9780781747080

Developing Nursing Knowledge Philosophical Traditions and Influences

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780781747080

  • ISBN10:

    0781747082

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 9/22/2004
  • Publisher: LWW

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Summary

This text offers a comprehensive discussion of philosophies that are relevant to the conceptualization and development of the knowledge base and discipline of nursing. Coverage progresses from classical philosophy to the rationalism of Descartes, the roots of modern science in British empiricism, the evolution of modern science, and the concept of interpretive inquiry. Also included are chapters on the knowledge-practice connection and models for nursing knowledge development. This book explores how philosophy shapes aspects of nursing and provides students with a much richer and fuller understanding of how nursing works, how it can be approached most effectively, and how it might be shaped to advance in the future.

Author Biography

Beth L. Rodgers, PhD, RN, FAAN University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 Understanding Nursing Knowledge 1(18)
THE NATURE OF NURSING KNOWLEDGE
2(1)
THE HISTORY OF NURSING KNOWLEDGE
3(5)
Nursing Education
4(1)
Shared Knowledge
5(1)
Borrowed Knowledge
6(2)
KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT
8(4)
Nursing as a Discipline
8(1)
Theory Development
9(3)
NURSING KNOWLEDGEASA FOUNDATION FOR NURSING PRACTICE AND RESEARCH
12(2)
The Role of Philosophy: Understanding Nursing Knowledge
13(1)
Knowledge and Science
14(1)
CONCLUSION
14(5)
CHAPTER 2 Knowledge in Classical Philosophy 19(16)
COSMOLOGY IN ANCIENT GREECE
20(13)
The Socratic Era
21(1)
The Platonic "Forms"
22(2)
The Demonstrations of Aristotle
24(7)
Influence of Aristotle
31(2)
CONCLUSION
33(2)
CHAPTER 3 Knowledge From Within: The Rationalism of Descartes 35(12)
OVERVIEW OF DESCARTES' PHILOSOPHY
36(9)
Historical Influences
36(1)
Development of Method
36(3)
Distinction of Body and Mind
39(2)
Knowledge of the External World
41(1)
Implications
42(1)
Criticisms and Objections
43(1)
Contributions to Modern Science
44(1)
CONCLUSION
45(2)
CHAPTER 4 The Road to Modern Science: British Empiricism 47(20)
PHILOSOPHY OF SIR FRANCIS BACON
48(7)
Emphasis on Applicable Knowledge
49(1)
Need for a New Method
50(3)
Tables of Discovery
53(1)
Implications
54(1)
IDEAS OF JOHN LOCKE
55(5)
Origins of Knowledge
55(2)
Nature of Experience
57(1)
Formation of Complex Ideas
58(2)
Development of Knowledge from Ideas
60(1)
DAVID HUME'S EXPANSION OF LOCKE'S WORK
60(3)
Functions of the Mind
61(2)
CONCLUSION
63(4)
CHAPTER 5 The Transcendental Idealism of Immanual Kant 67(16)
KANT'S CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON
69(10)
A Priori Judgments
70(2)
Transcendental Doctrine of the Elements
72(3)
New Realm of Knowledge
75(1)
Implications
76(1)
Phenomenology
77(2)
CONCLUSION
79(4)
CHAPTER 6 Modern Science: Mirror of Reality 83(14)
THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOGICAL POSITIVISM
84(2)
Comte's Positivism
85(1)
Incorporating Logic into Positivism
85(1)
BASIC TENETS OF LOGICAL POSITIVISM
86(2)
Rejection of Metaphysics
86(1)
Role of Language
87(1)
Unification of Science
87(1)
LOGICAL POSITIVISM AND THEORY DEVELOPMENT
88(2)
Theory and Language
88(1)
Theory as a Tool of Prediction
88(1)
Hypotheticodeductive Model
89(1)
LOGICAL POSITIVISM'S INFLUENCE ON NURSING
