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Democracy Under Pressure: An Introduction to the American Political System: 2006 Election Update

by
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780495008293

ISBN10:
049500829X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
12/12/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
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Summary

A political science text for the 21st Century, DEMOCRACY UNDER PRESSURE has provided well over a million students with a comprehensive look at the fundamentals of American Government. Milton Cummings, a respected scholar and academic, and David Wise, a best selling author and political analyst, bring their talents to bear on a text that conveys a balanced, realistic guide to American politics while describing the institutions of American government. In this 2006 election year update edition, the theme of "democracy under pressure" is highlighted fully in the narrative and in the boxed features. The text includes a discussion of the systems approach--a framework of analysis that discusses the political process in terms of inputs and outputs--as well as a key question and related questions to consider in each chapter. DEMOCRACY UNDER PRESSURE focuses throughout on the gap that exists between rhetoric and reality in government today. Streamlined content in this edition makes the book even more accessible and appealing to students and instructors alike.

Table of Contents

Preface xxi
About the Authors xxiv
PART ONE THE AMERICAN DEMOCRACY
Government and People
3(30)
The American Past: George Washington: His High Mightiness?
11(3)
The Reciprocal Nature of Democratic Power
14(3)
The Impact of Government on People
15(1)
The Impact of People on Government
15(1)
Voting
16(1)
Party Activity
16(1)
Public Opinion
16(1)
Interest Groups
17(1)
Direct Action
17(1)
What Is Government?
17(3)
Government
18(1)
Politics
18(1)
Power
18(1)
Democracy
19(1)
The Concept of a Political System
20(2)
A Dynamic Approach
20(1)
Inputs, Outputs, and Feedback
21(1)
Public Policymaking
22(1)
Democratic Government and a Changing Society
23(3)
300 Million Americans
23(2)
The Mobile Society
25(1)
Technological, Economic, and Social Change
25(1)
Making a Difference: American Indians: A Federal Official Speaks Out
26(4)
The Consent of the Governed
29(1)
Key Terms
30(1)
Suggested Websites
30(1)
Suggested Reading
30(3)
The Constitutional Framework
33(30)
The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence
34(2)
The Constitution Today
34(1)
We Hold These Truths . . .
35(1)
The American Past: Thomas Jefferson Becomes President
36(1)
The Political Foundations
36(4)
The Influence of John Locke
37(1)
The English Heritage
37(1)
The Colonial Experience
37(1)
The Colonial Governments
38(1)
The Paradox of Colonial Democracy
39(1)
Comparing Governments: Hail Britannia! But It's Different
40(1)
The American Revolution
40(2)
A Growing Sense of Injury
40(1)
The Articles of Confederation (1781--1789)
41(1)
Toward a More Perfect Union
42(9)
The Background
42(1)
The Philadelphia Convention
42(1)
The Delegates
43(1)
The Setting
44(1)
The Great Compromise
44(1)
The Other Compromises
45(1)
We the People
46(1)
The Constitutional Framework
46(1)
The Federal System
47(1)
The National Government
47(1)
The ``Great Silences'' of the Constitution
48(1)
Motives of the Framers
49(1)
Was It Democratic?
49(1)
The Fight over Ratification
50(1)
America: A Case Study in Nation Building
51(1)
Problems of a New Nation
51(1)
The Constitution: A Document ``Intended to Endure . . .''
52(3)
What It Says
52(1)
The Legislative Branch
52(1)
The Executive Branch
52(1)
The Judiciary
53(1)
Other Provisions
53(1)
The Amendment Process
53(1)
The Bill of Rights
54(1)
The Later Amendments
54(1)
Myth vs. Reality: Innocent until Proven Guilty?
55(4)
A Document for the Living . . .
57(2)
Making a Difference: A Student Gets the Constitution Amended
59(1)
Chapter Highlights
59(1)
Key Terms
60(1)
Suggested Websites
60(1)
Suggested Reading
60(3)
The Federal System
63(28)
Comparing Governments: The French Government Decides: You've Got Courriel?
