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Discovering Computers 2007: A Gateway to Information, Web Enhanced-Brief,9781418843687

Discovering Computers 2007: A Gateway to Information, Web Enhanced-Brief

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Edition:
Brief
ISBN13:

9781418843687

ISBN10:
1418843687
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/13/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $112.95

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Summary

Provides a current and thorough introduction to computers by integrating usage of the World Wide Web with the printed text. Updated for currency, this Shelly Cashman Series text offers a complete solution to successfully teach students basic computer concepts with new exercises, case studies, and online tools on the Companion Web site.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Computers
2(64)
A World of Computers
4(2)
What Is a Computer?
6(1)
Data and Information
6(1)
Information Processing Cycle
6(1)
The Components of a Computer
7(2)
Input Devices
7(1)
Output Devices
8(1)
System Unit
8(1)
Storage Devices
8(1)
Communication Devices
9(1)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers
9(1)
Looking Ahead: Medical Breakthroughs With Computer Implant Devices
9(1)
Ethics & Issues: Who is Responsible for Identity Theft?
10(1)
Networks and the Internet
11(3)
The Internet
12(2)
Ethics & Issues: Who Is Responsible for the Accuracy of Web Pages?
14(1)
Computer Software
15(1)
System Software
15(1)
Application Software
16(1)
Ethics & Issues: Is Computer Gaming More Good than Bad?
16(2)
Installing and Running Programs
17(1)
Software Development
18(1)
Categories of Computers
18(1)
Personal Computers
19(1)
Desktop Computers
20(1)
Mobile Computers
20(3)
Notebook Computers
20(1)
Mobile Devices
21(2)
Servers
23(1)
Mainframes
23(1)
Supercomputers
23(1)
Embedded Computers
24(1)
Elements of an Information System
25(1)
Examples of Computer Usage
26(1)
Home User
26(1)
Ethics & Issues: Does Internet Dating Really Work?
27(5)
Small Office/Home User
28(1)
Mobile User
29(1)
Power User
29(1)
Large Business User
30(1)
Putting It All Together
31(1)
Computer Applications in Society
32(1)
Looking Ahead: Robots Perform Mundane Tasks, Entertain
32(5)
Education
32(1)
Finance
32(1)
Government
33(1)
Health Care
34(1)
Science
34(1)
Publishing
35(1)
Travel
36(1)
Manufacturing
36(1)
Chapter Summary
37(1)
High-Tech Talk
38(1)
Analog versus Digital: Making the Conversion
38(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
39(1)
Dell
39(1)
Apple Computer
39(1)
Technology Trailblazers
39(1)
Bill Gates
39(1)
Anne Mulcahy
39(1)
Chapter Review
40(2)
Key Terms
42(1)
Checkpoint
43(3)
Learn It Online
46(2)
Learn How To
48(2)
Web Research
50(1)
Case Studies
51(1)
Special Feature Timeline 2007
52(14)
The Internet and World Wide Web
66(66)
The Internet
68(1)
History of the Internet
69(1)
Looking Ahead: Internet Speeds into the Future
70(1)
How the Internet Works
70(5)
Connecting to the Internet
70(1)
Access Providers
71(1)
How Data Travels the Internet
72(1)
Internet Addresses
73(2)
The World Wide Web
75(6)
Browsing the Web
75(1)
Web Addresses
76(1)
Navigating Web Pages
77(1)
Searching for Information on the Web
78(3)
Looking Ahead: 3-D Search Engines Get the Picture
81(1)
Types of Web Sites
82(1)
Ethics & Issues: Is the Internet as Good as the Classroom?
82(9)
Evaluating a Web Site
84(1)
Multimedia on the Web
85(4)
Web Publishing
89(2)
E-Commerce
91(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should All Sales on the Internet Be Taxed?
92(1)
Other Internet Services
92(2)
E-Mail
92(2)
Ethics & Issues: E-mail: Irritant or Liberator?
94(6)
FTP
96(1)
Newsgroups and Message Boards
96(1)
Mailing Lists
97(1)
Chat Rooms
98(1)
Instant Messaging
98(1)
Internet Telephony
99(1)
Netiquette
100(1)
Chapter Summary
101(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should Companies Be Able to Track Your Online Habits?
101(1)
High-Tech Talk
102(1)
A Computer's Internet Protocol (IP) Address
102(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
