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Delmar's Standard Textbook of Electricity,9780827385504
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Delmar's Standard Textbook of Electricity

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780827385504

ISBN10:
0827385501
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/20/1998
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $231.99
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Summary

This exciting full-color book is the most comprehensive text book on DC/AC circuits and machines for electrical students on the market today. It provides complete coverage of concepts relating to electrical theory, as well as giving practical "how-to" examples of many of the common tasks that electricians must perform. The book has been organized so that all relevant information is located within a given chapter, making it easy to access and easy to teach topics in any order. With its visually appealing, easy-to-understand coverage of alternating current theory, and expanded coverage of topics such as transformers and electrical filters, Delmar's Standard Textbook of Electricity, 2E continues to set the standard in DC/AC circuits and machines.ALSO AVAILABLELab Volt Lab Manual, ISBN: 0-8273-8552-8Standard Lab Manual, ISBN: 0-8273-8554-4INSTRUCTOR SUPPLEMENTS CALL CUSTOMER SUPPORT TO ORDERInstructor's Guide, ISBN: 0-8273-8551-XLab Volt Solutions Manual, ISBN: 0-8273-8553-6Transparency Masters, ISBN: 0-8273-8556-0

Table of Contents

Preface
A Note About Calculations
Acknowledgements
section 1 basic electricity and ohm's law 2(112)
Unit 1 Atomic Structure
2(25)
Early History of Electricity
2(2)
Atoms
4(3)
The Law of Charges
7(2)
Centrifugal Force
9(1)
Electron Orbits
10(2)
Valence Electrons
12(1)
Electron Flow
13(3)
Insulators
16(1)
Semiconductors
16(2)
Molecules
18(1)
Methods of Producing Electricity
19(1)
Electrical Effects
20(7)
Unit 2 Electrical Quantities and Ohm's Law
27(28)
The Coulomb
27(1)
The Amp
27(1)
The Electron Theory
28(1)
The Conventional Current Theory
28(1)
Speed of Current
29(3)
Basic Electrical Circuits
32(4)
The Volt
36(1)
The Ohm
37(1)
The Watt
38(2)
Other Measures of Power
40(2)
Ohm's Law
42(5)
Metric Units
47(8)
Unit 3 Static Electricity
55(17)
Static Electricity
55(1)
Charging an object
56(1)
The Electroscope
57(3)
Static Electricity in Nature
60(3)
Nuisance Static Charges
63(1)
Useful Static Charges
64(8)
Unit 4 Magnetism
72(20)
The Earth Is a Magnet
72(2)
Permanent Magnets
74(1)
The Electron Theory of Magnetism
74(2)
Magnetic Materials
76(1)
Magnetic Lines of Force
77(1)
Electromagnetics
78(4)
Magnetic Measurement
82(2)
Magnetic Polarity
84(1)
Demagnetizing
84(1)
Magnetic Devices
85(7)
Unit 5 Resistors
92(22)
Uses of Resistors
92(2)
Fixed Resistors
94(4)
Color Code
98(5)
Standard Resistance Values of Fixed Resistors
103(2)
Power Ratings
105(1)
Variable Resistors
106(2)
Schematic Symbols
108(6)
section 2 basic electrical circuits 114(112)
Unit 6 Series Circuits
114(28)
Series Circuits
114(1)
Voltage Drops in a Series Circuit
115(2)
Resistance in a Series Circuit
117(1)
Calculating Series Circuit Values
117(2)
Solving Circuits
119(14)
Voltage Dividers
133(1)
The General Voltage Divider Formula
134(2)
Voltage Polarity
136(1)
Using Ground As a Reference
136(6)
Unit 7 Parallel Circuits
142(28)
Parallel Circuit Values
142(4)
Parallel Resistance Formulas
146(24)
Unit 8 Combination Circuits
170(56)
Combination Circuits
170(1)
Solving Combination Circuits
171(1)
Simplifying the Circuit
172(54)
section 3 meters and wire sizes 226(92)
Unit 9 Measuring Instruments
226(60)
Analog Meters
226(5)
The Voltmeter
231(1)
Multirange Voltmeters
232(3)
Reading a Meter
235(3)
The Ammeter
238(1)
Ammeter Shunts
239(2)
Multirange Ammeters
241(1)
The Ayrton Shunt
242(5)
AC Ammeters
247(3)
Clamp-on Ammeters
250(4)
DC-AC Clamp-on Ammeters
254(1)
The Ohmmeter
255(4)
Shunt Type Ohmmeter
259(1)
Dlgital Meters
260(4)
The Low-Impedance Voltage Tester
264(1)
The Oscilloscope
265(10)
The Wattmeter
275(2)
Recording Meters
277(1)
Bridge Circuits
278(8)
Unit 10 Using Wire Tables and Determining Conductor Sizes
286(32)
Using the National Electrical Code(R) Charts
