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East Asia : A Cultural, Social, and Political History

by ; ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780618133840

ISBN10:
0618133844
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/5/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $165.33
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Summary

Written by top scholars in the field, East Asia: A Cultural, Social and Political History provides the most complete history of East Asia available to date. Strong coverage of gender and social history, as well as a special emphasis on material culture provide students with a broad understanding of the region. Eight Connections chapters connect the societies of East Asia to each other and the rest of the world. Throughout the text, primary source documents and biography essays capture the lives and voices of East Asian history while "Material Culture" features invite students to examine physical objects as sources of culture. Some of the objects profiled include Chinese lacquer, Korean streetcars, and Japanese manga (comics). East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History offers geographically balanced coverage of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean history while examining the history of each society in a larger, global context. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

Preface xviii
Conventions xxii
PART ONE The Foundations of East Asian Civilization in China
1(110)
Connections: The Prehistory of East Asia
3(7)
China in the Bronze Age: The Shang and Western Zhou Dynasties (ca. 1500--771 B.C.E.)
10(15)
The Geography of the Chinese Subcontinent
11(1)
The Shang Dynasty (ca. 1500--1045 B.C.E.)
12(6)
Writing
15(2)
Metalworking
17(1)
Developments Outside the Shang Core
18(1)
The Western Zhou Dynasty (1045-771 B.C.E.)
19(6)
The Mandate of Heaven
20(1)
The Zhou Political Structure
20(2)
Western Zhou Society and Culture
22
Material Culture: Rammed Earth
13(8)
Documents: The Announcement of Shao
21(4)
Philosophers and Warring States During the Eastern Zhou Period (770--256 B.C.E.)
25(18)
The Multi-State System of the Eastern Zhou
26(2)
Warfare and Its Consequences
28(2)
The Hundred Schools of Thought
30(9)
Confucius and the Analects
32(1)
Mozi
33(1)
Mencius
34(1)
Xunzi
35(1)
Daoism and the Laozi and Zhuangzi
36(1)
Legalism
37(1)
Other Schools of Thought and Types of Learning
38(1)
Warring States Literature and Art: The Case of Chu
39(4)
Biography: Guan Zhong
27(4)
Documents: The King of Zhao Convinces His Uncle to Wear Barbarian Dress
31(9)
Material Culture: Lacquer
40(3)
The Founding of the Bureaucratic Empire: Qin-Han China (256 B.C.E.--200 C.E.)
43(28)
The Qin Unification (256--206 B.C.E.)
44(4)
The First Emperor (r. 221-210 B.C.E.)
45(1)
Qin Law
46(1)
The First Emperor's Tomb
46(2)
The Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.--220 C.E.)
48(4)
Official Support for Confucianism
50(1)
The Xiongnu and the Northern Frontier
50(1)
Wang Mang
51(1)
Palace Eunuchs
52(1)
Intellectual, Literary, and Religious Currents
52(4)
Han Confucianism
53(2)
Sima Qian and the Records of the Grand Historian
55(1)
Chinese Society in Han Times
56(4)
Common Farmers
56(2)
Elite Groups
58(1)
The Family
59(1)
Central Asia and the Silk Road
60(2)
Borderlands
62(1)
The Case of Vietnam
62(1)
Maintaining the Empire
63(2)
Documents: Lucky and Unlucky Days
54(3)
Biography: The Ban Family