103(1)
Google
103(1)
Yahoo!
103(1)
Technology Trailblazers
103(1)
Tim Berners-Lee
103(1)
Meg Whitman
103(1)
Chapter Review
104(2)
Key Terms
106(1)
Checkpoint
107(3)
Learn It Online
110(2)
Learn How To
112(2)
Web Research
114(1)
Case Studies
115(1)
Special Feature Making Use of the Web
116(16)
Application Software
132(50)
Application Software
134(3)
The Role of System Software
135(1)
Working with Application Software
136(1)
Looking Ahead: User Interfaces of the Future
137(1)
Business Software
138(3)
Word Processing Software
138(3)
Developing a Document
141(1)
Ethics & Issues: How Should Schools Deal with Internet Plagiarism?
141(10)
Spreadsheet Software
142(3)
Database Software
145(1)
Presentation Graphics Software
146(1)
Note Taking Software
147(1)
Personal Information Manager Software
148(1)
PDA Business Software
148(1)
Software Suite
148(1)
Project Management Software
149(1)
Accounting Software
149(1)
Document Management Software
150(1)
Enterprise Computing Software
150(1)
Graphics and Multimedia Software
151(2)
Computer-Aided Design
151(1)
Desktop Publishing Software (for the Professional)
152(1)
Paint/Image Editing Software (for the Professional)
152(1)
Ethics & Issues: Altering Digital Photographs - Art or Fraud?
153(2)
Video and Audio Editing Software (for the Professional)
153(1)
Multimedia Authoring Software
154(1)
Web Page Authoring Software
154(1)
Software for Home, Personal, and Educational Use
155(6)
Software Suite (for Personal Use)
156(1)
Personal Finance Software
156(1)
Legal Software
157(1)
Tax Preparation Software
157(1)
Desktop Publishing Software (for Personal Use)
158(1)
Paint/Image Editing Software (for Personal Use)
158(1)
Photo Editing Software
159(1)
Clip Art/Image Gallery
159(1)
Video and Audio Editing Software (for Personal Use)
159(1)
Home Design/Landscaping Software
160(1)
Reference and Educational Software
160(1)
Entertainment Software
160(1)
Application Software for Communications
161(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should Companies Monitor Employees' E-Mail?
161(1)
Popular Utility Programs
162(1)
Application Software on the Web
163(1)
Looking Ahead: Driving Down the Web Highway
163(1)
Application Service Providers
164(1)
Learning Aids and Support Tools for Application Software
164(3)
Web-Based Training
166(1)
Chapter Summary
167(1)
Ethics & Issues: Copying Software -- A Computer Crimel
167(1)
High-Tech Talk
168(1)
Computer Viruses: Delivery, Infection, and Avoidance
168(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
169(1)
Adobe Systems
169(1)
Microsoft
169(1)
Technology Trailblazers
169(1)
Dan Bricklin
169(1)
Masayoshi Son
169(1)
Chapter Review
170(2)
Key Terms
172(1)
Checkpoint
173(3)
Learn It Online
176(2)
Learn How To
178(2)
Web Research
180(1)
Case Studies
181(1)
The Components of the System Unit
182(50)
The System Unit
184(3)
The Motherboard
186(1)
Processor
187(1)
The Control Unit
187(1)
Ethics & Issues: Can Computers Think?
187(3)
The Arithmetic Logic Unit
188(1)
Machine Cycle
188(1)
Registers
189(1)
The System Clock
189(1)
Looking Ahead: Countries Seek Computing Speed Supremacy
190(3)
Comparison of Personal Computer Processors
190(2)
Buying a Personal Computer
192(1)
Heat Sinks, Heat Pipes, and Liquid Cooling
193(1)
Ethics & Issues: Discarded Computer Parts: Whose Problem Is It?
193(1)
Parallel Processing
194(1)
Data Representation
194(3)
Memory
197(3)
Bytes and Addressable Memory
197(1)
Memory Sizes
197(1)
Types of Memory
197(1)
RAM
198(2)
Ethics & Issues: How Much Should You Pay for a Computer?
200(4)
Cache
201(1)
ROM
201(1)
Flash Memory
202(1)
CMOS
203(1)
Memory Access Times
203(1)
Expansion Slots and Adapter Cards
204(2)
PC Cards, Flash Memory Cards, and USB Flash Drives
205(1)
Ports and Connectors
206(5)
Serial Ports
207(1)
Parallel Ports
208(1)
USB Ports
208(1)
FireWire Ports
209(1)
Special Purpose Ports
209(2)
Buses
211(1)
Expansion Bus
212(1)
Bays
212(1)
Power Supply
213(1)
Mobile Computers and Devices
213(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should Smart Shoes Be Banned from Competitive Events?