65(1)
Federalism: The Pros and Cons
65(2)
The Checkerboard of Governments
67(2)
Cooperation---and Tension
67(1)
The Changing Federal Framework
68(1)
Making a Difference: The Supreme Court Rules for Brenda Roe
69(2)
The Historical Basis of Federalism
71(1)
``A Middle Ground''
71(1)
A Tool for Nation Building
72(1)
The Constitutional Basis of Federalism
72(2)
Federal Powers: Enumerated, Implied, Inherent, and Concurrent
72(1)
The Supreme Court as Umpire
73(1)
McCulloch v. Maryland
73(1)
The American Past: The Storm over McCulloch v. Maryland
74(5)
The Division of Federal and State Power
74(3)
Restrictions on the States
77(1)
Federal Obligations to the States
77(1)
Interstate Relations
77(1)
Interstate Compacts
78(1)
The Growth of Strong National Government
79(1)
The Rise of Big Government
79(1)
Big Government and Foreign Policy
80(1)
The Impact of Federalism on Government and Politics
80(3)
Federalism and Government
81(1)
Federalism and American Politics
81(1)
Policy Outcomes in the States
82(1)
Federalism Today
83(2)
Categorical Grants
84(1)
Block Grants
84(1)
Where the Money Goes
84(1)
Fiscal Headaches in the Federal System
84(1)
Regulatory Federalism
85(1)
The Future of Federalism
85(2)
Chapter Highlights
87(1)
Key Terms
88(1)
Suggested Websites
88(1)
Suggested Reading
88(3)
Civil Liberties and Citizenship
91(38)
Individual Freedom and Society
92(1)
The Bill of Rights
92(3)
Freedom of Speech
93(2)
The American Past: The Bill of Rights: Pro and Con
95(2)
The First Amendment, Hate Crime Laws, and Campus Speech Codes
96(1)
Comparing Governments: China Cracks Down on the Falun Gong
97(1)
The First Amendment and Student Rights
97(1)
Making a Difference: The Power of the First Amendment
98(13)
Preferred Freedoms and the Balancing Test
98(1)
Freedom of the Press
98(1)
Obscenity
99(1)
Privacy
100(2)
Freedom of Assembly
102(1)
Freedom of Religion
102(1)
The Free Exercise Clause
103(2)
The Establishment Clause
105(2)
Loyalty and Security
107(1)
Due Process of Law
108(1)
Searches and Seizures
108(3)
Myth vs. Reality: Search and Seizure: Do Police Need a Warrant?
111(9)
The Uninvited Ear
112(2)
Rights of the Accused
114(1)
The Battle over Miranda
115(2)
The Right to Counsel
117(1)
An Expanding Umbrella of Rights
118(1)
Balancing Liberty and Order
119(1)
Citizenship
120(4)
Who Is a Citizen?
120(1)
Loss of Citizenship
120(1)
A Nation of Immigrants
121(2)
Change, Citizen Action, and Dissent
123(1)
Chapter Highlights
124(1)
Key Terms
125(1)
Suggested Websites
125(1)
Suggested Reading
126(3)
The Struggle for Equal Rights
129(46)
Some Groups in Profile
133(2)
American Indians
133(2)
The American Past: Sacagawea: Honoring an American Indian Woman
135(19)
Hispanic Americans
135(3)
Undocumented Immigrants
138(1)
Puerto Ricans
139(2)
Asian Americans
141(1)
Women
142(5)
Abortion
147(3)
Gay Rights
150(3)
Disabled Americans
153(1)
Black and White: An American Dilemma
154(3)
Making a Difference: ``There Was Days I Ate Beans''
157(1)
The Historical Background
157(5)
The African American
157(1)
An African American Heritage
158(1)
Dred Scott, Reconstruction, and ``Jim Crow''
158(1)
Plessy v. Ferguson
159(1)
The Case of Linda Carol Brown
160(1)
Brown v. Board of Education
160(1)
Little Rock, Oxford, and Alabama
160(1)
The School Decision: Aftermath
161(1)
The Busing Controversy
161(1)
The Civil Rights Movement: Freedom Now
162(6)
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
162(1)
Sit-Ins and Freedom Rides
162(1)
Birmingham and the Dream
163(1)
The Legislative Breakthrough
164(1)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
164(1)
The Voting Rights Act of 1965
164(3)
The Urban Riots
167(1)
Black Power, Black Pride
167(1)
Affirmative Action: The Supreme Court Rules
168(1)
Bakke and Weber: The Battle Is Joined
168(1)
Equal Rights: A Balance Sheet
169(1)
Chapter Highlights
170(1)
Key Terms
171(1)
Suggested Websites
171(1)
Suggested Reading
172(3)
PART TWO POLITICS AND PEOPLE
Public Opinion
175(24)
What Is Public Opinion?
