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Students cannot make an educated decision about what career to pursue without adequate information. This Comprehensive Version from the Engineering Your Future series provides a broad introduction to the study and practice of engineering. It presents vital information in an interesting and easy-to-read manner. New to the 2009-2010 Edition: * Updated Statistical Information * Updated Examples and References New to the Sixth Edition: * Fully Updated Graduation, Employment, and Salary Statistics Data * Updated Graphical Communication Chapter Changes made in the Fourth and Fifth Editions: * Upgraded Computer Tools Chapter * New Project Management Chapter * New, brief, 3-page PowerPoint Tutorial * Improved Technical Communications Chapter including new Oral Communications material * Revised Graphics chapter with improved art * Revised Engineering Fundamentals Chapters with some material re-adjusted to precise introductory level Engineering Your Future has been developed with the following goals and objectives: * To introduce students to the broad spectrum of the engineering profession. * To encourage students to explore the challenges, problems, issues, and functions of the various engineering fields. * To provide students with a perspective of the necessary written and oral communication skills used by engineers. * To introduce students to the professional character and ethical responsibility of engineers. * To provide students with an awareness of historic engineering developments and their impact on society. * To introduce students to the global scope of the present-day engineering community. * To present problem solving skills that will aid in the success of students in the classroom. * To assist students in applying common computer software, useful in their studies. * To introduce students to a design methodology for use in subsequent design courses. * To provide students with the latest statistics relative to the engineering community. Most engineering colleges offer a freshman course that introduces students to the profession. There is a problem, however: no two courses seem to cover the same topics. There is usually significant overlap, but each course covers many topics that are different from those contained in the several books typically available. This Comprehensive Version from our Engineering Your Future series covers more topics than any other introductory text. The primary objective of the authors in developing this book is to provide a text that allows a wide variety of material to be considered for selection in the freshman engineering course. The idea is that only a subset of the topics presented would be selected for a given course. The many topics included allow for wide latitude in course development. The text contains examples within each chapter and assignments afterwards. The assignments include a collection of numerical, writing, and hands-on exercises. The goal is to encourage students to become familiar with the material being presented and, in some cases, to do further exploration. There are four versions of Engineering Your Future in the series to meet a wide variety of course needs: Problem-Oriented , Short Course , Comprehensive , and A Brief Student's Guide .
Authors: Dr. William C. Oakes is Associate Professor of Freshman Engineering at Purdue University. Dr. Les L. Leone is Director of Cooperative Engineering Education at Michigan State University.
Contributors: Dr. John B. Dilworth, Professor of Engineering Ethics, Professional Ethics and Business Ethics, Western Michigan University. Dr. Heidi A. Diefes, Assistant Professor of Freshman Engineering and Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University. Dr. Ralph E. Flori, Jr., Associate Professor, Basic Engineering, University of Missouri-Rolla. Craig J. Gunn, Director of Communications, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Michigan State University. Dr. Merle C. Potter, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Michigan State University. Michael F. Young, Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University.
Table of Contents
The World of Engineering
1. The History of Engineering 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Getting Started 1.3 The Beginnings of Engineering 1.4 The Overview Approach 1.5 Traveling Through the Ages 1.6 A Case Study of Two Historical Engineers 1.7 The History of the Disciplines References Exercises and Activities
2. Engineering Majors 2.1 An Introduction to the Field 2.2 Engineering Functions 2.3 Engineering Majors 2.4 Emerging Fields 2.5 Closing Thoughts 2.6 Engineering and Technical Organizations References Exercises and Activities
