Deviant Behavior

by Unknown
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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-04-19
  • Publisher: Routledge
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This widely-adopted text seeks to understand deviance from the key sociological perspectives and theories. Real-world examples of deviance are provided throughout to encourage critical thinking about deviant behavior and its impact.

Deviant Behavior provides a comprehensive study of the behavior, beliefs, conditions, and reactions to deviance, giving students a detailed discussion of deviance, allowing for better understanding of this phenomenon.

Deviance is discussed from the sociological perspectives of positivism and constructionism. Positivism explains the reasons behind deviant behavior; and constructionism attempts to delineate why certain actions, beliefs, and physical characteristics are condemned. This elucidates for students the two basic orientations adopted by sociologists, researchers, and theorists toward deviance.

Author Biography

Erich Goode is Sociology Professor Emeritus at Stony Brook University and Visiting Scholar at New York University; he also taught at the University of Maryland, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and the University of North Carolina. Professor Goode received his PhD in Sociology from Columbia.  He is the author of ten books, including Deviance in Everyday Life (2002, Waveland Press), Moral Panics (with Nachman Ben-Yehuda, 2nd edition, 2009, Wiley-Blackwell), and Drugs in American Society (7th edition, 2008, McGraw-Hill), as well as the editor of seven anthologies of collected or original writings. During his career, he received a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Lady Davis Teaching Fellowship, the President's Award for Excellence in Teaching, and the SUNY-wide Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching. Goode has published articles in a wide range of venues, including academic journals (Social Problems, Deviant Behavior, The American Journal of Sociology), newspapers (The Washington Post, Newsday), literary journals (Raritan, The Palo Alto Review), and magazines (The Skeptical Inquirer, The Evergreen Review). Professor Goode is married and lives in New York City.


Table of Contents






Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Explaining Deviant Behavior: Positivist Theories  

Chapter 3 Constructionist Perspectives of Deviance

Chapter 4 Studying Deviance: Research Methods

Chapter 5 Criminal Behavior: An Introduction  

Chapter 6 Violence   

Chapter 7 Alcohol Abuse 

Chapter 8 Illicit Drug Use  

Chapter 9 Sexual Deviance 

Chapter 10 Deviant Organizational Behavior

Chapter 11 Cognitive Deviance: Unconventional Beliefs                   

Chapter 12 Mental Disorder  

Chapter 13 Physical Characteristics as Deviance



Chapter1 Introduction

Deviance in Everyday Life

So, What Is Deviance?

Societal and Situational Deviance

The ABCs of Deviance

Deviant Behavior

Deviant Attitudes and Beliefs

Physical Characteristics

Tribe, Race, Religion and Nation

     Chart 1.1 Goffman’s Typology of Stigma/Deviance


Deviance: Essentialism and Constructionism


Account: Clinical Depression                                   



Chapter 2 Explaining Deviant Behavior: Positivist Theories

Deviant Behavior: Why Do They Do It?

Free Will, Rational Calculation, and Routine Activities Theory

Social Disorganization and the Chicago School

Anomie or Strain Theory

Anomie Theory into the 1990s and Beyond

Differential Association and Learning Theory

The General Theory of Crime: Social Control Theory


Account: A Computer Pirate Tells His Story



Chapter 3 Constructionist Perspectives of Deviance

Constructionist Approaches to Deviance: An Introduction

Deviance and Social Control

Formal and Informal Social Control

Perspectives that Focus on Defining Deviance

Labeling or Interactionist Theory

Conflict Theory


Controlology or the New Sociology of Social Control


Account: Cody, the Identity-Constructing Homosexual


Chapter 4 Studying Deviance: Research Methods

The Use of Official Data

Survey Research

Participant Observation

Narratives, Autobiographies, Life Histories, and Personal Accounts

Ethical Issues in the Study of Deviance: Tearoom Sex, a Case Study


Account: Field Experiment: Two Guys Holding Hands in Public, Steven Clayton



Chapter 5 Criminal Behavior: An Introduction

Crime and Deviance: A Conceptual Distinction

Common Law and Statutory Law

What Is Our Mission? Construction versus Positivism

The Uniform Crime Reports

Violent Crime

     Table 5.1 The FBI’s Index Crimes, 1991-2007

Property Crime

Property Crime as Deviance

Shoplifting and Employee Theft



Account: Omar’s Story



Chapter 6 Violence


Forcible Rape



Account: Having a Deviant Father


Chapter 7 Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol: An Introduction

Who Drinks? Who Doesn’t?

