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Doing Science : Design, Analysis, and Communication of Scientific Research

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780195134131

ISBN10:
0195134133
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/4/2001
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press

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    Doing Science : Design, Analysis, and Communication of Scientific Research





Summary

Doing Science offers a rare compendium of practical advice based on how working scientists pursue their craft. It covers each stage of research, from formulating questions and gathering data to developing experiments and analyzing results and finally to the many ways for presenting results.Drawing on his extensive experience both as a researcher and a research mentor, Ivan Valiela has written a lively and concise survey of everything a beginning scientist needs to know to succeed in the field. He includes chapters on scientific data, statistical methods, and experimental designs, andmuch of the book is devoted to presenting final results. He gives valuable suggestions for improving scientific writing, for preparing scientific talks, and devotes three chapters to hands-on advice for presenting data in charts, tables, and graphs. Anyone beginning a scientific career, or anyonewho advises students in research, will find Doing Science an invaluable source of advice.

Author Biography


Ivan Valiela is a professor in the Boston University Marine Program at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA.

Table of Contents

Obtaining Scientific Information
3(26)
Introduction
3(1)
Empirical Science
4(14)
Deductive Science
18(11)
Elements of Scientific Data and Tests of Questions
29(20)
Kinds of Data
29(3)
Accuracy and Precision
32(1)
Frequency Distributions
33(2)
Descriptive Statistics
35(5)
Distributions and Transformations of Data
40(3)
Tests of Hypotheses
43(6)
Statistical Analyses
49(30)
Analysis of Variance
50(9)
Regression
59(4)
Correlation
63(4)
Analysis of Frequencies
67(1)
Summary of Statistical Analyses
68(1)
Transformations of Data
69(10)
Principles of Research Design
79(20)
Desirable Properties of Research Design
79(1)
Design of Treatments
80(4)
Design of Layout
84(10)
Response Design
94(1)
Sensible Experimental Design
95(4)
Communication of Scientific Information: Writing
99(28)
The Matter of Publication
99(4)
The Matter of Which Language to Use
103(5)
Writing Scientific English
108(19)
The Scientific Paper
127(20)
Organization of a Scientific Paper
127(10)
The Life History of a Scientific Paper
137(10)
Other Means of Scientific Communication
147(24)
The Scientific Talk
147(7)
The Poster Presentation
154(4)
The Proposal
158(13)
Presenting Data in Tables
171(12)
Why Show Data in Tables?
171(3)
The Elements of Tables
174(2)
Layout of Tables
176(3)
Tables That Need Not Be Tables
179(4)
Presenting Data in Figures
183(36)
Graphicaal Perception
188(1)
Types of Figures
189(19)
Principles of Graphical Representation
208(11)
Case Studies of Graphical Data Presentation
219(36)
Bivariate Graphs
220(13)
Three-Variable Graphs
233(1)
Histograms
234(5)
Bar Graphs
239(6)
Pie Diagrams
245(10)
Perceptions and Criticisms of Science
255(30)
Current Perceptions About Science
255(9)
Science and Some Modern Critics
264(3)
Sharpening Perceptions About Science
267(18)
Index 285


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