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Delmar's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology,9780766804982
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Delmar's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology

by
Edition:
CD
ISBN13:

9780766804982

ISBN10:
0766804984
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $140.95
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Summary

This new full-color book is organized according to body functions, and focuses on the body working together to promote homeostasis. Essential laboratory exercises included at the end of chapters provide hands-on lab experience. Key terms with phonetic pronunciations help build vocabulary. Essential laboratory exercises included at the end of chapters provide hands-on lab experience. Key terms with phonetic pronunciations help build vocabulary. Free CD-ROM with each text provides additional practice through several types of activities and games for learning anatomy and physiology. Instant feedback helps the reader learn more quickly by explaining why an answer is correct or incorrect.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
To the Student xi
To the Instructor xiii
About the Author xiv
Acknowledgments xv
How to use This Book xvi
How to use the Student Activity CD-ROM xviii
The Human Body
2(16)
Introduction
4(1)
Terms of direction
4(1)
Planes
4(1)
Cavities
5(1)
Structural units
6(8)
Homeostasis
14(1)
Summary outline
14(2)
Review questions
16(2)
The Chemistry of Life
18(22)
Introduction
20(1)
Atomic structure
20(1)
Elements, isotopes, compounds
20(1)
Bonds and energy
21(2)
Common substances in living systems
23(8)
Water
24(1)
Carbon dioxide
24(1)
Molecular oxygen
24(1)
Ammonia
25(1)
Mineral salts
25(1)
Carbohydrates
25(1)
Lipids
26(1)
Proteins
26(2)
Nucleic acids
28(1)
Adenosine triphosphate
28(3)
Movement of materials into and out of cells
31(2)
Diffusion
31(1)
Osmosis
32(1)
pH
33(3)
Summary outline
36(2)
Review questions
38(1)
Laboratory exercise: the chemistry of life
39(1)
Cell Structure
40(22)
Introduction
42(1)
History of the cell theory
42(1)
Anatomy of a typical cell
43(10)
The cell membrane
43(2)
Cytoplasm of the cell
45(2)
The nucleus
47(1)
Nuclear membrane
47(1)
Nucleoplasm
48(1)
Chromatin
48(1)
Nucleolus
48(1)
The mitochondria
48(1)
Lysosomes
49(1)
Endoplasmic reticulum
49(1)
The rough or granular ER
49(1)
The agranular or smooth ER
49(1)
The Golgi apparatus
50(1)
Ribosomes
50(1)
Protein synthesis
50(1)
Centrioles
51(1)
Cilia and flagella
52(1)
Plastids of plant cells
52(1)
The cell wall of plant cells
53(1)
Summary outline
53(3)
Review questions
56(1)
Laboratory exercise: cell structure
57(5)
Cellular Metabolism and Reproduction: Mitosis and Meiosis
62(32)
Introduction to cellular metabolism
64(1)
Cellular metabolism or respiration
64(5)
Glycolysis
64(2)
The Krebs' critic acid cycle
66(1)
The electron transport (transfer) system
67(1)
Summary of ATP production during glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and electron transport
68(1)
Anaerobic respiration
69(1)
Fermentation
69(1)
Anaerobic production of ATP by muscles
69(1)
Production of ATP from general food compounds
70(1)
Summary of ATP production from one glucose molecule
71(2)
Introduction to cellular reproduction
73(1)
The structure of the DNA molecule
73(3)
The history of the discovery of DNA
73(1)
The anatomy of the DNA molecule
74(2)
The cell cycle
76(3)
Interphase
76(1)
Mitosis
76(1)
Prophase
76(2)
Metaphase
78(1)
Anaphase
78(1)
Telophase
78(1)
Cytokinesis
78(1)
Meiosis: a reduction division
79(5)
The stages of meiosis
81(1)
Prophase I
81(1)
Metaphase I
81(1)
Anaphase I
81(1)
Telophase I
81(2)
Prophase II
83(1)
Metaphase II
83(1)
Anaphase II
83(1)
Telophase II
83(1)
Gametogenesis: the formation of the sex cells
84(1)
A comparison of mitosis and meiosis
84(4)
Summary outline
88(4)
Review questions
92(1)
Laboratory exercise: cellular metabolism
93(1)
Laboratory exercise: cellular reproduction
93(1)
Tissues
94(20)
Introduction
96(1)
Epithelial tissue
96(3)
Classification based on shape
96(1)
Classification based on arrangement
96(2)
Classification based on function
98(1)
Connective tissue
99(8)
Loose connective tissue
100(1)
Dense connective tissue
101(1)
Specialized connective tissue
102(3)
Connective tissue functions
105(2)
Muscle tissue
107(2)
Nervous tissue
109(1)
Summary outline
109(2)
Review questions
111(1)
Laboratory exercise: tissues
112(2)
The Integumentary System
114(18)
Introduction
116(1)
The layers of the skin
116(5)
The epidermis
116(1)
The stratum corneum
116(2)
The stratum lucidum
118(1)
The stratum granulosum
118(1)
The stratum spinosum
118(1)
The stratum germinativum
118(2)
The dermis
120(1)
The appendages of the skin
121(3)
Hair
121(1)
Hair growth
121(1)
Hair texture
122(1)
Hair color