176(1)
How Public Opinion Is Formed
176(7)
Political Socialization: The Family and the Schools
177(1)
Social Class
178(1)
Religion, Sex, and Ethnic Factors
178(2)
Geographic Factors
180(1)
Group Influence
181(1)
Mass Media
181(1)
Party Identification
182(1)
The Qualities of Public Opinion
183(1)
Political Polls
184(2)
How Polls Work
185(1)
The American Past: And the Winner Is . . . Harry Truman
186(2)
What Americans Believe
188(1)
Making a Difference: The ``Push-Poll'' Hadn't Counted on Donna Duren
189(1)
Political Participation
189(5)
Violence and Politics
193(1)
Mass Opinion in a Democracy
194(2)
Chapter Highlights
196(1)
Key Terms
196(1)
Suggested Websites
196(1)
Suggested Reading
196(3)
Interest Groups
199(22)
Who Governs?
200(1)
Interest Groups at Work
201(6)
Who Belongs?
203(1)
How They Operate
203(1)
Lobbying
203(1)
Money: The Lobbyist's Tool
204(3)
The American Past: ``No Man in Public Office Owes the Public Anything''
207(8)
Mass Propaganda and Grass-Roots Pressure
208(1)
The Washington Lawyers: Access to the Powerful
209(1)
Public Interest Groups
210(2)
Single-Issue Groups
212(1)
Political Action Committees
213(2)
Making a Difference: A Watchdog in the Corridors of Power
215(1)
Regulating Interest Groups
215(1)
Interest Groups and the Policy Process
216(1)
Chapter Highlights
217(1)
Key Terms
218(1)
Suggested Websites
218(1)
Suggested Reading
218(3)
The Media and Politics
221(34)
A Protected Institution
222(4)
The Development of the American Press
223(1)
The Internet
224(1)
Newspapers
225(1)
The American Past: My Lai: A Reporter Uncovers a Massacre
226(1)
Magazines
226(1)
Who Owns the Media?
227(1)
Television and the American Political System
228(4)
Television and Radio: A Limited Freedom
230(2)
The Press: Legal and Constitutional Issues
232(3)
Prior Restraint
232(1)
Free Press and Fair Trial
233(1)
Confidentiality: Shielding Reporters and Their Sources
234(1)
Myth vs. Reality: Do Americans Really Believe in Freedom of the Press?
235(3)
Libel
235(2)
The Press and Terrorism
237(1)
Comparing Governments: Libel: A Town Called ``Sue''
238(1)
The Press and the Government
238(4)
News Leaks and ``Backgrounders''
238(1)
The Valerie Plame Affair: A Case Study
239(2)
Investigative Reporting
241(1)
Making a Difference: Reporting Radioactive Secrets
242(8)
Freedom of Information
243(1)
The Press as Target
244(1)
Is the Press Biased?
245(3)
Government Misinformation and the Press
248(1)
The Press and the Military
249(1)
The Press in a Democratic Society
250(1)
Chapter Highlights
251(1)
Key Terms
252(1)
Suggested Websites
252(1)
Suggested Reading
252(3)
Political Parties
255(34)
What Is a Party?
257(1)
Myth vs. Reality: American Political Parties: What Are They?
258(1)
The Development of American Political Parties
258(2)
Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
258(1)
Democrats and Whigs
259(1)
The American Past: Ballots and Bargains: The Republican Convention of 1860
260(3)
Democrats and Republicans
260(3)
The Two-Party System
263(2)
The Roots of Dualism
263(1)
Tradition and History
263(1)
The Electoral System
264(1)
Patterns of Belief
264(1)
Democrats and Republicans: Is There a Difference?