90(4)
Theory Development
91(1)
Limitations of Logical Positivism in Nursing Theory Development
92(2)
CONCLUSION
94(3)
CHAPTER 7 Science in Context: Historicist Conceptualizations of Science 97(18)
OVERVIEW OF HISTORICISM
98(1)
INFLUENCE OF THOMAS KUHN
99(7)
Paradigms
99(3)
Kuhn's Contributions to Science and Nursing
102(4)
LAUDAN'S VIEW OF SCIENCE
106(6)
Critique of Kuhn's View
106(1)
Problem Solving
107(2)
Laudan and the Sociology of Knowledge
109(1)
Laudan's Contributions to Nursing and Science
110(2)
CONCLUSION
112(3)
CHAPTER 8 Conceptual Repertoires and Leaps 115(16)
BACKGROUNDS FOR UNDERSTANDING TOULMIN
116(1)
Precedence of the Rational View of Science
116(1)
Kuhn's Influence on Rationalism in Science
116(1)
TOULMIN'S IDEA OF SCIENCE
117(9)
Inward-Looking Versus Outward-Looking Approaches
118(1)
Concepts
119(1)
Definitions of a Discipline
120(1)
Toulmin's Definition of Scientific Problems
121(1)
Understanding the Concepts of a Discipline
122(1)
Explanation of Change
123(2)
The Nature and Role of Concepts
125(1)
Role of "Strategic Consensus"
125(1)
SUMMARY OF TOULMIN'S WORK
126(1)
RELEVANCE FOR NURSING
127(2)
CONCLUSION
129(2)
CHAPTER 9 The Postmodern Turn 131(14)
POSTMODERNISM
131(4)
Basic Tenet of Postmodernism
132(2)
Role of Discourse
134(1)
STRUCTURALISM
135(1)
POSTSTRUCTURALISM
135(4)
Deconstruction
136(3)
APPLICATIONS OF POSTMODERNISM IN NURSING
139(3)
Poststructuralist Inquiry
139(1)
Deconstruction
139(2)
Employing Plurality in Research
141(1)
Praxis
141(1)
CONCLUSION
142(3)
CHAPTER 10 Interpretive Inquiry: The Mirror Cracked 145(16)
THE HERMENEUTIC TRADITION
146(6)
Premises of Hermeneutics
147(2)
The Hermeneutic Circle
149(1)
Ricoeur and the Role of Action
150(1)
Hermeneutics and Phenomenology
151(1)
CRITICAL SOCIAL THEORY
152(3)
The Contributions of Habermas
152(2)
Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action
154(1)
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING
155(2)
CONCLUSION
157(4)
CHAPTER 11 Feminism and Science 161(12)
THE BEGINNINGS OF FEMINIST POLITICS
161(3)
Seneca Falls Convention of 1848
163(1)
FEMINIST PHILOSOPHY
164(3)
OUTCOMES OF FEMINIST PHILOSOPHY
167(2)
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING
169(1)
CONCLUSION
170(3)
CHAPTER 12 Problems and Practicalities in Developing Nursing Knowledge 173(14)
ENSURING A "FIT" AMONG KNOWLEDGE AND NURSING GOALS
174(3)
TAKING A "PROBLEM-SOLVING" APPROACH
177(7)
Forms of Nursing Problems
179(1)
Relevance of a Problem-Solving Approach to Knowledge
180(2)
The Role of Existing Research in Problem Solving
182(2)
CONCLUSION
184(3)
CHAPTER 13 Models for Nursing Knowledge Development 187(12)
SUGGESTED MODELS FOR KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT
188(8)
Identifying Goals, Criteria, and Ideas of Progress
189(1)
Theory-Oriented Development
189(3)
Concept Development
192(1)
Experience, Story, and Narrative
193(2)
Context and Criticism
195(1)
CONCLUSION
196(3)
CHAPTER 14 The Future of Nursing Knowledge 199(10)
DOMAINS OF NURSING
201(4)
Nurses and the Environment
203(2)
EXPANDING PHILOSOPHICAL AWARENESS
205(1)
METHODOLOGICAL ADVANCES
206(1)
CONCLUSION
207(2)
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A: PHILOSOPHY TIMELINE
209(4)
APPENDIX B: BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENTS FOR MAJOR PHILOSOPHERS
213(6)
APPENDIX C: SELECTED PHILOSOPHY INTERNET LINKS
219(2)
INDEX 221

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