9780072500585

The Engineering of Foundations

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780072500585

  • ISBN10:

    0072500581

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 10/2/2006
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

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Summary

The Engineering of Foundationspresents the subject of foundation engineering in a logical framework, in a natural sequence and in as simple a presentation as possible. The text emphasizes conceptual understanding and avoids and an oversimplistic treatment of the subject. Estimation of soil parameters for use in design is given high priority. Users will find an up-to-date text that relates theory to real world practices and integrates concepts and continuity of examples across chapters. Illustrations, applications and hands-on examples are provided, to explain these critical foundations. Explains the "why". One reviewer notes, "This is the Holtz and Kovacs of Foundations!!"

Table of Contents

Preface ix
The World of Foundation Engineering
1(20)
The Foundation Engineering Industry
2(7)
Foundation Engineering Tools
9(3)
Systems of Units
12(4)
Dimensionless Equations and Dimensional Analysis
16(1)
Chapter Summary
17(1)
Websites of Interest
18(1)
Problems
19(2)
Foundation Design
21(42)
The Design Process
22(4)
Reliability-Based Design
26(2)
Limit States Design and Working Stress Design
28(2)
Ultimate Limit States: Load and Resistance Factor Design
30(2)
Tolerable Foundation Movements
32(20)
Case History: The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Part I)
52(4)
Chapter Summary
56(2)
References
58(2)
Problems
60(3)
Soils, Rocks, and Groundwater
63(50)
Soil and the Principle of Effective Stress
63(7)
Geology and the Genesis of Soils and Rocks
70(8)
``Classic'' Soils
78(8)
``Nonclassic'' Soils
86(3)
Soil Indices and Phase Relationships
89(6)
Groundwater Flow
95(11)
Case History: The Rissa, Norway, Quick-Clay Slides
106(1)
Chapter Summary
107(1)
References
108(2)
Websites of Interest
110(1)
Problems
110(3)
Stress Analysis, Strain Analysis, and Shearing of Soils
113(64)
Stress Analysis
114(11)
Strains
125(7)
Failure Criteria, Deformations, and Slip Surfaces
132(7)
At-Rest and Active and Passive Rankine States
139(6)
Main Types of Soils Laboratory Tests for Strength and Stiffness Determination
145(7)
Stresses Resulting from the Most Common Boundary-Value Problems
152(14)
Total and Effective Stress Analysis
166(1)
Chapter Summary
167(3)
References
170(1)
Problems
171(6)
Shear Strength and Stiffness of Sands
177(42)
Stress-Strain Behavior, Volume Change, and Shearing of Sands
177(6)
Critical State
183(3)
Evaluation of the Shear Strength of Sand
186(1)
Sources of Drained Shear Strength
187(17)
Undrained Shear Strength
204(2)
Small-Strain Stiffness
206(1)
Chapter Summary
207(2)
References
209(2)
Problems
211(8)
Consolidation, Shear Strength, and Stiffness of Clays
219(58)
Compression and Consolidation
220(21)
Drained Shear Strength of Saturated Clay
241(2)
Undrained Shear Strength of Clays
243(8)
Hvorslev's Cohesion and Friction
251(3)
Critical-State, Residual, and Design Shear Strengths
254(4)
Small-Strain Stiffness
258(1)
Case History: Historic Controversies Surrounding the Diffusion and Consolidation Equations
259(2)
Case History: The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Part II)
261(2)
Chapter Summary
263(3)
References
266(3)
Problems
269(8)
Site Exploration
277(70)
General Approach to Site Investigation
277(2)
Soil Borings
279(3)
Standard Penetration Test
282(14)
Undisturbed Soil Sampling
296(1)
Rock Sampling
297(6)
Cone Penetration Test: Cone Penetrometer, Types of Rig, and Quantities Measured
303(7)
Interpretation of CPT Results
310(15)
Other In Situ Tests
325(4)
Geophysical Exploration
329(1)
Subsurface Exploration Report and Geotechnical Report
329(1)
Chapter Summary
330(3)
References
333(4)
Problems
337(10)
Shallow Foundations in Soils: Types of Shallow Foundations and Construction Techniques
347(14)
Types of Shallow Foundations and Their Applicability
347(5)
Construction of Shallow Foundations
352(6)
