9781577664031

Diagnosis and Correction of Vocal Faults : A Manual for Teachers of Singing and for Choir Directors

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781577664031

  • ISBN10:

    1577664035

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2/18/2005
  • Publisher: Waveland Pr Inc

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Summary

CONTENTSDiagnosing Vocal Faults. A Basic Approach to Vocal Sound. Posture. Breathing and Support. Phonation. Registration. Voice Classification. Resonation. Articulation. The Speaking Voice. Coordination. Index.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments 3(1)
List of Illustrations 4(1)
Introduction 5(6)
Chapter 1 DIAGNOSING VOCAL FAULTS 11(9)
THE DIAGNOSTIC PROCESS
11(1)
IDENTIFYING VOCAL PROBLEMS
12(2)
DIAGNOSIS IN THE TEACHING STUDIO
14(2)
THE CLASSIFICATION OF VOCAL FAULTS
16(1)
A PLAN OF ACTION
17(3)
THE USE OF EMPATHY
18(2)
Chapter 2 A BASIC APPROACH TO VOCAL SOUND 20(13)
THE NATURE OF SOUND
20(5)
CHARACTERISTICS OF A MUSICAL TONE
21(4)
THE NATURE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
25(1)
THE NATURE OF VOCAL SOUND
26(7)
THE CLASSIFICATION OF VOCAL SOUNDS
29(1)
SEMANTIC PROBLEMS IN DESCRIBING VOCAL SOUND
30(3)
Chapter 3 POSTURE 33(13)
A RATIONALE FOR GOOD POSTURE
33(1)
ARRIVING AT GOOD POSTURE
34(2)
A DESCRIPTION OF GOOD POSTURE
36(4)
SEATED POSTURE
39(1)
FAULTS RELATED TO POSTURE
40(6)
ALIGNMENT FAULTS
40(2)
TENSIONAL FAULTS
42(4)
Chapter 4 BREATHING AND SUPPORT 46(19)
THE BREATHING MECHANISM
46(2)
BREATHING FOR SINGING
48(5)
INHALATION
48(2)
SUSPENSION
50(1)
CONTROLLED EXHALATION
51(1)
RECOVERY
52(1)
BREATH SUPPORT
53(2)
SUMMARY OF BREATHING CONCEPTS
55(1)
FAULTS RELATED TO BREATHING AND SUPPORT
56(1)
FOUR INCORRECT METHODS OF BREATHING
56(4)
OTHER BREATHING AND SUPPORT FAULTS
60(5)
Chapter 5 PHONATION 65(28)
THE MECHANISM OF THE LARYNX
65(1)
SKELETAL FRAMEWORK OF THE LARYNX
66(1)
MUSCULATURE OF THE LARYNX
67(9)
INTRINSIC MUSCLES OF THE LARYNX
70(4)
EXTRINSIC MUSCLES OF THE LARYNX
74(2)
THE PHONATORY PROCESS
76(1)
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD VOCAL SOUND
77(5)
THREE PHASES OF A MUSICAL TONE
78(4)
FAULTS RELATED TO PHONATION
82(11)
HYPOFUNCTIONAL PHONATION
82(1)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR HYPOFUNCTIONAL PHONATION
82(4)
FORCED BREATHINESS
86(1)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR FORCED BREATHINESS
87(1)
HYPERFUNCTIONAL PHONATION
87(2)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR HYPERFUNCTIONAL PHONATION
89(4)
Chapter 6 REGISTRATION 93(14)
WHAT IS A REGISTER
93(1)
HOW MANY REGISTERS ARE THERE?
93(1)
THE VOCAL FRY REGISTER
94(2)
THE MODAL VOICE REGISTER
96(3)
THE FALSETTO REGISTER
99(6)
USES OF THE FALSETTO REGISTER
101(4)
THE WHISTLE REGISTER
105(2)
Chapter 7 VOICE CLASSIFICATION 107(13)
A RATIONALE FOR VOICE CLASSIFICATION
107(3)
CRITERIA FOR ESTABLISHING VOICE CLASSIFICATION
110(5)
RANGE
110(1)
TESSITURA
111(1)
TIMBRE
112(1)
TRANSITION POINTS
113(1)
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
114(1)
A QUICK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR CHORAL AUDITIONS
115(3)
DANGERS OF MISCLASSIFICATION
118(2)
Chapter 8 RESONATION 120(23)
THE NATURE OF RESONATORS
120(3)
FACTORS AFFECTING RESONATORS
121(2)
THE VOCAL RESONATORS
123(6)
THE CHEST
123(1)
THE TRACHEAL TREE
123(1)
THE LARYNX
124(1)
THE PHARYNX
125(1)
THE ORAL CAVITY
126(1)
THE NASAL CAVITY
127(1)
THE SINUSES
128(1)
ADJUSTING THE RESONATORS
129(5)
THE POSITION OF THE LARYNX
129(1)
THE "OPEN" THROAT
130(1)
THE POSITION OF THE SOFT PALATE
131(1)
THE EXTERNAL ORIFICE
132(1)
THE SINGER'S FORMANT
133(1)
FAULTS RELATED TO RESONATION
134(9)
FAULTS RELATED TO NASAL RESONANCE
134(1)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR POSTNASALITY
135(2)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR FORCED NASALITY
137(1)
FAULTS RELATED TO TONE COLOR
138(1)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR SOUNDS THAT ARE TOO BRIGHT
139(2)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR SOUNDS THAT ARE TOO DARK
141(2)
Chapter 9 ARTICULATION 143(23)
THE ARTICULATORY PROCESS
143(7)
THE NATURE OF CONSONANTS
143(2)
THE NATURE OF VOWELS
145(2)
THE PROBLEM OF PHONEMIC IDENTITY
147(3)
ESTABLISHING GOOD ARTICULATORY HABITS
150(10)
USE OF THE ARTICULATORS
151(4)
THE ARTICULATION OF CONSONANTS
155(2)
THE ARTICULATION OF VOWELS
157(2)
VOWEL MODIFICATION
159(1)
FAULTS RELATED TO ARTICULATION
160(6)
FAULTS RELATED TO THE ARTICULATORS
161(2)
FAULTY SPEECH SOUNDS
163(2)
DISCONNECTED SOUNDS
165(1)
Chapter 10 THE SPEAJUNG VOICE 166(12)
COMPARISON OF SPEAKING AND SINGING
166(1)
SPEECH LEVEL
167(2)
FINDING THE HABITUAL SPEECH LEVEL
169(1)
FINDING THE OPTIMAL PITCH LEVEL
170(3)
COMMON SPEECH FAULTS
173(1)
FAULTS RELATED TO PITCH
173(2)
FAULTS RELATED TO QUANTITY
175(1)
FAULTS RELATED TO RATE
176(2)
Chapter 11 COORDINATION 178(25)
INTRODUCTION
178(1)
DEVELOPING THE VOICE
178(1)
EXERCISING THE VOICE
179(2)
EXTENDING THE RANGE
181(5)
THE ENERGY FACTOR
182(1)
THE SPACE FACTOR
183(1)
THE DEPTH FACTOR
183(2)
THINGS TO AVOID
185(1)
LINING UP THE VOICE
186(10)
LINING UP THE VOWELS
186(3)
LINING UP THE REGISTERS
189(4)
LINING UP THE RESONATORS
193(3)
VIBRATO
196(7)
FAULTS RELATED TO VIBRATO
197(2)
CORRECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR VIBRATO FAULTS
199(4)
Appendix 1: Audition Evaluation Checklist 203(2)
Appendix 2: Phonetic Symbols Used in this Book 205(1)
Bibliography 206(2)
Index 208

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