57(4)
Material Culture: Silk from the Silk Road
61(4)
Connections: Buddhism in India and Its Spread Along the Silk Road
65(6)
Political Division in China and the Spread of Buddhism (200--580)
71(17)
The Three Kingdoms (220--265) and the Western Jin Dynasty (265--316)
72(3)
Non-Chinese Dominance in the North
75(5)
The Northern Wei and Hybrid Xianbei-Chinese Culture
78(1)
The Revolt of the Garrisons and the Division of the North
79(1)
The Southern Dynasties and Aristocratic Culture
80(3)
Poetry, Calligraphy, and Painting as Arts of Men of Letters
81(2)
The Buddhist Conquest of China
83(2)
Daoist Religion
85(3)
Documents: Tales of the Current Age
76(6)
Biography: Yan Zhitui (531--591+)
82(3)
Material Culture: Cave 285 at Dunhuang
85(3)
The Cosmopolitan Empires of Sui and Tang China (581-960)
88(23)
The Northwest Military Aristocracy and the Sui Reunification of China
89(1)
The Founding of the Tang Dynasty (618--907)
90(2)
The Tang at Its Height
92(8)
The Tang Elite
96(1)
Empress Wu
97(2)
Emperor Xuanzong
99(1)
The Rebellion of An Lushan and Its Aftermath
100(1)
The Achievements of Tang Men of Letters
101(5)
The Dunhuang Documents
106(2)
The Tang Dynasty's Final Decades and the Five Dynasties
108(3)
Material Culture: Tea
95(8)
Biography: Du Fu (712--777), Confucian Poet
103(1)
Documents: Poking Fun
104(7)
PART TWO The Emergence of East Asian Civilization
111(114)
Connections: Cultural Contact across Eurasia (600--900)
112(4)
Early Korea: Choson, Three Kingdoms, Silla, and Parhae
116(21)
Geography of the Korean Peninsula
117(1)
Bronze Age Culture
117(2)
The Early Historical Period (200 B.C.E.--313 C.E.)
119(3)
The North: Choson, Puyo, Koguryo
119(2)
The South: The Samhan
121(1)
The Three Kingdoms (Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla) (313--698)
122(5)
The Introduction of Buddhism
123(1)
Koguryo Expansion (399--493)
123(1)
Silla and Paekche in the Sixth Century
124(2)
The Final Struggle and Silla's Victory (581--668)
126(1)
Parhae
127(2)
Silla Domination of the Peninsula (668--892)
129(1)
New Bureaucratic Developments
129(1)
Social Conventions
130(2)
New Sects of Buddhism and Culture
132(3)
Silla's Decline (700--892)
135
Documents: The Buddhist Monk Uich'on
130(1)
Biography: Ch'oe Ch'iwon
131(3)
Material Culture: Buddhist Sculpture
134(3)
Early State and Society in Japan (to 794)
137(16)
The Geography of the Japanese Archipelago
138(1)
Early Kingship
138(3)
The Korea Connection
140(1)
Ancient Religion
140(1)
The Formation of a Centered Polity
141(12)
The China Connection
143(3)
The Conquest of Emishi and Hayato
146(1)
The Introduction of Buddhism
147(1)
Elite Culture
148(1)
A Stagnant Agrarian Base
149
Material Culture: Haniwa
142(8)
Documents: Poems from Nihon shoki and Man'yoshu
150(3)
China Among Equals: Song, Liao, Xia, and Jin
153(23)
The Founding of the Song Dynasty
154(1)
Song's Rivals: Liao and Xia
154(2)
A New Era
156(9)
The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution
156(2)
International Trade
158(1)
The Song Scholar-Official Class
159(4)
Reformers and Anti-Reformers
163(2)
The Fall of the Northern Song and the Jin Dynasty
165(2)
Hangzhou and the Southern Song
167(1)
Song Culture and Society
168(8)
The Revival of Confucianism and the Learning of the Way
168(2)
Gender Roles and Family Life
170(2)
Religion in Song Life
172
Documents: A Judge's Ruling
161(5)
Biography: Tong Guan, Eunuch General
166(7)
Material Culture: Huang Sheng's Clothing
