9780877667223

The Digest of Social Experiments

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780877667223

  • ISBN10:

    0877667225

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-04-01
  • Publisher: Urban Inst Pr

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xix
PART 1 INTRODUCTION
An Overview of Social Experimentation and the Digest
3(22)
What is a Social Experiment?
4(2)
Internal and External Validity
5(1)
Categories of Social Experiments
5(1)
What is a Quasi Experiment?
6(1)
Reasons for Conducting Social Experiments
7(1)
Are Experiments Ethical?
8(1)
Alternatives to Social Experimentation
9(1)
Threats to External Validity of Impact Estimates
10(2)
Are Experiments Unduly Expensive?
12(1)
What ``Optional Features'' Can Experiments Have?
13(1)
How Might Social Experiments Be Used?
14(1)
What is the History of Social Experiments?
15(1)
What is the Future for Social Experiments?
16(1)
Uses and Organization of This Book
17(8)
PART 2 EXPERIMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES
Public Assistance Recipients---AFDC and TANF
25(128)
Ford Administration
25(5)
AFDC Job Counselors
25(2)
Colorado Monthly Reporting Experiment and Pretest
27(1)
WIN Job-Finding Clubs
28(2)
Carter Administration
30(10)
Massachusetts Work Experience Program
30(2)
Louisville Immediate Job Search Assistance Experiment
32(2)
WIN Services to Volunteers
34(1)
Madison and Racine Quality Employment Experiment
35(1)
Denver Postplacement Services Project
36(1)
Louisville Group Job Search Experiment
37(1)
Dayton Wage-Subsidy Voucher Experiment
38(2)
First Reagan Administration
40(19)
Monthly Reporting in the AFDC Program
40(2)
Washington State Intensive Applicant Employment Services Evaluation (Quasi-experimental)
42(1)
West Virginia Community Work Experience Demonstration
43(1)
West Virginia Community Work Experience Program (CWEP) (Quasi-experimental)
44(2)
Baltimore Options Program (Maryland Employment Initiatives)
46(2)
San Diego Job Search and Work Experience Demonstration
48(1)
Washington Community Work Experience Program
49(2)
Arkansas Work Program
51(1)
Maine Training Opportunities in the Private Sector (TOPS)
52(2)
Virginia Employment Services Program (ESP)
54(1)
Florida Trade Welfare for Work
55(2)
New Jersey Grant Diversion Project
57(2)
Second Reagan Administration
59(16)
Cook County Job Search and Work Experience
59(1)
Saturation Work Initiative Model (SWIM)
60(2)
Pennsylvania Saturation Work Program (PSWP)
62(2)
Illinois On-Line Cross-Match Demonstration
64(2)
New York State Comprehensive Employment Opportunity Support Centers (CEOSC) Program
66(1)
Teenage Parent Demonstration
67(2)
Wisconsin Welfare Employment Experiment---Rock County
69(1)
Child Assistance Program (CAP)
70(2)
Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN)
72(1)
Washington State Family Independence Program (FIP) (Quasi-experimental)
73(2)
G. H. W. Bush Administration
75(37)
Child Day Care Recycling Fund Experiment---North Carolina
75(2)
Community Group Participation and Housing Supplementation Demonstration (Bethel Self-Sufficiency Program)
77(1)
Illinois Career Advancement Project
78(1)
Cash Incentives in a Self-Sufficiency Program---Montgomery County, Maryland
79(2)
New Chance
81(1)
Ohio Transitions to Independence Demonstration---JOBS
82(2)
Ohio Transitions to Independence Demonstration---Work Choice
84(1)
Opportunity Knocks Program
85(2)
Wisconsin Earned Income Disregard Demonstration
87(1)
Wisconsin Medical Assistance Extension Demonstration
88(1)
Ohio Learning, Earning, and Parenting Program (LEAP)
89(2)
Alabama Avenues to Self-Sufficiency through Employment and Training Services (Assets) (Quasi-experimental)
91(3)
AFDC Jobs Participants: Paths toward Self-Sufficiency
94(2)
Project Independence---Florida
96(1)
Wisconsin Learnfare
97(2)
Partnership for Hope
99(1)
National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS)
100(3)
Link-Up
103(1)
Maryland Primary Prevention Initiative (PPI)
104(1)
To Strengthen Michigan Families (TSMF)
105(2)
Utah Single-Parent Employment Demo Program (SPED)