286(1)
Factors That Determine Ampacity
287(4)
Correction Factors
291(3)
Computing Conductor Sizes and Resistance
294(11)
Computing Voltage Drop
305(1)
Parallel Conductors
306(3)
Testing Wire Installations
309(9)
section 4 small sources of electricity 318(76)
Unit 11 Conduction in Liquid and Gases
318(17)
The Ionization Process: Magnesium and Chlorine
318(3)
Other Types of Ions
321(1)
Electroplating
322(1)
Electrolysis
323(1)
Conduction in Gases
324(5)
Ionization in Nature
329(6)
Unit 12 Batteries and Other Sources of Electricity
335(33)
History of the Battery
335(1)
Cells
336(1)
Cell Voltage
337(2)
Primary Cells
339(8)
Secondary Cells: Lead-Acid Batteries
347(6)
Other Secondary Cells
353(2)
Series and Parallel Battery Connections
355(2)
Other Small Sources of Electricity
357(11)
Unit 13 Magnetic Induction
368(26)
Magnetic Induction
368(2)
Fleming's Left-Hand Generator Rule
370(2)
Moving Magnetic Fields
372(1)
Determining the Amount of Induced Voltage
373(1)
Lenz's Law
374(3)
Rise Time of Current in an Inductor
377(2)
The Exponential Curve
379(1)
Inductance
380(2)
R-L Time Constants
382(1)
Induced Voltage Spikes
383(11)
section 5 basics of alternating current 394(40)
Unit 14 Basic Trigonometry
394(16)
Right Triangles
394(2)
The Pythagorean Theorem
396(1)
Sines, Cosines, and Tangents
397(5)
Formulas
402(1)
Practical Application
402(8)
Unit 15 Alternating Current
410(24)
Advantages of Alternating Current
410(1)
AC Wave Forms
411(5)
Sine Wave Values
417(8)
Resistive Loads
425(1)
Power in an AC Circuit
426(1)
Skin Effect in AC Circuits
426(8)
section 6 alternating current circuits containing inductance 434(80)
Unit 16 Inductance in Alternating Current Circuits
434(22)
Inductance
434(3)
Inductive Reactance
437(4)
Schematic Symbols
441(1)
Inductors Connected in Series
442(1)
Inductors Connected in Parallel
443(2)
Voltage and Current Relationships in an Inductive Circuit
445(1)
Power in an Inductive Circuit
446(1)
Reactive Power
447(1)
Q of an Inductor
447(9)
Unit 17 Resistive-Inductive Series Circuits
456(36)
R-L Series Circuits
456(2)
Impedance
458(1)
Vectors
459(8)
Total Current
467(1)
Voltage Drop across the Resistor
468(1)
Watts
469(1)
Computing the Inductance
470(1)
Voltage Drop across the Inductor
470(1)
Total Voltage
470(3)
Computing the Reactive Power
473(1)
Computing the Apparent Power
473(2)
Power Factor
475(1)
Angle Theta
476(16)
Unit 18 Resistive-Inductive Parallel Circuits
492(225)
Resistive-Inductive Parallel Circuits
492(1)
Computing Circuit Values
492(22)
section 7 alternating current circuits containing capacitance 514(98)
Unit 19 Capacitors
514(36)
Capacitors
514(3)
Electrostatic Charge
517(4)
Dielectric Constants
521(1)
Capacitor Ratings
521(2)
Capacitors Connected in Parallel
523(1)
Capacitors Connected in Series
524(1)
Capacitive Charge and Discharge Rates
525(2)
RC Time Constants
527(1)
Applications for Capacitors
528(1)
Nonpolarized Capacitors
528(4)
Polarized Capacitors
532(3)
Variable Capacitors
535(1)
Capacitor Markings
536(3)
Temperature Coefficients
539(1)
Ceramic Capacitors
539(1)
Dipped Tantalum Capacitors
539(1)
Film Capacitors
539(1)
Testing Capacitors
539(11)
Unit 20 Capacitance in Alternating Current Circuits
550(24)
Connecting the Capacitor into an AC Circuit
550(1)
Capacitive Reactance
551(2)
Computing Capacitance
553(1)
Voltage and Current Relationships in a Pure Capacitive Circuit
553(3)
Power in a Pure Capacitive Circuit
556(1)
Quality (Q) of a Capacitor
557(1)
Capacitor Voltage Rating
557(1)
Effects of Frequency in a Capacitive Circuit
558(2)
Series Capacitors
560(4)
Parallel Capacitors
564(10)
Unit 21 Resistive-Capacitive Series Circuits
574(20)
Resistive-Capacitive Series Circuits
574(1)
Impedance
575(2)
Total Current
577(1)
Voltage Drop across the Resistor
577(1)
True Power
577(1)
Capacitance
578(1)
Voltage Drop across the Capacitor
578(1)
Total Voltage
578(1)
Reactive Power
579(1)
Apparent Power
580(1)
Power Factor
580(1)
Angle Theta
581(13)
Unit 22 Resistive-Capacitive Parallel Circuits
594(18)
Operation of RC Parallel Circuits
594(1)
Computing Circuit Values
594(18)
section 8 alternating current circuits containing resistance-inductance-capacitance 612(68)