173(3)
The Koryo Dynasty (889--1259)
176(16)
The Later Three Kingdoms (889--935)
176(1)
Koryo Dynasty: The Recentralized Bureaucracy and Its Problems (935--1171)
177(5)
Early Koryo Society
178(1)
Military Threats
179(1)
Taming and Rewarding Aristocrats
179(1)
Incomplete Bureaucratic Centralization
180(1)
Aristocratic Politics, Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries
180(2)
Confucian Education
182(1)
Koryo Relations with Song and Liao (943--1071)
182(2)
Rise of the Jurchen (Jin) Dynasty
184(2)
The Decline and Fall of Civilian Rule
186(1)
Buddhism and Syncretism in the Koryo Period
187(2)
Praetorian Rule and the Mongol Invasions (1170--1259)
189(3)
Biography: Ch'oe Sungno
181(4)
Material Culture: The Koryo Celadon
185(3)
Documents: Toson, the Monk and Geomancer
188(4)
Heian Japan (794--ca. 1180)
192(16)
The Age of Kingly Rule
192(4)
Early Heian Culture
194(1)
Transformations in Religious Practice
195(1)
The Fujiwara Era
196(6)
Marriage and Politics
198(1)
The Heyday of Aristocratic Culture
199(2)
Buddhism and the Fujiwara
201(1)
Rule by Retired Monarchs
202(4)
The Estate System
206(2)
Biography: Sugawara no Michizane
197(3)
Material Culture: Writing Japanese
200(4)
Documents: Sanboe (The Three Jewels)
204(4)
Kamakura Japan (1180--1333)
208(17)
Rise of the Warrior
208(2)
Prelude to Kamakura Rule
210(1)
Military Government at Kamakura
211(11)
Family Politics
213(1)
Kamakura Shogunate
214(1)
Toward Intensive Agriculture and Economic Growth
215(4)
Buddhism
219(1)
Literature and Popular Arts
220(2)
The Mongol Invasions
222(1)
Fall of Kamakura Regime
223(2)
Documents: The Estate Stewards in Legal Documents
216(5)
Material Culture: The Mongol Scroll and Mongol Combat
221(4)
PART THREE Meeting New Challenges (1200--1600)
225(82)
Connections: The Mongols
226(9)
China and Korea Under Mongol Rule (1215--1368)
235(17)
The Mongol Conquest of the Jin and Xia Dynasties
235(2)
The Mongol Conquest of Korea
237(2)
The Mongol Conquest of the Southern Song
239(2)
Khubilai
239(1)
Crossing the Yangzi River
240(1)
Life in China Under the Mongols
241(6)
The Chinese Educated Elite During the Mongol Era
245(2)
Drama
247(1)
Mongol Rule over Koryo (1260--1351)
247(5)
Documents: The Luoluo
242(2)
Material Culture: Blue-and-White Porcelain
244(6)
Biography: Yi Chehyon
250(2)
Japan's Middle Ages (1330--1600)
252(17)
New Political Alignments
252(9)
Changes in Roles for Women
254(2)
Trade in Town and Country
256(1)
Life on the Margins
257(1)
Changes in Religious Practice
258(1)
Muromachi Culture
259(2)
Civil War
261(8)
Local Leagues
261(4)
Rise of Warlords
265(1)
The Conquerors
265
Biography: Hino Meishi
255(5)
Material Culture: No
260(2)
Documents: The Journal of Socho
262(7)
The Ming Empire in China (1368--1600)
269(21)
The Founding of the Ming Dynasty
270(4)
Ming Taizu
270(2)
Chengzu
272(1)
Weaknesses of the Imperial Institution
273(1)
Diplomacy and Defense
274(3)
Zheng He's Voyages
275(1)
The Mongols and the Great Wall
275(2)
Trade and Piracy Along China's Coasts
277(1)
Social and Cultural Trends
277(13)
The Educated Class and the Examination System
277(4)
Wang Yangming's Challenge to Confucian Orthodoxy
281(2)
Local Society
283(1)
Urban Culture
284
Biography: Tan Yunxian, Woman Doctor
280(5)
Material Culture: Gardens of Suzhou
285(1)
Documents: Scene from The Peony Pavilion
286(4)
Centralization in Early Choson (1351--1598)
290(17)
Recentralization and Zhu Xi Confucianism (1351--1392)