Alcohol: Essentialism versus Constructionism

Acute Effects of Alcohol: A (Mainly) Essentialistic Introduction

Alcohol Consumption: Death on the Highway

Alcohol and Violence: An Introduction

Alcohol and Violence: The International Picture

     Table 7-1 Top 20 Countries, Per Capita Alcohol Consumption

     Table 7-2 Top 32 Countries, Per Capita Rate of Criminal Homicide

Alcohol and Murder: The Crime Drop in America?

     Table 7-3 Homicide Rate by Per Capita Alcohol Consumption, 1950-2007

Alcohol and Murder: Individual Comparisons

Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Victimization

Alcohol and Drug Use

     Table 7-4 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month by Alcohol Use in Past Month

     Table 7-5 Use of Illicit Drugs in Past Month by Use of Alcohol and Cigarettes in        

                             Past Month

     Table 7-6 Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use, 8th, 10th, and 12th Graders


     Boxed Insert: A WHO Report on Alcohol Use and Unsafe Sex

Account: Harry, The Debonair Drinker



Chapter 8 Illicit Drug Use

Drug Use: The Social Construction of a Social Problem

What is Drug Use?

A Classification of Drugs and Their Effects

     Table 8.1 A Classification of Psychoactive Drugs, with Examples

Marijuana Use in the United States, 1960-2007

Marijuana Use as Deviance and Crime

Hallucinogenic Drugs

Cocaine and Crack

Heroin and the Narcotics



Account: Smoking Marijuana


Chapter 9 Sexual Deviance

What’s Deviant about Sexual Behavior?

Essentialism versus Constructionism


     Table 9.1 Attitudes on Homosexuality, 1982-2008/2009

Sex Work

Extramarital Sex

Gender: The Crucial Ingredient


Account: Bondage and Discipline Sex



Chapter 10 Deviant Organizational Behavior

White-Collar and Corporate Crime

Corporate Crime: Correlative Features

     Boxed Insert: Four Recent Examples of Corporate Deviance

Was the 2008 Financial Crisis a Form of Deviance at All?

Police Use of Excessive Force

The Sexual Abuse of Children by Roman Catholic Priests


Account: Employee Pilferage



Chapter 11 Cognitive Deviance: Unconventional Beliefs

The Social Functions of Belief Systems

Religious Sects and Cults

Creationism, Intelligent Design, and Evolution

Paranormal Beliefs as Deviant


Account: The Belief That Extraterrestrials Are on Earth



Chapter 12 Mental Disorder

What Is Mental Disorder?

Models of Mental Disorder

Essentialism Approaches Mental Disorder


Labeling Theory

The Modified Labeling Approach

     Boxed Insert: On Being Sane in Insane Places

The Epidemiology of Mental Disorder

Chemical Treatment of Mental Disorder

     Boxed Insert: Deinstitutionalization

Deviance and Mental Disorder: An Overview


Account: Interview with Anna-Maria, a Manic-Depressive



Chapter 13 Physical Characteristics as Deviance

Abominations of the Body: An Introduction

Physical Disability

Conformity to and Violations of Esthetic Standards

Body Modification as Physical Deviance



Disability and Tertiary Deviance


Account: Jan, the Transitioning Transsexual




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Customer Reviews

Great for College Students June 9, 2011
This textbook provides a comprehensive study of the behavior, beliefs, conditions, and reactions to deviance, giving students a detailed discussion of deviance, allowing for better understanding of this phenomenon. Good examples, backgrounds, and references. This book will make the endeavor to lecture this course so fun. This elucidates for students the two basic orientations adopted by sociologists, researchers, and theorists toward deviance.
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Deviant Behavior: 4 out of 5 stars based on 1 user reviews.

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