107(2)
California Work Pays Demonstration Program (CWPDP)
109(1)
Georgia Preschool Immunization
110(2)
First Clinton Administration
112(33)
Iowa Family Investment Program
112(2)
New Jersey Family Development Program
114(2)
Colorado Personal Responsibility and Employment Program (CPREP)
116(1)
Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP)
117(3)
Post-Employment Services Demonstration (PESD)
120(1)
Vermont Welfare Restructuring Project (WRP)
121(1)
Florida Family Transition Program (FTP)
122(2)
Arkansas Welfare Waiver Demonstration
124(1)
Cal-Learn
125(2)
LA Jobs-First GAIN Evaluation
127(2)
Teenage Parent Home Visitor Services Demonstration
129(1)
Indiana Welfare Reform Evaluation
130(2)
Ohio Children of Opportunity: Learnfare
132(1)
Virginia Independence Program (VIP)
133(2)
Delaware: A Better Chance
135(1)
Connecticut Jobs First
136(2)
San Diego School Attendance Demonstration Project (SADP)
138(1)
The Achieving Change for Texans (ACT) II Experiments
139(1)
Common Elements for the Three Experiments
139(1)
Responsibilities, Employment, and Resources (RER)--Non-Choices
140(1)
Time Limits Pilot
141(1)
Responsibilities, Employment, and Resources (RER)--Choices
142(1)
Wisconsin Self-Sufficiency First/Pay for Performance Program
143(2)
Second Clinton Administration
145(4)
Work-First Profiling Demonstration
145(2)
W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation
147(2)
Experiments Ongoing at Publication
149(4)
New Visions: College as a Job Advancement Strategy
149(1)
New Jersey Substance Abuse Research Demonstration (SARD)
150(1)
Employment Retention and Advancement Project
150(1)
Welfare to Work Housing Voucher Demonstration
151(2)
Public Assistance Recipients---Food Stamps and Medicaid
153(12)
Food Stamp Work Registration and Job Search Demonstration
153(3)
Illinois Monthly Reporting Food Stamp Demonstration
156(2)
Program for Prepaid Managed Health Care (PPMHC)
158(1)
Food Stamp Employment and Training Program
159(2)
San Diego Food Stamp Cash-Out Demonstration
161(1)
Alabama Food Stamp Cash-Out Demonstration
162(3)
Firms and Organizations
165(12)
Power Customers
165(3)
Southern California Edison Electricity Pricing Experiment
165(1)
Niagara Mohawk Hourly Integrated Pricing Program (HIPP)
166(2)
Employers
168(2)
Wage-Subsidy Variation Experiment
168(1)
Wilkes-Barre Job Search Voucher Project
169(1)
Health Care Providers
170(7)
NCHSR Nursing Home Incentives Demonstration
170(2)
National Home Health Prospective Payment Demonstration---Phase I
172(2)
National Home Health Prospective Payment Demonstration---Phase II
174(3)
Middle-Class and Employee Populations
177(16)
Power Customers
177(4)
Introduction
177(1)
Connecticut Peak Load Pricing Experiment
178(1)
Los Angeles Peak Load Pricing Experiment for Electricity
179(2)
Health Care Consumers
181(5)
RAND Health Insurance Study
181(4)
United Healthcare Gatekeeper Plan Experiment
185(1)
Other
186(7)
Minnesota Income Tax Compliance Experiment
186(1)
Seed Money Experiment
187(1)
Employee Monitoring (Quasi-experimental)
188(2)
Lifelong Learning Demonstration
190(1)
Retirement Plan Decisions Experiment
191(2)
Low-Income Households (General)
193(30)
New Jersey Income Maintenance Experiment
193(2)
Rural Income Maintenance Experiment
195(2)
Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment
197(4)
Gary Income Maintenance Experiment
201(1)
Housing Allowance Demand Experiment
202(4)
Freestanding Housing Voucher Demonstration
206(2)
National Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) Study
208(3)
Emergency Food and Homelessness Intervention Project
211(1)
Operation INC (Incubator for New Companies)
212(1)
Project Hope (Head Start Opportunities for Parents through Employment)
213(1)
North Dakota Self-Reliance Program
214(1)
Wisconsin New Hope Project
215(2)
Parents' Fair Share (PFS) Demonstration
217(2)
Experiments Ongoing at Publication
219(4)
Moving to Opportunity (MTO)
219(1)
Bridges to Work
220(1)
Chicago Housing Voucher Lottery
220(1)
Community Action Program of Tulsa County (CAPTC) American Dream Demonstration
220(1)
