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Documents of the Christian Church,9780192880710

Documents of the Christian Church

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780192880710

ISBN10:
0192880713
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
9/16/1999
Publisher(s):
OXFORD UNIV PR
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Summary

Since its first publication in 1967, this collection of writings from the most important moments in the history of Christianity has established itself as a classic work. Now incorporating a wealth of new material, this new edition will be an essential reference source for anyone interested in the history of the Christian Church. While retaining the original material selected by Henry Bettenson, Chris Maunder has added a substantial section of more recent writings. These new entries illustrate the Second Vatican Council; the theologies of liberation; Church and State from 'Thatcher's Britain' to Communist Eastern Europe; Black, feminist, and ecological theology; ecumenism; and inter-faith dialogue. The emphasis on moral debate in the contemporary Churches is reflected in selections dealing with modern issues such as homosexuality, divorce, AIDS, and in-vitro fertilization. With the publication of this new edition, Documents of the Christian Church provides insights into the whole 2000 years of Christian theological and political debate.

Author Biography


Chris Maunder is Senior Lecturer in Theology and Religious Studies at the University College of Ripon and York St John.

Table of Contents

Part I THE EARLY CHURCH (TO THE COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON, 451) 1(96)
Section I The Church and the World
1(24)
I. References to Christianity in Classical Authors
1(4)
(a) Tacitus: The Trial of Pomponia Graecina. The Neronian Persecution
(b) Suetonius: The Expulsion of the Jews from Rome. The Neronian Persecution
(c) Pliny (the Younger): Christians in Bithynia. Trajan's Policy towards Christians.
II. Christianity and Ancient Learning
5(2)
(a) Justin: The `Liberal' View
(b) Tertullian: The Negative View
(c) Clement of Alexandria: Another `Liberal'.
III. Church and State
7(18)
(a) The Rescript of Hadrian to Caius Minucius Fundanus
(b) Tertullian on Persecution
(c) Christian Loyalty to the Emperor
(d) The Neronian Persecution: Martyrdom of SS. Peter and Paul
(e) Martyrdom of Polycarp
(f) Persecution at Lyons and Vienne, 177
(g) Persecution under Decius
(h) Persecution under Valerian
(i) The Rescript of Gallienus, 261
(j) Persecution under Diocletian, 303-305
(k) Attempt to Restore Paganism under Maximin, 308-311
(l) Edict of Toleration, 311
(m) `Edict of Milan', March(?) 313
(n) Constantine's Support of the Church
(o) Constantine's Legislation in Favour of the Church
(p) A Letter from Hosius, Bishop of Cordova, to Constantius
(q) Julian the Apostate on Toleration
(r) Julian on Christianity. The Worship of Jesus and the Martyrs
(s) Gratian on the Trial of Bishops. Jurisdiction of the Roman See
(t) Gratian's ruling on Ecclesiastical and Civil or Criminal Cases, 376
(u) Theodosius I on Catholic and Heretic
(v) The Edict of Valentinian III, 445. The Primacy of the Pope.
Section II Creeds
25(4)
I. The Apostles' Creed
25(2)
(a) `The Old Roman Creed'
(b) A Gallican Creed of the Sixth Century.
II. The Nicene Creed
27(2)
(a) The Creed of Caesarea
(b) The Creed of Nicaea
(c) The `Nicene' Creed.
Section III The Earliest Testimony to the Gospels
29(3)
I. The Tradition of the Elders
29(1)
II. The Evangelists and their Sources
30(1)
III. The Muratorian Canon
31(1)
Section IV The Person and Work of Christ
32(17)
I. Ignatius
32(1)
II. Irenaeus
32(2)
(a) The `Recapitulation' in Christ
(b) The Sanctification of each Stage of Life
(c) The Redemption from the Power of Satan.
III. Tertullian: The Incarnation of the Logos
34(1)
IV. Dionysius, Bishop of Rome, 259-268, on the Trinity and the Incarnation
34(2)
V. Athanasius on the Atonement
36(1)
(a) Salvation by Restoration
