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Death, Society, and Human Experience

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780205319367

ISBN10:
020531936X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
PRENTICE HALL
List Price: $65.60

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This is the 7th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2001.
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Summary

The landmark text in death education, providing an interdisciplinary approach to understanding death and the dying process. Using case examples and exercises, students can reflect upon their own experiences with death. I have found no better text on the market that deals as fully and as completely with issues of death as Kastenbaum's Death, Society, and Human Experience. It is organized according to the same structural principles as my own lectures and I find it extremely easy to fit into my style. The presentation is very clear and stimulating for students. I have found the Instructor's Manual as useful in preparing lectures and exams as the over-all text is for students. Andrew Barclay, Michigan State University, reviewer.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
As We Think About Death
1(28)
Not Thinking About Death: A Failed Experiment
3(1)
Listening a Communicating
4(1)
Your Self-Inventory of Attitudes, Beliefs, and Feelings
4(6)
Some Answers--and The Questions They Raise
10(4)
Knowledge Base
10(1)
Attitudes, Experiments, Beliefs, Feelings
11(2)
How Does State on Mind Affect Death-Related Behavior?
13(1)
Humans Are Mortal: But What Does That Have to Do With Me?
14(1)
Anxiety, Denial, and acceptance: Three Core Concepts
15(1)
Theories and Studies of Death Anxiety
15(5)
How Is Death Anxiety Studied?
15(1)
How Does Death Anxiety Influence Our Lives? Theoretical Perspectives
16(1)
How Much Do We Fear Death?
17(1)
Are There Gender Differences in Death Anxiety?
17(1)
Are There Age Differences in Death Anxiety?
17(1)
Is Death Anxiety Related to Mental Health and Illness?
18(1)
Does Religious Belief Lower or Raise Death Anxiety?
19(1)
Back to Death Anxiety Theory
19(1)
Accepting and Denying Death
20(5)
Types and Contexts of Acceptance and Denial
22(1)
The Interpersonal Side of Acceptance and Denial
23(1)
Anxiety, Denial, and Acceptance: How Should We Respond?
23(1)
Another Kennedy Died: How Did We Respond?
24(1)
Summary
25(4)
What Is Death? What does death mean?
29(32)
Competing Ideas about the Nature and Meaning of Death
30(3)
``When,'' ``What,'' and ``Why'' Questions about Death
30(3)
Biomedical Approaches to the Definition of Death
33(7)
Traditional Determination of Death
34(1)
Ways of ``Being Dead''
35(1)
Brain Death and the Harvard Criteria
36(2)
Whole-Brain or Neocoritical Death?
38(2)
Event Versus State
40(1)
What Does Death Mean?
40(6)
Interpretations of The Death State
41(1)
Enfeebled Life
41(1)
Continuation
41(1)
Perpetual Development
41(1)
Waiting
42(1)
Cycling and Recycling
43(1)
Nothing
43(2)
Virtual, Therefore Not Death
45(1)
Implications of the Ways in Which We Interpret Death
45(1)
Conditions that Resemble Death
46(3)
Inorganic and Unresponsive
46(1)
Sleep and Altered States of Consciousness
47(1)
Beings Who Resemble or Represent Death
48(1)
Death As a Person
49(3)
How We Personified Death: 1971
49(2)
How We Personify Death Today
51(1)
Has Dr. Kevorkian Become a Death Icon?
51(1)
Conditions that Death Resembles
52(1)
Social Death
52(1)
Phenomenological Death
53(1)
Death as an Agent of Personal, Political, and Social Change
53(5)
The Great Leveler
54(1)
The Great Validator
54(1)
Death Unites/Separates
55(1)
The Ultimate Problem or the Ultimate Solution?
56(1)
The Ultimate Meaningless Event
57(1)
Summary
58(3)
The Death System
61(66)
A World without Death
63(3)
General Consequences
64(1)
Personal Consequences
64(2)
Basic Characteristics of the Death System
66(14)
A Working Definition
66(1)
Components of the Death System
66(5)
Functions of the Death System
71(9)
How Our Death System Has Been Changing--and the ``Deathniks'' Who Are Making a Differences
80(2)
Changing Ways of Life, Changing Ways of Death
80(1)
The Beginnings of Death Education, Research and Counseling
81(1)
Causes of Death: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow
82(1)
Basics Terms and Concepts
83(5)
Death Learns to Wait: The Increase in Life Expectancy and Longevity
83(1)
Leading Causes of Death in the United States Today
84(3)
Causes of Death in the Future?
