Preface | p. ix |
Acknowledgments | p. x |
Directions to the Student | p. xi |
Refresher Math Pre-Test | p. xii |
Refresher Math | p. 1 |
Relative Value, Addition, and Subtraction of Decimals | p. 3 |
Relative Value of Decimals | p. 3 |
Addition and Subtraction of Decimals | p. 7 |
Summary | p. 8 |
Summary Self Test | p. 8 |
Multiplication and Division of Decimals | p. 11 |
Multiplication of Decimals | p. 11 |
Division of Decimals | p. 12 |
Elimination of Decimal Points | p. 13 |
Reduction of Fractions | p. 14 |
Reduction of Numbers Ending in Zero | p. 15 |
Expressing to the Nearest Tenth | p. 16 |
Expressing to the Nearest Hundredth | p. 17 |
Summary | p. 18 |
Summary Self Test | p. 18 |
Solving Common Fraction Equations | p. 20 |
Whole Number Equations | p. 20 |
Decimal Fraction Equations | p. 23 |
Multiple Number Equations | p. 26 |
Summary | p. 28 |
Summary Self Test | p. 28 |
Introduction to Drug Measures | p. 31 |
Metric, International (SI) System | p. 33 |
Basic Units of the Metric/SI System | p. 33 |
Metric/SI Prefixes | p. 34 |
Metric/SI Abbreviations | p. 34 |
Variations of Metric/SI Abbreviations | p. 35 |
Metric/SI Notation Rules | p. 35 |
Conversion Between Metric/SI Units | p. 37 |
Common Errors in Metric/SI Dosages | p. 39 |
Summary | p. 40 |
Summary Self Test | p. 40 |
Additional Drug Measures: Unit, Percentage, Milliequivalent, Ratio, Apothecary, Household | p. 42 |
International Units (U) | p. 42 |
Percentage (%) Measures | p. 43 |
Milliequivalent (mEq) Measures | p. 43 |
Ratio Measures | p. 44 |
Apothecary and Household Measures | p. 45 |
Apothecary/Household Notations | p. 46 |
Apothecary/Household to Metric/SI Equivalents Table | p. 46 |
The Apothecary/Metric Conversion Clock | p. 47 |
Summary | p. 48 |
Summary Self Test | p. 48 |
Reading Medication Labels and Syringe Calibrations | p. 51 |
Reading Oral Medication Labels | p. 53 |
Tablet and Capsule Labels | p. 54 |
Tablet/Capsule Dosage Calculation | p. 57 |
Oral Solution Labels | p. 61 |
Measurement of Oral Solutions | p. 62 |
Summary | p. 64 |
Summary Self Test | p. 65 |
Hypodermic Syringe Measurement | p. 71 |
Standard 3 cc Syringe | p. 71 |
Safety Syringes | p. 75 |
Tuberculin Syringe | p. 77 |
Tubex and Carpuject Cartridges | p. 79 |
5, 6, 10, and 12 cc Syringes | p. 82 |
20 cc and Larger Syringes | p. 84 |
Summary | p. 86 |
Summary Self Test | p. 86 |
Reading Parenteral Medication Labels | p. 90 |
Reading Metric/SI Solution Labels | p. 91 |
Percent (%) and Ratio Solution Labels | p. 92 |
Solutions Measured in International Units (U) | p. 93 |
Solutions Measured as Milliequivalents (mEq) | p. 94 |
Summary | p. 95 |
Summary Self Test | p. 96 |
Reconstitution of Powdered Drugs | p. 107 |
Reconstitution of a Single Strength Solution | p. 107 |
Reconstitution of Multiple Strength Solutions | p. 109 |
Reconstitution from Package Insert Directions | p. 110 |
Summary | p. 112 |
Summary Self Test | p. 112 |
Measuring Insulin Dosages | p. 117 |
Types of Insulin | p. 117 |
U-100 Insulin and Syringes | p. 119 |
Lo-Dose Syringes | p. 119 |
1 cc Capacity Syringes | p. 121 |
Combining Insulin Dosages | p. 123 |
Summary | p. 125 |
Summary Self Test | p. 125 |
Medication Administration Systems | p. 129 |
Medication Administration Records | p. 131 |
Medication Record 1 | p. 133 |
Medication Record 2 | p. 135 |
Medication Record 3 | p. 137 |
Medication Record 4 | p. 139 |
Summary | p. 139 |
Medication Card Administration | p. 140 |
Reading Medication Cards | p. 140 |
Summary | p. 141 |
Summary Self Test | p. 141 |
Dosage Calculation Using Dimensional Analysis | p. 145 |