264(1)
The Decline of Party Loyalties and Party Influence
264(1)
Comparing Governments: The United States and Italy: Stability or Choice?
265(6)
The Democrats
265(2)
The Republicans
267(2)
Minor Parties and Independent Candidates
269(2)
Party Structure
271(3)
National Political Parties
272(1)
State and Local Parties
273(1)
The National Convention
274(6)
Nominating a Presidential Candidate
278(1)
The Delegates
279(1)
Making a Difference: The Youngest Delegate at Los Angeles
280(2)
From Smoke-Filled Rooms to the Television Age
280(1)
The Future of the Convention System
281(1)
Political Parties and Democratic Government
282(2)
A Choice, Not an Echo?
283(1)
Are Parties Accountable to the Voters?
284(1)
A Look Ahead
284(1)
Chapter Highlights
285(1)
Key Terms
285(1)
Suggested Websites
285(1)
Suggested Reading
285(4)
Political Campaigns and Candidates
289(42)
Comparing Governments: The Kremlin Dominates the Airwaves
293(1)
How Campaigns Are Organized
293(1)
The American Past: Tippecanoe and Tyler Too
294(3)
Campaign Strategy
297(6)
Aiming for the Undecided
297(2)
Which Road to the White House?
299(1)
Where and How to Campaign
300(1)
The President as Candidate
301(2)
The Issues
303(8)
Negative Campaigning
304(1)
Bread-and-Butter Issues
305(1)
Foreign Policy Issues
306(2)
The Imponderables
308(3)
Campaign Techniques
311(9)
Television and Politics
311(1)
The Presidential Debates
312(3)
Madison Avenue: The Packaging of the President
315(2)
Professional Campaign Managers
317(1)
The Polls
318(1)
The News Media
319(1)
Campaign Finance
320(7)
Regulating Campaign Finance
323(1)
The Federal Rules
323(1)
How Much Does It Cost?
324(1)
Where Does the Money Go?
325(1)
Where Does the Money Come From?
325(1)
Campaigns, Money, and Democracy
326(1)
Making a Difference: ``Wake Up, America''
327(1)
Chapter Highlights
327(1)
Key Terms
328(1)
Suggested Websites
328(1)
Suggested Reading
328(3)
Voting Behavior and Elections
331(48)
Who Votes?
332(3)
The Voter
332(1)
Socioeconomic Factors
332(2)
Voter Attitudes
334(1)
Comparing Governments: In Australia, Not Voting Can Mean Jail Time
335(1)
The Nonvoter
335(1)
The American Past: Susan B. Anthony and the Battle for Women's Suffrage
336(1)
How the Voter Decides
337(7)
The Sociological Factors
338(1)
Social Class, Income, and Occupation
339(1)
Education
339(1)
Religion and Ethnic Background
339(1)
Primary Groups
340(1)
Geography
340(1)
Sex
340(1)
Age
341(1)
The Psychological Factors
341(1)
Party Identification
341(1)
The Candidates
342(1)
The Issues
342(1)
Retrospective Voting
343(1)
Rational Choice
344(1)
Voting Patterns
344(5)
Control
344(1)
Coalitions
345(1)
Congress
345(1)
Coattails
345(4)
Election 2004: A Case Study
349(6)
The Republicans
349(1)
The Democrats
350(1)
April to August 2004, and the Democratic and Republican Conventions
351(1)
The Fall General Election Campaign
352(3)
Election 2006: A Case Study
355(7)
The Setting
358(1)
The Election Campaign
359(1)
The Results
360(2)
The Electoral System
362(4)
Suffrage
362(1)
Residence Requirements
363(1)
Literacy and Character Tests
363(1)
Age Requirements
364(1)
Citizenship Requirements
364(1)
Voter Identification Requirements
364(1)
The Nominating Process: Primaries and Conventions
364(1)
Voter Registration
365(1)
Making a Difference: Rock the Vote: Empowering Young Americans
366(7)
Ballots
366(1)
Counting the Votes
367(1)
Fraud
368(1)
The Electoral College
368(2)
Proposals for Direct Election of the President
370(1)
One Person, One Vote
370(1)
The State Legislatures
370(1)
Congressional Districts
371(2)
