Preface | |

Introduction | |

What's New? | |

Goodbye | |

How To Use The Book | |

What Background Knowledge Do I Need? | |

Do The Chapters Get More Difficult As I Go Through The Book? | |

Why Do I Keep Seeing Stupid Faces Everywhere? | |

What is on the CD-ROM? | |

Acknowledgements | |

Dedication | |

Symbols Used In This Book | |

Mathematical Operators | |

Greek Symbols | |

English Symbols | |

Home Maths Revision | |

Why Is My Evil Lecturer Forcing Me To Learn Statistics? | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

What The Hell Am I Doing Here? I Don't Belong Here | |

Initial Observation: Finding Something That Needs Explaining | |

Generating Theories And Testing Them | |

What To Measure | |

How To Measure | |

Analysing Data | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Stats Quiz | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Statistics (Well, Sort of) | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Building Statistical Models | |

Populations And Samples | |

Simple Statistical Models | |

Going Beyond The Data | |

Using Statistical Models To Test Research Questions | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Stats Quiz | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

The SPSS Environment | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Versions Of SPSS | |

Getting Started | |

The Data Editor | |

The SPSS Viewer | |

The SPSS Smartviewer | |

The Syntax Window | |

Saving Files | |

Retrieving A File | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Task | |

Further reading | |

Exploring Data With Graphs | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

The Art Of Presenting Data | |

The SPSS Chart Builder | |

Histograms: A Good Way To Spot Obvious Problems | |

Boxplots (Box-Whisker Diagrams) | |

Graphing Means: Bar Charts And Error Bars | |

Line Charts | |

Graphing Relationships: The Scatterplot | |

Editing Graphs | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Exploring Assumptions | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

What Are Assumptions? | |

Assumptions Of Parametric Data | |

The Assumption Of Normality | |

Testing Whether A Distribution Is Normal | |

Testing For Homogeneity Of Variance | |

Correcting Problems In The Data | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Correlation | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Looking At Relationships | |

How Do We Measure Relationships? | |

Data Entry For Correlation Analysis Using SPSS | |

Bivariate Correlation | |

Partial Correlation | |

Comparing Correlations | |

Calculating The Effect Size | |

How To Report Correlation Coefficents | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Task | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Regression | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

An Introduction To Regression | |

Doing Simple Regression On SPSS | |

Interpreting A Simple Regression | |

Multiple Regression: The Basics | |

How Accurate Is My Regression Model? | |

How To Do Multiple Regression Using SPSS | |

Interpreting Multiple Regression | |

What If I Violate An Assumption? | |

How To Report Multiple Regression | |

Categorical Predictors And Multiple Regression | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Task | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Logistic Regression | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Background To Logistic Regression | |

What Are The Principles Behind Logistic Regression? | |

Assumptions And Things That Can Go Wrong | |

Binary Logistic Regression: An Example That Will Make You Feel Eel | |

Interpreting Logistic Regression | |

How To Report Logistic Regression | |

Testing Assumptions: Another Example | |

Predicting Several Categories: Multinomial Logistic Regression | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Comparing Two Means | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Looking At Differences | |

The T-Test | |

The Dependent T-Test | |

The Independent T-Test | |

Between Groups Or Repeated Measures? | |

The T-Test As A General Linear Model | |

What If My Data Are Not Normally Distributed? | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Task | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Comparing Several Means: Anova (GLM 1) | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

The Theory Behind ANOVA | |

Running One-Way ANOVA On SPSS | |

Output From One-Way ANOVA | |

Calculating The Effect Size | |

Reporting Results From One-Way Independent ANOVA | |

Violations Of Assumptions In One-Way Independent ANOVA | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Analysis Of Covariance, Ancova (GLM 2) | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

What Is ANCOVA? | |

Assumptions And Issues In ANCOVA | |

Conducting ANCOVA On SPSS | |

Interpreting The Output From ANCOVA | |

ANCOVA Run As A Multiple Regression | |

Testing The Assumption Of Homogeneity Of Regression Slopes | |

Calculating The Effect Size | |

Reporting Results | |

What To Do When Assumptions Are Violated In ANCOVA | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Factorial Anova (GLM 3) | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Theory Of Factorial ANOVA (Between-Groups) | |

Factorial ANOVA Using SPSS | |

Output From Factorial ANOVA | |

Interpreting Interaction Graphs | |

Calculating Effect Sizes | |

Reporting The Results Of Two-Way ANOVA | |

Factorial ANOVA As Regression | |

What To Do When Assumptions Are Violated In Factorial ANOVA | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Repeated Measures Designs (GLM 4) | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Introduction To Repeated Measures Designs | |

Theory Of One-Way Repeated-Measures ANOVA | |

One-Way Repeated Measures ANOVA Using SPSS | |

Output For One-Way Repeated Measures ANOVA | |

Effect Sizes For Repeated Measures ANOVA | |

Reporting One-Way Repeated Measures ANOVA | |

Repeated Measures With Several Independent Variables | |

Output For Factorial Repeated Measures ANOVA | |

Effect Sizes For Factorial Repeated Measures ANOVA | |

Reporting The Results From Factorial Repeated Measures ANOVA | |

What To Do When Assumptions Are Violated In Repeated Measures ANOVA | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Fixed Design Anova (GLM 5) | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

Fixed Designs | |

What Do Men And Women Look For In A Partner? | |

Fixed ANOVA On SPSS | |

Output For Mixed Factorial ANOVA: Main Analysis | |

Calculating Effect Sizes | |

Reporting The Results Of Mixed ANOVA | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Nonparametric Tests | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

When To Use Non-Parametric Tests | |

Comparing Two Independent Conditions: The Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test And Mann-Whitney Test | |

Comparing Two Related Conditions: The Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test | |

Differences Between Several Independent Groups: The Kruskal-Wallis Test | |

Differences Between Several Related Groups: Friedman's ANOVA | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Multivariate Analysis of Variance (Manova) | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

When To Use MANOVA | |

Introduction: Similarities And Differences To ANOVA | |

Theory Of MANOVA | |

Practical Issues When Conducting MANOVA | |

MANOVA On SPSS | |

Output From MANOVA | |

Reporting Results From MANOVA | |

Following Up MANOVA With Discriminant Analysis | |

Output From The Discriminant Analysis | |

Reporting Results From Discriminant Analysis | |

Some Final Remarks | |

What To Do When Assumptions Are Violated In MANOVA | |

What Have I Discovered About Statistics? | |

Key Terms That I've Discovered | |

Smart Alex's Tasks | |

Further reading | |

Interesting Real Research | |

Exploratory Factor Analysis | |

What Will This Chapter Tell Me? | |

When To Use Factor Analysis | |

Factors | |

Discovering Factors | |

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