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THE ELEMENTS OF COUNSELING provides readers with the framework for thinking about counseling in a simple, clear, and concise manner. This handy primer covers the basic components of counseling in an easy-to-use outline format, and uses counselor / client dialogues to frame the material in a 'real world' setting.
Table of Contents
|About the Authors||p. xv|
|Setting the Stage: Counseling Process||p. 1|
|Make personal contact||p. 2|
|Develop a working alliance||p. 2|
|Explain counseling to the client||p. 3|
|Pace and lead the client||p. 5|
|Speak briefly||p. 7|
|When you don't know what to say, say nothing||p. 8|
|You may confront as much as you've supported||p. 9|
|If you want to change something, process it||p. 9|
|Individualize your counseling||p. 10|
|Notice resistance||p. 11|
|When in doubt, focus on feelings||p. 12|
|Plan for termination at the beginning of counseling||p. 14|
|Arrange the physical setting appropriately||p. 15|
|Dress appropriately||p. 15|
|Attend to physical space||p. 15|
|Conduct counseling in a quiet setting||p. 16|
|Avoid interruptions and distractions||p. 16|
|Be prompt||p. 16|
|Invest in a box of tissues||p. 16|
|Remember confidentiality||p. 16|
|Strategies to Assist Clients in Self-Exploration||p. 19|
|Avoid advice||p. 19|
|Avoid premature problem solving||p. 20|
|Avoid relying on questions||p. 21|
|Listen closely to what clients say||p. 22|
|Pay attention to nonverbals||p. 23|
|Focus on the client||p. 24|
|Be concrete||p. 25|
|Utilize metaphors||p. 26|
|A Few Mistaken Assumptions||p. 29|
|Agreement does not equal empathy||p. 29|
|Do not assume that change is simple||p. 30|
|Positive thinking does not equal rational thinking||p. 30|
|Make psychological assessments, not moral judgments||p. 31|
|Do not assume that you know clients' feelings, thoughts, and behaviors||p. 32|
|Do not assume that you know how clients react to their feelings, thoughts, and behaviors||p. 33|
|Important Topics||p. 35|
|Develop crisis intervention skills||p. 35|
|Take control of the situation||p. 37|
|Determine the real client||p. 37|
|Emphasize strengths||p. 38|
|Mobilize social resources||p. 38|
|Become culturally competent||p. 39|
|Be open to group and family approaches||p. 42|
|Learn about grief, loss, and trauma||p. 43|
|Refer carefully||p. 45|
|Watch for deterioration in clients||p. 46|
|Establish an interest in counseling research||p. 47|
|Document your work||p. 48|
|Persevere with clients who no-show||p. 48|
|Learn how to conceptualize clients||p. 49|
|Learn about managed care||p. 51|
|Develop technology skills||p. 53|
|Counselor, Know Thyself||p. 56|
|Become aware of and address your personal issues||p. 56|
|How did you decide to become a counselor?||p. 56|
|With what emotions are you uncomfortable?||p. 57|
|What amount of progress is acceptable?||p. 57|
|How will you deal with your clients' feelings toward you?||p. 58|
|How will you handle your feelings for your clients?||p. 58|
|Can you be flexible, accepting, and gentle?||p. 59|
|Be open to supervision||p. 60|
|Don't hide behind testing||p. 60|
|On ethical questions, consult||p. 61|
|A Brief Introduction to Intervention||p. 63|
|Basic counseling texts||p. 64|
|Person-centered counseling||p. 64|
|Behavioral counseling||p. 65|
|Cognitive, cognitive/behavioral counseling, and social learning theory||p. 65|
|Gestalt counseling||p. 67|
|Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic counseling||p. 67|
|Existential counseling||p. 68|
|Group counseling||p. 68|
|Family/systems counseling||p. 69|
|Multicultural counseling||p. 70|
|Feminist therapy||p. 70|
|Brief therapy and solution focused therapy||p. 72|
|Integrative approaches||p. 74|
|Narrative therapy||p. 75|
|New and emerging approaches||p. 77|
|Research on counseling and psychotherapy||p. 78|
|Other important sources||p. 80|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|