Elections and Democratic Government
373(2)
Types of Elections
373(1)
The Meaning of Elections
373(1)
Continuity and Change
374(1)
Chapter Highlights
375(1)
Key Terms
375(1)
Suggested Websites
375(1)
Suggested Reading
376(3)
PART THREE THE POLICYMAKERS
The Congress
379(34)
Congress: Conflict and Controversy
380(1)
The Varied Roles of Congress
381(1)
The American Past: Violence in the Senate
382(1)
Making a Difference: For Carolyn McCarthy, ``The Road Is Always Long''
383(1)
The Legislators
384(5)
Portrait of a Lawmaker
384(1)
The Life of a Legislator
385(1)
The Image of the Legislator
386(1)
Representation: The Legislators and Their Constituents
387(2)
The House
389(5)
Power in the House: The Leadership
391(1)
The Rules Committee
392(1)
The Legislative Labyrinth: The House in Action
392(1)
Televising Congress
393(1)
The Senate
394(4)
Power in the Senate: The Leadership
395(2)
The Senate in Action
397(1)
The Filibuster
397(1)
The Party Machinery
398(1)
The Committee System
399(5)
Committee Chairs
400(1)
The Subcommittees
401(1)
The Committees at Work
401(1)
Congressional Investigations
401(2)
Congressional Staffs
403(1)
Congressional Reforms
404(1)
Congress and the Budget
405(1)
A Bill Is Passed
405(2)
Legislative Vetoes
406(1)
Congressional Ethics
407(1)
Congress and the American Political System
408(1)
Chapter Highlights
409(1)
Key Terms
409(1)
Suggested Websites
409(1)
Suggested Reading
410(3)
The President
413(50)
The Paradox of the Presidency
415(1)
The American Past: Dining with the President: Hot Dogs Fit for a King
416(1)
The American Presidency
417(1)
The Institution, the Person
418(1)
The Expanding Presidency
418(4)
``We Never Once Thought of a King''
418(1)
The Growth of the American Presidency
419(1)
The Nuclear Age and the End of the Cold War
419(1)
Foreign Affairs
420(1)
Domestic Affairs
420(1)
The Mass Media
421(1)
The Impossible Burden: The Many Roles of the Chief Executive
422(13)
Chief of State
422(1)
Chief Executive
423(2)
Commander in Chief
425(3)
Chief Diplomat
428(2)
Chief Legislator
430(3)
Chief of Party
433(1)
Popular Leader
434(1)
Making a Difference: The Unfinished Presidency
435(1)
The Tools of Presidential Power
436(12)
The Cabinet
437(1)
The White House Staff
438(2)
The Executive Office of the President
440(1)
National Security Council
441(1)
Domestic Policy Council
441(1)
Office of Management and Budget
441(1)
National Economic Council
441(1)
Council of Economic Advisers
442(1)
Office of the United States Trade Representative
442(1)
The Vice President
442(1)
Presidential Commissions
443(1)
The Informal Tools of Power
444(2)
The President and the Press
446(2)
The Watergate Scandal: A President Resigns
448(1)
Presidential Impeachment, Disability, and Succession
449(5)
The Nixon Impeachment Proceedings and Resignation
450(1)
The Clinton Scandal and Impeachment
451(1)
Disability and Succession
452(2)
The Splendid Misery: Personality and Style in the White House
454(1)
The American Presidency: Triumph and Tragedy
455(4)
Chapter Highlights
459(1)
Key Terms
459(1)
Suggested Websites
459(1)
Suggested Reading
460(3)
The Bureaucracy
463(36)
Bureaucracy and the Policy Process
469(4)
Bureaucracy and Client Groups
470(1)
Bureaucracy and Congress
470(2)
Bureaucracy, Triangles, and Subgovernments
472(1)
Issue Networks: The Policy Activists
473(1)
The Politics of Bureaucracy
473(3)
Bureaucracy and Public Opinion
473(1)
Bureaucracy and the President
474(1)
Bureaucracy and Policymaking
475(1)
A Profile of the American Bureaucracy
476(12)
Who Are the Administrators?
