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Energy : Its Use and the Environment,9780495010852
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Energy : Its Use and the Environment

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780495010852

ISBN10:
0495010855
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
9/30/2005
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 9/30/2005.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

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Summary

What is the impact of energy issues such as lobal warming, radioactive waste, municipal solid waste, and nuclear energy production materials on the individual and society? ENERGY: ITS USE AND THE ENVIRONMENT emphasizes the physical principles behind energy and its effects on our environment, explaining the basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including the study of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and atomic and nuclear physics. By placing energy issues within the context of everyday examples and asking you to define and support critical arguments, ENERGY: ITS USE AND THE ENVIRONMENT offers a provocative approach to this crucial issue.

Table of Contents

Introduction
1(32)
Energy: An Initial Definition
1(2)
Energy Use and the Environment
3(3)
Our Earth---Then and Now
4(2)
Energy Use Patterns
6(8)
Energy Resources
14(3)
Energy Use in China
16(1)
Exponential Growth and Resource Depletion
17(4)
Oil: A Critical Resource
21(3)
Energy Conservation
24(2)
Economic and Environmental Considerations
26(1)
The Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change
28
Future Scenarios
27(6)
Energy Mechanics
33(42)
Introduction
33(1)
Forms of Energy and Energy Conversions
34(5)
Motion
39(4)
Energy and Work
43(5)
Energy Losses in a Car
44(4)
Examples of Work and Energy
48(3)
Power
51(5)
Energy Use in India
54(2)
Summary
56(19)
Special Topic: Newton's Laws of Motion
63(12)
Conservation of Energy
75(22)
Introduction
76(1)
Law of Conservation of Energy
76(3)
Energy Conversion Examples
79(2)
Energy Conversion Efficiencies
81(3)
Energy Use in Developing Countries
84(3)
Sustainable Development
88
A Barrel, A Calorie, A Btu? Energy Equivalencies
87(5)
Summary
92(5)
Heat and Work
97(33)
Introduction
97(1)
Heat and Work and the First Law of Thermodynamics
98(2)
Temperature and Heat
100(6)
Heat Transfer Principles
106(9)
Heat Engines
115(3)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
118(6)
Summary
124(6)
Home Energy Conservation and Heat-Transfer Control
130(30)
Introduction
130(1)
Building Materials
131(1)
House Insulation and Heating Calculations
132(12)
Site Selection
144(1)
Impact of Energy Conservation Measures
145(1)
Cooling
146(3)
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps
149(4)
Summary
153(7)
Solar Energy: Characteristics and Heating
160(45)
Introduction
160(3)
Characteristics of Incident Solar Radiation
163(7)
History of Solar Heating
170(6)
Early Twentieth-Century Egyptian Solar Power Plant
172(4)
Overview of Solar Heating Today
176(1)
Solar Domestic Hot Water
177(6)
Passive Solar Space Heating Systems
183(6)
Active Solar Space Heating Systems
189(4)
Thermal Energy Storage
193(2)
Summary
195(10)
Energy from Fossil Fuels
205(36)
Introduction
206(1)
Resource Terminology
206(3)
Oil
209(10)
Pipeline Politics in the Former Soviet Union
214(4)
Oil Spills
218(2)
Oil from Alaska: Past, Present, and Future Dilemmas
220
Natural Gas
219(4)
Coal: An Expanding Role
223(6)
Future Sources of Oil
229(1)
Summary
230(11)
Special Topic: Physics of Oil and Gas Exploration
234(7)
Air Pollution and Energy Use
241(45)
Introduction
241(3)
Eastern Europe and the Environment
242(2)
Properties and Motion of the Atmosphere
244(6)
Air Pollutants and Their Sources
250(16)
Air Pollution and the Third World
256(10)
Air Quality Standards
266(5)
1990 Clean Air Act Amendments
270(1)
Automobile Emission Control Devices
271(3)
Mass Transit
273(1)
Stationary Source Air Pollution Control Systems
274(5)
Summary
279(7)
Global Warming, Ozone Depletion, and Waste Heat
