9780691114781

Down from Olympus

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780691114781

  • ISBN10:

    0691114781

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-01-06
  • Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr

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Summary

Since the publication of Eliza May Butler'sTyranny of Greece over Germanyin 1935, the obsession of the German educated elite with the ancient Greeks has become an accepted, if severely underanalyzed, cliché. InDown from Olympus, Suzanne Marchand attempts to come to grips with German Graecophilia, not as a private passion but as an institutionally generated and preserved cultural trope. The book argues that nineteenth-century philhellenes inherited both an elitist, normative aesthetics and an ascetic, scholarly ethos from their Romantic predecessors; German "neohumanists" promised to reconcile these intellectual commitments, and by so doing, to revitalize education and the arts. Focusing on the history of classical archaeology, Marchand shows how the injunction to imitate Greek art was made the basis for new, state-funded cultural institutions. Tracing interactions between scholars and policymakers that made possible grand-scale cultural feats like the acquisition of the Pergamum Altar, she underscores both the gains in specialized knowledge and the failures in social responsibility that were the distinctive products of German neohumanism. This book discusses intellectual and institutional aspects of archaeology and philhellenism, giving extensive treatment to the history of prehistorical archaeology and German "orientalism." Marchand traces the history of the study, excavation, and exhibition of Greek art as a means to confront the social, cultural, and political consequences of the specialization of scholarship in the last two centuries.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
ix
Acknowledgments xi
List of Abbreviations
xv
Introduction xvii
The Making of a Cultural Obsession
3(33)
From Ideals to Institutions
36(39)
The Vicissitudes of Grand-Scale Archaeology
75(41)
Trouble in Olympus
116(36)
Excavating the Barbarian
152(36)
The Peculiarities of German Orientalism
188(40)
Kultur and the World War
228(35)
The Persistence of the Old Regime
263(39)
The Third Humanism and the Return of Romantic Aesthetics
302(39)
The Decline of Philhellenism, 1933--1970
341(36)
Selected Bibliography 377(14)
Index 391

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