476(2)
The Structure of the Bureaucracy
478(1)
The Cabinet Departments
478(1)
The Executive Agencies
479(1)
The Independent Regulatory Agencies
479(5)
Deregulation: The Pattern Changes
484(1)
The Growth of Social Regulation
484(1)
Those at the Top
485(1)
The Civil Service
486(1)
The Spoils System
486(1)
The Road to Reform
486(1)
Recruiting the Bureaucrats
487(1)
The American Past: Civil Service: ``The Root of All Evil''
488(4)
The Carter Reforms
489(1)
The Senior Executive Service
489(1)
Bureaucracy and Society
489(1)
Rational Decision Making
490(2)
Making a Difference: Whistle-Blowing: ``Understand the Risks''
492(3)
Checks on Bureaucratic Power
492(1)
Whistle-Blowers
492(2)
Other Checks on Bureaucracy
494(1)
Chapter Highlights
495(1)
Key Terms
496(1)
Suggested Websites
496(1)
Suggested Reading
496(3)
Justice
499(42)
The System of Justice
501(2)
Crime, Terrorism, Politics, and the Public
501(2)
Comparing Governments: Crime and Punishment around the World
503(1)
The Law
504(1)
The American Past: ``Separate But Equal Has No Place''
505(1)
The Supreme Court
505(12)
The Supreme Court: Politics, Policy, and Public Opinion
505(1)
Judicial Review
506(1)
The Road to Judicial Review
507(1)
The Changing Role of the Supreme Court
508(1)
The Warren Court
508(1)
The Burger Court
509(1)
The Rehnquist Court
510(1)
The Roberts Court
511(1)
The President and the Court
512(1)
Congress and the Court
513(1)
The Supreme Court in Action
514(1)
How Cases Reach the Court
515(1)
Court Tradition
515(1)
The Chief Justice
516(1)
Dissenting Opinions
517(1)
The American Court System
517(2)
The Federal Courts
517(1)
Special Federal Courts
517(1)
The State Court System
518(1)
The Judges
518(1)
Federal Court Judges
519(1)
State and Local Judges
519(1)
Criminal Justice in America
519(14)
A Profile of Crime in America
520(2)
The Prisons
522(1)
The Police
523(2)
The Department of Justice
525(2)
The FBI
527(2)
The Criminal Courts
529(1)
Plea Bargaining
529(1)
Court Delay
529(1)
Bail Reform
529(1)
The Trial
530(1)
Capital Punishment
531(2)
Making a Difference: Journalism 101: Freeing Prisoners on Death Row
533(2)
Organized Crime
535(1)
Justice and the American Political System
536(1)
Chapter Highlights
537(1)
Key Terms
538(1)
Suggested Websites
538(1)
Suggested Reading
538(3)
PART FOUR GOVERNMENT IN OPERATION
Foreign Policy and National Security
541(46)
The United States and World Affairs
545(1)
American Foreign Policy
545(1)
The American Past: Truman Fires General MacArthur
546(10)
The Historical Setting
547(1)
The Era of the Cold War
547(3)
Vietnam and Its Aftermath
550(1)
From Detente to the End of the Cold War
550(3)
The Cold War Ends
553(1)
The Post--Cold War World
554(2)
Comparing Governments: Presidential Elections, Russian Style
556(2)
How Foreign Policy Is Made
558(11)
The President and Foreign Policy
558(2)
Congress and Foreign Policy
560(1)
The Machinery
561(1)
The National Security Council
561(1)
The State Department
562(1)
Information and Arms Control
563(1)
Intelligence and Foreign Policy: The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
563(1)
National Security Agency (NSA)
563(4)
National Reconnaissance Office
567(1)
Director of National Intelligence (DNI)
568(1)
Other Instruments: The Agency for International Development, the Peace Corps, and the Voice of America
568(1)
Making a Difference: Inspiring Hope: Middle East Teenagers Working for Peace in Maine
569(5)
The United Nations
570(1)
The Politics of Foreign Policymaking
571(1)
The Role of the Public
572(1)
Presidential Credibility
572(1)
Political Parties, Campaigns, and Foreign Policy
573(1)
