Ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, applied ethics, and introduction to ethics, Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, Third Edition, offers a unique pedagogical approach that bridges moral theory and applied ethics.
Bringing together seventy-three engaging articles, it also includes an accessible Moral Theory Primer (Chapter 1) that outlines the guiding principles of moral theory, presents seven central moral theories--including social contract theory, which is new to this edition--and relates those theories to the issues debated in the articles. Chapter 2 presents seven readings in moral theory that correspond to the theories discussed in the Theory Primer. The remaining chapters (3-15) feature readings on a wide variety of contemporary moral issues. Each selection is enhanced by a host of pedagogical features, including concise summaries, reader cues referring to pertinent moral theories, and reading and discussion questions. A "Quick Guide to Moral Theories" at the front of the book and an extensive glossary of key terms are also included. A "User's Guide," which follows the preface, shows instructors how they can integrate moral theories and applied ethics into their courses.
Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Moral Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition (2012), and editor of Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory, Sixth Edition (2011), and the annually published Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics.
Table of Contents
Chapters 3-15 open with an Introduction and end with Additional Resources.
*=New to this Edition
Quick Guide to Moral Theories
1. A MORAL THEORY PRIMER
1. What Is a Moral Theory?
2. Seven Essential Moral Theories
B. Natural Law Theory
C. Kantian Moral Theory
D. Rights-Based Moral Theory
E. Virtue Ethics
F. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty
* G. Social Contract Theory
3. Coping with Many Moral Theories
2. READINGS IN MORAL THEORY
Jeremy Bentham, The Principle of Utility
St. Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Law
Immanuel Kant, The Moral Law
John Locke, Natural Rights
Aristotle, Virtue and Character
W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Actions Right?
* John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
3. SEXUAL MORALITY AND MARRIAGE
Vatican Declaration on Some Questions of Sexual Ethics
John Corvino, Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality
Thomas A. Mappes, A Liberal View of Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using another Person
Raja Halwani, Virtue Ethics and Adultery
Maggie Gallagher, Normal Marriage: Two Views
Evan Wolfson, Enough Marriage to Share
4. PORNOGRAPHY, HATE SPEECH, AND CENSORSHIP
The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, The Question of Harm
Nadine Strossen, Why Censoring Pornography Would Not Reduce Discrimination or Violence against Women
Ronald Dworkin, Liberty and Pornography
Judith M. Hill, Pornography and Degradation
Charles R. Lawrence III, Hate Speech as the Functional Equivalent of Fighting Words
John Arthur, Sticks and Stones
5. DRUGS AND ADDICTION
David Boaz, A Drug-Free America or a Free America?
Peter de Marneffe, Decriminalize, Don't Legalize
Robert E. Goodin, Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves
Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy
6. SEXISM, RACISM, AND REPARATION
Marilyn Frye, ISexism
* J. L. A. Garcia, The Heart of Racism
* Tommie Shelby, Is Racism in the Heart?
Louis J. Pojman, Why Affirmative Action is Immoral
Thomas E. Hill, Jr., The Message of Affirmative Action
* 7. THE ETHICS OF IMMIGRATION
* Stephen Macedo, The Moral Dilemma of U. S. Immigration Policy: Open Borders versus Social Justice
* Joseph H. Carens, Migration and Morality: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective
* Christopher Heath Wellman, Immigration and Freedom of Association
* Sarah Fine, Freedom of Association is Not the Answer
8. EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE
James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia
* Philippa Foot, Killing and Letting Die
* Daniel Callahan, A Case Against Euthanasia
* Michael B. Gill, A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law
9. THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS
Gaverick Matheny, Utilitarianism and Animals
Tom Regan, Are Zoos Morally Defensible?
Carl Cohen, Do Animals Have Rights?
Mary Ann Warren, Human and Animal Rights Compared
Jordan Curnutt, A New Argument for Vegetarianism
Mary Ann Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion
* Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, The Wrong of Abortion
Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortion
Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral
L. W. Sumner, A Moderate View
11. CLONING AND GENETIC ENHANCEMENT
Leon R. Kass, Preventing Brave New World
Gregory E. Pence, Will Cloning Harm People?
Michael J. Sandel, The Case Against Perfection
* Frances M. Kamm, Is There a Problem With Enhancement?
* Peter Singer, Parental Choice and Human Improvement
12. THE DEATH PENALTY
Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye?
Ernest van den Haag, A Defense of the Death Penalty
Jeffrey H. Reiman, Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence
J. S. Liebman, J. Fagan, Valerie West, and Jonathan Lloyd, Capital Attrition: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995
13. WAR, TERRORISM, AND TORTURE
* David Rodin, The Problem With Prevention
* Walter Sinnott-Armstong, Preventive War : What's It Good For?
* Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses
* Andrew Valls, Can Terrorism Be Justified?
Alan M. Dershowitz, Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist be Tortured?
* Marcia Baron, The Ticking Bomb Hypothetical
14. WORLD HUNGER AND POVERTY
Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat
Peter Singer, The Life You Can Save
John Arthur, World Hunger and Moral Obligation
Amartya Sen, Property and Hunger
Onora O'Neill, A Kantian Approach to World Hunger
15. THE ENVIRONMENT, CONSUMPTION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE
William F. Baxter, People or Penguins? The Case for Optimal Pollution
Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic
Thomas E. Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment
Peter Wenz, Synergistic Environmental Virtues: Consumerism and Human Flourishing
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, It's Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations
Bjørn Lomborg, Let's Keep Our Cool about Global Warming