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Ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, applied ethics, and introduction to ethics, Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, Third Edition, offers a unique pedagogical approach that bridges moral theory and applied ethics.
Bringing together seventy-three engaging articles, it also includes an accessible Moral Theory Primer (Chapter 1) that outlines the guiding principles of moral theory, presents seven central moral theories--including social contract theory, which is new to this edition--and relates those theories to the issues debated in the articles. Chapter 2 presents seven readings in moral theory that correspond to the theories discussed in the Theory Primer. The remaining chapters (3-15) feature readings on a wide variety of contemporary moral issues. Each selection is enhanced by a host of pedagogical features, including concise summaries, reader cues referring to pertinent moral theories, and reading and discussion questions. A "Quick Guide to Moral Theories" at the front of the book and an extensive glossary of key terms are also included. A "User's Guide," which follows the preface, shows instructors how they can integrate moral theories and applied ethics into their courses.
Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Moral Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition (2012), and editor of Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory, Sixth Edition (2011), and the annually published Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics.
Table of Contents
Chapters 3-15 open with an Introduction and end with Additional Resources. *=New to this Edition Quick Guide to Moral Theories Preface User's Guide 1. A MORAL THEORY PRIMER 1. What Is a Moral Theory? 2. Seven Essential Moral Theories A. Consequentialism B. Natural Law Theory C. Kantian Moral Theory D. Rights-Based Moral Theory E. Virtue Ethics F. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty * G. Social Contract Theory 3. Coping with Many Moral Theories 2. READINGS IN MORAL THEORY Jeremy Bentham, The Principle of Utility St. Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Law Immanuel Kant, The Moral Law John Locke, Natural Rights Aristotle, Virtue and Character W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Actions Right? * John Rawls, A Theory of Justice 3. SEXUAL MORALITY AND MARRIAGE Vatican Declaration on Some Questions of Sexual Ethics John Corvino, Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality Thomas A. Mappes, A Liberal View of Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using another Person Raja Halwani, Virtue Ethics and Adultery Maggie Gallagher, Normal Marriage: Two Views Evan Wolfson, Enough Marriage to Share 4. PORNOGRAPHY, HATE SPEECH, AND CENSORSHIP The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, The Question of Harm Nadine Strossen, Why Censoring Pornography Would Not Reduce Discrimination or Violence against Women Ronald Dworkin, Liberty and Pornography Judith M. Hill, Pornography and Degradation Charles R. Lawrence III, Hate Speech as the Functional Equivalent of Fighting Words John Arthur, Sticks and Stones 5. DRUGS AND ADDICTION David Boaz, A Drug-Free America or a Free America? Peter de Marneffe, Decriminalize, Don't Legalize Robert E. Goodin, Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy 6. SEXISM, RACISM, AND REPARATION Marilyn Frye, ISexism * J. L. A. Garcia, The Heart of Racism * Tommie Shelby, Is Racism in the Heart? Louis J. Pojman, Why Affirmative Action is Immoral Thomas E. Hill, Jr., The Message of Affirmative Action * 7. THE ETHICS OF IMMIGRATION * Stephen Macedo, The Moral Dilemma of U. S. Immigration Policy: Open Borders versus Social Justice * Joseph H. Carens, Migration and Morality: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective * Christopher Heath Wellman, Immigration and Freedom of Association * Sarah Fine, Freedom of Association is Not the Answer 8. EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia * Philippa Foot, Killing and Letting Die * Daniel Callahan, A Case Against Euthanasia * Michael B. Gill, A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law 9. THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS Gaverick Matheny, Utilitarianism and Animals Tom Regan, Are Zoos Morally Defensible? Carl Cohen, Do Animals Have Rights? Mary Ann Warren, Human and Animal Rights Compared Jordan Curnutt, A New Argument for Vegetarianism 10. ABORTION Mary Ann Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion * Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, The Wrong of Abortion Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortion Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral L. W. Sumner, A Moderate View 11. CLONING AND GENETIC ENHANCEMENT Leon R. Kass, Preventing Brave New World Gregory E. Pence, Will Cloning Harm People? Michael J. Sandel, The Case Against Perfection * Frances M. Kamm, Is There a Problem With Enhancement? * Peter Singer, Parental Choice and Human Improvement 12. THE DEATH PENALTY Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye? Ernest van den Haag, A Defense of the Death Penalty Jeffrey H. Reiman, Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence J. S. Liebman, J. Fagan, Valerie West, and Jonathan Lloyd, Capital Attrition: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995 13. WAR, TERRORISM, AND TORTURE * David Rodin, The Problem With Prevention * Walter Sinnott-Armstong, Preventive War : What's It Good For? * Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses * Andrew Valls, Can Terrorism Be Justified? Alan M. Dershowitz, Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist be Tortured? * Marcia Baron, The Ticking Bomb Hypothetical 14. WORLD HUNGER AND POVERTY Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat Peter Singer, The Life You Can Save John Arthur, World Hunger and Moral Obligation Amartya Sen, Property and Hunger Onora O'Neill, A Kantian Approach to World Hunger 15. THE ENVIRONMENT, CONSUMPTION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE William F. Baxter, People or Penguins? The Case for Optimal Pollution Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic Thomas E. Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment Peter Wenz, Synergistic Environmental Virtues: Consumerism and Human Flourishing Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, It's Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations Bjørn Lomborg, Let's Keep Our Cool about Global Warming Ia Glossary