123(1)
Nails
123(1)
Sebaceous glands
123(1)
Sweat glands
124(1)
The functions of the integumentary system
124(2)
Sensation
124(1)
Protection
125(1)
Thermoregulation
125(1)
Secretion
126(1)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the integumentary system
126(2)
Summary outline
128(2)
Review questions
130(1)
Laboratory exercise: the integumentary system
131(1)
The Skeletal System
132(34)
Introduction
134(1)
The functions of the skeletal system
134(1)
The growth and formation of bone
134(4)
Deposition of bone
136(1)
Types of ossification
136(1)
Maintaining bone
137(1)
The histology of bone
138(2)
The haversian system of compact bone
138(1)
Cancellous bone
139(1)
Bone marrow
139(1)
The classification of bones based on shape
140(1)
Long bones
140(1)
Short bones
140(1)
Flat bones
140(1)
Irregular bones
141(1)
Sesamoid bones
141(1)
Bone markings
141(1)
Processes
141(1)
Fossae
141(1)
Divisions of the skeleton
141(2)
The axial skeleton
143(8)
The cranial bones
143(1)
The facial bones
143(4)
The orbits
147(1)
The nasal cavities
147(1)
The foramina of the skull
147(1)
The hyoid bone
147(1)
How to study the bones of the skull
148(1)
The torso or trunk
148(2)
The thorax
150(1)
The sternum
150(1)
The ribs
151(1)
The appendicular skeleton
151(5)
The bones of the upper extremities
151(1)
The bones of the lower extremities
152(4)
The arches of the foot
156(1)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the skeletal system
156(4)
Summary outline
160(3)
Review questions
163(2)
Laboratory exercise: the skeletal system
165(1)
The Articular System
166(12)
Introduction
168(1)
The classification of joints: structure and function
168(2)
Synarthroses
168(1)
Amphiarthroses
168(1)
Diarthroses or synovial joints
168(2)
Movements at synovial joints
170(1)
The six types of diarthroses or synovial joints
170(4)
Bursae
174(2)
Summary outline
176(1)
Review questions
177(1)
Laboratory exercise: the articular system
177(1)
The Muscular System
178(34)
Introduction
180(1)
The types of muscle
180(1)
The anatomy of skeletal or striated muscle
180(3)
The physiology of muscle contraction
183(3)
Neuroelectrical factors
183(1)
Chemical interactions
184(2)
Energy sources
186(1)
The muscle twitch
186(2)
Muscle tone
188(1)
The anatomy of smooth muscle
189(1)
The anatomy of cardiac muscle
189(1)
The naming and actions of skeletal muscles
189(1)
The function and location of selected skeletal muscles
190(16)
Muscles of facial expression
190(1)
Muscles of mastication
190(1)
Muscles of the eye
190(1)
Muscles moving the head
190(3)
Muscles moving the shoulder girdle
193(1)
Muscles moving the humerus
194(1)
Muscles moving the elbow
194(2)
Muscles moving the wrist
196(1)
Muscles moving the hand
196(1)
Muscles moving the thumb
196(2)
Muscles moving the fingers
198(1)
Muscles of the abdominal wall
198(1)
Muscles of respiration or breathing
198(1)
Muscles moving the femur
199(1)
Muscles moving the knee joint
199(3)
Muscles moving the foot
202(1)
Muscles moving the toes
202(4)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the muscular system
206(1)
Summary outline
207(3)
Review questions
210(1)
Laboratory exercise: the muscular system
211(1)
The Nervous System Introduction, Spinal Cord, and Spinal Nerves
212(18)
Introduction
214(1)
Organization
214(1)
Classification of nerve cells
215(3)
Neuroglia cells
215(1)
The structure of a neuron
216(1)
Structural classification of neurons
216(1)
Functional classification of neurons
217(1)
The physiology of the nerve impulse
218(1)
The synaptic transmission
218(3)
The reflex arc
221(1)
Grouping of neural tissue
222(1)
The spinal cord
223(1)
Functions of the spinal cord
224(1)
The spinal nerves
224(1)
Summary outline
225(2)
Review questions
227(2)
Laboratory exercise: the nervous system, introduction, spinal cord, and spinal nerves
229(1)
The Nervous System The Brain, Cranial Nerves, Autonomic Nervous System, and the Special Senses
230(24)
The principal parts of the brain
232(1)
The anatomy and function of the brainstem
233(2)
The anatomy and function of the diencephalon
235(1)
The cerebrum: structure and function
235(1)
The cerebellum: structure and function
236(1)
The autonomic nervous system
236(2)
The 12 cranial nerves and their functions
238(1)
The special senses
239(6)
The sense of smell
240(1)
The sense of taste
241(2)
The sense of sight
243(1)
The anatomy of the eye
243(1)
The sense of hearing and equilibrium
244(1)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the nervous system
245(3)
Summary outline
248(3)
Review questions
251(2)
Laboratory exercise: the nervous system
253(1)
The Endocrine System
254(24)
Introduction
256(1)
The functions of hormones
257(1)
The classification of hormones
258(1)
The hypothalamus of the brain
258(2)
The major endocrine glands and their hormones
260(11)
