9780195165708

Eight Theories of Religion

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195165708

  • ISBN10:

    0195165705

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/12/2006
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Summary

Why do human beings believe in divinities? Why do some seek eternal life, while others seek escape from recurring lives? Why do the beliefs and behaviors we typically call "religious" so deeply affect the human personality and so subtly weave their way through human society? Revised andupdated in this second edition, Eight Theories of Religion considers how these fundamental questions have engaged the most important thinkers of the modern era. Accessible, systematic, and succinct, the text examines the classic interpretations of religion advanced by theorists who have left a majorimprint on the intellectual culture of the twentieth century. The second edition features a new chapter on Max Weber, a revised introduction, and a revised, expanded conclusion that traces the paths of further inquiry and interpretation traveled by theorists in the most recent decades. Eight Theories of Religion, Second Edition, begins with Edward Burnett Tylor and James Frazer--two Victorian pioneers in anthropology and the comparative study of religion. It then considers the great "reductionist" approaches of Sigmund Freud, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx, all of whom haveexercised wide influence up to the present day. The discussion goes on to examine the leading challenges to reductionism as articulated by sociologist Max Weber (new to this edition) and Romanian-American comparativist Mircea Eliade. Finally, it explores the newer methods and ideas arising from theAfrican field studies of ethnographer E. E. Evans-Pritchard and the interpretive anthropology of Clifford Geertz. Each chapter offers biographical background, theoretical exposition, conceptual analysis, and critical assessment. This common format allows for close comparison and careful evaluationthroughout. Ideal for use as a supplementary text in introductory religion courses or as the central text in sociology of religion and courses centered on the explanation and interpretation of religion, Eight Theories of Religion, Second Edition, offers an illuminating treatment of thiscontroversial and fascinating subject.

Author Biography

Daniel L. Pals is Professor of Religious Studies and History at the University of Miami

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 3
Animism and Magicp. 18
Religion and Personalityp. 53
Society as Sacredp. 85
Religion as Alienationp. 118
A Source of Social Actionp. 149
The Reality of the Sacredp. 193
Society's "Construct of the Heart"p. 229
Religion as Cultural Systemp. 260
Conclusionp. 292
Indexp. 325
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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