Jobs-Plus (Quasi-experimental)
221(2)
Lower-Income Homeowners
223(6)
Counseling for Delinquent Mortgagors
223(1)
Detroit Default Counseling Demonstration
224(2)
Prepurchase Homeownership Counseling Demonstration
226(3)
Low-Income Children and Their Families
229(20)
Perry Preschool Program
229(2)
Washington, D.C., Mobile Unit for Child Health Care
231(1)
Carolina Abecedarian Project
232(3)
New York Nurse Home Visitation Experiment: 15-Year Follow-Up
235(2)
Increasing the Immunization of Preschool Children
237(1)
Infant Health and Development Program
238(2)
Memphis Nurse Home Visitation
240(1)
Even Start Family Literacy Program
241(2)
National Evaluation of the Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP)
243(2)
Maryland Guardianship Assistance Program Demonstration
245(1)
School Vouchers
246(3)
Low-Income Youth
249(38)
Public- versus Private-Sector Jobs Demonstration Project
249(2)
Cambridge Job Factory
251(1)
Career Advancement Voucher Demonstration Project
252(3)
Wilkes-Barre YES Workshop Program
255(1)
Alternative Youth Employment Strategies (AYES) Project
256(3)
Cambridge Job Search Voucher Program
259(2)
Summer Experimental Youth Transition Project
261(1)
Jobstart
262(2)
Summer Training and Education Program (Step)
264(2)
New Orleans and Philadelphia Nonresidential Job Corps Centers
266(1)
Alternative Schools
267(2)
High-Risk Youth Demonstration Project---Yolo County, California
269(1)
Quantum Opportunities Program (QOP) Pilot
270(1)
Brothers
271(1)
Homeless Youth Self-Sufficiency Project
272(1)
Success Connection
272(2)
Austin Youth Leadership Development
274(1)
School Dropout Demonstration Assistance Program
275(3)
American Conservation and Youth Services Corps
278(1)
Illinois Youth Employment and Training Initiative (YETI)
279(1)
National Job Corps Study
280(2)
Quantum Opportunity Program (QOP) Demonstration
282(2)
Carrera Model
284(1)
Experiments Ongoing at Publication
285(2)
Career Academies
285(1)
Upward Bound
286(1)
Center for Employment Training (CET) Replication Study
286(1)
Low-Income Single/Teen Parents
287(6)
Minority Female Single-Parent (MFSP) Demonstration
287(2)
Young Families Can Project
289(1)
Single-Parent Economic Independence Demonstration (SPEID)
290(3)
Unemployed Workers
293(38)
General Education in Manpower Training
293(1)
Carbondale Job-Finding Club
294(2)
Carbondale Handicapped Job-Finding Club
296(1)
U.S. Employment Service Effectiveness of Counseling Pilot Study
297(1)
Job Club Behavioral Supervision Test
298(1)
Buffalo Dislocated Worker Demonstration Program
299(2)
Claimant Placement and Work Test Demonstration
301(3)
Delaware Dislocated Worker Pilot Program
304(1)
Illinois Unemployment Insurance Incentive Program
305(1)
Texas Worker Adjustment Demonstration
306(2)
New Jersey Unemployment Insurance Reemployment Demonstration
308(3)
Washington State Alternative Work Search Experiment
311(2)
Nevada Concentrated Employment Program (CEP)
313(1)
Pennsylvania Reemployment Bonus Demonstration
314(2)
Reemploy Minnesota (REM)
316(1)
Washington State Reemployment Bonus Experiment
317(2)
Washington and Massachusetts Unemployment Insurance Self-Employment Work Search Demonstrations
319(2)
Minority Male Opportunity and Responsibility Program
321(2)
Maryland Unemployment Insurance Work Search Demonstration
323(2)
Kentucky Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) Experiment
325(2)
Job Search Assistance Demonstration
327(2)
Experiment Ongoing at Publication
329(2)
Individual Training Accounts
329(2)
Homeless People
331(10)
Homeless Employment Partnership (HEP)
331(2)
Boston McKinney Demonstration Project
333(1)
Philadelphia Micro-Enterprise Development Program
334(1)
Critical Time Intervention
334(1)
San Diego Homeless Research Demonstration
335(1)
New Orleans Homeless Substance Abusers Project
336(2)
HUD-VA Supported Housing Program (HUD-VASH)
338(1)
Experiments Ongoing at Publication
339(2)
Phoenix, Arizona, Homeless Study
339(1)
St. Louis, Missouri, Community Alternatives
339(1)
Westchester County, New York, Homeless Study
339(2)
Charged/Convicted Individuals
