9781576079423

Elementary Education

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781576079423

  • ISBN10:

    1576079422

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-05-01
  • Publisher: Abc-Clio Inc

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Summary

A thorough overview of elementary education in the United States, spanning its history, foundations, curriculum models, technology, assessment, and special programs.

Table of Contents

Series Editor's Preface xiii
Preface xv
Chapter One: Elementary Schools 1(18)
Elementary School Student Populations
2(6)
Changes in Population
2(1)
Ethnicity and Culture
3(1)
Language
4(1)
Families
4(1)
Child Care
4(1)
Latchkey Children
5(1)
Socioeconomic Status
5(1)
Poverty
6(1)
Homelessness
6(1)
Ability
7(1)
Current Trends and Issues in Elementary Education
8(8)
Diversity
8(1)
Students with Special Needs
9(1)
Students Placed at Risk
10(1)
School Violence
10(1)
Gang Violence
11(1)
National Standards
12(1)
Alternative Assessment
12(1)
Technology
13(1)
Family Involvement
13(1)
School Choice
14(1)
Year-Round Schools
14(1)
Open-Enrollment Schools
14(1)
Hub Schools or Full-Service School Programs
14(1)
Magnet Schools
15(1)
Charter School
15(1)
Vouchers
15(1)
Home Schooling
16(1)
Privatization of Public Schools
16(1)
Summary
16(1)
References
17(2)
Chapter Two: The Foundations of Elementary Education 19(36)
Purpose of Education
19(1)
Foundations of Education
19(34)
Historical Foundations of Education
20(23)
Philosophical Foundations of Education
43(7)
Social Foundations of Education
50(1)
Cultural Foundations of Education
51(2)
Summary
53(1)
References
53(2)
Chapter Three: Development of the Elementary Student 55(34)
Principles of Human Development
55(1)
Physical Development
55(2)
Cognitive Development
57(9)
Piaget's Theory of Intellectual Development
57(1)
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
58(1)
Criticism of Piaget's Theory
59(1)
Application of Piaget's Theory in
Elementary Education
59(1)
Vygotsky's Sociocultural View of Development
60(1)
Application of Vygotsky's Theory in Elementary Education
61(1)
Informational Processing View of Cognitive Development
62(3)
Application of Informational Processing View in Elementary Education
65(1)
Language
66(3)
Linguistic Development
67(2)
Personal Development
69(6)
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Theory
71(2)
Application of Erikson's Psychosocial
Theory in Elementary Education
73(1)
Self-Concept Development
73(1)
Racial Identity Formation
74(1)
Moral Development
75(4)
Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
75(1)
Criticism of Kohlberg
76(1)
Eisenberg's Theory of Prosocial Behavior
77(1)
Application of Eisenberg's Theory of Prosocial Behavior in Elementary Education
78(1)
Application of Moral Development in Elementary Education
78(1)
Social Development
79(3)
Perspective Taking
79(2)
Social Problem Solving
81(1)
Summary
82(1)
References
82(7)
Chapter Four: The Elementary Learner 89(24)
Learning Theories
89(2)
How Knowledge Is Constructed
89(1)
Application of Learning Theory to Elementary Education
90(1)
Higher Level Thinking Skills
91(2)
Criticism of Bloom's Taxonomy
92(1)
Application of Bloom's Taxonomy to Elementary Education
92(1)
Intelligence
93(2)
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
93(1)
Multiple Intelligences
93(1)
Criticism of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences
94(1)
Application of Multiple Intelligences in Elementary Education
95(1)
Creativity
95(1)
Application of Creativity in Elementary Education
96(1)
Learning Styles
96(3)
Field-Independent and Field-Dependent Learners
97(2)
Application of Learning Styles in Elementary Education
99(1)
Culture and Learning
99(5)
Racial Identity and Learning
101(2)
Application of Culture in Elementary Education
103(1)
Language
104(2)
English as a Second Language
104(1)
Ebonics Debate
105(1)
Application of Language in Elementary Education
106(1)
Self-Concept and Learning
106(2)
Application of Self-Concept Development in Elementary Education
106(1)
Socioeconomic Status and Learning
107(1)
Application of Socioeconomic Factors in Elementary Education