3. Profiles of Working Engineers
4. A Statistical Profile of the Profession 4.1 Statistical Overview 4.2 College Enrollment Trends 4.3 College Majors of Recent Engineering Students 4.4 Degrees in Engineering 4.5 Job Placement Trends 4.6 Salaries of Engineers 4.7 The Diversity of the Profession 4.8 Distribution of Engineers 4.9 Engineering Employment 4.10 Percent of Students Unemployed 4.11 A Word from Employers Exercises and Activities
5. Global and International Engineering 5.1 Introduction 5.2 The Evolving Global Marketplace 5.3 International Opportunities 5.4 Preparing for a Global Career Exercises and Activities
6. Future Challenges 6.1 Expanding World Population 6.2 Pollution 6.3 Energy 6.4 Transportation 6.5 Infrastructure 6.6 Aerospace 6.7 Competitiveness / Productivity Exercises and Activities
7. Succeeding in the Classroom 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Attitude 7.3 Goals 7.4 Keys to Effectiveness 7.5 Test-taking 7.6 Making the Most of Your Professors 7.7 Learning Styles 7.8 Well-Rounded Equals Effective 7.9 Your Effective Use of Time 7.10 Accountability 7.11 Overcoming Challenges References Exercises and Activities
8. Problem-Solving 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Analytic and Creative Problem Solving 8.3 The Analytic Problem Solving 8.4 The Creative Problem Solving 8.5 Personal Problem Solving Styles 8.6 Brainstorming Strategies 8.7 Critical Thinking References Exercises and Activities
9. Visualization and Graphics 9.1 Why Study Visualization and Graphics? 9.2 The Theory of Projection 9.3 The Glass Box Theory 9.4 First and Third Angle Projections 9.5 The Meaning of Lines 9.6 Hidden Lines 9.7 Cylindrical Features and Radii 9.8 The Alphabet of Lines and Line Precedence 9.9 Freehand Sketching 9.10 Pictorial Sketching 9.11 Visualization 9.12 Scales and Measuring 9.13 Coordinate Systems and Three Dimensional Space Exercises
10. Computer Tools for Engineers 10.1 Introduction 10.2 The Internet 10.3 Word Processing Programs 10.4 Spreadsheets 10.5 Mathematics Software 10.6 Presentation Software 10.7 Operating Systems 10.8 Programming Languages 10.9 Advanced Engineering Packages References Exercises and Activities
11. Teamwork Skills 11.1 Introduction 11.2 What Makes a Successful Team? 11.3 Growth Stages of a Team 11.4 Team Leadership 11.5 How Effective Teams Work 11.6 The Character of a Leader 11.7 Team Grading References Exercises and Activities
12. Project Management 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Creating a Project Charter 12.3 Task Definitions 12.4 Milestones 12.5 Defining Times 12.6 Organizing the Tasks 12.7 PERT Charts 12.8 Critical Paths 12.9 Gantt Charts 12.10 Details, Details 12.11 Personnel Distribution 12.12 Money and Resources 12.13 Document As You Go 12.14 Team Roles References Exercises
13. Engineering Design 13.1 What Is Engineering Design 13.2 The Design Process 13.3 A Case Study 13.4 A Student Example of the 10-Stage Design Process Exercises and Activities
14. Communication Skills 14.1 Why Do We Communicate? 14.2 Oral Communication Skills 14.3 Written Communication Skills 14.4 Other Types of Communication 14.5 Relevant Readings Exercises and Activities
15. The Ethics of Engineering 15.1 Introduction 15.2 The Nature of Ethics 15.3 The Nature of Engineering Ethics 15.4 The Issues and Topics of Engineering Ethics 15.5 Engineering Ethics and Legal Issues Exercises
The Fundamentals of Engineering
16. Units and Conversions 16.1 History 16.2 The SI System of Units 16.3 Derived Units 16.4 Prefixes 16.5 Numerals 16.6 Conversions References Exercises
17. Mathematics Review 17.1 Algebra 17.2 Trigonometry 17.3 Geometry 17.4 Complex Numbers 17.5 Linear Algebra 17.6 Calculus 17.7 Probability and Statistics Exercises
19. The Campus Experience 19.1 Orienting Yourself to Your Campus 19.2 Exploring 19.3 Determining and Planning Your Major 19.4 Get into the Habit of Asking Questions 19.5 The "People Issue" 19.6 Searching for Campus Resources 19.7 Other Important Issues 19.8 Final Thoughts Exercises and Activities
20. Financial Aid 20.1 Introduction 20.2 Parental Assistance 20.3 Is Financial Assistance For You? 20.4 Scholarships 20.5 Loans 20.6 Work-Study 20.7 Scams 20.8 The Road Ahead Awaits Exercises and Activities
21. Engineering Work Experience 21.1 A Job and Experience 21.2 Summer Jobs 21.3 Volunteer 21.4 Supervised Independent Study 21.5 Internships 21.6 Cooperative Education 21.7 Which Is Best for You? Exercises and Activities
22. Connections: Liberal Arts and Engineering 22.1 What Are "Connections"? 22.2 Why Study Liberal Arts? Exercises and Activities
Appendix A: The Basics of PowerPoint Appendix B: An Introduction to MATLAB Index