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Table of Contents
|Using This Book|
|What Is an Argument?|
|Three General Considerations|
|Multiple Conclusions and Complex Arguments|
|Showing the Structure of Arguments|
|Strategies of Analysis|
|Two Special Problems|
|Analyzing a Complex Argument: An Example|
|Overall Argument Evaluation|
|Some Valid Argument Forms|
|Valid Argument Forms|
|Two Invalid Argument Forms|
|Using the Forms to Show Validity|
|Using Inference and Equivalence Rules|
|Deductive Proof Strategies|
|More Valid Argument Forms: Categorical Reasoning and Venn Diagrams|
|Basic Causal Relationships|
|Contributing Factors as "Causes." Causal Explanations|
|Testing Causal Claims|
|Argument by Analogy and Models|
|Evaluating Analogical Reasoning|
|Errors in Reasoning: Fallacies|
|Fallacies in Supporting a Claim|
|Fallacies of Criticism and Response|
|Definition of "Definition." Two Types of Definition|
|Methods of Definition|
|Standards of Definition|
|Working Out a Definition|
|Vagueness and Ambiguity|
|Granted Claims and Acceptable Beliefs|
|New Claims, Background Beliefs, and Rationality|
|Rules for Writing|
|Exercises: Some Answers, Hints, and Comments|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|