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Ideal for introductory philosophy courses that take a topical, problem-oriented approach, this anthology offers an in-depth exploration of the five main branches of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, morality, politics, and aesthetics. Considerations of these branches are anchored by readings from Plato and expanded through thoughtfully edited historical and contemporary pieces by a wide range of thinkers, inviting students to become active participants in the philosophical tradition.
* An issues-based approach features a broad representation of past and current readings chosen and edited to compare perspectives on philosophical issues over time
* A Comprehensive selection of readings includes canonical philosophical works along with a selection of non-philosophical writings that offer unique viewpoints on key problems
* Diverse perspectives, including readings from non-Western, Canadian, and female authors, provide students with a variety of viewpoints
* Classroom-tested content ensures that the level of each selection is suited to introductory philosophy students
* Author headnotes provide biographical context for the readings
Lisa Gannett is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Saint Mary's University in Halifax. She received her PhD in philosophy from the University of Western Ontario in 2004.
Table of Contents
Each chapter includes an Introduction and Film Notes. PART ONE: THE REAL Cave Allegory, Plato Personal Identity Of Identity and Diversity, John Locke The Lost Mariner, Oliver Sacks Personal Identity, Derek Parfit The Same and the Same: Two Views of Psychological Continuity, Marya Schechtman Introduction to The Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir You're Not the Indian I Had in Mind, Thomas King Freedom and Determinism Of the System of Man's Free Agency, Baron d'Holbach Of Liberty and Necessity, David Hume The Antimony of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant When Is a Man Responsible?, Moritz Schlick Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility, Harry G. Frankfurt Crime, Genes, and Responsibility, Marcia Baron Natural and Social Kinds Of Words, John Locke Meaning and Reference, Hilary Putnam Natural Kinds and Biological Taxa, John Dupre Madness: Biological or Constructed?, Ian Hacking Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them to Be?, Sally Haslanger Preface to The Order of Things, Michel Foucault PART TWO: THE TRUE From Meno, Plato Knowledge of the External World From Meditations on First Philosophy, Rene Descartes From Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous, in Opposition to Skeptics and Atheists, George Berkeley From Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume From Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, Immanuel Kant Words, Works, Worlds, Nelson Goodman Realism and Anti-Realism; Metaphysics and Empiricism, Anjan Chakravartty Knowledge of the Mind The Experience of the Body and Classical Psychology, Maurice Merleau-Ponty From Philosophical Investigations, Ludwig Wittgenstein The Solipsist, Troy Jollimore Sensations and Brain Processes, J. J. C. Smart The Nature of Mental States, Hilary Putnam What Is it Like to Be a Bat?, Thomas Nagel Methods of Scientific Inquiry Aphorisms Concerning the Interpretation of Nature and the Kingdom of Man, Francis Bacon A Survey of Some Fundamental Problems, Karl R. Popper Birth of a New Physics or Death of Nature?, Kathleen Okruhlik Teleology and the Relationship between Biology and the Physical Sciences in the Nineteenth Century, John Beatty Public Knowledge, Public Trust: Toward Democratic Epistemic Practices, Lorraine Code PART THREE: THE GOOD Euthyphro, Plato Moral Foundations From Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle From Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics, Immanuel Kant What Utilitarianism Is, John Stuart Mill On the Cognitive Content of Morality, Jurgen Habermas Challenges to Moral Foundations Morality as Anti-Nature, Friedrich Nietzsche Critique of Ethics, A.J. Ayer From "Existentialism and Humanism", Jean-Paul Sartre Cultural Relativism and Cultural Values, Melville J. Herskovits Gender and Morality Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation, Martha C. Nussbaum Moral Orientation and Moral Development, Carol Gilligan Ethics, "Feminine" Ethics, and Feminist Ethics, Susan Sherwin Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation, Martha Nussbaum Moral Equality and "Natural" Subordination, Catherine Wilson PART FOUR: THE JUST Crito (or On Duty), Plato Civil Disobedience Resistance to Civil Government, Henry D. Thoreau Letter from Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr. The Justification of Civil Disobedience, John Rawls Democratic Government From Second Treatise of Government, John Locke From Considerations on Representative Government, John Stuart Mill Quotas for Women, Anne Phillips Modernity, Persons, and Subpersons, Charles W. Mills Multiculturalism The Politics of Recognition, Charles Taylor From Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights, Will Kymlicka Liberalism's Last Stand: Minority Rights and the (Mis)recognition of Aboriginal Sovereignty, Dale Turner On the Dark Side of Nation: Politics of Multiculturalism and the State of "Canada", Himani Bannerji PART FIVE: THE BEAUTIFUL Art as Imitation, Plato Diotima on Beauty: Socrates' Speech in Symposium, Plato Art and Aesthetics On the Metaphysics of the Beautiful and Aesthetics, Arthur Schopenhauer The Artworld, Arthur Danto What Is Wrong with a Forgery?, Alfred Lessing The Aesthetics of Cultural Appropriation, James O. Young A Beautiful Life From A Confession, Leo Tolstoy The Meanings of Lives, Susan Wolf The Makropulos Case: Reflections on the Tedium of Immortality, Bernard Williams Glossary