(b) Salvation by Revelation.
VI. The Atonement: the Transaction with the Devil
37(1)
VII. Heresies concerning the Person of Christ
38(11)
(a) Docetism
(b) Gnosticism:
(1) The Syrian Type
(2) The Egyptian Type
(3) The Judaizing Type
(4) The Pontic Type
(c) Monarchianism:
(1) Patripassianism
(2) Sabellianism
(d) Arianism:
(1) The Letter of Arius to Eusebius
(2) `The Arian Syllogism'
(3) The Letter of the Synod of Nicaea, 325:
Condemnation of Arius
(e) Attempts to Overthrow the Nicene Formulas:
(1) The Dedication Creed, 341
(2) The Blasphemy of Sirmium, 357
(3) An Attempted Compromise, the `Dated Creed', 359.
Section V The Problem of the Relation of the Divinity and the Humanity in Christ
49(8)
I. Apollinarianism An Examination of Apollinarianism.
49(1)
II. Nestorianism
50(2)
(a) The Anathemas of Cyril of Alexandria
(b) Cyril's Exposition.
III. Eutychianism
52(5)
(a) The Admissions of Eutyches
(b) The Tome of Leo
(c) The Definition of Chalcedon, 451.
Section VI Pelagianism. Human Nature, Sin, and Grace
57(11)
I. The Teaching of Pelagius
57(1)
(a) Letter to Demetrias
(b) Pelagius on Human Freedom
(c) Pelagius Denies Original Sin.
II. Teaching ascribed to Pelagius and Coelestius
58(1)
III. The Doctrine of Augustine
59(5)
(a) The Saying which Troubled Pelagius
(b) Augustine on Grace: Prevenient Grace. Irresistible Grace
(c) Augustine's Teaching on Predestination
(d) Augustine's Conception of Freedom
(e) Freedon and Grace.
IV. The Council of Carthage, 417. Canons on Sin and Grace
64(1)
V. The Synod of Arles, c.473. `Semi-Pelagianism'
65(1)
VI. The Council of Orange, 529. Reaction from `Semi-Pelagianism'
66(2)
Section VII The Church, the Ministry, and the Sacraments
68(18)
I. The Christian Ministry at the End of the First Century
68(1)
II. The Ministry and Sacraments
69(1)
III. A Church Order of the Second Century
69(3)
IV. Christian Worship in the Second Century
72(2)
V. Apostolical Succession
74(7)
(a) The First Extant Use of the Technical Term
(b) Irenaeus on Tradition and Succession
(c) Tertullian on Tradition and Succession
(d) Tertullian on the Priesthood of the Laity
(e) Cyprian on the Unity of the Church
(f) Cyprian on the Episcopate.
VI. Eucharistic Doctrine
81(3)
(a) Ignatius
(b) Irenaeus
(c) Early Eucharistic Canon
(d) Tertullian on the Eucharist
(e) Cyprian on the Eucharist.
VII. Two Heresies on the Nature of the Church and the Ministry
84(2)
(a) Montanism
(b) Donatism.
Section VIII The Authority of the Holy See
86(5)
I. The Claims of Rome, 341
86(1)
II. Appeals to the Roman See
87(1)
III. Jerome on the Roman See
88(1)
IV. Innocent I, 401-417; on the Papal Authority
88(1)
V. Papal Authority defied by the African Bishops
88(1)
VI. The African Bishops on Appeals to Rome
89(1)
VII. Rome and Constantinople
90(1)
(a) Council of Constantinople, 381
(b) Council of Chalcedon, 451.
Section IX Doctrine and Development. The Vincentian Canon
91(2)
Section X Christian Inscriptions
93(4)
Part II FROM THE COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON TO THE PRESENT 97(355)
Section I From Chalcedon to the Breach between East and West
97(9)
I. The Eastern and Western Churches
97(8)
(a) The Henotikon of Zeno, 482
(b) The `Three Chapters'
(c) The Monothelite Controversy
(d) The Iconoclastic Controversy
(e) Nicholas I on the Apostolic See.
II. The Breach between East and West, 1054
105(1)
Section II The Empire and the Papacy
106(21)
I. Charlemagne and Education, 789
106(1)
II. `The Donation of Constantine', Eighth Century
107(3)
III. Church and State
110(11)
(a) Decree on Papal Elections, 1059
(b) Letter of the Synod of Worms to Gregory VII, January 1076
(c) Deposition of Henry IV by Gregory VII
(d) Gregory VII's Letter to the Bishop of Metz, 1081.
IV. The End of the Struggle over Investiture
121(2)
(a) The Concordat of Worms, 1122
(b) Innocent III on Empire and Papacy.
V. The Pope and Imperial Elections
123(1)
VI. The Bull `Clericis Laicos', 1296
124(2)
VII. The Bull `Unam Sanctam', 1302
126(1)
Section III Monasticism and the Friars