The Economics of Foreign Policymaking
574(1)
The Defense Establishment
574(5)
The Department of Defense
575(1)
The Joint Chiefs of Staff
575(1)
Selective Service
576(1)
Strategic Arms: The Balance of Terror
576(2)
Arms Control and Disarmament
578(1)
The Military-Industrial Complex
579(2)
America's World Role in the 21st Century
581(2)
Chapter Highlights
583(1)
Key Terms
583(1)
Suggested Websites
583(1)
Suggested Reading
584(3)
Government and the Economy
587(26)
Managing the Economy
590(1)
The Political Context of Economic Policy
590(1)
The American Past: The Crash of 1929
591(3)
The Historical Context
591(1)
Theories of Economic Policy
592(1)
Laissez-Faire Economics
593(1)
Keynesian Economics
593(1)
Supply-Side Economics
594(1)
Monetarism
594(1)
The Machinery
594(14)
The Tools of Economic Policy
595(1)
Fiscal Policy
595(1)
The Budget
595(3)
Borrowing
598(1)
Taxes
598(1)
Monetary Policy
599(3)
International Trade Policy
602(6)
Making a Difference: How Two Graduate Students Created Google
608(1)
The American Economy in the 21st Century
608(2)
Chapter Highlights
610(1)
Key Terms
610(1)
Suggested Websites
610(1)
Suggested Reading
610(3)
Promoting the General Welfare
613(36)
The American Past: FDR on Social Security: ``A Law That Will Take Care of Human Needs''
615(1)
Government as Regulator and Promoter
616(6)
Government and Business
616(1)
Regulating Business: Antitrust Policy
616(2)
The Regulatory Agencies
618(1)
Aiding Business
619(1)
Aiding Agriculture
619(1)
Government and Labor
620(2)
Government as Protector
622(4)
Government and the Consumer
623(2)
The General Welfare
625(1)
Comparing Governments: Sweden's Welfare State--and High Taxes
626(6)
Social Security
626(1)
Medicare
627(1)
Unemployment Insurance
628(1)
Welfare: Politics and Programs
628(2)
The Politics of Poverty
630(1)
The Politics of Hunger
631(1)
Myth vs. Reality: America: The Affluent Society?
632(2)
Health
632(1)
Education
633(1)
Comparing Governments: Health Care in Canada and the United States
634(5)
Science
636(1)
Protecting the Environment
637(2)
Making a Difference: Saving the Redwoods: Two Years in a Tree
639(6)
The Environmental Protection Agency
640(1)
Air Pollution
640(1)
Water Pollution
640(2)
Environmental Impact and Endangered Species
642(1)
Energy Policy
642(2)
Nuclear Power: Three Mile Island
644(1)
Can Government Meet the Challenge?
645(1)
Chapter Highlights
645(1)
Key Terms
646(1)
Suggested Websites
646(1)
Suggested Reading
646(3)
State and Local Government
649
The States
652(1)
The American Past: Municipal Corruption: Boss Tweed Loots New York
653(7)
The State Constitutions
654(4)
The Governors
658(1)
The Legislatures
659(1)
Making a Difference: Bryant Hall: When He Speaks the Legislators Listen
660(5)
The Judges
662(1)
Politics and Parties
663(2)
Local Governments
665(1)
Cities
665(1)
The Mayor-Council Plan
665(1)
The Council-Manager Plan
665(1)
The Commission Plan
666(1)
Counties
666(1)
Towns and Townships
666(1)
Special Districts
666(1)
Cities and Suburbs: The Metropolitan Dilemma
666(11)
The Problems of the Cities
667(3)
Housing, HUD, and Community Development
670(1)
Urban Transportation
671(2)
Poverty
673(1)
Urban Politics: Governing the Cities
673(1)
The Face of the Suburbs
674(2)
The Politics of Suburbia
676(1)
Exploding Metropolis and America's Future
677(2)
Metropolitan Solutions
677(1)
Intergovernmental Relations
678(1)
The American Challenge
678(1)
Chapter Highlights
679(1)
Key Terms
679(1)
Suggested Websites
679(1)
Suggested Reading
680
Appendix 1(1)
Endnotes 1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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