87(1)
Summary
88(3)
Dying
Transition from life
91(2)
Dying as Transition
92(1)
What Is Dying and When Does It Begin?
93(5)
Individual and Interpersonal Responses
93(2)
Onset of the Dying Process: Alternative Perspectives
95(3)
Trajectories of Dying: From Beginnings to End
98(6)
Certainty and Time
99(1)
The Lingering Trajectory
100(1)
The Expected Quick Trajectory
101(1)
The Unexpected Quick Trajectory
102(1)
Life-or-Death Emergencies
103(1)
Research into Trajectories of Dying
104(1)
Health People Who Are at Risk: Hemophilia
104(2)
Guarded Feelings, Subtle Communications
106(5)
Difficulties in Communication
106(1)
Doctor-Patient Communication: The SUPPORT Study
107(1)
Improving Communication
108(3)
Individuality and Universality in the Experience of Dying
111(3)
Factors That Influence the Experience of Dying
111(3)
Theoretical Modes of the Dying Process
114(8)
Do We Die in Stages?
114(5)
A Developmental Coping Model of the Dying Process
119(1)
The Dying Person's Own Reality As the Model
119(1)
A Multiple Perspective Approach
120(1)
Your Deathbed Scene
121(1)
Summary
122(5)
The Hospice Approach to Terminal Care
127(28)
Hospice: A New Flowering From Ancient Roots
128(2)
Standards of Care for the Terminally Ill
130(2)
Hidden or Implicit Standards of Care
131(1)
Proposed Standards Recommended by the Intentional Task Force
131(1)
Establishment of Hospice Programs in The United States
132(3)
From Guidelines to Operational Programs
132(1)
Full-Service and Partial-Service Hospices
133(2)
The Hospice in Action
135(3)
Entering St. Christopher's
135(1)
Mother's Last Moments: A Daughter's Experience
136(1)
Adult Respite Care
137(1)
Hospice-Inspired Care for a Variety of People
138(5)
Hospice-Inspired Care for Children
138(1)
Hospice Care for People with AIDS
139(1)
Hospice Care for Nursing Home Residents
140(1)
Hospice-Inspired Care for Prisoners, the Homeless, and the Impoverished?
141(1)
Hospice Care on the International Scene
142(1)
Does Hospice Care Prevent and Relieve Suffering?
143(5)
Why Pain Must Be Controlled
143(2)
Other Symptoms and Problems
145(2)
Your Deathbed Scene, Revisited
147(1)
Access to Hospice Care and the Decision-Making Process
148(3)
Summary
151(4)
End-of-Life Issues and Decisions
155(20)
From Description to Decision Making
156(1)
Should Everybody Participate in End-of-Life Decisions?
156(1)
The Living Will and Its Impact
157(2)
Right-to-Die Decisions that We Can Make
159(13)
From Living Will to Patients' Self-Determination Act
159(2)
Informed Consent and the Patients' Self-Determination Act
161(3)
Five Wishes: A New Advance Directive Option
164(1)
The Five Wishes
165(3)
Evaluating the Five Wishes
168(1)
A Right Not to Die? The Cryonics Alternative
169(1)
A Perspective on End-of-Life Decisions
170(2)
Summary
172(3)
Suicide
175(36)
The Statistical Profile
177(3)
United States and World Suicide Rates
178(1)
What About Suicide Attempts
179(1)
The Human Side
180(1)
Three Problem Areas
180(11)
Youth Suicide
180(3)
Do Children Commit Suicide?
183(2)
Suicide among Elderly People
185(1)
The Lethality of Suicide Attempts in the Later Adult Years
186(1)
Later Adult Years
186(1)
Preventing Suicide in the Later Adult Years
186(1)
Suicide among Native Americans
187(1)
High-Risk Situations for Suicide
188(3)
Balancing Individual and Cultural Influences on Suicide
191(1)
Some Cultural Meanings of Suicide
191(5)
Suicide As Sinful
191(2)
Suicide As Criminal
193(1)
Suicide As Weakness or Madness
194(1)
Suicide As ``The Great Death''
194(1)
Suicide As a Rational Alternative
195(1)
A Powerful Sociological Theory of Suicide
196(2)
The Importance of Social Integration
196(1)
Four Types of Suicide
197(1)
Some Individual Meanings of Suicide
198(5)
Suicide for Reunion
198(1)
Suicide for Rest and Refuge
198(1)
Suicide for Revenge
198(2)
Suicide As the Penalty for Failure
200(1)
Suicide As a Mistake
201(1)
A Psychoanalytical Approach to Suicide
202(1)
The Descent Toward Suicide
202(1)
Facts, Myths, and Guidelines
203(1)
Popular Myths about Suicide
203(1)
Suicide Prevention
204(2)
Individual Guidelines to Suicide Prevention
205(1)
Systematic Approaches to Suicide Prevention
205(1)
Summary
206(5)
Violent Death: Murder, Terrorism, Disaster, and Accident
211(34)
Murder
213(12)
Overview
213(1)
Murder: The Statistical Picture
213(2)
Patterns of Murder in the United States
215(1)
Domestic Violence
215(3)
Young Men with Guns
218(2)
Mass and Serial Kellers: Who Are They and Why Do They Do It?
