9780415426176

Dynamics of Forest Ecosystems in Central Africa During the Holocene: Past Present Future: Palaeoecology of Africa, An International Yearbook of Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironments, Volume 28

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415426176

  • ISBN10:

    0415426170

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-10-04
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

Tropical rain forests in Africa and in other low latitude regions around the world are recognized as evolutionary, ancient ecosystems which are species-rich and stable over time. Another perspective on tropical forests sees them as biodiversity hotspots which are often endangered by human exploration of biological and geological resources. It has long been recognized that previous assumptions about the stability of rain forests over time cannot generally be validated. Natural shifts in climate over the last 40.000 years, during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene, have caused repeated, strong modification in the area dynamics of rain forest ecosystems. These changes have resulted in the temporary demise of the rain forest and the expansion of more open, savanna-like vegetation patterns. Indeed, on the environmental and landscape scale, one can hypothesize a striking tendency for rapid modifications due to climate change. Besides spatio-temporal oscillations in the forested areas of Central Africa, this book also focuses on possible relationships between environmental change and human and cultural innovations. One such example is that of the so-called 'migration of Bantu' inside Central and Southern Africa.

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. ix
Forewordp. xiii
Preface and Introductionp. xv
DFG-Research Unit 510 on 'Ecological and Cultural Change in West and Central Africa', Yaounde Workshop Report, and Outlook for 2007-2009p. 1
Of Deserts and Forests: Insights into Central African Palaeoenvironments Since the Last Glacial Maximump. 15
Settling the Rain Forest: The Environment of Farming Communities in Southern Cameroon During the First Millennium BCp. 29
Recent Archaeological Investigations in the Tropical Rain Forest of South-West Cameroonp. 43
The Batie Palaeopodzol and Its Palaeoclimatic and Environmental Significancep. 59
New Evidence on Palaeoenvironmental Conditions in SW Cameroon Since the Late Pleistocene Derived from Alluvial Sediments of the NTEM Riverp. 79
The Evolution of the Holocene Palaeoenvironment of the Adamawa Region of Cameroon: Evidence from Sediments from Two Crater Lakes Near Ngaounderep. 103
Palaeoenvironmental Studies in the Ngotto Forest: Alluvial Sediments as Indicators of Recent and Holocene Landscape Evolution in the Central African Republicp. 121
Extension of Former Tree Cover in the Today's Sudano-Sahelian Milieu as Evidence for Late Holocene Environmental Changes in Northern Cameroonp. 139
The Application of Organic Carbon and Carbonate Stratigraphy to the Reconstruction of Lacustrine Palaeoenvironments from Lake Magadi, Kenyap. 155
Forest-Savanna Dynamics in Ivory Coastp. 169
The Impact of Land Use on Species Distribution Changes in North Beninp. 199
Potentials of Nigeriasat-1 for Sustainable Forest Monitoring in Africa: A Case Study from Nigeriap. 207
Landscape and Vegetation Patterns Studied by Remotely Sensed Data Analysis in Rain Forest Ecosystems near Ebolowa (Southern Cameroon)p. 221
Remote Sensing Based Forest Assessment: Recent Dynamics (1973-2002) of Forest-Savanna Boundaries at Ngotto Forest, Central African Republic (CAR)p. 237
Late Neoproterozoic Palaeogeography of Central Africa: Relations with Holocene Geological and Geomorphological Settingp. 245
A Palaeoecological Approach to Neotectonics: The Geomorphic Evolution of the NTEM River in and Below its Interior Delta, SW Cameroonp. 259
Effects of Forest Clearings Around Bangui: Urban Floods in Densely Populated Districts of the Central African Capitalp. 273
Non Woody Forest Products (NWFPs) and Food Safety: Sustainable Management in the Lobaye Region (Central African Republic)p. 289
Regional/Location Indexp. 301
Subject Indexp. 303
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