9780195155990

Discussion of the Method Conducting the Engineer's Approach to Problem Solving

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195155990

  • ISBN10:

    0195155998

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-03-20
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

"While the study of the engineering method is important to create the world we would have, its study is equally important to understand the world we do have." --Billy V. Koen, Introduction, Discussion of the Method Discussion of the Method outlines the heuristic-based reasoning used by engineers and generalizes it to a universal method for problem-solving. Delving into the connection between engineering and philosophy, this ground-breaking text illustrates how the theoretical and the practical can merge toform real-world solutions. Furthermore, the methodology covered in this innovative book is extremely user-friendly, and easily synthesized with individual approaches to problem-solving. Discussion of the Method is an ideal supplement for introductory and advanced courses in engineering, philosophy,and other disciplines, as well as a compelling read for general audiences. THE METHOD: AN OVERVIEWBLPart I describes the problem situation that calls for the talents of the engineer and emphasizes how frequently this situation is encountered. BLPart II defines the heuristic and the engineering method. BLPart III lists examples of heuristics and techniques used to implement the engineering method, describes several alternative definitions of the engineering method, and renders the method in its final form. BLPart IV generalizes the engineering method to a universal method. BLPart V gives a concise, justifiable statement of universal method. BLPart VI delivers a specific example of the universal method in use.

Author Biography


Billy V. Koen is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin and a fellow of both the American Nuclear Society (ANS) and the American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE). He has received fifteen awards for teaching excellence, including the W. Leighton Collins Award, (the ASEE's highest honor for pedagogy), and the ASEE Centennial Medallion for his lasting impact on the field of engineering education. He is a pioneer in the application of artificial intelligence to nuclear reactor reliability and the introduction of self-paced teaching strategies in engineering education. He has written more than 125 technical publications and has contributed to numerous textbooks and engineering journals. Included in his body of work is the classic treatise, "Definition of the Engineering Method," published by the ASEE in 1985.

Table of Contents

Figures and Tables
ix
Preface xi
Introduction 1(6)
Part I Some Thoughts on Engineering
7(19)
The Engineer
8(1)
Characteristics of an Engineering Problem
9(15)
Change
11(2)
Resources
13(2)
Best
15(9)
Uncertainty
24(1)
Example Engineering Problems
24(2)
Part II The Principal Rule of the Engineering Method
26(33)
Definition of Engineering Design
28(1)
The Heuristic
28(13)
Definition
28(1)
Signatures of the Heuristic
29(5)
Synonyms for the Heuristic
34(1)
Examples of Engineering Heuristics
35(6)
State of the Art
41(16)
Definition
42(1)
Evolution
43(3)
Transmission
46(2)
An Acronym for State of the Art
48(1)
Example Uses of the sota
48(9)
Comparison of Engineers
49(1)
Rule of Judgment
50(3)
Engineer and Society
53(4)
Principal Rule of the Engineering Method
57(2)
Part III Some Heuristics Used by the Engineering Method
59(52)
Definition of Engineering Design (BIS)
60(1)
The Heuristic Method
60(2)
Nature of Our Argument
62(3)
Induction as a Heuristic
63(2)
Representative Engineering Heuristics
65(18)
Rules of Thumb and Orders of Magnitude
66(1)
Factors of Safety
67(2)
Attitude Determining Heuristics
69(4)
Risk-Controlling Heuristics
73(6)
Miscellaneous Heuristics
79(4)
Alternate Definitions of Engineering
83(7)
Engineering and Morphology
83(2)
Engineering and Applied Science
85(2)
Engineering and Trial and Error
87(1)
Engineering and Problem Solution
88(2)
Nature as Designer
90(3)
Preferred Definition of the Engineering Method
93(11)
Time as a Heuristic
94(6)
Derivative to a Curve
100(1)
Reduction to Preferred Form
101(1)
Justification of the Heuristic Definition of the Engineering Method
102(2)
Engineering Worldview
104(7)
Coordinate Systems
104(2)
Turtle Graphics
106(2)
Consistent Engineering Worldview
108(3)
Part IV The Universale Organum
111(120)
Difficulties in Explaining the Koan
112(12)
General Difficulties
112(1)
Language as Heuristic
113(11)
Compelling Belief in Koan
124(72)
Basic Approach to Compel Belief
124(2)
My Program
126(3)
Weaving a Tapestry
129(57)
Arithmetic as Arithmetic
130(13)
Mathematics as Mathematics
143(1)
Deduction as Deduction
144(1)
Certain as Certain
145(2)
Position as Position
147(4)
Logic as Logic
151(2)
Truth as Truth
153(2)
Progress as Progress
155(3)
Causality as Causality
158(5)
Consciousness as Consciousness
163(3)
Physical Reality as Physical Reality
166(1)
Science as Science
167(7)
Perception as Perception
174(12)
Experto Credite
186(2)
Argument as Argument
188(1)
All Is Heuristic
188(2)
Reduction of Koan to a Preferred Form
190(6)
All
190(3)
Is
193(1)
Heuristic
193(3)
Comparison of Heuristic and Skeptical Positions
196(8)
History of Skepticism
196(2)
Differences between Skeptic and Engineer
198(5)
Genie Malin
199(1)
Coherence
200(1)
Home Field Advantage
201(1)
Skeptic's Pride
201(1)
Reification of Doubt
202(1)
An Impregnable Defense
203(1)
Overall sota
204(14)
Synonyms
205(1)
Partitioning Overall sota
206(3)
Concepts as Subsets
206(2)
Fuzzy Subsets
208(1)
Personal sotas
209(9)
Compelling Nature of Personal sota
211(3)
Incoherence of Personal sota
214(2)
Rules of Judgment and Implementation
216(1)
Engineer's Ataraxia
217(1)
A Discourse on Method
218(7)
Method of Descartes
220(1)
Problems with Descartes' Method
221(2)
Universal
221(1)
Comprehensive
222(1)
Prior Philosophical Commitment
222(1)
Self-Sufficient
223(1)
Universale Organum
223(2)
Engineering, Philosophy, and the Universal Method
225(6)
Part V Summary of the Method
231
Part VI Application of the Method
223(28)
Traditional Utopia
223(11)
Utopia as Program for Change
234(2)
Eutopia
236(1)
Mundus Institute of Technology
237(6)
Origins
237(1)
Architecture
238(2)
Personnel
240(3)
Abstractors
240(1)
Professors
241(1)
Students
242(1)
Research in Progress
243(8)
Research in the Vestibule
243(2)
Research in Corridors
245(6)
An Anachronistic Preface 251(3)
Heuristics 254(2)
Index 256

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