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Discovering Computers 2006: A Gateway To Information: Brief,9780619255442
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Discovering Computers 2006: A Gateway To Information: Brief

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780619255442

ISBN10:
0619255447
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/23/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning

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Summary

Provides current and thorough introduction to computers by integrating usage of the World Wide Web with the printed text. This text offers a complete solution to successfully teach students basic computer concepts with new exercises, case studies, and online tools on the Companion Web site. For the past three decades, the Shelly Cashman Series? has effectively introduced computers to millions of students-consistently providing the highest quality, most up-to-date, and innovative materials in computer education.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Computersp. 2
A World of Computersp. 4
What is a Computer?p. 6
Data and Informationp. 6
Information Processing Cyclep. 6
The Components of a Computerp. 7
Input Devicesp. 7
Output Devicesp. 8
System Unitp. 8
Storage Devicesp. 8
Communication Devicesp. 9
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Comptuersp. 9
Networks and the Internetp. 11
The Internetp. 12
Computer Softwarep. 15
System Softwarep. 15
Application Softwarep. 16
Installing and Running Programsp. 17
Software Developmentp. 18
Categories of Computersp. 18
Personal Computersp. 19
Desktop Computersp. 20
Mobile Computersp. 20
Notebook Computersp. 20
Mobile Devicesp. 21
Midrange Serversp. 23
Mainframesp. 23
Supercomputersp. 23
Embedded Computersp. 24
Elements of An Information Systemp. 25
Examples of Computer Usagep. 26
Home Userp. 26
Small Office/Home Userp. 28
Mobile Userp. 29
Power Userp. 29
Large Business Userp. 30
Putting It All Togetherp. 31
Computer Applications in Societyp. 32
Educationp. 32
Financep. 32
Governmentp. 33
Health Carep. 34
Sciencep. 34
Publishingp. 35
Travelp. 36
Industryp. 36
Chapter Summaryp. 37
High-Tech Talkp. 38
Analog versus Digital: Making the Conversionp. 38
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 39
Dellp. 39
Apple Computerp. 39
Technology Trailblazersp. 39
Bill Gatesp. 39
Carly Fiorinap. 39
Chapter Reviewp. 40
Key Termsp. 42
Checkpointp. 43
Learn it Onlinep. 46
Learn How top. 48
Web Researchp. 50
Case Studiesp. 51
Special Feature: Timeline 2006p. 52
The Internet and World Wide Webp. 66
The Internetp. 68
History of the Internetp. 69
How the Internet Worksp. 70
Connecting to the Internetp. 70
Access Providersp. 71
How Data Travels the Internetp. 72
Internet Addressesp. 73
The World Wide Webp. 75
Browsing the Webp. 75
Web Addressesp. 76
Navigating Web Pagesp. 77
Searching for Information on the Webp. 78
Types of Web Sitesp. 82
Evaluating a Web Sitep. 84
Multimedia on the Webp. 85
Web Publishingp. 89
E-Commercep. 91
Other Internet Servicesp. 92
E-Mailp. 92
FTPp. 96
Newsgroups and Message Boardsp. 96
Mailing Listsp. 97
Chat Roomsp. 98
Instant Messagingp. 98
Internet Telephonyp. 99
Netiquettep. 100
Chapter Summaryp. 101
High-Tech Talkp. 102
A Computer's Internet Protocol (IP) Addressp. 102
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 103
Googlep. 103
Yahoop. 103
Technology Trailblazersp. 103
Tim Berners-Leep. 103
Meg Whitmanp. 103
Chapter Reviewp. 104
Key Termsp. 106
Checkpointp. 107
Learn it Onlinep. 110
Learn How top. 112
Web Researchp. 114
Case Studiesp. 115
Special Feature: Making Use of the Webp. 116
Application Softwarep. 132
Application Softwarep. 134
The Role of System Softwarep. 135
Working with Application Softwarep. 136
Business Softwarep. 138
Word Processing Softwarep. 138
Developing a Documentp. 141
Spreadsheet Softwarep. 142
Database Softwarep. 145
Presentation Graphics Softwarep. 146
Note Taking Softwarep. 147
Personal Information Manager Softwarep. 148
PDA Business Softwarep. 148
Software Suitep. 148
Project Management Softwarep. 149
Accounting Softwarep. 149