The anterior pituitary gland, its hormones, and some disorders
260(3)
The posterior pituitary gland and its hormones
263(1)
The thyroid gland, its hormones, and some disorders
263(2)
The parathyroid glands, their hormone, and some disorders
265(1)
The adrenal glands, their hormones, and some disorders
266(1)
The pancreas, its hormones, and some disorders
267(1)
The tests and the ovaries
268(2)
The thymus gland and its hormone
270(1)
The pineal gland and its hormone
270(1)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the endocrine system
271(1)
Summary outline
271(4)
Review questions
275(1)
Laboratory exercise: the endocrine system
276(2)
The Blood
278(16)
Introduction
280(1)
Functions of the blood
280(1)
The classification of blood cells and the composition of plasma
281(1)
Formation of blood cells: hematopoiesis
281(3)
Blood cell anatomy and functions
284(1)
The clotting mechanism
285(3)
The blood groups
288(2)
The ABO blood group
288(1)
The Rh blood group
288(2)
Summary outline
290(2)
Review questions
292(1)
Laboratory exercise: the blood
293(1)
The Cardiovascular System
294(22)
Introduction
296(1)
The anatomy of the heart
297(5)
The layers of the heart wall
298(1)
The chambers of the heart
299(2)
The great vessels of the heart
301(1)
The valves of the heart
301(1)
Blood flow through the heart
302(1)
The conduction system of the heart
303(1)
A cardiac cycle
303(1)
Some major blood circulatory routes
304(1)
Anatomy of blood vessels
304(2)
Major arteries and veins of the body
306(4)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the cardiovascular system
310(1)
Summary outline
311(3)
Review questions
314(1)
Laboratory exercise: the cardiovascular system
315(1)
The Lymphatic System
316(18)
Introduction
318(1)
The functions of the system and the structure and functions of the lymphatic vessels
318(3)
Lymphatic vessels
319(1)
Lymph nodes
320(1)
Lymph circulation
321(2)
The organs of the lymphatic system
323(2)
Immunity
325(1)
Antigens and antibodies
325(1)
Cells of the immune response and other defenses
326(1)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the lymphatic system
327(3)
Summary outline
330(2)
Review questions
332(1)
Laboratory exercise: the lymphatic system
333(1)
Nutrition and the Digestive System
334(30)
Introduction
336(1)
General organization
336(1)
Histology
337(3)
The mouth or oral cavity
340(1)
The salivary glands
341(1)
Teeth
342(2)
The pharynx
344(1)
The esophagus
344(1)
The stomach
344(3)
The pancreas
347(1)
The liver
348(1)
The gallbladder
349(1)
The small intestine
349(3)
The large intestine
352(3)
The formation of the feces
355(1)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the digestive system
355(1)
Summary outline
356(2)
Review questions
358(1)
Laboratory exercise: the digestive system
359(5)
The Respiratory System
364(20)
Introduction
366(2)
The anatomy and functions of the nose
368(1)
The structure and functions of the pharynx
369(1)
The larynx or voice box
369(1)
The trachea or windpipe
370(2)
The bronchi and the bronchial tree
372(1)
The anatomy and function of the lungs
373(2)
The respiration process
375(3)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the respiratory system
378(1)
Summary outline
379(2)
Review questions
381(1)
Laboratory exercise: the respiratory system
382(2)
The Urinary System
384(18)
Introduction
386(2)
The functions of the urinary system
388(1)
The external anatomy of the kidneys
389(1)
The internal anatomy of the kidneys
389(1)
The anatomy of the nephrons
390(2)
Blood and nerve supply to the nephrons
392(1)
The physiology of the nephrons
393(1)
The ureters: anatomy and function
394(1)
The urinary bladder and the micturition reflex
394(1)
The urethra: male and female positions
395(2)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the urinary system
397(1)
Summary outline
398(2)
Review questions
400(1)
Laboratory exercise: the urinary system
401(1)
The Reproductive System
402(32)
Introduction
404(1)
The male reproductive system
404(7)
The scrotum
404(1)
The testes
404(3)
The anatomy of the spermatozoa
407(1)
The functions of testosterone
407(1)
The ducts of the system
408(2)
The accessory glands
410(1)
Semen
410(1)
The penis
411(1)
The female reproductive system
411(9)
The ovaries
411(3)
The uterine or fallopian tubes
414(1)
The uterus
415(1)
The menstrual cycle
415(2)
The functions of estrogen
417(1)
The vagina
417(1)
The external genitalia of the female
417(3)
The perineum
420(1)
The anatomy and function of the mammary glands
420(1)
Pregnancy and embryonic development
421(3)
Body systems working together to maintain homeostasis: the reproductive system
424(2)
Summary outline
426(4)
Review questions
430(2)
Laboratory exercise: the reproductive system
432(2)
Appendix 434(2)
Glossary 436(31)
Index 467


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