Chapter Summary
358(1)
References
359(1)
Problems
359(2)
Shallow Foundation Settlement
361(48)
Types of Settlement
361(2)
Influence of Foundation Stiffness
363(1)
Approaches to Settlement Computation
364(1)
Settlement Equations from Elasticity Theory
365(6)
Settlement of Shallow Foundations on Sand
371(16)
Settlement of Shallow Foundations on Clay
387(6)
Case History: The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Part III) and the Leaning Buildings of Santos
393(5)
Chapter Summary
398(4)
References
402(1)
Problems
403(6)
Shallow Foundations: Limit Bearing Capacity
409(70)
The Bearing Capacity Equation for Strip Footings
410(11)
Bearing Capacity of Footings in Saturated Clays
421(15)
Bearing Capacity of Footings in Sand
436(11)
General Shear, Local Shear, and Punching Bearing Capacity Failure Modes
447(1)
Footings in Sand: Effects of Groundwater Table Elevation
448(6)
Foundations Subjected to Load Eccentricity
454(7)
Calculation of Bearing Capacity Using Curve-Fit c and φ Parameters
461(2)
Limit Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations in Rock
463(2)
Chapter Summary
465(4)
References
469(4)
Problems
473(6)
Shallow Foundation Design
479(34)
The Shallow Foundation Design Process
479(3)
Limit State IA-1 Check
482(16)
Settlement Check
498(2)
Structural Considerations
500(4)
Case History: The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Part IV)
504(3)
Chapter Summary
507(2)
References
509(1)
Problems
510(3)
Types of Piles and Their Installation
513(34)
Pile Foundations: What Are They and When Are They Required?
513(1)
Classifications of Pile Foundations
514(9)
Nondisplacement Piles
523(7)
Auger Piles
530(5)
Displacement Piles
535(6)
Piling in Rock
541(2)
Chapter Summary
543(1)
References
543(1)
Websites of Interest
544(1)
Problems
544(3)
Analysis and Design of Single Piles
547(122)
Response of Single Pile to Axial Load
547(3)
Design of Single, Axially Loaded Piles
550(3)
Ultimate Load Criteria
553(6)
Design Considerations for Axially Loaded Piles
559(9)
Calculation of Pile Capacity from Fundamental Soil Variables
568(25)
Pile Load Capacity from CPT and SPT Results
593(9)
Calculation of Settlement of Piles Subjected to Axial Loadings
602(14)
Piling in Rock
616(7)
Laterally Loaded Piles
623(19)
Load Tests
642(4)
Chapter Summary
646(4)
References
650(8)
Problems
658(11)
Pile Driving Analysis and Quality Control of Piling Operations
669(46)
Applications of Pile Dynamics
669(1)
Wave Mechanics
670(9)
Analysis of Dynamic Pile Tests
679(11)
Wave Equation Analysis
690(17)
Chapter Summary
707(2)
References
709(2)
Problems
711(4)
Pile Groups and Piled Rafts
715(26)
Use of Pile Groups, Pile Caps, and Piled Rafts
715(2)
Vertically Loaded Pile Groups
717(9)
Piled Mats
726(2)
Laterally Loaded Pile Groups
728(6)
Chapter Summary
734(2)
References
736(2)
Problems
738(3)
Retaining Structures
741(58)
Purpose and Types of Retaining Structures
741(7)
Calculation of Earth Pressures
748(11)
Design of Externally Stabilized Walls
759(17)
Design of Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls
776(12)
Soil Nailing
788(3)
Chapter Summary
791(2)
References
793(2)
Problems
795(4)
Soil Slopes
799(52)
The Role of Slope Stability Analysis in Foundation Engineering Projects
799(10)
Some Basic Limit Equilibrium Methods
809(8)
The Slice Methods of Limit Equilibrium Analysis of Slopes
817(15)
Slope Stability Analysis Programs: An Example
832(4)
Advanced Methods of Analysis: Limit Analysis
836(5)
Case History: Building Collapse Caused by Landslide
841(2)
Chapter Summary
843(2)
References
845(3)
Problems
848(3)
Appendix A: Unit Conversions 851(4)
Appendix B: Useful Relationships and Typical Values of Various Quantities 855(6)
Appendix C: Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity in the Laboratory Using the Falling-Head Permeameter 861(2)
Appendix D: Determination of Preconsolidation Pressure, Compression and Recompression Indices, and Coefficient of Consolidation from Consolidation Test Data 863(4)
Appendix E: Stress Rotation Analysis 867(4)
Answers to Selected Problems 871(4)
Index 875

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