291(2)
King Kongmin's Reforms
291(1)
The Rise of Yi Songgye
292(1)
The Choson Dynasty and Confucianization (1392--1450)
293(4)
The Sejo Usurpation and the Literati Purges (1450--1519)
297(3)
Confucian Disputation
300(1)
Institutional Deterioration
301(1)
Factionalism and the Japanese Invasion
302(5)
Material Culture: King Sejong's Clepsydra
299(3)
Documents: Excerpts from T'oegye
302(3)
Biography: Admiral Yi Sunsin
305(2)
PART FOUR Growth and Stability (1600--1800)
307(58)
Connections: Europe Enters the Scene
308(5)
The Creation of the Manchu Empire (1600--1800)
313(18)
The Ming Dynasty Lapses into Disorder
314(1)
The Manchus
314(2)
Ming Loyalism
316(3)
The Qing at Its Height
319(5)
Kangxi
319(1)
Qianlong
320(1)
The Banner System
321(3)
Contacts with Europe
324(2)
Social and Cultural Cross Currents
326(5)
The Dream of Red Mansions
327
Biography: Printer You Xiangdou and His Family
318(4)
Documents: Fang Bao's ``Random Notes from Prison''
322(6)
Material Culture: Jin Nong's Inscribed Portrait of a Buddhist Monk
328(3)
Edo Japan (1603--1800)
331(17)
Tokugawa Settlement
331(13)
Government
333(2)
Agricultural Transformations and the Commercial Revolution
335(3)
Urban Life and Culture
338(2)
Intellectual Trends
340(4)
Maturation and Decay
344(4)
Popular Culture
344(1)
Hard Times and Peasant Uprisings
345
Material Culture: Night Soil
337(3)
Documents: Ihara Saikaku's ``Sensible Advice on Domestic Economy''
340(3)
Biography: Tadano Makuzu
343(5)
Late Choson Korea (1598--1800)
348(17)
Manchus and Factional Disputes
349(3)
Relations with the Manchus
349(1)
Economic and Institutional Reforms
350(1)
The Resumption of Factional Dispute (1659--1730)
351(1)
The Decline of the Military Service and Rural Credit Systems
352(1)
Late Choson Society: Slaves and Yangban
353(1)
Economic Development in the Eighteenth Century
354(1)
Politics, Ideology, and Reform after 1762
355(2)
New Movements in Scholarship and Learning
357(2)
Northern Learning
357(1)
Christianity and Western Learning
358(1)
Toleration and Persecution of Christians
358(1)
The Family and Women in the Confucian Age
359(1)
The Growth of Literature
360(5)
Biography: King Yongjo
352(3)
Material Culture: Five-Day Markets
355(7)
Documents: Lady Hyegyong's Memoirs
362(3)
PART FIVE Western Imperialism (1800--1900)
365(82)
Connections: Western Imperialism (1800--1900)
366(9)
China in Decline (1800--1900)
375(22)
Economic and Fiscal Problems
376(1)
Midcentury Crises
377(8)
The Opium War
378(4)
Taiping Rebellion
382(1)
Other Rebellions
383(1)
The Second Opium War
384(1)
Self-Strengthening
385(3)
Empress Dowager Cixi
387(1)
Foreigners in China
388(2)
The Failures of Reform
390(4)
The Boxer Rebellion
391(3)
The Decline of the Qing Empire in Comparative Perspective
394(3)
Material Culture: The Grand Canal
377(4)
Biography: Manchu Bannerman Guancheng
381(11)
Documents: Comparing the Power of China and Western Nations
392(5)
Japan in Turmoil (1800--1867)
397(15)
Domestic Secessions
397(1)
Domainal Reforms
398(2)
Religion and Play
400(1)
Foreign Affairs
401(5)
The Closing of Japan
404(1)
Unequal Treaties with the United States
405(1)
Debates on the Foreign Threat
406(1)
Political Turmoil
406(3)
The Fall of the Shogunate
409(3)
Biography: Kitahara Inao
399(3)
Documents: Kohei's Lawsuit
402(5)
Material Culture: Foot Traffic
407(5)
Meiji Transformation (1868--1900)
412(19)
The Meiji State
412(13)
Reforms and Opposition
416(3)
Constitution and National Assembly