Enterprise Computing Softwarep. 150
Graphics and Multimedia Softwarep. 150
Computer-Aided Designp. 150
Desktop Publishing Software (for the Professional)p. 152
Paint/Image Editing Software (for the Professional)p. 152
Video and Audio Editing Software (for the Professional)p. 153
Multimedia Authoring Softwarep. 154
Web Page Authoring Softwarep. 154
Software for Home, Personal, and Educational Usep. 155
Software Suite (for Personal Use)p. 156
Personal Finance Softwarep. 156
Legal Softwarep. 157
Tax Preparation Softwarep. 157
Desktop Publishing Software (for Personal Use)p. 158
Paint/Image Editing Software (for Personal Use)p. 158
Photo Editing Softwarep. 159
Clip Art/Image Galleryp. 159
Video and Audio Editing Software (for Personal Use)p. 159
Home Design/Landscaping Softwarep. 160
Reference and Educational Softwarep. 160
Entertainment Softwarep. 160
Application Software for Communicationsp. 161
Popular Stand-Alone Utility Programsp. 162
Application Software on the Webp. 163
Application Service Providersp. 164
Learning Aids and Support Tools for Application Softwarep. 164
Web-Based Trainingp. 166
Chapter Summaryp. 167
High-Tech Talkp. 168
Computer Viruses: Delivery, Infection, and Avoidancep. 168
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 169
Adobe Systemsp. 169
Microsoftp. 169
Technology Trailblazersp. 169
Dan Bricklinp. 169
Masayoshi Sonp. 169
Chapter Reviewp. 170
Key Termsp. 172
Checkpointp. 173
Learn it Onlinep. 176
Learn How top. 178
Web Researchp. 180
Case Studiesp. 181
The Components of the System Unitp. 182
The System Unitp. 184
The Motherboardp. 186
Processorp. 187
The Control Unitp. 187
The Arithmetic Logic Unitp. 188
Machine Cyclep. 188
Registersp. 189
The System Clockp. 189
Comparison of Personal Computer Processorsp. 190
Buying a Personal Computerp. 192
Heat Sinks, Heat Pipes, and Liquid Coolingp. 193
Parallel Processingp. 194
Data Representationp. 194
Memoryp. 196
Bytes and Addressable Memoryp. 196
Memory Sizesp. 197
Types of Memoryp. 197
RAMp. 201
Flash Memoryp. 202
CMOSp. 203
Memory Access Timesp. 203
Expansion Slots and Adapter Cardsp. 204
PC Cards, Flash Memory Cards, and USB Flash Drivesp. 205
Ports and Connectorsp. 206
Serial Portsp. 201
Parallel Portsp. 208
USB Portsp. 208
FireWire Portsp. 209
Special Purpose Portsp. 209
Busesp. 211
Expansion Busp. 212
Baysp. 212
Power Supplyp. 213
Mobile Computers and Devicesp. 213
Putting it all Togetherp. 215
Keeping Your Computer Cleanp. 216
Chapter Summaryp. 217
High-Tech Talkp. 218
Random Access Memory (RAM): The Genius of Memoryp. 218
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 219
AMDp. 219
Intelp. 219
Technology Trailblazersp. 219
Jack Kilbyp. 219
Gordon Moorep. 219
Chapter Reviewp. 220
Key Termsp. 222
Checkpointp. 223
Learn it Onlinep. 226
Learn How top. 228
Web Researchp. 230
Case Studiesp. 231
Inputp. 232
What is Input?p. 234
What Are Input Devices?p. 236
The Keyboardp. 236
Keyboard Connectionsp. 238
Keyboard Ergonomicsp. 238
Pointing Devicesp. 239
Mousep. 239
Mouse Typesp. 239
Using a Mousep. 240
Other Pointing Devicesp. 241
Trackballp. 241
Touchpadp. 241
Pointing Stickp. 242
Light Penp. 242
Touch Screenp. 243
Pen Inputp. 243
Voice Inputp. 245
Audio Inputp. 246
Input for PDAs, Smart Phones, and Tablet PCSp. 247
PDAsp. 247
Smart Phonesp. 248
Tablet PCsp. 249
Digital Camerasp. 250
Digital Camera Qualityp. 252
Video Inputp. 253
PC Video Camerasp. 253
Web Camsp. 254
Video Conferencingp. 254
Scanners and Reading Devicesp. 255
Optical Scannersp. 255
Optical Readersp. 257
Bar Code Readersp. 258
RFID Readersp. 259
Magnetic Strip Card Readersp. 260
MICR Readersp. 260
Data Collection Devicesp. 261
Terminalsp. 261
Point-of-Sale Terminalsp. 261
Automated Teller Machinesp. 262
Biometric Inputp. 262
Putting it all Togetherp. 265
Input Devices for Physically Challenged Usersp. 266
Chapter Summaryp. 267
High-Tech Talkp. 268
Biometrics: Personalized Securityp. 268
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 269
Logitechp. 269
palmOnep. 269
Technology Trailblazersp. 269
Hideki Komiyamap. 269
Douglas Engelbartp. 269
Chapter Reviewp. 270
Key Termsp. 272
Checkpointp. 273
Learn it Onlinep. 276
