management with SQL
402(1)
The Transaction Log
402(2)
Concurrency Control
404(4)
Lost Updates
404(1)
Uncommitted Data
405(1)
Inconsistent Retrievals
405(2)
The Scheduler
407(1)
Concurrency Control with Locking Methods
408(7)
Lock Granularity
408(3)
Lock Types
411(2)
Two-Phase Locking to Ensure Serialization
413(1)
Deadlocks
414(1)
Concurrency Control with Time Stamping Methods
415(1)
Wait/Die and Wound/Wait Schemes
415(1)
Concurrency Control with Optimistic Methods
416(1)
Database Recovery Management
416(9)
Transaction Recovery
418(3)
Summary
421(1)
Key Terms
422(1)
Review Questions
422(3)
Problems
425(1)
Database Performance Tuning and Query Optimization
425(30)
Database Performance-Tuning Concepts
426(4)
Performance Tuning: Client and Server
427(1)
DBMS Architecture
427(2)
Database Statistics
429(1)
Query Processing
430(2)
SQL Parsing Phase
430(2)
SQL Execution Phase
432(1)
SQL Fetching Phase
432(1)
Indexes and Query Optimization
432(2)
Optimizer Choices
434(2)
Using Hints to Affect Optimizer Choices
435(1)
SQL Performance Tuning
436(3)
Index Selectivity
436(1)
Conditional Expressions
437(2)
Query Formulation
439(1)
DBMS Performance Tuning
440(2)
Query Optimization Example
442(13)
Summary
450(1)
Key Terms
451(1)
Review Questions
451(1)
Problems
452(3)
Distributed Database Management Systems
455(35)
The Evolution of Distributed Database Management Systems
456(2)
DDBMS Advantages and Disadvantages
458(1)
Distributed Processing and Distributed Databases
459(2)
Characteristics of Distributed Database Management Systems
461(1)
DDBMS Components
462(1)
Levels of Data and Process Distribution
463(4)
Single-Site Processing, Single-Site Data (SPSD)
464(1)
Multiple-Site Processing, Single-Site Data (MPSD)
465(1)
Multiple-Site Processing, Multiple-Site Data (MPMD)
466(1)
Distributed Database Transparency Features
467(1)
Distribution Transparency
468(2)
Case 1: The Database Supports Fragmentation Transparency
469(1)
Case 2: The Database Supports Location Transparency
469(1)
Case 3: The Database Supports Local Mapping Transparency
470(1)
Transaction Transparency
470(6)
Distributed Requests and Distributed Transactions
470(3)
Distributed Concurrency Control
473(2)
Two-Phase Commit Protocol
475(1)
Performance Transparency and Query Optimization
476(1)
Distributed Database Design
477(6)
Data Fragmentation
477(4)
Data Replication
481(2)
Data Allocation
483(1)
Client/Server vs. DDBMS
483(1)
C. J. Date's Twelve Commandments for Distributed Databases
484(6)
Summary
485(1)
Key Terms
486(1)
Review Questions
486(1)
Problems
487(3)
The Data Warehouse
490(56)
The Need for Data Analysis
491(1)
Decision Support Systems
492(7)
Operational Data vs. Decision Support Data
493(4)
DSS Database Requirements
497(2)
The Data Warehouse
499(5)
DSS Architectural Styles
502(1)
Twelve Rules That Define a Data Warehouse
502(2)
Online Analytical Processing
504(11)
Multidimensional Data Analysis Techniques
504(1)
Advanced Database Support
505(1)
Easy-to-Use End-User Interface
506(1)
Client/Server Architecture
506(1)
OLAP Architecture
507(4)
Relational OLAP
511(2)
Multidimensional OLAP
513(2)
Relational vs. Multidimensional OLAP
515(1)
Star Schemas
515(10)
Facts
515(1)
Dimensions
516(1)
Attributes
516(2)
Attribute Hierarchies
518(1)
Star Schema Representation
519(3)
Star Schema Performance-Improving Techniques
522(3)
Implementing a Data Warehouse
525(2)
The Data Warehouse as an Active Decision Support Framework
525(1)
A Company-Wide Effort That Requires User Involvement
526(1)
Satisfy the Trilogy: Data, Analysis, and Users
526(1)
Apply Database Design Procedures
526(1)
Data Mining
527(4)
SQL Extensions for OLAP
531(14)
The Rollup Extension
532(1)
The Cube Extension
532(1)
Materialized Views
533(5)
Summary
538(1)
Key Terms
539(1)
Review Questions
539(1)
Problems
540(5)
PART V DATABASES AND THE INTERNET
Business Vignette: eBay Disaggregates to Stay Competitive
545(1)
Database Connectivity and Web Development
546(44)
Database Connectivity
547(9)
Native SQL Connectivity
547(1)
ODBC, DAO, and RDO
547(4)
OLE-DB
551(2)
ADO.NET
553(3)
Internet Databases
556(5)
Web-to-Database Middleware: Server-Side Extensions
557(1)
Web Server Interfaces
558(1)
The Web Browser
559(1)
Client-Side Extensions
560(1)
Using a Web-to-Database Production Tool: ColdFusion
561(14)
How ColdFusion Works
562(1)
The RobCor Sample Database
563(1)
Creating a Simple Query with CFQUERY and CFOUTPUT
564(5)
Creating a Simple Query with CFQUERY and CFTABLE
569(1)
Creating a Dynamic Search Page
570(4)
The Web As a Stateless System
574(1)
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
575(14)
Document Type Definitions (DTD) and XML Schemas
577(3)
XML Presentation
580(3)
XML Applications
583(2)
Summary
585(1)
Key Terms
586(1)
Review Questions
586(1)
Problems
587(2)
PART VI DATABASE ADMINISTRATION
Business Vignette: NASDAQ High-Performance IT
589(1)
Database Administration
590(430)
Data as a Corporate Asset
591(1)
The Need for and Role of Databases in an Organization
592(1)
Introduction of a Database: Special Considerations
593(1)
The Evolution of the Database Administration Function
594(3)
The Database Environment's Human Component
597(14)
The DBA's Managerial Role
600(5)
The DBA's Technical Role
605(6)
Database Administration Tools
611(4)
The Data Dictionary
611(2)
Case Tools
613(2)
Developing a Data Administration Strategy
615(2)
The DBA at Work: Using Oracle for Database Administration
617(403)
Oracle Database Administration Tools
618(1)
The Default Login
618(1)
Ensuring an Automatic RDBMS Start
619(1)
Creating Tablespaces and Datafiles
620(1)
Managing the Database Objects: Tables, Views, Triggers, and Procedures
621(1)
Managing Users and Establishing Security
622(3)
Customizing the Database Initialization Parameters
625(1)
Creating a New Database
626(7)
Summary
633(1)
Key Terms
634(1)
Review Questions
634
Appendix A Designing Databases with Visio Professional: A Tutorial
Appendix B The University Lab: Conceptual Design
Appendix C The University Lab: Conceptual Design Verification, Logical Design, and Implementation
Appendix D Converting an ER Model into a Database Structure
Appendix E Comparison of ER Model Notations
Appendix F Client/Server Systems
Appendix G Object-Oriented Databases
Appendix H Unified Modeling Language (UML)
Appendix I Databases in Electronic Commerce
Appendix J Web Database Development with Coldfusion
Appendix K The Hierarchical Database Model
Appendix L The Network Database Model
Answers to Selected Questions and Problems


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