Drawing Essentials: A Guide to Drawing from Observation is designed for introductory studio art courses in drawing. An exceptional, all-in-one resource on basic drawing (non-subject specific), perspective, and figure drawing (including anatomy), with more than 500 color and black-and-white illustrations by both students and professionals, the text thoroughly covers the drawing elements that are most important at the foundation level. Award-winning artist, teacher, and author Deborah Rockman explains clearly and in depth what is essential to depicting form and space on a two-dimensional surface. Addressing and illustrating studio experiences that are not effectively dealt with in other drawing books, the text elucidates such fundamental (yet challenging) concepts and methods as sighting, scaling techniques, meaningful and descriptive line variation, observation and development of tonal structure, creation of interesting and instructive still lifes, the conceptual impact of still-life objects, the unique challenges of the human figure and portraiture, basic and advanced perspective systems, brainstorming and the generation of ideas, and the use of photographs as reference. Throughout, the author focuses on the cultivation of observational skills, increased sensitivity, critical thinking, technical refinement, and knowledge of materials. Illustrations (including many high-quality student drawings) include captions that clarify the primary technical, formal, and/or conceptual concern of each piece. The second edition includes an entirely new chapter on color theory and color drawing. Beginning with an exploration of fundamental color theory, the chapter progresses to an in-depth investigation of color drawing media, specifically colored pencils, soft pastels, and oil pastels. Each medium is discussed individually with information regarding the characteristics of the medium, information regarding student grade and artist grade materials, necessary as well as optional tools and accessories for working with the medium, advantages and disadvantages inherent in working with each medium, suitable papers and other substrates, and techniques and processes specific to each medium. 47 full-color illustrations accompany the text of this chapter to clarify the concepts being presented. The second edition also offers a division of the chapter on perspective into two chapters (the second providing more advanced techniques), new and updated illustrations throughout, 27 color additions to the appendix of artworks from 21 contemporary artists, and a new Glossary of Art Terms.
Deborah Rockman is Chair of the Drawing and Printmaking Programs at Kendall College of Art and Design, Ferris State University.
Table of Contents
1. Essential Skills and Information: What Every Student Should Know About Drawing Sighting and the Use of a Sighting Stick The Principles of Composition: Theory versus Application The Golden Section Line Variation and Sensitivity Working with Value Structure The Illusion of Space and Depth on a Two-Dimensional Surface The Technique of Scaling to Determine Accurate Size Relationships Creating an Effective Still Life
2. Spatial Thinking and Visualization: The Essential Principles of Perspective Drawing An Introduction to Perspective The Terminology of Perspective Perspective and Cubes Using Perspective Grids Increasing Complexity in the Perspective Environment Constructing Ellipses in One-Point and Two-Point Perspective
3. Advanced Perspective Techniques Taking Perspective to the Next Level Mathematically Precise Cubes in Two-Point Perspective Using Measuring Lines for Equal and Unequal Divisions of an Area Inclined Planes in Perspective Geometric Solids and Transparent Construction Three-Point Perspective Suggested Perspective Exercises
4. Essential Drawing Principles in Relation to the Human Figure The Human Figure Gesture Drawing or Rapid Contour Drawing Enhancing the Illusion of Volume and Space in the Human Form An Introduction to Portraiture Mapping the Figure in Space The Figure and Anatomy
5. Color Theory and Application Understanding Color The Spatial and Volumetric Effects of Color Hints for Observing and Recording Color Drawing with Color Media Colored Pencils Pastels Oil Pastels Some Final Thoughts about Working with Color
6. Developing Ideas, Resolving Problems, and Evaluating Results Ideation: Generating Ideas Diagnosing Problems in Your Work Intentions versus Results The Importance of Critiques Key Questions for Critiquing Work
7. Drawing Materials and Processes Media and Materials for Drawing Transfer Techniques Combined with Drawing
Appendix: Contemporary Art: A Gallery of Drawings Glossary of Art Terms Bibliography Index