9780827341098

Emergency Guide for Dental Auxiliaries

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780827341098

  • ISBN10:

    0827341091

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 4/5/1994
  • Publisher: CENGAGE Delmar Learning
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Summary

Medical emergencies can and do occur within the dental office environment. A large percentage of these emergencies could be prevented or at least better treated if all the members of the dental team were more knowledgeable in the prevention and management of emergency situations. Emergency Guide for Dental Auxiliaries, 3e is designed to provide dental auxiliaries with the basic skills and knowledge necessary in order for them to function effectively as part of the dental team when faced with a medical emergency. A must for all dental auxiliaries working in dental offices to stay up to date on possible medical emergencies, First Aid skills, and important information on the legal aspect of emergency care in the dental office. (key words: dental, dentist, dental auxiliaries, dental emergency, dental assisting)

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Prevention
Vital Signsp. 2
Blood Pressurep. 2
Recording the Pulsep. 5
Respirationp. 6
Temperaturep. 6
Health Historyp. 7
Summaryp. 13
Referencesp. 13
Review Questionsp. 13
Office Preparation
Office Emergency Routinep. 16
Emergency Kitp. 18
Oxygen Tankp. 20
Summaryp. 23
Referencesp. 24
Review Questionsp. 24
Vasodepressor Syncope
Causesp. 28
Physical Changes Resulting in Vasodepressor Syncopep. 28
Signs and Symptomsp. 29
Treatmentp. 29
Preventionp. 32
Summaryp. 33
Referencesp. 33
Review Questionsp. 34
Airway Obstruction
Dental Hazardsp. 38
Anatomy of the Airwayp. 39
Types of Airway Obstructionsp. 39
The Heimlich Maneuverp. 41
Heimlich Maneuver on Infants and Childrenp. 44
Special Patientsp. 47
Cricothyrotomyp. 47
Performing the Heimlich on Yourselfp. 48
Summaryp. 49
Referencesp. 49
Review Questionsp. 50
Asthma
Typesp. 56
Causesp. 57
Symptomsp. 57
Treatmentp. 58
Summaryp. 60
Referencesp. 60
Review Questionsp. 61
Hyperventilation
Causesp. 64
Physiologyp. 64
Signs and Symptomsp. 64
Treatmentp. 65
Summaryp. 67
Referencesp. 67
Review Questionsp. 67
Epilepsy
Causesp. 72
Types of Seizuresp. 72
Treatmentp. 74
Dental Implications of Epilepsyp. 76
Preventionp. 77
Summaryp. 77
Referencesp. 77
Review Questionsp. 78
Diabetes Mellitus
Historyp. 84
Functions of Glucose and Insulinp. 84
Classificationp. 85
Gestational Diabetesp. 86
Oral Hypoglycemicsp. 86
Causesp. 87
Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemiap. 87
Medical Problemsp. 91
Oral Manifestationsp. 92
Summaryp. 93
Referencesp. 93
Review Questionsp. 95
Allergic Reactions
Antibodiesp. 100
Antigenp. 101
Allergic Reactionp. 101
Importance of Medical Historyp. 102
Types of Reactionp. 103
Angioedemap. 105
Respiratory Allergic Reactionp. 106
Anaphylactic Reactionp. 106
Epinephrinep. 110
Allergy to Anesthesiap. 110
Latex Allergiesp. 111
Summaryp. 114
Referencesp. 114
Review Questionsp. 115
Angina Pectoris and Myocardial Infarction
Anatomy of the Heartp. 120
Coronary Artery Diseasep. 122
Angina Pectorisp. 123
Precipitating Factors of Angina Episodesp. 124
Myocardial Infarctionp. 129
Differences Between Angina and Myocardial Infarctionp. 131
Summaryp. 132
Referencesp. 132
Review Questionsp. 134
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Cardiac Arrestp. 138
Techniquep. 139
External Compressionp. 143
CPR for Infants and Childrenp. 148
Dangers of CPRp. 153
Summaryp. 153
Referencesp. 154
Review Questionsp. 154
Cerebrovascular Accident
Classificationsp. 160
Transient Ischemic Attackp. 160
Cerebral Embolismp. 161
Cerebral Hemorrhagep. 162
Cerebral Infarctionp. 162
Cerebral Thrombosisp. 163
Signs and Symptomsp. 163
Treatmentp. 164
Summaryp. 166
Referencesp. 166
Review Questionsp. 167
Occupational Hazards and Emergencies
Hazards to Office Personnelp. 172
Patient Dental Emergenciesp. 176
Summaryp. 180
Referencesp. 180
Review Questionsp. 181
Legal Problems of Emergency Care
Duty to Treatp. 186
Duty Not to Abandonp. 186
Duty of Preparednessp. 186
Dental Staff's Responsibilitiesp. 186
Good Samaritan Lawp. 187
Preventing Legal Problemsp. 187
Summaryp. 188
Referencesp. 188
Glossaryp. 189
Indexp. 197
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