419(2)
Industrialization
421(2)
Civilization and Enlightenment
423(2)
Conservative Resurgence
425(1)
Imperialism and Modernity
426(5)
Material Culture: New Food for a New Nation
413(4)
Biography: Deguchi Nao
417(11)
Documents: Fukuzawa Yukichi's ``Escape from Asia''
428(3)
The Final Years of Choson Korea (1800--1895)
431(16)
The Nature of Consort Rule
432(1)
New Social Policies
432(1)
Foreign Incursions and Rebellion
433(1)
Ch'oe Cheu and the Tonghak Religion
434(1)
The Taewongun's De Facto Regency (1864--1874)
434(4)
Reaction to the Reforms
435(2)
Military Pressure from the West
437(1)
King Kojong and the Kanghwa Treaty of 1876
438(1)
Foreign Interference and Qing Control
438(4)
The 1884 Coup
440(1)
The Tianjin Treaty
441(1)
Western Influences
442(1)
Protestant Christianity
442(1)
Efforts to Modernize
442(1)
The Tonghak Rebellion and the Sino-Japanese War (1894--1895)
443(4)
Kabo Cabinet Reforms
444(1)
Assassination of the Queen
445
Biography: Ch'oe Cheu, Founder of the Tonghak Religion
435(1)
Documents: Tonghak Beliefs
436(7)
Material Culture: Streetcars
443(4)
PART SIX East Asia in the Modern World
447(178)
Remaking China (1900--1927)
448(17)
The End of Monarchy
449(3)
Local Activism
449(1)
The Anti-Manchu Revolutionary Movement
450(1)
The Manchu Reform Movement
450(1)
The 1911 Revolution
451(1)
The Presidency of Yuan Shikai and the Emergence of the Warlords
452(1)
Toward a More Modern China
453(9)
The New Culture Movement
453(2)
Industrial Development
455(4)
The May Fourth Incident
459(1)
The Women's Movement
460(2)
Reunification by the Nationalists
462(3)
Material Culture: Shanghai's Great World Pleasure Palace
454(2)
Documents: Lu Xun's ``Sudden Notions''
456(2)
Biography: Sophia Chen and H. C. Zen, a Modern Couple
458(7)
Rise of Modern Japan (1900--1931)
465(19)
A Fluid International Order
465(3)
Economic Development
468(1)
Constitutional Government
469(10)
Imperial Democracy
471(1)
Mass Movements
472(3)
Minorities
475(3)
Radicals
478(1)
Modern Urban Culture
479(2)
Alternatives to Modernity
481(3)
Documents: Negotiations Between Strike Group Representatives and Company Directors
476(4)
Material Culture: Houses for the Middle Class
480(2)
Biography: Kobayashi Ichizo
482(2)
The Loss of Korean Independence and Colonial Rule (1896--1945)
484(17)
The Transition to Colonial Rule (1896--1905)
485(2)
Early Nationalist Movements
485(1)
Russian Influences
486(1)
The Russo-Japanese War (1904--1905)
486(1)
The Introduction of Western Technology and Influences
487(2)
Japanese Colonial Rule (1910--1945)
489(12)
The Land Survey
490(1)
The Growth of Korean Industry
491(2)
Literacy and Education
493(1)
The Rise of Communism and Militant Nationalism
494(2)
Manchuria
496
Documents: Louise Yim's Writings on Female Independence
488(9)
Biography: Kim San
497(2)
Material Culture: Korean Gold Miners
499(2)
War and Revolution, China (1927--1949)
501(28)
The Chinese Communist Party
502(3)
Mao Zedong's Emergence as a Party Leader
503(2)
The Nationalist Government in Nanjing
505(9)
Shanghai
508(3)
Relocating the Communist Revolution
511(3)
The Japanese Invasion and the Retreat to Chongqing
514(2)
The Chinese Communist Party During the War
516(1)
The Civil War and the Communist Victory
517(3)
Biography: Yuetsim, Servant Girl
506(2)
Documents: The Peasant Exodus from Western Shandong
508(4)
Material Culture: Qipao
512(8)
Connections: World War II
520(9)
War and Aftermath in Japan (1931--1964)