127(19)
I. The Rule of S. Benedict
127(14)
II. The Rule of S. Francis
141(5)
Section IV The Church and Heresy
146(3)
I. The Episcopal Inquisition and the Secular Arm
146(1)
II. The Justification of the Inquisition
147(2)
Section V The Conciliar Movement
149(2)
I. The Decree of the Council of Constance, `Sacrosancta'
149(1)
II. The Bull `Execrabilis' of Pius II
150(1)
Section VI Scholasticism
151(16)
I. S. Anselm's `Ontological Proof' of God's Existence
151(1)
II. S. Anselm on the Atonement
152(2)
III. S. Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274
154(13)
(a) Aquinas on Belief
(b) Aquinas on the Incarnation
(c) Aquinas on the Atonement
(d) Aquinas on the Eucharist: The Doctrine of Transubstantiation.
Section VII The Church in England until the Reformation
167(35)
I. Gregory the Great and the Church of England
167(2)
(a) Letter of Gregory to Eulogius, Patriarch of Alexandria, 598
(b) Gregory's Advice to Augustine on Liturgical Provision for England, 601
(c) Gregory's Scheme of Organization for the English Church, 601.
II. The First National Synod of English Clergy The Council of Hertford, 673
169(2)
III. William the Conqueror and the Church
171(1)
(a) Refusal of Fealty to the Pope
(b) The Royal Supremacy.
IV. Henry and Anselm
172(2)
(a) The Constitutional Position of the Archbishop. Henry's Letter to Anselm, 1100
(b) The Settlement of Bec, 1107.
V. The Constitutions of Clarendon, 1164
174(4)
VI. The Pope's Interdict on England, 1208
178(1)
VII. John's Concession of the Kingdom to the Pope, 1213
179(2)
VIII. John Ecclesiastical Charter, 1214
181(2)
IX. The Church Clauses of Magna Carta, 1215
183(1)
X. Statutes of Provisors and Praemunire
183(8)
(a) Provisors
(b) Praemunire.
XI. Wycliffe and the Lollards
191(11)
(a) Propositions of Wycliffe condemned at London, 1382, and at the Council of Constance, 1415
(b) The Lollard Conclusions, 1394
(c) De Haeretico Comburendo, 1401.
Section VIII The Reformation on the Continent
202(39)
I. The Lutheran Reformation
202(34)
(a) The Bull Unigenitus of Clement VI, 1343
(b) The Machinery of Indulgences. Instructions issued by Albert of Mainz
(c) The Ninety-Five Theses, 1517
(d) The Leipzig Disputation, 1519
(e) Two Treatises of 1520:
(1) The Appeal to the German Nobility
(2) The Babylonish Captivity of the Church
(f) The Diet of Worms, 1521. Luther's Final Answer
(g) The Short Catechism, 1529
(h) The Confession of Augsburg, 1530.
II. Calvinism
236(2)
III. The Peace of Augsburg, 1555
238(1)
IV. The Edict of Nantes, 1598
239(1)
V. The Peace of Westphalia, 1648
240(1)
Section IX The Reformation in England
241(31)
I. The Reformation under Henry VIII
241(19)
(a) The Submission of the Clergy, 1532
(b) The Legal Principle--The Restraint of Appeals, 1533
(c) The Ecclesiastical Principle--The Dispensations Act, 1534
(d) The Supremacy Act, 1534
(e) Abjuration of Papal Supremacy by the Clergy, 1534:
(1) By the Convocation of Canterbury
(2) By the Convocation of York
(f) The Pope's Condemnation of Henry, 1535
(g) The Royal Injunctions:
(1) 1536
(2) 1538
(h) The Six Articles, 1539.
II. The Elizabethan Settlement
260(12)
(a) The Supremacy Act, 1559
(b) Elizabeth's Act of Uniformity, 1559
(c) Parker's Advertisements', 1566
(d) The Papal Bull against Elizabeth, 1570
(e) Act against Jesuits and Seminarists, 1585
(f) Act against Puritans, 1593
(g) Act against Recusants, 1593.
Section X The Roman Catholic Church from the Counter-Reformation to the Second Vatican Council
272(26)
I. The Jesuits
272(3)
(a) Rules for Thinking with the Church
(b) Obedience of the Jesuits.
II. The Council of Trent, 1545-1563
275(6)
(a) On Scripture and Tradition
(b) On Original Sin
(c) On Justification
(d) On the Eucharist
(e) On Penance
(f) On the Most Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
(g) On Purgatory and Invocation of Saints
(h) On Indulgences.
III. The Tridentine Profession of Faith, 1564
281(1)
IV. Arminianism. The Five Articles of the Remonstrants
282(2)
V. Jansenism. The `Five Propositions', 1653