107(1)
Summary
108(1)
References
108(5)
Chapter Five: Elementary School Curriculum 113(46)
Early Childhood Education
114(9)
Developmental-Appropriate Practices
114(2)
Early Childhood Curriculum Models
116(1)
The Creative Curriculum
117(1)
Bank Street-Developmental Interaction Approach
118(1)
High/Scope Curriculum
118(1)
Montessori Method
119(2)
Reggio Emilia
121(1)
Waldorf
121(1)
The Project Approach
122(1)
Theme-Based Model
122(1)
Child-Oriented versus Academically Oriented Programs
122(1)
Kindergarten Curriculum
123(2)
Full-Day Kindergarten
124(1)
Elementary Curriculum
125(30)
Language Arts
125(1)
Reading
126(3)
Writing
129(1)
Mathematics
130(3)
Science
133(2)
Social Studies
135(5)
Physical Education, Wellness, and Health Education
140(1)
Fine Arts
141(1)
Technology
142(1)
Character Education and Moral Education
143(2)
Multicultural Education
145(8)
Creativity
153(1)
Multiple Intelligences
153(1)
Differentation
154(1)
Affective Curriculum
154(1)
Role Models and Mentors
154(1)
Family and Community Involvement
155(1)
Summary
155(1)
References
155(4)
Chapter Six: Technology and Elementary Education 159(18)
The Use of Technology between 1800 and 1919
159(1)
Opening Doors with Technology between 1920 and 1950
160(1)
The Many Influences of Technology on Public Education between 1950 and 1959
161(1)
1954
161(1)
1957 and 1958
161(1)
1959
162(1)
The Emergence of Computer-Assisted Instruction during the 1960's
162(2)
Smaller, Better, More Affordable Technology of the 1970's and 1980's
164(1)
The Limitless Possibilities of Technology from the 1990's to the Present
165(2)
Using Technology to Support learning
167(3)
Technology/Distance Learning and Home Schooling
170(1)
Technology and Ethics
171(1)
The One-Computer Classroom
172(1)
Handheld Computers in the Classroom
172(1)
Technology and a New Literacy
173(1)
Summary
173(1)
References
174(3)
Chapter Seven: Special Programs in Elementary Education 177(40)
Students with Cognitive or Academic Difficulties
177(6)
Students with Learning Disabilities
178(2)
Students with ADHD
180(1)
Students with Speech and Communication Disorders
181(2)
Students with Social or Behavioral Problems
183(1)
Autism
184(1)
Students with Delays in Cognitive and Social Functioning
184(1)
Students with Physical or Sensory Challenges
185(2)
Students with Visual Impairments
186(1)
Students with Hearing Loss
186(1)
Students with Severe and Multiple Disabilities
187(1)
Inclusion
187(4)
Legal Aspects of Special Education
189(1)
Fair and Nondiscriminatory Evaluation
189(1)
Due Process
190(1)
Education in the Least Restrictive Environment
190(1)
Individualized Education Program
191(1)
Mainstreaming versus Self-Contained Classrooms
191(2)
Educational Strategies for Students with Disabilities
193(1)
Gifted and Talented Students
193(3)
Characteristics of Gifted Students
193(1)
Psychological Needs of Gifted Students
194(1)
Twice Exceptional Students
195(1)
Culturally Diverse Gifted Students
195(1)
Intelligence Testing
196(7)
History of Intelligence Testing
196(4)
The Norms of the Test
200(1)
The Language of the Test
200(1)
The Context of the Tests
201(1)
Student Attitudes about Test Taking
201(1)
Teaching Strategies That Improve Test Taking
202(1)
Bilingual Education Programs
203(3)
History of Bilingual Education
203(3)
Strategies for Teaching Bilingual Students
206(1)
School Reform Movement
206(8)
Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration Project
207(1)
Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration Models
208(2)
Evaluation of School Reform Models
210(1)
Title I Programs
211(1)
Reading Recovery
212(1)
Head Start
212(2)
Summary
214(1)
References
215(2)
Chapter Eight: Print and Nonprint Resources in Elementary Education 217(24)
Print Resources
217(13)
Early Childhood Resources (Preschool-Grade 2)
217(4)
Elementary Education Resources (Grade 3-Grade 6)
221(2)
Bilingual Education
223(1)
Multicultural Education
223(2)
Gifted Education
225(4)
Textbooks
229(1)
Journals
229(1)
Nonprint Resources
230(11)
Internet
230(11)
Glossary 241(6)
Index 247(14)
About the Authors 261

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