214(1)
Looking Ahead: DNA Computer Works to Fight Cancer
215(1)
Putting It All Together
215(1)
Keeping Your Computer Clean
216(1)
Chapter Summary
217(1)
High-Tech Talk
218(1)
Random Access Memory (RAM): The Genius of Memory
218(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
219(1)
AMD
219(1)
Intel
219(1)
Technology Trailblazers
219(1)
Jack Kilby
219(1)
Gordon Moore
219(1)
Chapter Review
220(2)
Key Terms
222(1)
Checkpoint
223(3)
Learn It Online
226(2)
Learn How To
228(2)
Web Research
230(1)
Case Studies
231(1)
Input
232(66)
What Is Input?
234(2)
What are Input Devices?
236(1)
The Keyboard
236(1)
Ethics & Issues: Keyboard Monitoring - Privacy Risk?
237(2)
Keyboard Connections
238(1)
Keyboard Ergonomics
238(1)
Pointing Devices
239(1)
Mouse
239(2)
Mouse Types
239(1)
Using a Mouse
240(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should the Government Set Computer Use Standards?
241(1)
Other Pointing Devices
241(4)
Trackball
241(1)
Touchpad
241(1)
Pointing Stick
242(1)
Joystick and Wheel
242(1)
Audio Player Control Pad
242(1)
Game Pad
242(1)
Light Pen
242(1)
Touch Screen
243(1)
Pen Input
243(2)
Voice Input
245(2)
Audio Input
246(1)
Input for PDAS, Smart Phones, and Tablet PCS
247(2)
PDAs
247(1)
Smart Phones
248(1)
Tablet PCs
249(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should Talking on a Cellular Phone While Driving Be Illegal?
249(1)
Digital Cameras
250(3)
Digital Camera Quality
252(1)
Video Input
253(1)
PC Video Cameras
253(1)
Web Cams
254(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should Cameras Be Able to Monitor Your Every Move?
254(1)
Video Conferencing
254(1)
Scanners and Reading Devices
255(3)
Optical Scanners
255(2)
Optical Readers
257(1)
Bar Code Readers
258(1)
Ethics & Issues: Scanner Errors at the Checkout Counter?
258(1)
RFID Readers
259(1)
Ethics & Issues: Ready for RFID?
259(1)
Looking Ahead: RFID Sensors Simplify, Monitor Tasks
259(2)
Magnetic Stripe Card Readers
260(1)
MICR Readers
260(1)
Data Collection Devices
261(1)
Terminals
261(1)
Point-of-Sale Terminals
261(1)
Automated Teller Machines
262(1)
Biometric Input
262(3)
Putting It All Together
265(1)
Input Devices for Physically Challenged Users
266(1)
Chapter Summary
267(1)
Looking Ahead: Wearable Computers Make Performance Statement
267(1)
High-Tech Talk
268(1)
Biometrics: Personalized Security
268(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
269(1)
Logitech
269(1)
Palm
269(1)
Technology Trailblazers
269(1)
Charles Walton
269(1)
Douglas Englebart
269(1)
Chapter Review
270(2)
Key Terms
272(1)
Checkpoint
273(3)
Learn It Online
276(2)
Learn How To
278(2)
Web Research
280(1)
Case Studies
281(1)
Special Feature Personal Mobile Devices
282(16)
Output
298(54)
What Is Output?
300(2)
Display Devices
302(1)
Flat-Panel Displays
302(2)
LCD Monitors and Screens
302(2)
LCD Technology
304(1)
Looking Ahead: Rollable Displays Lock and Roll
304(3)
LCD Quality
304(1)
Graphics Chips, Ports, and LCD Monitors
305(1)
Plasma Monitors
306(1)
Televisions
306(1)
CRT Monitors
307(3)
Quality of a CRT Monitor
308(1)
Graphics Chips and CRT Monitors
308(2)
Printers
310(4)
Producing Printed Output
311(1)
Nonimpact Printers
312(1)
Ink-Jet Printers
312(2)
Ethics & Issues: Is It Ethical to Refill an Ink-Jet Cartridge?
314(1)
Photo Printers
314(1)
Ethics & Issues: Who Is Responsible for Stopping Counterfeiting?
315(5)
Laser Printers
315(2)
Thermal Printers
317(1)
Mobile Printers
317(1)
Label and Postage Printers
318(1)
Plotters and Large-Format Printers
318(1)
Impact Printers
318(2)
Speakers, Headphones, and Earphones
320(1)
Ethics & Issues: Is the Use of Digital Audio Books and E-Books Fair to All Students?
321(1)
Other Output Devices
322(2)
Fax Machines and Fax Modems
322(1)
Multi-Function Peripherals
323(1)
Data Projectors
323(1)
Looking Ahead: Digital Cinema Just the Right Picture
324(1)
Force-Feedback Joysticks and Wheels
324(1)
Putting It All Together
325(1)
Output Devices for Physically Challenged Users
326(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should Web Sites Be Held Accountable for Accessibility Levels for Physically Challenged People?
