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Earth Lab: Exploring the Earth Sciences,9780534379537
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Earth Lab: Exploring the Earth Sciences

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780534379537

ISBN10:
0534379532
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/24/2001
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
List Price: $73.66
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Summary

The perfect manual for the lab when studying Earth Science or Physical Geology! The experiments featured in this lab manual teach and reinforce the core skills that characterize the Earth Sciences and illustrate how the scientific method works. Full of engaging activities that are designed to help readers develop data-gathering skills, such as mineral and rock identification, and data-analysis skills, the manual uses clear and easy-to-understand graphs and simple calculations. The authors also introduce readers to the graphical analysis of data via maps and sections that are characteristic of the earth sciences, helping readers develop the skills they need to "read" topographic, geologic, and meteorological maps. Using this manual in conjunction with the interactive experience of a lab, readers learn to understand aerial and satellite images, and perceive the importance of stratigraphic columns, geologic sections, and seismic waves.

Table of Contents

SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION
ntroduction: The Scientific Method
rganization of This Book
The Scientific Method
Special Features of the Earth Sciences
Apply the Scientific Method to Your Own Life
ab 1: Introduction to Maps
ypes of Maps
Map Legend
Scale
Global Location System: Latitude and Longitude
Map Grids and Orientation
Projections
U
Geological Survey Maps
Global Positioning System (GPS)
ECTION 2: THE SOLID EARTH
ab 2: Physical Properties of Minerals
efinition of a Mineral
Types of Physical Properties Shown by Minerals
Determining the Properties of Minerals
ab 3: Rock-Forming Minerals
ineral Identification and Recognition
Use of the Mineral Identification Tables
Classification of Minerals
Geologic Resources and Minerals
ab 4: Igneous Rocks
ineralogical and Chemical Composition
Textures of Igneous Rocks
Classification and Identification of Igneous Rocks
ab 5: Sedimentary Rocks
ormation of Sedimentary Rocks
Sedimentary Environments
Clastic Sedimentary Rocks
Biochemical and Chemical Sedimentary Rocks
Identification and Description of Sedimentary Rocks
ab 6: Metamorphic Rocks
extures of Metamorphic Rocks
Composition of Metamorphic Rocks
Types of Metamorphism
Temperature and Pressure
Classification of Metamorphic Rocks
ab 7: Rock Masses
ntroduction to Geologic Maps and Cross Sections
Sedimentary Rock Masses
Igneous Rock Masses
Metamorphic Rock Masses
Structures and Deformation
Rocks in a Cross Section
ab 8: Geologic Time and Geologic History
elative Age
Geologic History
Numerical Dating
Geologic Time Scale
ab 9: Earth's Structure and Plate Tectonics
he Structure of the Earth
Divergent Plate Boundaries and Transform Faults
Convergence, Subduction, and Mountain Building
Geometric Fit of Continents
ab 10: Earthquakes and Seismology
arthquake Hazards
The Origin of Earthquakes
Seismic Waves
Magnitude
Locating an Earthquake
ECTION 3: EARTH'S SURFACE AND THE FLUID EARTH
ab 11: Topographic Maps
opography and Contours
Topographic Profiles
Using and Constructing Topographic Maps
Air Photos Give a View of the Third Dimension
ab 12: Shorelines and Oceans
he Edge of the Oceans
Shorelines
Ocean Currents
Ocean Salinity
Nutrients in Seawater
El Nino - La Nina
ab 13: Groundwater and Karst Topopgraphy
orosity
Permeability and Flow Rate
Water Table, Groundwater Flow, and Wells
Groundwater Causes Erosion by Solution
ab 14: Streams and Rivers
tream Gradient
Stream Erosion: Downward or Sideways?Lab 15: Wind and the Atmosphere
oriolis Effect
Global Winds
Humidity
Weather
Atmospheric Chemistry
Greenhouse Effect
Ozone Layer
ECTION 4: RESOURCES
ab 16: Geologic Maps
hat is Shown on a Geologic Map
Folds on Geologic Maps
Faults on Geologic Maps
Unconformities on Geologic Maps
Igneous Contacts on Geologic Maps
Drawing a Cross Section
Making Geologic Maps from Field Investigations: A Simulation
ab 17: Resources
ossil Fuels as Resources
Carbon Cycle
Mineral Resources
lossary


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