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Prepared by Candace Gregory of California State University, Sacramento this reader contains an overview of "How to Read a Document" to help students get started and is followed by 76 carefully chosen documents including the Law Code of Hammurabi, The Apology of Plato, Twelve Tables, "Dinner with Trimalchio," Petronius, Defense of Christianity, St. Augustine, Magna Carta, Charlemagne's Wars of Conquest, "Court of the Great Khan," Marco Polo, Copernican Theory and many more. Each reading is accompanied by thought-provoking discussion questions to encourage critical thinking and to make the readings easy to assign.
Table of Contents
Preface. How to Read a Document. Part 15: REFORMATION AND THE WARS OF RELIGION. 15.1 Ninety-Five Theses, Martin Luther. 15.2 Sixty-Seven Articles, Ulrich Zwingli. 15.3 "Rapture of the Soul," Teresa of Avila. 15.4 Edict of Nantes. 15.5 Malleus Maleficarum. Part 16: NEW WORLD ENCOUNTERS. 16.1 "Court of the Great Khan," Marco Polo. 16.2 Jesuit Missionary in China, Matteo Ricci. 16.3 Aztec Account of the Spanish Conquest. 16.4 Capture and Enslavement, Olaudah Equiano. Part 17: SEVENTEENTH CENTURY STATE BUILDING. 17.1 Cardinal Richelieu on the Rights of the King. 17.2 Thirty Years'' War: Destruction of Magdeburg. 17.3 Oliver Cromwell''s Speech before Parliament. 17.4 A Dialogue on Sovereign Power, Thomas Hobbes. Part 18: REVOLUTIONS IN SCIENCE. 18.1 Copernican Theory. 18.2 Condemnation and Recantation of Galileo. 18.3 Letters on the Existence of God, Isaac Newton. 18.4 Observations upon Experimental Philosophy, Margaret Cavendish. Part 19: THE ENLIGHTENMENT. 19.1 Some Thoughts Concerning Education, John Locke. 19.2 On Sovereignty, Jean Jacques Rousseau. 19.3 Preliminary Discourse on the Encyclopédie, Jean le Rond d''Alembert. 19.4 Mercantilism, Adam Smith. 19.5 On Toleration, Voltaire. Part 20: EIGHTEENTH CENTURY STATES. 20.1 Memoirs, Catherine the Great. 20.2 Common Sense, Thomas Paine. 20.3 The Spirit of the Laws, Baron de Montesquieu. 20.4 Gulliver''s Travels: Why States Go to War, Jonathan Swift. Part 21: EIGHTEENTH CENTURY SOCIETY AND CULTURE. 21.1 Clarissa, Samuel Richardson. 21.2 Of the Club, Richard Steele. 21.3 Marriage of Figaro, Beaumarchis. 21.4 Ashkenazi Jews of Poland, Solomon Maimon. Part 22: AGE OF REVOLUTIONS. 22.1 American Declaration of Independence. 22.2 What is the Third Estate? Abbe Sieyès. 22.3 Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. 22.4 Women''s March on Versailles. 22.5 Proclamations, Pierre Toussaint L''Ouverture. Part 23: THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. 23.1 Women in the Coal Mines. 23.2 An Oration on Child Labor, Michael Sadler. 23.3 Living Conditions of the Working Class, Edwin Chadwick. 23.4 The Railroads: Newspaper Accounts of Openings and of Accidents. Part 24: THE NEW IDEOLOGIES. 24.1 An Essay on the Principle of Population, Thomas Malthus. 24.2 Principles of Utility, Jeremy Bentham. 24.3 Poems of William Wordsworth. 24.4 Sorrows of Young Werther, Goethe. Part 25: NATIONALISM AND REALISM. 25.1 Proclamation to the People of Venezuela, Simon Bolivar. 25.2 Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels. 25.3 Catholic Rights in Ireland, Daniel O''Connell. 25.4 Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert. Part 26: AGE OF PROGRESS. 26.1 Speech on Labor Reform, Otto von Bismarck. 26.2 Protest Against State Regulation of Vice, Josephine Butler. 26.3 Militant Suffragists, Emmeline Pankhurst. 26.4 The Jewish Question and Zionism, Theodore Herzl. Part 27: WESTERN ANXIETY. 27.1 Natural Selection, T. H. Huxley. 27.2 A Dream is a Fulfillment of a Wish, Sigmund Freud. 27.3 The Antichrist, Friedrich Nietzsche. 27.4 Syllabus of Errors, Pope Pius IX. Part 28: WORLD WAR I. 28.1 Poems of Wilfred Owen. 28.2 Poems of Siegfried Sassoon. 28.3 The Fourteen Points, Woodrow Wilson. 28.4 Versailles Treaty: Part VIII Reparation. 28.5 A Great Beginning, Lenin. Part 29: EUROPE BETWEEN THE WARS. 29.1 Surrealism and Dadaism. Rene Magritte and Man Ray. 29.2 Professions for Women, Virginia Woolf. 29.3 Thus We Took Rome, Benito Mussolini. 29.4 Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler. Part 30: WORLD WAR II. 30.1 Appeasement: Conversation Between Chamberlain and Hitler. 30.2 Never in the Field of Human Conflict, Winston Churchill. 30.3 Two Speeches, Hitler. 30.4 Holocaust Survivor Account. 30.5 Year of Decisions (Why We Dropped the Bomb), Harry Truman. Part 31: COLD WAR. 31.1 On the Marshall Plan, George C. Marshall. 31.2 Sinews of Peace (Iron Curtain), Winston Churchill. 31.3 In the Year 2525, Denny Zagar and Richard Evans. 31.4 Ohio, Neil Young. Part 32: THE WEST SINCE 1970. 32.1 Speech at the Polish United Workers'' Party, Mikhail Gorbachev. 32.2 Personal Testimonials, Et