327(1)
Chapter Summary
327(1)
High-Tech Talk
328(1)
Sound Cards: Bringing Your Computer to Life
328(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
329(1)
Hewlett-Packard
329(1)
ViewSonic
329(1)
Technology Trailblazers
329(1)
Steve Jobs
329(1)
Donna Dubinsky
329(1)
Chapter Review
330(2)
Key Terms
332(1)
Checkpoint
333(3)
Learn It Online
336(2)
Learn How To
338(2)
Web Research
340(1)
Case Studies
341(1)
Special Feature Digital Imaging and Video Technology
342(10)
Storage
352(44)
Storage
354(3)
Magnetic Disks
357(2)
Hard Disks
358(6)
Floppy Disks
364(1)
Zip Disks
365
Looking Ahead: Heat Increases Disk Capacity
359(7)
Optical Discs
366(3)
Care of Optical Discs
368(1)
Types of Optical Discs
368(1)
CD-ROMs
369(1)
Ethics & Issues: Does Music Sharing Harm CD Sales?
369(2)
CD-Rs and CD-RWs
371(1)
Ethics & Issues: Is It Ethical to Use Pirated CDs or DVDs?
371(2)
DVD-ROMs
372(1)
Looking Ahead: Next-Generation DVDs a Burning Question
373(1)
Recordable and Rewritable DVDs
373(1)
Tape
374(1)
PC Cards
374(1)
Miniature Mobile Storage Media
375(3)
Flash Memory Cards
376(1)
USB Flash Drives
377(1)
Smart Cards
378(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should the World Become a Cashless Society?
378(1)
Microfilm and Microfiche
379(1)
Enterprise Storage
379(1)
Putting It All Together
380(1)
Chapter Summary
381(1)
Ethics & Issues: Who Should Be Looking at Your Medical Records?
381(1)
High-Tech Talk
382(1)
Disk Formatting and File Systems
382(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
383(1)
Maxtor
383(1)
SanDisk Corporation
383(1)
Technology Trailblazers
383(1)
Al Shugart
383(1)
Mark Dean
383(1)
Chapter Review
384(2)
Key Terms
386(1)
Checkpoint
387(3)
Learn It Online
390(2)
Learn How To
392(2)
Web Research
394(1)
Case Studies
395(1)
Operating Systems and Utility Programs
396
System Software
398(1)
Operating Systems
398(2)
Operating System Functions
400(9)
Starting a Computer
400(2)
Providing a User Interface
402(1)
Managing Programs
403(2)
Managing Memory
405(1)
Scheduling Jobs
406(1)
Configuring Devices
407(2)
Establishing a Connection
409(1)
Monitoring Performance
409(1)
Ethics & Issues: What Should Be in an Operating System?
409(1)
Providing File Management and Other Utilities
410(1)
Ethics & Issues: Who Is Responsible for Operating System Security?
410(1)
Controlling a Network
410(1)
Administering Security
410(1)
Operating System Utility Programs
411(4)
File Manager
412(1)
Image Viewer
412(1)
Personal Firewall
413(1)
Uninstaller
413(1)
Disk Scanner
414(1)
Disk Defragmenter
414(1)
Diagnostic Utility
414(1)
Backup Utility
415(1)
Screen Saver
415(1)
Types of Operating Systems
415(1)
Ethics & Issues: Should Software Manufacturers Be Liable for Defective Software?
416(1)
Stand-Alone Operating Systems
416(5)
DOS
417(1)
Windows XP
417(2)
Windows Vista
419(1)
Mac OS X
420(1)
Unix
420(1)
Linux
421(1)
Ethics & Issues: Closed Source vs. Open Source Operating Systems
421(1)
Looking Ahead: The Future of Linux
421(1)
Network Operating Systems
422(1)
NetWare
422(1)
Windows Server 2003
422(1)
Unix
423(1)
Linux
423(1)
Solaris
423(1)
Embedded Operating Systems
423(2)
Windows CE
423(1)
Windows Mobile
424(1)
Palm OS
424(1)
Embedded Linux
425(1)
Symbian OS
425(1)
Stand-Alone Utility Programs
425(4)
Antivirus Programs
425(1)
Spyware Removers
426(1)
Internet Filters
426(1)
File Conversion
427(1)
File Compression
427(1)
CD/DVD Burning
428(1)
Personal Computer Maintenance
428(1)
Chapter Summary
429(1)
Looking Ahead: Online Operating Systems Proposed
429(1)
High-Tech Talk
430(1)
Companies on the Cutting Edge
431(1)
Red Hat
431(1)
Symbian
431(1)
Technology Trailblazers
431(1)
Alan Kay
431(1)
Linus Torvalds
431(1)
Chapter Review
432(2)
Key Terms
434(1)
Checkpoint
435(3)
Learn It Online
438(2)
Learn How To
440(2)
Web Research
442(6)
Case Studies
448
Special Feature Buyer's Guide 2007
444
Appendix A: Coding Schemes and Number Systems 1(4)
Appendix B: Quiz Yourself Answers 5(4)
Appendix C: Computer Acronyms 9


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