9780415921794

Duty and Healing: Foundations of a Jewish Bioethic

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780415921794

  • ISBN10:

    0415921791

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-06-21
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

Duty and Healingpositions ethical issues commonly encountered in clinical situations within Jewish law. The concept of duty is significant in exploring bioethical issues, and this book presents an authentic and non-parochial Jewish approach to bioethics, while it includes critiques of both current secular and Jewish literatures. Among the issues the book explores are the role of family in medical decision-making, the question of informed consent as a personal religious duty, and the responsibilities of caretakers. The exploration of contemporary ethical problems in healthcare through the lens of traditional sources in Jewish law is an indispensable guide of moral knowledge.

Table of Contents

Editor's Introduction
The Book
1(3)
The Author
4(5)
Debts of Gratitude
9(4)
Introduction
Goals and Framework
The Purposes of this Book
13(11)
Transliteration
24(1)
Sources: Translation and Citation
25(3)
Acknowledgments
28(3)
Prologue
Duty and Clinical Ethics Consultations from a Jewish Viewpoint
Introduction
31(4)
The Model of Rights
35(4)
The Model of Expert Counselor
39(4)
The Model of Duty
43(5)
The Consultation Process: Some Differences Between the Models
48(4)
Judaism and Consultations: Morality Within Relationships
52(17)
SECTION 1 FAMILY
The Role of the Family in Medical Decision Making for Incompetent Persons
Introduction
69(6)
A Proper Family Role: The Standard View
75(6)
Problems with the Standard View
81(8)
Families as Proxies in the Standard View
89(8)
A Family Duty
97(4)
Judaism on Duties of Children to Parents: Respectful Service and Reverent Obedience
101(16)
Duties of Children: Preventing Pain and Indignity
117(10)
The Priority of Duty
127(12)
SECTION 2 CONSENT
``The Reasonable Caretaker'' and the Obligation to Consent
Introduction
139(3)
The Duty to Seek Medical Treatment
142(5)
The Duty to Heal
147(5)
The Doctrine of Informed Consent in Jewish Sources
152(11)
The Nature of Medical Choice and Its Implications for Consent
163(12)
An Alternative Construction: The Reasonable Caretaker
175(18)
SECTION 3 COMPETENCY
Jewish Sources and the General Theory of Competency
Introduction
193(7)
Competence and Communication of Choice: The Minima
200(13)
Competence and Roles: Competence as Capability and as Authorization
213(15)
Defining Mental Illness Within a Social Context: The Need for Protection
228(13)
Competency, Consent to Treatment, and Other Social Roles
241(14)
SECTION 4 RISK
Principles of Judgment in Health Care Decisions
Introduction
255(7)
Allowable Risks 1: Risking Life to Lengthen Life
262(17)
Allowable Risks 2: Risking Pain and Life for Quality of Life
279(21)
Allowable Risks 3: The Threshold of Risk: ``G-d Protects Fools''
300(9)
Subjective Aspects of Risk: Definition and Presentation
309(10)
Conclusion: Summarizing Halakhic Principles of Personal Medical Decision Making
319(10)
Afterword Next Steps in Healing and Duty 329(4)
Sources of Jewish Law 333(1)
Glossary 334(2)
Index 336

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