9780130825780

Deviant Behavior

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780130825780

  • ISBN10:

    0130825786

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1/1/2001
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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Summary

For Junior and Senior courses in Deviance, Social Deviance, and Deviant Behavior. The author seeks to understand deviance from the major sociological perspectives and theories of deviance by providing a comprehensive, balanced examination of the conceptual foundation of the sociology of deviance. Throughout the text, Goode imparts a practical knowledge towards real-world matters that enables students to think clearly about them.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction
1(18)
Summary
13(4)
Personal Account: Cheating as a Way of Life
14(3)
Appendix
17(2)
What Is Deviance?
19(27)
Four Naive, Misleading Definitions of Deviance
20(4)
Two Fruitful (Although Flawed) Definitions of Deviance
24(5)
A Modest Resolution of the Dilemma
29(2)
The Mental Experiment
31(1)
The Nature and Locus of Deviance
32(1)
Deviance and Crime: A Rough Division of Labor
33(2)
Deviance and Relativity
35(2)
Summary
37(6)
Personal Account: Prostitution
40(3)
Appendix
43(3)
What is to be Explained? Two Approaches to Deviance
46(31)
What is to Be Explained?
47(4)
Macro-Level versus Micro-Level Perspectives
51(1)
Positivist or Explanatory Theories of Deviance: An Introduction
51(3)
Constructionist Approaches to Deviance: An Introduction
54(4)
Positivism: Explaining Deviant Behavior
58(2)
Constructionism Critiques Positivism
60(2)
Some Central Concepts of Constructionism
62(9)
The Social Construction of a Category: Have You Had Sex?
70(1)
Summary
71(6)
Personal Account: Deviant Behavior versus Judgments of Deviance
72(5)
Explaining Deviant Behavior: Positivist Theories
77(29)
Free Will and Rational Calculation
79(1)
The Positive School
80(1)
Social Disorganization and the Chicago School
81(4)
Anomie or Strain Theory
85(8)
Differential Association: Learning Theory
93(3)
Social Control Theory
96(2)
A General Theory of Crime: Self-Control Theory
98(2)
Summary
100(6)
Personal Account: Employee Theft
103(3)
Constructionist Theories of Deviance
106(25)
Functionalism
107(4)
Labeling or Interactionist Theory
111(9)
Conflict Theory
120(4)
Feminism
124(3)
Summary
127(4)
Personal Account: Dialogue about Deviance with a Born-Again Christian
129(2)
Criminal Behavior
131(38)
Deviance and Crime
133(2)
Murder
135(5)
Forcible Rape
140(4)
Robbery
144(4)
White-Collar Crime
148(14)
Summary
162(7)
Personal Account: Shoplifting and Personal Thievery
164(5)
Drug Use as Deviant Behavior
169(39)
Drug Use: The Construction of a Social Problem
171(3)
Imprisonment on Drug Charges, 1979-2000
173(1)
What Is Drug Use?
174(1)
A Classification of Drugs and Their Effects
175(2)
The Extent of Drug Use in the United States
177(4)
Marijuana
181(10)
A Conflict Theory of Drug Abuse and Its Devastation
182(9)
Hallucinogenic Drugs
191(3)
Cocaine and Crack
194(4)
Heroin and the Narcotics
198(4)
Summary
202(6)
Personal Account: Drug Use
204(4)
Legal Drugs: The Use of Alcohol and Tobacco
208(29)
Are Alcohol and Tobacco Drugs?
209(1)
Are Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption Deviant?
209(2)
Alcohol
211(15)
Drugs: Myth and Reality
219(7)
Tobacco
226(5)
Summary
231(6)
Personal Account: My Experiences with Alcohol
234(3)
Heterosexual Deviance
237(36)
Essentialism versus Constructionism
238(3)
Gendering Sexuality
241(2)
Sexual Behavior and Custom around the World
243(4)
A Major Nationally Representative Sex Survey
247(4)
What's Sexually Deviant? The ``Sex in America Survey''
250(1)
What Constitutes Sexual Deviance?
251(5)
Sexual Disorders versus Sexual Deviance
252(4)
Sex Work
256(3)
Teenage Sex
259(4)
Sex in America: Masturbation and Erotica
260(3)
Extramarital Sex
263(2)
Summary
265(8)
Personal Account: Working in a Strip Club
268(5)
Male and Female Homosexuality
273(34)
Homosexuality: Essentialism versus Constructionism
275(4)
Ritual Homosexuality among the Sambia of New Guinea
277(2)
How Many Homosexuals Are There? A Recent Survey
279(1)
The World of Homosexuality: Some Recent Developments
280(5)
Homosexuality as Deviance
285(5)
Homosexuality as Deviance: Some Ambiguities
290(4)
What Is Homophobia?
291(3)
Homosexuality and AIDS
294(4)
Male Homosexual Behavior and the Risk of AIDS
298(2)
Summary
300(7)
Personal Account: My Sexual Odyssey, 1985-1995
302(5)
Physical Characteristics as Deviance
307(30)
Abominations of the Body: An Introduction
310(2)
Physical Disability
312(2)
Conformity to and Violations of Aesthetic Standards
314(3)
Tattooting as Physical Deviance
317(1)
Obesity
318(4)
Are the Overweight Universally Stigmatized? Black-White Differences
321(1)
Intersexuality
322(4)
Freaks
326(1)
Summary
327(10)
Personal Account: Writing about Disability with a Disability
330(1)
Personal Account: Interview with an Officer in a Fat Civil Rights Group
331(6)
Cognitive Deviance
337(32)
The Social Functions of Belief Systems
340(2)
Religious Deviance
342(7)
Parapsychology
349(7)
UFOs Are Real: The Roswell Incident
356(3)
Urban Legends in the African American Community
359(2)
Summary
361(8)
Personal Account: What I Believe
363(6)
Mental Illness
369(36)
What Is Mental Illness? What Is Mental Disorder?
371(6)
Some Common Mental Disorders Listed in DSM-IV
374(3)
Models of Mental Disorder
377(10)
Families of the Mentally Disordered: Labeling by Intimates
387(2)
The Epidemiology of Mental Illness
389(6)
On Being Sane in Insane Places
390(5)
Chemical Treatment of Mental Disorder
395(3)
Deinstitutionalization
397(1)
Deviance and Mental Disorder: An Overview
398(1)
Summary
399(6)
Personal Account: Mental Illness in the Family
401(4)
Ideological, Ethical, and Moral Implications of Studying Deviance
405(11)
References 416(34)
Photo Credits 450(1)
Indexes 451

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