Unit 23 Resistive-Inductive-Capacitive Series Circuits
612(24)
RLC Series Circuits
612(12)
Series Resonant Circuits
624(12)
Unit 24 Resistive-Inductive-Capacitive Parallel Circuits
636(27)
RLC Parallel Circuits
636(10)
Parallel Resonant Circuits
646(17)
Unit 25 Filters
663(17)
Broad-Band Tuning
663(1)
Low-Pass Filters
664(3)
High-Pass Filters
667(2)
Bandpass Filters
669(2)
Band-Rejection (Notch) Filters
671(2)
T Filters
673(1)
PI Type Filters
674(1)
Crossover Networks
674(6)
section 9 three-phase power 680(30)
Unit 26 Three-Phase Circuits
680(30)
Three-Phase Circuits
680(2)
Wye Connections
682(3)
Delta Connections
685(3)
Three-Phase Power
688(1)
Watts and VARs
688(1)
Three-Phase Circuit Calculations
689(9)
Load 3 Calculations
698(1)
Load 2 Calculations
698(1)
Load 1 Calculations
699(1)
Alternator Calculations
700(1)
Power Factor Correction
701(9)
section 10 transformers 710(95)
Unit 27 Single-Phase Transformers
710(51)
Single-Phase Transformers
710(2)
Isolation Transformers
712(27)
Autotransformers
739(3)
Transformer Polarities
742(5)
Voltage and Current Relationships in a Transformer
747(2)
Testing the Transformer
749(1)
Transformer Ratings
750(1)
Determining Maximum Current
750(1)
Transformer Impedance
751(10)
Unit 28 Three-Phase Transformers
761(44)
Three-Phase Transformers
761(4)
Closing a Delta
765(1)
Three-Phase Transformer Calculations
766(6)
Open Delta Connection
772(2)
Single-Phase Loads
774(4)
Closed Delta with Center Tap
778(1)
Closed Delta without Center Tap
779(1)
Delta-Wye Connection with Neutral
780(1)
T-connected Transformers
781(3)
Scott Connection
784(1)
Zig-Zag Connection
784(2)
Harmonics
786(19)
section 11 direct current machines 805(81)
Unit 29 Direct Current Generators
805(41)
What is a Generator?
805(7)
Armature Windings
812(4)
Brushes
816(1)
Pole Pieces
816(1)
Field Windings
817(2)
Series Generators
819(3)
Shunt Generators
822(5)
Compound Generators
827(1)
Compounding
828(3)
Countertorque
831(1)
Armature Reaction
832(4)
Setting the Neutral Plane
836(1)
Paralleling Generators
836(10)
Unit 30 Direct Current Motors
846(40)
DC Motor Principles
846(3)
Shunt Motors
849(4)
Series Motors
853(2)
Compound Motors
855(2)
Terminal Identification for DC Motors
857(1)
Determining the Direction of Rotation of a DC Motor
858(3)
Speed Control
861(2)
The Field Loss Relay
863(2)
Horsepower
865(2)
Brushless DC Motors
867(3)
Converters
870(1)
Permanent Magnet Motors
870(9)
The Right-Hand Motor Rule
879(7)
section 12 alternating current machines 886(129)
Unit 31 Three-Phase Alternators
886(20)
Three-Phase Alternators
886(3)
The Rotor
889(1)
The Brushless Exciter
890(3)
Alternator Cooling
893(1)
Frequency
894(1)
Output Voltage
895(1)
Paralleling Alternators
896(3)
Sharing the Load
899(1)
Field Discharge Protection
899(7)
Unit 32 Three-Phase Motors
906(56)
Three-Phase Motors
906(1)
The Rotating Magnetic Field
907(11)
Connecting Dual-Voltage Three-Phase Motors
918(6)
Squirrel-Cage Induction Motors
924(16)
Wound Rotor Induction Motors
940(4)
Synchronous Motors
944(7)
Selsyn Motors
951(11)
Unit 33 Single-Phase Motors
962(53)
Single-Phase Motors
962(1)
Split-Phase Motors
963(3)
Resistance-Start Induction-Run Motors
966(8)
Capacitor-Start Induction-Run Motors
974(1)
Dual-Voltage Split-Phase Motors
975(4)
Determining the Direction of Rotation for Split-Phase Motors
979(1)
Capacitor-Start Capacitor-Run Motors
980(3)
Shaded-Pole Induction Motors
983(4)
Multispeed Motors
987(2)
Repulsion Type Motors
989(1)
Construction of Repulsion Motors
989(3)
Repulsion-Start Induction-Run Motors
992(3)
Repulsion-Induction Motors
995(1)
Single-Phase Synchronous Motors
996(3)
Stepping Motors
999(7)
Universal Motors
1006(9)
Appendix A Trigonometric Functions-Natural Sines and Cosines 1015(2)
Appendix B Trigonometric Functions-Natural Tangents and Cotangents 1017(2)
Appendix C Identifying the Leads of a Three-Phase Wye-Connected, Dual-Voltage Motor 1019(5)
Appendix D Alternating Current Formulas 1024(13)
Appendix E Greek Alphabet 1037(1)
Appendix F Metals 1038(2)
Appendix G Scientific Notation 1040(4)
Appendix H Answers to Practice Problems 1044(17)
Glossary 1061(12)
Index 1073


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