Learn How top. 278
Web Researchp. 280
Case Studiesp. 281
Special Feature: Personal Mobile Devicesp. 282
Outputp. 298
What is Output?p. 300
Display Devicesp. 302
Flat-Panel Displaysp. 302
LCD Monitors and Screensp. 302
LCD Technologyp. 304
LCD Qualityp. 304
Graphics Chips, Ports, and LCD Monitorsp. 305
Plasma Monitorsp. 306
Televisions and HDTVsp. 306
CRT Monitorsp. 307
Quality of a CRT Monitorp. 308
Graphics Chips and CRT Monitorsp. 308
Printersp. 310
Producing Printed Outputp. 311
Nonimpact Printersp. 312
Ink-Jet Printersp. 312
Photo Printersp. 314
Laser Printersp. 315
Thermal Printersp. 317
Mobile Printersp. 317
Label and Postage Printersp. 318
Plotters and Large-Format Printersp. 318
Impact Printersp. 318
Speakers and Headsetsp. 320
Other Output Devicesp. 322
Fax Machines and Fax Modemsp. 322
Multi-Function Peripheralsp. 323
Data Projectorsp. 323
Force-Feedback Joysticks and Wheelsp. 324
Putting it all Togetherp. 325
Output Devices for Physically Challenged Usersp. 326
Chapter Summaryp. 327
High-Tech Talkp. 328
Sound Cards: Bringing Your Computer to Lifep. 328
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 329
Hewlett-Packardp. 329
ViewSonicp. 329
Technology Trailblazersp. 329
Steve Jobsp. 329
Donna Dubinskyp. 329
Chapter Reviewp. 330
Key Termsp. 332
Checkpointp. 333
Learn it Onlinep. 336
Learn How top. 338
Web Researchp. 340
Case Studiesp. 341
Special Feature: Digital Imaging and Video Technologyp. 342
Storagep. 352
Storagep. 354
Magnetic Disksp. 357
Floppy Disksp. 358
Zip Disksp. 359
Hard Disksp. 360
Optical Discsp. 366
Care of Optical Discsp. 368
Types of Optical Discsp. 368
CD-ROMsp. 369
CD-Rs and CD-RWsp. 371
DVD-ROMsp. 372
Recordable and Rewritable DVDsp. 373
Tapep. 374
PC Cardsp. 374
Miniature Mobile Storage Mediap. 375
Flash Memory Cardsp. 376
USB Flash Drivesp. 377
Smart Cardsp. 378
Microfilm and Microfichep. 379
Enterprise Storagep. 379
Putting it all Togetherp. 380
Chapter Summaryp. 381
High-Tech Talkp. 382
Disk Formatting and File Systemsp. 382
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 383
Maxtorp. 383
SanDisk Corporationp. 383
Technology Trailblazersp. 383
Al Shugartp. 383
Mark Deanp. 383
Chapter Reviewp. 384
Key Termsp. 386
Checkpointp. 387
Learn it Onlinep. 390
Learn How top. 392
Web Researchp. 394
Case Studiesp. 395
Operating Systems and Utility Programsp. 396
System Softwarep. 398
Operating Systemsp. 398
Operating System Functionsp. 400
Starting a Computerp. 400
Providing a User Interfacep. 402
Managing Programsp. 403
Managing Memoryp. 405
Scheduling Jobsp. 406
Configuring Devicesp. 407
Establishing a Connectionp. 409
Monitoring Performancep. 409
Providing File Management and Other Utilitiesp. 410
Controlling a Networkp. 410
Administering Securityp. 410
Operating System Utility Programsp. 411
File Managerp. 412
Image Viewerp. 412
Personal Firewallp. 413
Uninstallerp. 413
Disk Scannerp. 414
Disk Defragmenterp. 414
Diagnostic Utilityp. 415
Screen Saverp. 415
Types of Operating Systemsp. 415
Stand-Alone Operating Systemsp. 416
DOSp. 417
Windows XPp. 417
Mac OS Xp. 420
UNIXp. 420
Linuxp. 421
Network Operating Systemsp. 422
NetWarep. 422
Windows Server 2003p. 422
UNIXp. 423
Linuxp. 423
Solarisp. 423
Embedded Operating Systemsp. 423
Windows CEp. 423
Windows Mobilep. 424
Palm OSp. 424
Embedded Linuxp. 425
Symbian OSp. 425
Stand-Alone Utility Programsp. 425
Antivirus Programsp. 425
Spyware Removersp. 426
Internet Filtersp. 426
File Compressionp. 427
File Conversionp. 427
CD/DVD Burningp. 428
Personal Computer Maintenancep. 428
Chapter Summaryp. 429
High-Tech Talkp. 430
Windows XP: A Useful Way to Complete a Wide Range of Tasksp. 430
Companies on the Cutting Edgep. 431
Red Hatp. 431
Symbianp. 431
Technology Trailblazersp. 431
Alan Kayp. 431
Linus Torvaldsp. 431
Chapter Reviewp. 432
Key Termsp. 434
Checkpointp. 435
Learn it Onlinep. 438
Learn How top. 440
Web Researchp. 442
Case Studiesp. 443
Special Feature: Buyer's Guide 2006p. 444
Coding Schemes and Number Systemsp. 1
Quiz Yourself Answersp. 5
Computer Acronymsp. 13
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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