529(17)
Road to War
529(2)
Junior Officers and the Citizenry
530(1)
Social Reform
531(1)
Wartime Mobilization
531(3)
Occupation
534(5)
Despair and Liberation
535(1)
Occupation Goals
536(1)
Occupation Reforms
536(1)
Economic Developments
537(1)
Labor and the Reverse Course
538(1)
Political Settlement and Economic Recovery
539(7)
Political and Social Protest
540(1)
Post-Occupation Economic Development
541(1)
Postwar Culture
542
Documents: Excerpts from the Diary of Hayashi Toshimasa
532(11)
Material Culture: The Transistor
543(1)
Biography: Daimatsu Hirobumi
544(2)
China Under Mao (1949--1976)
546(19)
The Party in Power
547(8)
Ideology and Social Control
548(2)
The Korean War and the United States as the Chief Enemy
550(1)
Collectivizing Agriculture
550(1)
Minorities and Autonomous Regions
551(1)
Intellectuals and the Hundred Flowers Campaign
552(3)
Departing from the Soviet Model
555(3)
The Great Leap Forward
555(3)
The Sino-Soviet Split
558(1)
The Cultural Revolution
558(5)
Phase 1: 1966--1968
559(3)
Phase 2: 1968--1976
562(1)
The Death of Mao
563(2)
Material Culture: Political Posters
549(5)
Biography: Jin Shuyu, Telephone Minder
554(6)
Documents: Big Character Poster
560(5)
China Since Mao (1976 to the Present)
565(19)
The Communist Party After Mao
566(1)
Restructuring the Economy
567(4)
Encouraging Capitalist Tendencies
568(1)
Shrinking the State Sector
568(1)
Regional Disparities and Internal Migration
569(1)
Consumer Culture
570(1)
Social and Cultural Changes
571(4)
Education
571(1)
The Arts
572(1)
Gender Roles
573(1)
Population Control and the One-Child Family
573(2)
Family Life
575(1)
Critical Voices
575(5)
Taiwan
580(2)
China in the World
582(2)
Material Culture: China's New Cinema
574(2)
Documents: Supporting the Rural Elderly
576(4)
Biography: Li Qiang, Labor Activist
580(4)
Korea (1945 to the Present)
584(20)
Liberation and National Division (1945--1949)
585(1)
Korean War (1949--1953)
586(2)
The Republic of Korea (1953--1992): Dictatorship and Economic Growth
588(6)
Syngman Rhee and Chang Myon (1953--1961)
588(2)
Park Chung Hee: The First Decade (1961--1972)
590(2)
Park Chung Hee: The Big Push (1972--1979)
592(1)
The Chun Doo Hwan Dictatorship (1979--1987)
592(2)
Democracy Arrives (1987--1992)
594(1)
Civilian Presidents (1992 to the Present)
594(2)
Modernization: Changes in Family Life, Consumer Culture, and Literature
596(1)
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (1953 to the Present)
597(7)
Economic Growth and Political Consolidation (1953--1959)
597(1)
Foreign Relations and Expansion of Personal Power (1959--1975)
598(1)
Economic Decline After 1987
599(1)
The North Korea Nuclear Challenge
600
Documents: ``Flowers of Fire'' by Sonu Hwi
588(7)
Material Culture: The Visitors' Center at the Kumgang Mountains
595(7)
Biography: Suh Sung and Kang Chol-hwan, Victims of Oppression
602(2)
Contemporary Japan (1965 to the Present)
604(21)
Political Protest and Environmental Pollution
604(2)
Strains of the 1970s
606(6)
Continuing Social Issues
608(4)
The Roaring 80s
612(3)
The Good Life
613(2)
Malaise in the 1990s
615(4)
Social Problems for the Twenty-First Century
616
Documents: Fujita Mariko, ``'It's All Mother's Fault': Childcare and the Socialization of Working Mothers in Japan''
610(4)
Material Culture: Manga
614(5)
Connections: East Asia in the Twenty-First Century
619(6)
Credits 625(2)
Index 627


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