Dosage Calculation Using Dimensional Analysis | p. 147 |
The Basic DA Equation | p. 147 |
Equations Requiring Metric Conversions | p. 153 |
Summary | p. 156 |
Summary Self Test | p. 157 |
Dosage Calculation from Body Weight and Body Surface Area | p. 173 |
Adult and Pediatric Dosages Based on Body Weight | p. 175 |
Converting lb to kg | p. 175 |
Converting kg to lb | p. 176 |
Calculating Dosages from Drug Label Information | p. 177 |
Calculating Dosages from Drug Literature | p. 180 |
Summary | p. 183 |
Summary Self Test | p. 183 |
Adult and Pediatric Dosages Based on Body Surface Area | p. 189 |
Calculating BSA from kg and cm | p. 189 |
Calculating BSA from lb and in | p. 191 |
Dosage Calculation Based on BSA | p. 192 |
Assessing Orders Based on BSA | p. 193 |
Summary | p. 195 |
Summary Self Test | p. 195 |
Intravenous Calculations | p. 199 |
Introduction to IV Therapy | p. 201 |
Primary Line | p. 201 |
Secondary Line | p. 203 |
Volume Controlled Burettes | p. 205 |
Indwelling Infusion Ports/Intermittent Locks | p. 205 |
Electronic Infusion Devices (EID's) | p. 206 |
Electronic Rate Controllers | p. 206 |
Volumetric Pumps | p. 207 |
Horizon Nxt[superscript TM] Pump | p. 208 |
Syringe Pumps | p. 208 |
Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) Devices | p. 209 |
Introduction to IV Fluids | p. 210 |
Determining Percentages in IV Fluids | p. 211 |
Parenteral Nutrition | p. 212 |
IV Medication Guidelines/Protocols | p. 212 |
Summary | p. 214 |
Summary Self Test | p. 215 |
IV Flow Rate Calculation | p. 217 |
IV Tubing Calibration | p. 217 |
Small Volume gtt/min Calculation | p. 218 |
Large Volume gtt/min Calculation from mL/hr Ordered | p. 221 |
Division Factor Method of Calculation | p. 222 |
Regulating Flow Rate | p. 225 |
Correcting Off-Schedule Rates | p. 225 |
Summary | p. 227 |
Summary Self Test | p. 228 |
Calculating IV Infusion and Completion Times | p. 230 |
Calculating from Volume and Hourly Rate Ordered | p. 230 |
Calculating Large Volume Infusion Time from gtt/min, Volume, and Set Calibration | p. 232 |
Calculating Small Volume Infusion Time from gtt/min, Volume, and Set Calibration | p. 234 |
Determining Infusion Completion Time | p. 236 |
Labeling Solution Bags/Bottles with Infusion Time | p. 238 |
Summary | p. 241 |
Summary Self Test | p. 242 |
IV Medication and Titration Calculations | p. 246 |
Calculating mL/hr Rate from Dosage Ordered | p. 247 |
Calculating gtt/min Rate from Dosage Ordered | p. 249 |
Calculating mL/hr Rate from Dosage per kg Ordered | p. 251 |
Calculating Dosage Infusing from Flow Rate | p. 253 |
Titration of Infusions | p. 255 |
Summary | p. 259 |
Summary Self Test | p. 260 |
Heparin Infusion Calculations | p. 263 |
Calculating mL/hr Flow Rate from U/hr Ordered | p. 263 |
Calculating gtt/min Flow Rate from U/hr Ordered | p. 265 |
Calculating U/hr Infusing from mL/hr Infusing | p. 267 |
Calculating U/hr Infusing from Solution Strength, Set Calibration, and gtt/min Rate | p. 269 |
Reading Heparin Labels and Preparing IV Solutions | p. 272 |
Summary | p. 274 |
Summary Self Test | p. 274 |
Pediatric Medication Calculations | p. 277 |
Pediatric Oral and Parenteral Medications | p. 279 |
Oral Medications | p. 279 |
IM and s.c. Medications | p. 281 |
Summary | p. 281 |
Summary Self Test | p. 282 |
Pediatric Intravenous Medications | p. 286 |
Methods of IV Medication Administration | p. 286 |
Medication Administration via Burette | p. 287 |
Comparing IV Dosages Ordered with Protocols | p. 291 |
Summary | p. 294 |
Summary Self Test | p. 295 |
Index | p. 299 |
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