284(1)
VI. The Gallican Declaration, 1682
285(1)
VII. The Doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, 1854
286(1)
VIII. The Syllabus of Errors, 1864
287(1)
IX. The Doctrine of Papal Infallibility, 1870
288(1)
X. Pope Leo XIII on Anglican Orders, 1896
289(1)
XI. The Roman Catholic Church and Social Problems
290(7)
(a) Rerum Novarum, 1891
(b) Quadragesimo Anno, 1931
(c) Mater et Magistra, 1961.
XII. The Doctrine of the Assumption. Munificentissimus Deus, 1950
297(1)
Section XI The British Churches in the Seventeenth Century
298(47)
I. Anglicanism of the Seventeenth Century
298(13)
(a) The Church of England: Jeremy Taylor
(b) The Catholic Church
(1) William Sherlock
(2) Richard Hooker
(3) Richard Field
(c) Roman Catholicism: John Cosin
(d) Justification: William Beveridge
(e) The Eucharist:
(1) Lancelot Andrewes
(2) Jeremy Taylor
(f) Confession: John Cosin
(g) Prayer for the Dead: Herbert Thorndike.
II. James I and the Puritans
311(5)
(a) The Millenary Petition
(b) The Book of Sports, 1618.
III. The Solemn League and Covenant, 1643
316(3)
IV. Presbyterianism. The Westminster Confession of Faith, 1643
319(4)
V. Baptist Confessions of Faith
323(2)
(a) The First Confession, 1646
(b) The Second Confession, 1677.
VI. Selections from the Agreement of the People, 1649
325(1)
VII. Selections from the Instrument of Government, 1653
326(1)
VIII. `The Humble Petition and Advice', 1657
327(2)
IX. The Independents (Congregationalism). The Savoy Declaration of Faith and Order, 1658
329(2)
X. The Clarendon Code
331(5)
(a) The Corporation Act, 1661
(b) The Conventicle Act, 1664-1670
(c) The Five-Mile Act, 1665.
XI. The Test Act, 1673
336(1)
XII. The Quakers
337(5)
XIII. The Declaration of Indulgence, 1688
342(3)
Section XII The British Churches in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
345(14)
I. The Deistic Controversy of the Eighteenth Century
345(4)
(1) Matthew Tindal
(2) John Toland
II. The Organization of the Methodists
349(2)
(a) The Deed of Declaration, 1784
(b) The Plan of Pacification, 1795
(c) The Model Trust Deed, 1832.
III. John Keble's Assize Sermon, 1833
351(3)
IV. Tract XC. Remarks on Certain Passages in the Thirty-Nine Articles, London, 1841
354(5)
Section XIII The Roman Catholic Church at the Second Vatican Council
359(10)
I. Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy
359(1)
II. Dogmatic Constitution on the Church
360(3)
(a) The `People of God'
(b) Collegiality
(c) The Role of Mary.
III. Decree on the Catholic Eastern Churches
363(1)
IV. Decree on Ecumenism
363(1)
V. Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions
364(1)
VI. Declaration on Religious Liberty
365(1)
VII. Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World
366(3)
(a) The Church in Dialogue and Service
(b) The `Signs of the Times'
(c) The `Common Good'
(d) Equality and Social Justice
(e) Total Warfare.
Section XIV The Twentieth-Century World Churches: Justice, Peace, and the Environment
369(35)
I. The Call for Peace
369(3)
(a) Quaker London Yearly Meeting, 1915
(b) John XXIII, Pacem in Terris, 1963
(c) Before It's Too Late, WCC, 1984.
II. Resistance in Nazi Germany
372(3)
(a) Karl Barth, Epistle to the Romans, 1928
(b) The Barmen Declaration, 1934
(c) Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Letter of 21 July 1944.
III. Black Theology in the 1960s
375(4)
(a) Martin Luther King, Letter from Birmingham Jail, 1963
(b) National Committee of Negro Churchmen on `Black Power', 1966
(c) James H. Cone, Black Theology and Black Power, 1969.
IV. The Origins of Liberation Theology
379(6)
(a) Paul VI, Populorum Progressio, 1967
(b) Latin American Bishops' Conference at Medellin, 1968
(c) Gustavo Gutierrez, A Theology of Liberation, 1971
(d) Latin American Bishops' Conference at Puebla, 1979.
V. Liberation Theology and the Vatican
385(5)
(a) Leonardo Boff, Church: Charism and Power, 1981
(b) SCDF, Instruction on Certain Aspects of the `Theology of Liberation', 1984
(c) SCDF, Instruction on Christian Freedom and Liberation, 1986