286(31)
Introduction
286(1)
Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect
287(12)
Africa and Global Warming
298(1)
Ozone Depletion
299(4)
Thermal Pollution
303(2)
Ecological Effects of Thermal Pollution
305(4)
Cooling Towers and Ponds
309(2)
Using Waste Heat
311(2)
Summary
313(4)
Electricity: Circuits and Superconductors
317(41)
Introduction to ``Electrification''
317(3)
Restructuring of the Electric Utility Industry
320(2)
Managing Energy Demand
322(1)
Electrical Charges and Currents
322(3)
Batteries and Electric Vehicles
325(5)
Common Batteries
326(4)
Ohm's Law
330(1)
Superconductivity
331(3)
Elementary Circuits
334(3)
Electrical Power
337(2)
Pricing Electrical Energy Use
339(5)
Edison Mazda Lamps, Circa 1925
339(5)
Fuel Cells
344(5)
Hydrogen Economy
345(4)
Summary
349(9)
Special Topic: Electrostatics
354(4)
Electromagnetism and the Generation of Electricity
358(29)
Magnetism
359(6)
The Generation of Electricity
365(3)
Transmission of Electrical Energy
368(8)
Standard Steam-Electric Generating Plant Cycle
376(3)
Cogeneration
379(3)
Summary
382(5)
Electricity from Solar Energy
387(39)
Introduction
387(3)
Solar Cell Principles
390(3)
PV Car: The Sunraycer
393(1)
Cell Manufacture
393(1)
Photovoltaic Systems and Economics
394(6)
PV Cottages
397(3)
Pumping Water
400(1)
Wind Energy
400(13)
Hydropower
413(4)
Solar Thermal Electric Facilities
417(3)
Small-Scale Hydroelectric Systems
418(2)
Summary
420(6)
The Building Blocks of Matter: The Atom and Its Nucleus
426(25)
The Atomic Hypothesis
427(1)
Building Blocks of the Atom
428(4)
Energy Levels
432(2)
Nuclear Structure
434(1)
Radioactivity
435(4)
Nuclear Glue, or Binding Energy
439(2)
The Joy of Atom-Smashing, or Nuclear Reactions
441(3)
Indoor Radon
444(1)
Fission
444(1)
Summary
445(6)
Special Topic: The Periodic Table
449(2)
Nuclear Power: Fission
451(52)
Introduction
451(5)
Chain Reactions
456(3)
Assembling a Nuclear Reactor
459(4)
Types of Light Water Reactors
463(1)
The Nuclear Fuel Cycle
464(5)
Japan and Plutonium
468(1)
Radioactive Wastes
469(7)
Monuments for the Future
477
Decommissioning
476(2)
Radioactive Releases
478(8)
Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Nuclear Safety
486(3)
Alternate Reactor Designs
489(4)
Nuclear Proliferation
493(1)
Post Cold-War Proliferation
495
Environmental and Economic Summary of Nuclear Power
494(4)
Summary
498(5)
Effects and Uses of Radiation
503(28)
Introduction
504(1)
Radiation Dose
504(1)
Biological Effects of Radiation
505(4)
Background Radiation, Including Radon
509(6)
Radiation Standards
515(1)
Medical and Industrial Uses of Radiation
516(5)
Food Irradiation
519(2)
Radiation Protection
521(2)
Summary
523(8)
Special Topic: Radiation Detection Instruments
528(3)
Future Energy Alternatives: Fusion
531(14)
Potential for Fusion Power
532(1)
Energy from the Stars: The Fusion Process
533(1)
Conditions for Fusion
534(1)
Magnetic Confinement Fusion Reactors
535(3)
Laser-Induced Fusion
538(3)
Cold Fusion
541(2)
Summary and Outlook for Fusion
543(2)
Biomass: From Plants to Garbage
545(32)
Introduction
545(2)
Biomass Conversion
547(7)
Brazil's Ethanol Program
550(4)
Food, Fuel, Famine
554(4)
Municipal Solid Waste
558(6)
Wood Combustion
564(9)
Summary
573(4)
Tapping the Earth's Heat: Geothermal Energy
577(14)
Introduction
577(2)
Origin and Nature of Geothermal Energy
579(2)
Hydrothermal Systems
581(2)
Geothermal Exploration and Resources
583(3)
Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources
586(1)
Environmental Impacts
587(1)
Summary
588(3)
A National and Personal Commitment
591
Appendix A Units of Measurement and Powers of Ten Notation 1(1)
Appendix B Conversions and Equivalencies 1(1)
Appendix C Home Heating Analysis 1(1)
Appendix D Insolation and Temperature Data for Selected U.S. Cities 1(1)
Appendix E World Energy Consumption, 2003 1(1)
Appendix F U.S. Consumption of Energy by Source, 1949--2003 1(1)
Appendix G U.S. Energy Intensity, 1970--2003 1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
Index 1


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