220(13)
Political Murder: Assassination in the United States
233
Terrorism
225(12)
Who Is the Terrorist?
225(3)
Twentieth-Century Terrorism
228(3)
Terrorism and the Death System Today
231(6)
Accident and Disaster
237(4)
Accidents
237(3)
Natural Disasters
240(1)
Summary
241(4)
Euthanasia, Assisted Death, and the Right To Die
245(30)
``I Swear by Apollo the Physician'': What Happened to the Hippocratic Oath?
246(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
247(3)
The Black Stork
248(1)
The Ventilator As Example of Life-and-Death Decisions
248(2)
Our Changing Attitudes Toward A Right to Die
250(2)
Survey Findings
250(2)
The Right-to-Die Dilemma: Case Examples
252(11)
The Ethics of Withdrawing Treatment: The Landmark Quinlan Case
252(2)
``It's Over, Debbie'': Compassion or Murder?
254(2)
An Arrow through the Physician's Armor
256(1)
Does a person Have to Be Dying to Have the Right to Die?
257(1)
Elizabeth Bouvia
257(2)
Competent to Decide?
259(1)
A Supreme Court Ruling: The Nancy Cruzan Case
260(3)
Dr. Kevorkian and the Assisted Suicide Movement
263(8)
The Netherlands: A Social Experiment Watched Closely by the World
263(1)
Australia: Yes, and Then No
264(1)
Assisted Death in the Kevorkian Manner
265(1)
Kevorkian's Agenda
266(1)
Kevorkian's Method
266(1)
Evaluating Kevorkian's Approach
267(2)
Compassion in Dying: An Alternative Model
269(1)
New Developments in the Legalization of Assisted Suicide
270(1)
Summary
271(4)
Death in the World of Childhood
275(38)
Adult Assumptions about Children and Death
277(12)
Children Do Think about Death
279(1)
Early Experiences with Death in Childhood
279(2)
Death in the Songs and Games of Childhood
281(1)
Research and Clinical Evidence
281(2)
Research Case Histories
283(4)
Reflections and Questions
287(2)
Concepts of Death: Developing Through Experience
289(7)
``Auntie Death's'' Pioneering Study
289(2)
Evaluating Nagy's Contribution
291(1)
Are Concepts of Death Related to Cognitive Level, Gender, and Social Class?
291(2)
Does Anxiety Influence Children's Thoughts about Death?
293(1)
Cultural Influences on Children's Concepts of Death
294(2)
How Do Children Cope With Bereavement?
296(4)
A Death in the Family: Effects on the Child
296(1)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) following a Violent Death
297(2)
Long-Term Effects of Childhood Bereavement
299(1)
Helping Children Cope with Bereavement
300(2)
The Dying Child
302(5)
Care of the Dying Child
304(1)
Siblings of the Dying Child
305(1)
The Stress of Working with Dying Children
306(1)
Sharing the Child's Concerns: A Few Guidelines
307(1)
The ``Right'' to Decide: Should the Child's Voice be Heard?
308(1)
Summary
309(4)
Bereavement, Grief, and Mourning
313(84)
Defining our Terms: Bereavement, Grief, Mourning
316(9)
Bereavement: An Objective Fact
316(1)
Grief: A Painful Response
317(3)
Mourning: A Signal of Distress
320(5)
Theoretical Perspectives on Grief
325(4)
The Griefwork Theory
325(2)
Evaluation of the Griefwork Theory
327(1)
Other Theoretical Approaches to Understanding Grief
328(1)
How Do People Recover From Grief?
329(12)
When a Spouse Dies
329(5)
Types of Recovery from the Impact of Marital Bereavement
334(1)
Unresolved Grief
335(2)
The Family That Has Lost a Child
337(4)
The Grief of Grandparents
341(1)
Bereavement in Later Life
341(3)
Sorrow upon Sorrow, Loss upon Loss
341(1)
Grief Responses to Traumatic and Stigmatized Deaths
342(2)
Are Bereaved People at Higher Risk for Death?
