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Early Childhood Development : A Multicultural Perspective,9780131198050
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Early Childhood Development : A Multicultural Perspective

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780131198050

ISBN10:
013119805X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $89.20
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Summary

While arranged in the conventional ages-and-stages format, the 4th edition ofEarly Childhood Development: A Multicultural Perspective by Jeffrey Trawick-Smith diverges from convention to take a multicultural approach to all facets of development in children from birth to age 8. Every topic is examined through the lens of diversityfrom intellectual development to attachment patterns, from peer relations to motor skillswhich is essential for our increasingly diverse student population. Coverage of atypical development and the challenges of special education is woven seamlessly through each chapter. Case studies and examples provide future teachers with a hands-on guide to how children develop, how children's skills develop, and how that development should inform sensitive, successful teaching practice. Key changes to this edition include: an expanded discussion of play and literacy in every developmental level, an expanded discussion on social policy issues (poverty, government initiatives, etc.), and a new featureAdvocacy and Public Policy Boxfound in Chapters 2-17.

Table of Contents

PART 1 Young Children in Multicultural Perspective: An Introduction
Studying Early Childhood Development in a Diverse World
2(12)
What Is Early Childhood Development?
4(2)
Why Study Early Childhood Development?
6(4)
A Guide to Interactions with Children
A Guide to Curriculum Planning
A Guide to Observing Children and Identifying Special Needs
A Guide to Understanding and Appreciating Diversity
A Guide to Advocacy and the Shaping of Public Policy
Why Study Early Childhood Development from a Multicultural Perspective?
10(2)
Summary
12(1)
Research into Practice
13(1)
Historical Perspectives and Research in Early Childhood Development
14(20)
Historical Perspectives on Childhood
16(6)
Western Perspectives
Non-Western Perspectives
Research on Young Children
22(10)
A History of Child Study
Correlational Studies
Experimental Studies
Multicultural Critique of Traditional Research
Qualitative/Ethnographic Studies
Action Research in the Classroom
Summary
32(1)
Research into Practice
33(1)
Theories of Child Development
34(28)
Maturationist Theory
37(3)
Working with Adam
Critique and Multicultural Analysis
Behaviorist Theory
40(4)
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Social Learning Theory
Working with Adam
Critique and Multicultural Analysis
Psychoanalytic Theory
44(4)
Erikson's Ages of Emotional Development
Working with Adam
Critique and Multicultural Analysis
Cognitive-Developmental Theory
48(3)
Working with Adam
Critique and Multicultural Analysis
Sociocultural Theory
51(4)
Working with Adam
Critique and Multicultural Analysis
Ecological Systems Theory
55(5)
Working with Adam
Critique and Multicultural Analysis
Summary
60(1)
Research into Practice
60(2)
PART 2 Prenatal Development, Childbirth, and Infancy
Genetics, Prenatal Development, and Birth
62(22)
Genetics: The Biological Steps to Becoming a Unique Human Being
64(5)
Genes and Chromosomes
Hereditary Diseases
Genetics from a Multicultural Perspective
Becoming Human
Becoming an Individual
Becoming an Individual Within a Cultural Group
Prenatal Development
69(7)
Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development
Teen Pregnancy
Childbirth
76(6)
Western Childbirth Procedures
Childbirth Across Cultures
Summary
82(1)
Research into Practice
82(2)
The Newborn
84(20)
Physical Characteristics of Newborns
85(2)
Newborn Psychological States
87(9)
Sleeping
Alert and Waking Activity States
Crying
Breastfeeding
Reflexes
Exploration and Habituation
Newborns with Special Needs
96(4)
Genetic Disorders
Environmental Risk Factors
Poor Health Status and Prematurity
Summary
100(1)
Research into Practice
101(3)