(d) Tissa Balasuriya, Mary and Human Liberation, 1990.
VI. The Ordination of Women
390(1)
(a) Letters of Archbishop of Canterbury to Paul VI and Cardinal Willebrands, 9 July 1975
(b) SCDF, Inter Insigniores, 1976.
VII. Feminist Theology
391(4)
(a) Rosemary Radford Ruether, Sexism and God-Talk, 1983
(b) Letty M. Russell, Feminist Interpretation of the Bible, 1985
(c) Mercy Oduyoye, Who Will Roll the Stone Away?, 1990.
VIII. Ecotheology
395(2)
(a) Matthew Fox, Original Blessing, 1983
(b) Jurgen Moltmann, God in Creation, 1985
(c) Chung Hyun Kyun, Ecotheology, 1994.
IX. South Africa and Third World Solidarity
397(3)
(a) Kairos Document, 1985
(b) The Road to Damascus, 1989.
X. Faith, Society, and the Economy
400(3)
(a) Church of England, Faith in the City, 1985
(b) WCC, Christian Faith and the World Economy Today, 1992
(c) CCBI, Unemployment and the Future of Work, 1997.
XI. The Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe
403(1)
(a) Pastors Rainer Eppelmann and
(b) Klaus Kaden, We Were the People.
Section XV The Twentieth-Century World Churches and Inter-Faith Dialogue
404(7)
I. Jewish-Christian Relations
404(3)
(a) The Ten Points of Seelisberg, 1947
(b) WCC, The Theology of the Churches and the Jewish People, 1948
(c) WCC, `Final Reflections', 1988.
II. Muslim-Christian Relations. Christian-Muslim Conversations, WCC, 1969
407(1)
III. The Parliament of the World's Religions. Declaration Toward a Global Ethic, 1993
408(2)
IV. Christianity and the New Age Movement. Methodist Conference Report, 1994
410(1)
Section XVI The Twentieth-Century Churches and Christian Unity
411(25)
I. Ecumenism and Anglicanism
411(7)
(a) Letter `To All Christian People', 1920
(b) The Oecumenical Patriarch, Encyclical on Anglican Orders
(c) Statement agreed between the Old Catholic Churches and the Anglican Communion, 1931
(d) Paul VI and Michael Ramsey, The Joint Declaration of Cooperation, 1966
(e) ARCIC II, Church as Communion, 1990
(f) The Porvoo Declaration, 1992.
II. Christian Unity in the British Isles
418(3)
(a) Church of Scotland Act, 1921
(b) The Welsh Covenant, 1975
(c) The Swanwick Declaration, 1987.
III. Taize and Reconciliation. Brother Roger, No Greater Love, 1990
421(2)
IV. The Church of South India. Basis of Union, 1946
423(3)
V. The World Council of Churches
426(2)
(a) Constitution of the World Council of Churches, 1948
(b) Amended `Basis' in the Constitution, 1961
(c) The Orthodox Churches and the World Council of Churches, 1991.
VI. Ecumenism in the USA. Consultation on Church Union, 1964
428(1)
VII. Ecumenism and Roman Catholicism
429(3)
(a) Paul VI and Athenagoras I, The Common Declaration, 1965
(b) John Paul II and Bartholomew I, Common Declaration, 1995
(c) Towards a Common Understanding of the Church, 1991.
VIII. Lima Report: Baptism, Eucharist, and Ministry
432(3)
(a) Baptism Eucharist and Ministry, 1982
(b) Sharing a Common Life in Christ, 1993.
IX. Lutheran-Reformed Relations. Towards Church Fellowship, 1989
435(1)
Section XVII The Twentieth-Century Churches: Sexuality and Procreation
436(16)
I. Sexuality
436(4)
(a) Towards a Quaker View of Sex, 1963
(b) SCDF, Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons, 1986
(c) Methodist Report on Human Sexuality, 1990
(d) URC Working Party, Homosexuality: A Christian View, 1991.
II. Marriage and Divorce
440(2)
(a) Church of England, Marriage and the Church's Task, 1978
(b) ARCIC II, Life in Christ, 1994.
III. Contraception
442(2)
(a) Lambeth Conference, 1930
(b) Paul VI, Humanae Vitae, 1968.
IV. The Embryo--Abortion and Bioethics
444(4)
(a) Church of England, Personal Origins, 1985
(b) SCDF, Respect for Human Life in its Origin, 1987
(c) ARCIC II, Life in Christ, 1994.
V. AIDS. WCC, Facing AIDS, 1997
448(2)
VI. Moral Controversy within Roman Catholicism. John Paul II, Veritatis Splendor, 1993
450(2)
Appendix. A List of Councils 452(1)
Bibliography 453(3)
Acknowledgements 456(3)
Index 459


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