341(6)
Living Insurance for Ex-Offenders (Life)
341(2)
Transitional Aid Research Project (TARP)
343(2)
Court Employment Project
345(1)
Ex-Offender Research Project
346(1)
Substance Abusers
347(6)
Wildcat Experiment
347(2)
Job Seekers' Workshop
349(1)
Transition Project
350(3)
Frail Elderly
353(22)
Introduction
353(22)
Continued Care
354(1)
BRI Protective Services
355(1)
BRH Home Aide
356(1)
Chronic Disease
357(1)
Worcester Home Care
358(1)
NCHSR Day Care/Homemaker Demonstration
359(1)
Wisconsin Community Care Organization (CCO)---Milwaukee
360(2)
Georgia Alternative Health Services (AHS)
362(1)
Home Health Care Team
363(1)
Project Open
364(1)
San Diego Long-Term Care
365(1)
Florida Pentastar
366(1)
South Carolina Community Long-Term Care
367(1)
National Long-Term Care (Channeling) Demonstration
368(2)
Neighborhood Team Experiment
370(2)
Team Approach to Outpatient Geriatric Evaluation Experiment
372(3)
Nonelderly People with Disabilities
375(14)
Training in Community Living
375(1)
Job Path
376(2)
Harbinger Mental Health Project
378(1)
Structured Training and Employment Transitional Services (STETS) Demonstration
379(2)
Transitional Employment Training Demonstration (TETD)
381(2)
Project NetWork
383(3)
Experiments Ongoing at Publication
386(3)
Consumer-Operated Services Program
386(1)
Employment Intervention Demonstration Program
386(1)
State Partnership Initiatives
387(2)
Multiple Groups
389(8)
National Supported Work Demonstration (NSWD)
389(2)
AFDC Homemaker-Home Health Aide Demonstrations
391(6)
PART 3 EXPERIMENTS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
Africa
397(6)
Teacher Incentives---Kenya (Quasi-experimental)
397(2)
School Meals---Kenya (Quasi-experimental)
399(1)
Deworming Drug Take-Up---Kenya (Quasi-experimental)
400(3)
Asia-Pacific
403(6)
Women as Policy Makers---India
403(1)
Matriculation Awards Pilot---Israel
404(1)
Assisting the Long-Term Unemployed---Australia
405(1)
Matriculation Awards---Israel (Quasi-experimental)
406(3)
Canada
409(10)
Manitoba Basic Annual Income Experiment
409(2)
Self-Sufficiency Project (SSP)
411(1)
SSP Entry Effects
412(1)
SSP Plus
413(3)
Earnings Supplement Project
416(1)
Experiments Ongoing at Publication
417(2)
Community Employment Innovation Project
417(1)
Learn$ave
418(1)
Continental Europe
419(14)
Intensified Employment Services---Sweden
419(1)
Counseling and Monitoring I---Netherlands
420(2)
Labour Market Training (LMT)---Norway
422(1)
Job Training---Denmark
423(1)
Bergen Worker Sickness---Norway
424(1)
Bergen Pain---Norway
425(2)
Counseling and Monitoring II---Netherlands
427(1)
Targeted Negative Income Tax---Germany
428(1)
Zurich Bike Messengers---Switzerland
429(2)
Undergraduate Student Achievement---Netherlands
431(2)
Latin America
433(6)
Paces (Programa de Ampliacion de Cobertura de la Educacion Secundaria)---Colombia
433(1)
School Facility Improvements---Bolivia (Quasi-experimental)
434(2)
Progresa (Programa de Educacion, Salud, y Alimentacion)--- Mexico (Quasi-experimental)
436(1)
Proempleo---Argentina
437(2)
United Kingdom
439(20)
Electricity Pricing
439(2)
Restart
441(1)
13-Week Review
442(2)
30-Month-Plus Restart
444(1)
Supportive Caseloading
445(1)
Jobplan
446(1)
1--2--1/Workwise
447(1)
Lone Parent Caseworker Pilots
448(1)
1--2--1 for the Very Long Term Unemployed
449(1)
Benefits Agency Visiting Officer/NDLP
450(1)
New Deal 25 Plus
451(1)
Intensive Gateway Trailblazers (IGT)/NDYP
452(1)
In-Work Training Grant (IWTG)
453(1)
Experiment Ongoing at Publication
454(5)
Employment Zones
454(5)
PART 4 TRENDS
The Social Experiment Market (from Journal of Economic Perspectives)
459(14)
The Products
461(4)
Policy Objectives
461(2)
Product Design
463(2)
Buyers and Sellers
465(1)
Funding Sources
465(1)
Suppliers of Experimental Evaluations
466(1)
Remaining Questions
466(7)
Market Concentration
467(1)
The Scope of Future Experimentation
468(1)
Geographic Concentration
468(1)
Social Experiments and Economists
469(4)
A Postscript
473(2)
About the Authors 475(2)
Index 477

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