344(3)
Differential Mortality Risk: The Statistical Pattern
344(1)
Who Is Most at Risk?
344(1)
What Are the Leading Causes of Death among the Bereaved?
345(1)
Hidden and Disenfranchised Grief
346(1)
Limited Support for the Bereaved
347(2)
American Society's Discomfort with Grief and Mourning
347(1)
Time for Grief--But Not Much Time
348(1)
Meaningful Help for Bereaved People
349(3)
Widow-to-Window: The Phyllis Silverman Interview
350(1)
Helpful and Unhelpful Responses to a Bereaved Person
351(1)
Professional Help
351(1)
Summary
352(5)
The Funeral Process
What Do Funerals Mean to Us?
357(3)
From Dead Body to Living Memory: A Process Approach
360(8)
Common Elements of the Funeral Process
360(6)
The Funeral Service
366(1)
Memorializing the Decreased
367(1)
Getting On with Life
367(1)
Making Death ``Legal''
368(3)
Establishing the Facts of Death
368(1)
The Medical Examiner and the Autopsy
369(1)
Body, Property, and the Law
370(1)
What Does the Funeral Process Accomplish?
371(9)
When Great People Die
372(1)
Balancing the Claims of the Living and the Dead
372(8)
Memories of Our People: Cemeteries in the United States
380(4)
The Neighborhood Cemetery
381(1)
Ethnic Cemeteries in the United States
381(3)
The Place of the Dead in Society: Yesterday and Today
384(5)
When Are the Dead Important to the Living?
384(1)
American Memory and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial
385(2)
An Ethical Position on the Treatment of Human Remains: The Vermillion Accord
387(1)
``You Were the Best Dog Ever'': The Pet Cemetery
387(2)
Current Developments: A Funeral Director's Perspective
389(2)
Improving the Funeral Process
391(2)
Alternative Funerals
391(1)
Spontaneous Memorialization in Response to Violent Death
392(1)
Summary
393(4)
Do We Survive Death?
397(36)
Concept of Survival in Historical Perspective
398(4)
Does Survival Have to Be Proved?
400(2)
Near-Death Experiences: New Evidence for Survival?
402(11)
Evidence Favoring the NDE As Proof of Survival
404(1)
The Sabom Study: Independent Verification of NDe Phenomena
405(1)
Eliminating Other Explanations
405(1)
Some Problems with NDE Findings
406(1)
Evidence and Logic against the Near-Death Experience As Proof of Survival
407(2)
Mystical, depersonalization, and hyperalertness responses to crisis
409(1)
When Do People Not Have NDEs? An Alternative Explanation
409(1)
Are NDEs Hallucinations?
410(1)
NDEs As Exercises in Religious Imagination?
410(1)
The NDER As a Healing and Illuminating Metaphor
411(1)
What Are We Learning from Near-Death Experience Metaphor
412(1)
The Dead as Evidence for Survival
413(8)
Deathbed Escorts: Safe Conduct to the Other World
414(1)
Guardian Angels
415(1)
Communicating with the Dead? The Medium and the Channeler
416(1)
When Spiritism Was in Flower
417(1)
Channeling and Past Life Regression
417(1)
Ghosts
418(1)
The Ghost Dance: A Peaceful Vision Becomes a Tragedy
419(2)
Reincarnation
421(2)
Should We Survive Death?
423(1)
But What Kind of Survival?
424(1)
Your Thoughts on Survival: A Review
425(2)
The Suicide-Survival Connection
427(1)
Summary
428(5)
How Can We Help?
433(43)
The promise of death education and counseling
Death Educators and Counselors: The ``Border Patrol''
435(1)
Death Education in Historical Perspective
436(3)
From Ancient Times
436(3)
Death Education and Counseling: The Current Scene
439(3)
The Expanding Scope of Death Education
441(1)
Counseling and the Counselors
442(3)
Characteristics of Professionals in the Death System
443(1)
Counseling and Psychotherapy
444(1)
How We All Can Help
445(3)
Summary
448(8)
Good Life, Good Death?
Trying to make sense of it all
451(2)
A Father Dies; A Mission Begins
453(1)
A Shift in the Meaning of Life and Death?
454(2)
Horrendous Death
456(8)
The Golden Rule Revisited
460(2)
Are We Live or on Tape? The Life-and-Death Challenges of Virtual Reality
462(2)
``The Good Death'': Fantasy or Reality?
464(3)
From Good Life to Good Death: A Personal Statement
467(1)
Summary
468(2)
Appendix: Selected Learning Resources
470(6)
Index 476


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