Infant Physical Growth and Brain Development
104(22)
Physical Growth and Motor Development
105(7)
Trends in Physical Growth
Motor Abilities
Toddler Motor Development and Self-Help Skills
Perceptual Development
112(4)
Vision
Hearing
Taste and Smell
Touch
Brain Growth
116(7)
How the Brain Works
The Super-Dense Infant Brain
Promoting Infant Brain Growth
Prime Time for Brain Growth
Visual Impairment
Hearing Impairment
Other Conditions That Affect Perception and Motor Ability
Summary
123(1)
Research into Practice
124(2)
Cognitive Development in Infancy
126(24)
Piaget's View of Infant Intelligence
127(6)
Piaget's Substages
A Multicultural Critique of Piaget's Theory
Other Cognitive Abilities in Infancy
133(5)
Memory
Attention
Infant Play and Cognitive Development
Variations in Infant Cognitive Development
138(3)
Culture and Infant Cognition
Poverty
Challenging Conditions and Infant Cognition
141(6)
Families, Culture, and Infants with Special Needs
Early Intervention
Summary
147(1)
Research into Practice
147(3)
Infant Language and Literacy
150(20)
Receptive Communication
151(1)
Speech Perception
Understanding Words
Productive Communication
152(8)
Crying
Noises and Gestures
Babbling
First Words
Two-Word Utterances
Toddler Literacy
160(6)
Hearing Impairment and Infant Language
Down Syndrome and Infant Language
General Language Delay
Summary
166(1)
Research into Practice
167(3)
Infant Social and Emotional Development
170(28)
Trust and Attachment
172(12)
Attachment Formation
Separation Anxiety and Stranger Anxiety
Types of Attachment
Cultural Variations in Infant Attachment
Parenting Behaviors, Attachment, and Culture
Attachment and Infants with Special Needs
Attachment and Family Stress
Attachment Interventions
Infant Care and Attachment
Autonomy
184(2)
Cultural Variations in Autonomy
Temperament
186(3)
Temperament and Attachment
Temperament and Culture
Early Emotions
189(2)
Emotions and Culture
Infant Relationships and Egocentrism
191(3)
Summary
194(1)
Research into Practice
195(3)
PART 3 Development in the Preschool Years
Preschool Physical and Motor Development
198(28)
Physical Growth
200(1)
Gross Motor Development
201(2)
Cultural Variations in Motor Skills
Cultural Variations in Activity Level
Motor Play and Culture
203(5)
Running and Walking
Climbing and Jumping Down
Catching and Throwing
Balancing
Rough-and-Tumble Play
Fine Motor Development
208(2)
Artistic Development
210(4)
Drawing Development: A Traditional View
Drawing Development: The Reggio Emilia Perspective
Gender and Motor Development
214(1)
Personal and Family Life Skills
215(8)
Neurological and Perceptual Disorders
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Malnutrition
Effects of Early Intervention
Summary
223(1)
Research into Practice
223(3)
Cognitive Development in the Preschool Years
226(30)
Cognitive Development in the Preschool Years: Piaget's Theory
228(8)
Characteristics of Preoperational Thought
Piagetian Tasks
Criticisms of Piaget's Theory
236(2)
Cultural Variations
Flaws in Research
Vygotsky's Perspective on Cognitive Development
238(2)
Culture and Social and Language Interactions
New Perspectives on Preschool Cognition
240(11)
Attention
Theories of the Mind
Variations in Theories of the Mind
Summary
251(1)
Research into Practice
251(5)
Symbolic Thought: Play, Language, and Literacy in the Preschool Years
256(40)
Sociodramatic Play
258(10)
Sociodramatic Play and Cognition
Components of Sociodramatic Play
Sociodramatic Play Intervention
Sociodramatic Play, Class, and Culture
Play and Visual Impairments
Play and Hearing Impairments
Play and Cognitive Disabilities
Play and Autism
First-and Second-Language Acquisition
268(16)
Phonology
Semantics
Syntax
Pragmatics
Bilingual Preschools
Literacy Development
284(7)
Writing
Reading
Promoting Early Literacy
Cultural Variations in Emergent Literacy
Summary
291(1)
Research into Practice
292(4)
Social and Emotional Development of Preschoolers
296(36)
Emotional Growth in the Preschool Years
298(2)
Initiative versus Guilt
Social Initiative
Initiative and Self-Concept
Initiative and Culture
Social Competence
300(15)
Peer Status: Children Who Are Popular, Rejected, and Neglected
