9780195122350

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195122350

  • ISBN10:

    0195122356

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-03-13
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics toshow the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptiveevolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated bygenetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmentalinduction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that appliesto living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternativephenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation,macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development andevolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

Author Biography

Mary Jane West-Eberhard is a Senior Scientist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute whose primary research is on the natural history and behavior of social wasps. She studied zoology at the University of Michigan, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University. She is a past president of the Society for the Study of Evolution and a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Table of Contents

I FRAMEWORK FOR A SYNTHESIS
Gaps and Inconsistencies in Modern Evolutionary Thought
3(18)
Material for a Synthesis
21(13)
Plasticity
34(22)
Modularity
56(33)
Development
89(50)
Adaptive Evolution
139(20)
Principles of Development and Evolution
159(29)
Darwin's Theory of Development and Evolution
188(9)
II THE ORIGINS OF NOVELTY
The Nature and Analysis of Phenotype Transitions
197(12)
Duplication
209(9)
Deletion
218(14)
Reversion
232(9)
Heterochrony
241(14)
Heterotopy
255(5)
Cross-sexual Transfer
260(36)
Quantitative Shifts and Correlated Change
296(21)
Combinatorial Evolution at the Molecular Level
317(20)
Phenotypic Recombination Due to Learning
337(16)
Recurrence
353(24)
III ALTERNATIVE PHENOTYPES
Alternative Phenotypes as a Phase of Evolution
377(17)
Divergence without Speciation
394(23)
Maintenance without Equilibrium
417(23)
Assessment
440(31)
IV DEVELOPMENTAL PLASTICITY AND THE MAJOR THEMES OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY
Gradualism
471(14)
Homology
485(13)
Environmental Modifications
498(28)
Speciation
526(38)
Adaptive Radiation
564(34)
Macroevolution
598(19)
Punctuation
617(13)
One Final Word: Sex
630(9)
Literature Cited 639(106)
Author Index 745(14)
Taxonomic Index 759(8)
Subject Index 767

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