Friendships
Social Participation
Positive and Negative Social Behaviors
Culture and Social Competence
315(4)
Culture and Prosocial Behaviors
Play
Access to Peers
Friendliness and Shyness
Rough Play and Teasing
Social Interactions and Second-Language Acquisition
Peer Acceptance and Culture
Other Sources of Variation in Social Competence
319(8)
Poverty and Family Stressors
Siblings
Child Care
Gender and Social Development
Summary
327(1)
Research into Practice
328(4)
PART 4 The Primary Years in Cultural Context
Physical Growth and Motor Development in the Primary Years
332(26)
Physical Appearance and Stature
333(1)
Cultural Variations in Physical Growth
Poverty and Health Status of Primary-Age Children
334(6)
Illness
Nutrition
Injury
Violence
Homelessness
Motor Development in the Primary Years
340(1)
The Body-Brain Connection
Motor Play and Culture
341(7)
Functional Play
Rough-and-Tumble Play
Pretend Play
Games with Rules
Teasing Play
Rituals
Modern Threats to Motor Play
348(7)
Television
School Policy
Cerebral Palsy
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Spina Bifida
Meeting Special Motor Needs in School
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Summary
355(1)
Research into Practice
355(3)
Cognition and Schooling
358(36)
Schooling Across Cultures
360(2)
Intelligence Tests
362(4)
Uses of IQ Tests in School
Analysis and Multicultural Critique of IQ Testing
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
366(9)
Assimilation and Accommodation
The Concrete Operational Stage
Piaget's Theory and Traditional School Subjects
Analysis and Multicultural Critique of Piaget's Theory
375(3)
Underestimates of Competence
Culture and Cognitive Abilities
Vygotsky's View of Language and Social Interaction
378(1)
Memory, Metacognition, and Schooling
379(3)
Types of Memory
Metacognition and Memory
Memory and Culture
Culture and School Success
382(8)
Clashes in Cognitive Style
Poor Schools and Teaching
Family Attitudes Toward School
Learning Disabilities
Children Who Are Gifted and Talented
Meeting Diverse Cognitive Needs in One Classroom
Summary
390(1)
Research into Practice
390(4)
Language, Literacy, and Schooling
394(34)
First- and Second-Language Acquisition
396(15)
Phonology
Semantics
Syntax
Metalinguistic Awareness
Pragmatics
Bilingual Education
Literacy Development
411(13)
Writing in the Primary Years
Reading Development
Literacy and Culture
Biliteracy
Summary
424(1)
Research into Practice
424(4)
Social and Emotional Development in the Primary Years
428(36)
A Sense of Competence
430(3)
Development of Feelings of Competence
A Sense of Competence in Schools
Types of Self-Esteem
433(2)
Competence versus Social Acceptance
Feelings of Control
Feelings of Moral Self-Worth
Integrating the Types of Self-Esteem
Self-Esteem and Culture
435(6)
Inclusive Views of Self
Cultural Competencies and Criteria for Self-Evaluation
Culture and Feelings of Control
Culture and Feelings of Moral Self-Worth
Self-Esteem, Prejudice, and the Myth of Self-Hatred
Early Identity Formation
441(4)
Gender Identity
Ethnic Identity
Peer Relationships
445(6)
The Peer Group
Peer Rejection and Reputation
Children Who Are Neglected
Friendships
Peer Relations, Culture, and Class
Moral Development
451(9)
Critiques of Kohlberg
Social Emotional Disturbance
Autism and Social Competence
ADHD and Social Competence
Invisible Handicaps and Peer Acceptance
Summary
460(1)
Research into Practice
460(4)
PART 5 Families in Cultural Context
Parents, Families, and Children: A Multicultural Perspective
464(19)
Parent Beliefs About Child Development
465(5)
Poverty and Beliefs About Children
Oppression and Beliefs About Children
Parenting Beliefs and Professional Practice
Adult--Child Interactions
470(4)
Parent Communication
Responses to Crying
Teaching Behaviors
Carrying and Holding Practices
Extended Families: Grandparents, Siblings, Friends, and Fathers
474(6)
Grandparents
Siblings
Friends Who Are Like Family
Fathers
Foster Parents
Summary
480(1)
Research into Practice
481(2)
Glossary 483(11)
References 494(29)
Author Index 523(12)
Subject Index 535


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